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USA. Andrew Cuomo “political waste”

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USA.  Andrew Cuomo "political waste"

Just over a year ago, Andrew Cuomo was at the height of his political splendor. Serenity and hope were highlighted in their speeches and brought optimism to New York homes, frightened by the virus that spread infections, deaths and hospitalizations at lightning speed.

The 63-year-old’s television appearance at his daily press conferences contrasted with Donald Trump’s unrest. Public opinion even began to view him as a possible candidate for the presidency of the United States, while Bernie Sanders appeared to be Trump’s main opponent, and Biden defended himself from the pandemic.

From one moment to the next, the scene changed. The reputation, prestige and leadership of Cuomo – the son of former New York Governor Mario Cuomo and the brother of renowned CNN anchor Chris Cuomo – have suffered a major setback. The world learned this week that behind the scenes, Cuomo has been hugging, kissing, and groping for several women the entire time. Now that the five-month independent investigation has come to an end, the investigation has concluded that the governor of New York has sexually harassed eleven women in violation of federal and state laws, according to State Attorney General Laetitia James.

A 165-page report detailing the process reveals the first harassment that occurred in March when two consultants complained of inappropriate workplace behavior; hugs, kisses, groping – without consent – and comments that several other women were subjected to; or how “toxic” a workplace has become where harassment is permissible and considered almost normal.

“This investigation revealed a disturbing pattern of behavior by the governor of New York,” the attorney said. A spokeswoman for the New York Assembly also called the findings proven, believing that they showed Cuomo was “not fit for the job.”

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The investigation was overseen by the prosecutor’s office itself, which appointed two outside lawyers to lead it, Jun Kim and Anne Clark. The investigation began in March when public allegations continued to emerge and Cuomo’s own administration sent a formal request for an independent investigation. Knowing the details, Laetitia James said her office would not pursue criminal charges against the governor as David Soares, an attorney for Albany County, the capital of New York, had submitted himself to file charges in court.

From Biden to Nancy Pelosi, from Congressmen to Senators from New York, resignations have been pouring in. “I think he should step down,” Biden told reporters on Tuesday.

‘I never touched anyone’

The New York Times also depicts in short interviews that New York voters, who would one day vote without thinking twice about Cuomo, think, “It’s a great misfortune that these two are the same person,” the 33-year-old lamented. Sartal Sharma. Rob Lombardi, the restaurant’s owner, said he would even vote for the current governor in 2022, but not after that. “How could I? I have a daughter.”

“The facts are very different from what was portrayed in the report. I have never touched anyone in an inappropriate way, this is not who I am or who I have never been, ”Cuomo said on Tuesday immediately after the report was published. He also announced that he would leave office only after the end of the current (third) term, in November 2022. Given the situation of distrust from the Democratic legislature and the White House and the ongoing state investigation, the rally to investigate whether there is a reason for dismissal appears to be doomed to failure.

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Germano Almeida, commentator for SIC Notícias, an expert on North American politics and author of the recent book Joe Biden: The Man and His Circumstances, believes that Andrew Cuomo “has reached the end of his political career, at least at the highest level.” … “This is one of those cases of political waste. He had a lot of political capital, he was appointed one of the future democratic leaders at the national level, but after this situation he lost all this capital. “

According to the specialist, the situation is especially serious because of “the discrepancy between what Cuomo said and what he did.” He has always shown himself to be the defenders of the victims of Me Too, showed in campaigns for the Office of the Governor of New York that he is completely intolerant of sexual harassment and before the prosecution, which, although it has not ended, is quite strong, makes me to believe that Cuomo’s political future is completely compromised, ”he predicts.

The possibility of removal from office is also real. “What makes Cuomo’s position untenable is that not only the Republican Party is demanding his resignation. In the New York State Assembly, where Cuomo is the executive leader, a majority [mais de 80 em 150 no total] they are already demanding his impeachment. Of these, about 80 half are Democrats. They are not Republicans on the one hand and Democrats on the other. This, in my opinion, makes his position politically unstable. “

According to Germano Almeida, the negative stigma created around Cuomo seems inevitable. “It would not be new in American politics, looking at cases like Clinton or Trump himself, for voters to excuse this situation to others. But I don’t think that is the case with Cuomo. Biden’s statements make it nearly impossible for him to get out of this situation. “

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And the analyst foresees: “There are still things to be determined, there are small parts where he can still defend himself, but at the moment the situation, it seems to me, is at a stage where even before he judicially loses his mandate, he may lose the political conditions for the continuation. “

* Edited by Jose Cabrita Saraiva

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Politics

TSE and WhatsApp will have a tool to condemn mass shootings in elections

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Dado Ruvic / Reuters

BRAZIL – After whatsapp were used to massively spread fake news in the 2018 presidential election. Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) wants to improve the tool, built in partnership with the app, to denounce this type of practice in a dispute in October. The service was running during the 2020 municipal promotions, but the new virtual assistant will be launched at a time when Electoral Justice is considering suspending yet another messaging app, Telegram, for the lack of cooperation in the fight against false information.

Now anyone who receives suspicious messages can fill out a form on the Electoral Justice website. If the content is found to be illegal campaign footage, the court will ask WhatsApp to delete the account. If the TSE concludes that there is a direct link to any campaign, the candidate may be subject to sanctions ranging from fines to cancellation. The partnership was discussed yesterday at a meeting between TSE President Luis Roberto Barroso and WhatsApp CEO Will Cathcart.

At the same time, Congress will try to cover up the actions of politicians on social networks. The intention of the Joint Parliamentary Commission to Investigate Fake News (CPMI) summit is to resume work from next month and continue until September, ahead of elections. CPMI was established in 2019 but was put on hold less than a year later due to restrictions imposed by the covid-19 pandemic.

“We’re not going to investigate the election, but we’re going to be a sort of whistleblower box. All efforts to control the interference of this gossip and fake news are valid,” said Senator Angelo Coronel (PSD-BA), president of CPMI. On the other hand, the House intends to pass a law on fake news by March, so that it will come into force in the next election. It is proposed to create rules for the use of social networks and prohibit the shooting of mass messages.

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The practice motivated complaints about Jair Bolsonaro’s ticket in 2018. The case was considered by the TSE last October, when a majority of the court acquitted the president-elect and his vice president, Hamilton Murao, but outlined the principles of what would not be adopted in 2022. “Everyone knows what happened, no one doubts that social media is flooded with illegal mass shootings, hatred, disinformation, slander and conspiracy theories,” Barroso said at the time.

Minister Alexandre de Moraes, who will chair the TSE in 2022, said that “if what was done in 2018 repeats, the registration (of the candidate) will be canceled and the people who do this will go to prison for attacks on institutions and democracy in Brazil.

During the 2020 campaign, the platform used to report mass shootings received 4,981 messages. After passing through the filter of selective justice, 1042 accounts in the application were blocked.

According to the survey, WhatsApp is installed on 99% of smartphones in Brazil.

A survey conducted by Mobile Time and Opinion Box in 2020 found that WhatsApp is installed on 99% of smartphones in Brazil is the most used app in the country. In total, the company claims to have 120 million monthly active users in Brazil. According to the study, 88% of users confirmed receiving fake news through the app. In addition, one in three admitted that they passed the information without checking its authenticity.

The company says that it does not control the content, that is, it will not penalize users for spreading fake news, but rather avoids automatic messaging. “Any user can report it to TSE. This reinforces the message I was sending to the political world: don’t hire mass shootings, don’t do political WhatsApp marketing. This is bad for democracy and could damage election campaigns, leading to the loss of a ticket,” said Dario Durigan, head of public policy for WhatsApp Brazil. Stadium/broadcast.

The following are key excerpts from interviews with Dario Durigan, WhatsApp Brazil Head of Public Policy:

What will WhatsApp do to combat fake news in elections?

WhatsApp created in 2020 and will improve in 2022 a platform for reporting suspected mass shooting accounts. This is a TSE tool developed in collaboration with WhatsApp. This reinforces the message I was sending to the political world: don’t hire mass shootings, don’t do political WhatsApp marketing. This is bad for democracy and could damage election campaigns, resulting in a lost ticket.

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The TSE is looking into sanctions for platforms that do not cooperate, as in the case of Telegram. Is this a positive thing or is it an abuse?

The fight against disinformation is important and very serious. Taking action is everyone’s business. The reality of WhatsApp, which is very different from other applications, lies in the intense collaboration with Justice. Collaboration and responses to court decisions matter to most messaging apps.

Politicians advertise on WhatsApp…

WhatsApp is not the place for professional campaigning. WhatsApp is a place for private conversations. It is clear that there is talk of politics. This is natural and understandable. If professional mechanisms are used for the purposes of structuring a marketing campaign, such offensive templates, inhuman templates, accounts will be blocked.

Will it be possible to avoid fake news in elections or is it unmanageable?

Malicious fake news, professionally distributed by organized, funded groups, I think so, and we are moving towards it. More widespread, organic disinformation is another matter. Here is a long discussion. The language of people in everyday life is done inaccurately, with prejudices. Since WhatsApp eventually becomes the place for these conversations, it has a lot of inaccuracies.

Does the company want to separate “aunt zap” from the digital police?

I don’t know if I would put it in those terms. Any funded coordination where it’s not clear to the user what target you want to use with that message is very bad, regardless of the ideological spectrum. Protecting the user is what should be prioritized in this immediate battle.

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Can the platform be held responsible for using the fake news app?

The message is protected by end-to-end encryption. Content belongs to users. WhatsApp does not have access to content, nor does it moderate the content of conversations. It’s strange that WhatsApp controls the content.

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Ventura rejects Rui Rio’s idea of ​​a “spot trading” policy.

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An expired Citizen Card is used to travel and apply to reside in the United Kingdom.

Faced with statements made today by Rui Río, who admitted that he had only spoken to Chega about budgets “during the usual parliamentary debate in front of everyone”, André Ventura criticized the position of the Social Democrat president, citing that this party leader “said one and the opposite.”

President Chegi spoke to reporters during a short street in the center of Sines, where there were about 20 fighters, where there is very little contact with the population.

Ventura said that Rui Rio “already allows parliamentary talks, but in plain sight.”

“This is a navigation policy in sight, you can see that later. This is not being done. We must be held accountable,” said the leader of the party, who in the last days of the campaign tried several times to put pressure on the SDP not to rule out a possible right-wing government.

“Two or three days before the elections [Rui Rio] says that voting for Chega is voting for the PS, but no one believes this. These are dream conversations. Rui Rio must now proceed from the fact that he always said that he did not want to oppose, that he wanted to cooperate with PS, and now he remembered that it is necessary to oppose,” he said.

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saúde publica e preservação do modelo federativo brasileiro

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Giulia Lauriello PinheiroGraduanda em Administração Pública (FGV – EAESP)

A obrigatoriedade da vacina contra o Covid-19 tem pautado diversas discussões político-ideológicas no território nacional e internacional, sendo uma questão de saúde publica que, para muitos, contrapõe a autonomia individual ao interesse coletivo e tensiona o modelo federativo de um Estado, um Estado, um Estado, no caso brasileiro. Nesse sentido, diversos embates, p. ex., entre a obrigatoriedade ou não da vacinação e entre a atribuição da União, Estados e municípios na pandemia, marcam o noticiário cotidiano.

Como se sabe, parte considerável dessas discussões no Brasil é devido à postura do governo federal e sua “base” ideológica na conjuntura pandêmica. Nesse contexto, o papel do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) tem sido fundamental para assegurar direitos fundamentais, sobretudo o interesse coletivo, eo modelo federativo brasileiro da Constituição de 1988. A respeito, o STF foi instado diversas vezes (p. ex. ADI n 6586, ADI n. 6587, ARE n. 1.267.879), quase sempre por partidos políticos e não raro por omissões do governo federal.

O STF se posicionou em aspectos da vacinação e do desenho do nosso Estado federativo. Declarou constitucionalidade da obrigatoriedade da vacina contra o Covid-19, que se mostrou deveras relevante, tendo em vista a grande repercussão da política publica; além disso, reafirmou a autonomia dos gestores de saúde em nível nacional, subnacional e locais na implementação da política de combate à pandemia.

Formou maioria em prol da obrigatoriedade do passaporte vacinal para aqueles advindos do exterior que desembarcarem no Brasil, affirmando a necessidade de exigência do comprovante vacinal e quarentena, espelhando medida adotada em diversos países e que se mostrou essencial no combate ao vírus, por conter principalmente a disseminação de novas cepas. Com base nos julgamentos do STF voltados para a questão vacinal, as decisões buscam sopesar direitos individuais ao bem coletivo, pautando-se pelos mecanismos e justificativas constitucionais que ponderam direitos fundamentais em prol de um caráter decisório que concilia posicionamentos contrários que valoriza a saúde coletiva.

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Consequentemente, afirmou-se que os direitos coletivos de vida e de saúde e das crianças devem sobrepor os de liberdades de consciência e de convicção filosófica; isso porque o Estado deve em situações excepcionais, como o contexto pandêmico, impor limites da autonomia individual em prol da preservação dos direitos fundamentais de terceiros, não autorizando que, p.ex., os pais por convicções próprias coloquem em risco dos a saúde , violando o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA).

No que tange ao desenho federativo, reafirmou-se a coexistência autônoma de entes federativos para implementar a política de saúde orientada por parâmetros científicos e conforme recomendações de órgãos internacionais, como a Organização Mundial da Saúde (Instituto Butaneo) eo Aduziu sobre o federalismo cooperativo para implementar medidas de saúde relacionadas ao Covid-19, baseando-se na Lei nº 6.529/1975 por intermédio da interpretação pautada no do Programa Nacional de Imunização (PNI).

Vale dizer que parcela significativa da sociedade reconhece como fundamental a atuação do STF. Uma minoria, que inclui o próprio Presidente da República, promove verdadeiro desgaste ao alegar que os posicionamentos da Suprema Corte na pandemia se traduzem em uma violação da separação dos Poderes. Essa affirmação é deveras infundada tendo em vista a própria teoria da tripartição dos Poderes que tenta solucionar o problema da tirania e do abuso de poder, exercendo um controle entre os Poderes por meio de arranjos institucionais que impedem que alguma força devalítica sobre. No caso da pandemia isso também tem sido válido pelo STF para assegurar o direito à vida e minorar os impactos negativos da pandemia na federação, tudo sob o crivo da Ciência, cumprindo fielmente a Constituição de 1988.

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