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the political cost of choosing public health?



* Written in collaboration with Bruno Silva, Researcher at the Laboratory of Politics and Government (UNESP), Law Study Group at UNICAMP (LEGU) and Center for Local Policy Research (NEPOL / UFJF). Coordinator of Political Education Programs in the Corporate Sector.

Over the past 30 years in the health sector, we have a model of action based on shared responsibility and federal coordination. This model is the foundation of the Unified Health System (SUS). The management of the system, which the Ministry of Health refers to, has until then been constant in the various strategies being pursued: vaccination campaigns, epidemic control, arbovirus outbreaks, and others. However, in the context of the health crisis we are experiencing, there is a difference in the balance of power supporting the policy process. State and municipal executive power has taken center stage in the face of the federal government’s inability to unite and coordinate. For now, subnational governments must be directly involved in pandemic action in the absence of leadership and structural support from the national health authority. In this context, the COVID-19 pandemic has posed serious challenges to Brazilian municipalities. Municipal administrations had to deal with requirements that were previously associated with the federal sphere of government.

The municipality of Araraquara, São Paulo state also has difficulties recorded throughout the country during the pandemic. Faced with a lack of firm direction from the federal government to guide subnational governments in the context of a health emergency, the City of Araraquara needed to develop its own action plan. In 2020, Ararakuara created a framework to deal with the pandemic. Institutionally, a “Coronavirus Emergency Committee” was formed, which became responsible for defining policies to combat the disease. This core, made up of members of the executive, especially the secretaries of the areas most needed to tackle the pandemic, such as health, social services and education, in addition to clinical directors of the main health institutions in the municipality, jointly determine the measures. officially adopted by the government. In addition, with the help of a scientific committee, the municipal administration took action that is believed to have allowed the municipality of 238,000 to have the lowest mortality rate among cities with a population of over 100,000 in the entire state of São Paulo and the third highest mortality rate in Brazil. … This structure also revealed an increase in the infection curve in early 2021. During this period, the mayor’s office imposed lockdowns to contain the sudden increase in COVID-19 cases and the filling of intensive care beds during the onset of the second wave.

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If, on the one hand, these measures attracted the attention of the national press and positively influenced the fight against the disease, on the other hand, they caused very negative consequences in the business circles of the city and ultimately caused the president’s antipathy. Jair Bolsonaro, who chose the mayor as one of his personal enemies. At the local level, this signal from the president has served as fuel for members of the municipal political opposition and those sections of society that support the president to rebel against the mayor and decisions made in the municipality.

Araracuara is ruled for the fourth time by PC member Edinho Silva, who was Mayor’s Office from 2001 to 2008 (2 terms), 2017-2020 and was recently re-elected Mayor in 2020. the fact that he was the campaign treasurer of ex-president Dilma Rousseff, as well as the chief minister of the Secretariat for Social Communications (Secom) in 2015 and a person very close to ex-president Lula. Now, after this week’s events in the city, he also began to accumulate victory with the City Council of Aldermen in rejecting a request for impeachment against him.

Last Monday (August 2), MPs Eduardo Bolsonaro (PSL-SP), Elio Lopez (PSL-RJ) and Carla Zambelli (PSL-SP) attended the municipality to take part in an event that brought together President Bolsonaro’s supporters and local leaders. parties that oppose the mayor in the Legislative Assembly, especially the members of PATRIOTA and PODEMOS. Following the act, which the organizers said was to deliver grocery baskets to social assistance organizations in the municipality, part of a group led by Eduardo Bolsonaro went to the city council to submit a request for impeachment against the mayor of the city.

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The main object of the request will be the purchase of respirators by the city of Araraquara in April 2020 for the treatment of COVID-19. At the time, the purchase of 25 electronic respirators from RY Top Brasil Ltda for approximately R $ 4.1 million was a signal given by the city of the company to secure a deal (in the context of a dispute over the purchase of devices around the world) of around R $ 1 million. As a result, the company did not deliver the devices, and the mayor’s office canceled the deal and went to court with a demand to return the money originally paid. In July last year, more than a year after negotiations, the city won the case and has already received part of the payments. However, this issue sometimes becomes the object of criticism from opponents in order to undermine the image of the mayor. It even triggered pressure, which resulted in a request for the opening of a Special Commission of Inquiry (CEI) in the municipal legislature, whose work should already begin in the city: after the immunization of the population against COVID-19. The CEI, like the Senate CPI Covid, will have a presidential base of support for the mayor in the legislature and an opposition rapporteur.

However, even as CEI began its work, members of the local opposition filed a request for impeachment – in particular, the mayoral candidates and vice-mayors who were defeated in elections against Edinho Silva in 2020, Dr. Lapena and Coronel Prado (both PATRIOT ), had the expectation that the request could be satisfied by the legislature. Decree-Law 201/1967 establishes possible crimes related to the responsibility of mayors and councilors, and in its article 5, paragraph II, it specifies that the president of the chamber must read the request and consult the legislature regarding its admissibility. The vote to accept or reject the process took place last Tuesday, the day after it was submitted. This was also due to the fact that in cases where there is no specific local legislation on the matter, it should be handled in this way, even in accordance with the aforementioned Ordinance – the case of Ararakuara, which does not provide for a rite of passage for the process in his municipal organic law, nor in city ​​council decree.

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Even before it was submitted for discussion and voting in the Legislative Assembly, the political action had already been subjected to the most expressive criticism. Outside the legislature, hundreds of supporters defended the mayor’s response to the pandemic. The request was rejected by 13 votes of advisers to 4 in favor. The mayor’s political base in the Legislature, which includes about 9 out of 18 councilors in the House of Representatives, enjoyed the support of more independent Legislative advisers, including PSDB and the local PSL, in whose speeches they emphasized the political responsibility of the Legislature. against the dreams of adventurers.

The Ararakuara case exposed the conflicts that local leaders face when making decisions in the context of the health emergency caused by COVID-19. With little support from the federal government, mayors and women may find it difficult to make the right decisions from a public health perspective, but this can come with high political costs. However, it appears that in Araraquara, decisions based on scientific evidence have not, at this time, entailed high political costs for Mayor Edinho.

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Beja County President. “PSD wants to have more political weight in the region in 2025”



Beja County President.  "PSD wants to have more political weight in the region in 2025"

Gonçalo Valente, re-elected November 26 with 96% of the SDP activists in Beja, says the region “needs” to have social democrat-led city councils.

What made you re-run for president of the Beja constituency for the SDP?

I have never hidden the great love I have for my region, and as soon as possible I responded positively to the challenge of the SDP in the sense of helping the region in its weaknesses. This is exactly what I have been doing since 2019, with the activation of the JSD, several sections of the JSD district, the PSD section in Almodóvar, with the election of more representatives to the municipalities, with the restoration of many militants who were aloof from the participation policy. We also managed to reach a critical mass for a more active participation in the party. In short, I can say that the motive for my re-election was precisely the opportunity to continue the work that my team had already done and which was reflected in the percentage of votes that we were able to get in this election, 96%.

What is the highest priority for this mandate?

Unite people and ideals in the sense that we can create conditions for increasing political weight in the region from 2025. I believe that “the path is paved by walking”, and also that there is still much to be done in the area. At the moment we have many needs that need to be pointed out and it is vital that we continue to fight for them, among which I highlight the need for more continuing care units and the lack of health professionals. Our hospital is the only district hospital in the country that does not have an MRI machine. We have to improve the Beja airport and we need to electrify the railway. We need a motorway connection to Beja airport and we also need to benefit from the “triangulation” of Porto de Sines-Alqueva-Beja airport which is underused. Thus, it is a set of priorities that complement each other.

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“Just as I believe more in the sociology of the field than the secretary story, I also believe that in order to help people, we need to be closer to them.”

He says he wants to “leave the party where it deserves to be, run for election to win.” What is your strategy for this?

First of all, I must emphasize that I want to run for elections in order to win, exclusively for the region, and not power for the sake of power. PSD is the means by which we propose to improve the lives of the inhabitants of the Lower Alentejo. Therefore, we must always remember that a political party is the best tool we have at our disposal to better serve the people who are the true center of political action. My strategy involves a deep knowledge of the needs of the area, because only in this way can we arm ourselves with the most appropriate means to solve the problems and challenges that currently exist in the area, and there are quite a few of them. I intend, in line with what I have always done, to maintain a transparent and serious attitude so that people continue to trust us. Just as I believe more in field sociology than secretary storytelling, I also believe that in order to help people, we need to be closer to them. We have to experience their problems and really feel what people feel.

Do you think there will be conditions for the SDP to again lead the city council in the region in 2025?

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Of course yes! I am sure of it, and I also feel that the region has such a need. And from what I’m diagnosing, people now more than ever are aware of this shortcoming.

In Beja, the SDP-led coalition serves as a “balance point” in the PS-led executive with the same number of advisers as the CDU. How do you rate the performance of Nuno Palma Ferro?

Councilman Nuno Palma Ferro, with nobility and great responsibility, performed the function, as he rightly said, “the keeper of the balance.” He showed great accessibility and commitment to someone who loves his land. Without departing from social democratic ideals, he managed to give priority to what his municipality really interests – its development.

Did Luis Montenegro bring new enthusiasm to the party?

Luis Montenegro showed himself as a leader close to the structures and bases of the SDP, but, in fact, to the Portuguese. He was sharply opposed, reacting in a timely manner to the actions as well as to the inertia of the government, often putting pressure on him to take measures that he considered necessary for the good of the country.

Looking at the region, what worries you the most?

Undoubtedly and in general terms, territorial discrimination! I’m talking about oblivion, for which the central government constantly votes for us. Sometimes it seems to me that Alentejo as a whole is part of another country, different from the one that so often lives only by three F’s: Fatima, Football and Fado. And what a sad fate we have that without stadiums and patrons we fall into oblivion so many times. From a practical point of view, my main concern is the exodus of people from rural areas, which is a direct consequence of the aging of the population and the decline in investment in the region.

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Carlos posted a photo of Bolsonaro’s legs with a mug



Carlos posted a photo of Bolsonaro's legs with a mug

alderman Carlos Bolsonaro (Republicanos-RJ) posted today (4) on her Telegram channel a photo of the president’s leg Jair Bolsonaro (PL) com erysipelas, skin infection🇧🇷 According to the president’s son, the picture was taken “a few days ago.”

“My father developed an erysipelas on his leg. The photo was taken a few days ago. I was informed that at this stage he is already in the process of recovery and everything is going very well, ”the president’s son wrote. The publication did not allow user comments.

erysipelas is infection considered more common in people with circulatory problems or diabetes🇧🇷 The infection settles in the deepest part of the skin and is characterized by red and painful plaques. The condition mostly manifests itself in the legs – as in the case of Bolsonaro, according to his son.

The wanted adviser to the Palais Planalto did not comment on the publication of the president’s son. The federal government has not officially commented on the matter. The NGO Transparência Eleitoral Brasil even demanded greater clarity in the disclosure of Bolsonaro’s health..

December 4, 2022 – Message released by Councilor Carlos Bolsonaro on the condition of President Jair Bolsonaro’s leg, which has erysipelas.

Image: Reproduction / Telegram

After the elections, Bolsonaro remained silent and did not interfere in public affairs. Initially, the president’s associates claimed that this was due to erysipelas, but, as the observer notes UOL boy Alves, friends of the president are concerned about Bolsonaro’s behavior.

“He believed that there would be some change in the political scenario, in connection with demonstrations at the barracks and on the highways, but I think he realized that this was not possible,” expressed the opinion of a friend of the president who was with him last weekendat the graduation of cadets in Amana (Military Academy Agulhas Negras) in Rio, and who maintains frequent telephone contacts.

During the meeting, Vice President and Senator-elect Hamilton Murao urged Bolsonaro talk to your people, but the President left without speaking to supporters. According to the report, the closeness of Lula’s (PT) diplomacy as president-elect worsened Bolsonaro’s condition. UOL.

According to people close to him, the anticipation of Lula’s diplomacy, scheduled for December 12, made Bolsonaro feel even more depressed. “As the change of government approaches, he notes that the situation is irreversible,” said the politician, who was recently with the president.

The president’s isolation is also reflected in the virtual environment. As the WOL showsin November, Bolsonaro posted three times on Instagram and four times on Twitter and Facebook, in addition to abandoning the traditional Thursday life.

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The Venezuelan opposition demands from Maduro the date for the resumption of political dialogue – 04.12.2022



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CARACAS (Reuters) – The Venezuelan opposition has asked President Nicolás Maduro’s government to set a date for the resumption of political talks in Mexico that could ease the country’s long economic and political crisis.

Delegates from the government and the opposition met in Mexico City on November 26 after more than a year’s break and signed a “social agreement” but did not announce a date when they would meet again. The opposition said it would meet with the ruling party in December.

The government is “setting new conditions to move forward on the political issue,” the opposition said in a Twitter statement released Saturday afternoon, but did not provide details of the new official requirements.

The head of the opposition delegation, Gerardo Blyde, said this week that the talks will enter a difficult phase, including political and human rights issues.

The Venezuelan Communications Ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“We demand that Nicolás Maduro not delay the commitment made in Mexico and proceed immediately to set a date, during December, to continue negotiations on a political and free agenda, as agreed,” the opposition said.

(Reporting by Vivian Secker)

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