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The era of cheap natural gas has come to an end with 1,000% growth – Markets

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The era of cheap natural gas has come to an end with 1,000% growth - Markets

The era of cheap natural gas is over, giving way to a period of much more expensive energy, which should have a ripple effect on the global economy. Natural gas, used to generate electricity and heat homes, has been abundant and cheap for most of the past decade, leading to increased supplies from the United States to Australia.

This scenario was canceled this year as demand far exceeded supply. Gas tariffs in Europe were at a record last week, and liquid fuel supplies to Asia are close to all-time highs for this time of year.

With several options available, the global market must increasingly rely on less polluting gas instead of coal for short-term environmental goals. But as producers limit investment in new supplies under pressure from investors and climate-conscious governments, it’s clear that expensive energy isn’t going anywhere.

“Regardless of how you look at it, gas will be a transition fuel for decades to come, as the largest economies are committed to achieving their carbon targets,” said Chris Weafer, CEO of Macro-Advisory, headquartered in Moscow. “The price of gas tends to remain high in the medium term and rise in the long term.”

According to the International Energy Agency, demand will grow by 7% by 2024 from pre-Covid-19 levels. In addition, the demand for liquefied natural gas is expected to grow by 3.4% pa to 2035, outpacing other fossil fuels, according to data analyze da McKinsey & Co.

As natural gas prices rise, supplying factories or producing petrochemicals will become more expensive, affecting every corner of the global economy and raising fears of inflation. For consumers, the cost will be reflected in the monthly electricity and gas bills. It will be more expensive to use the washing machine, take a hot shower, or cook dinner. This is especially bad news for poorer countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh, which have revised their energy policies, believing that fuel prices will be lower for a long time.

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Natural gas tariffs in Europe have risen more than 1000% from a record low in May 2020 due to the pandemic, while LNG tariffs in Asia have increased sixfold over the past year. Even prices in the United States, where the shale gas revolution has dramatically increased fuel production, have reached their highest levels for this time of year in a decade.

While there are several temporary factors driving gas prices up, such as supply disruptions, a global economic recovery and the shutdown of new LNG export plants, there is a growing awareness that the world is facing structural changes brought about by the energy transition.

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Economy

OBSERVATION | Mercadona opens store in Alverca and recruits staff

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OBSERVATION |  Mercadona opens store in Alverca and recruits staff

Supermarket company Mercadona is set to open a new store in Alverca do Ribatejo next year and is recruiting 65 full-time and part-time employees.

The company said in a statement that the job offer already reflects the salary update that the company will apply from January 2023, which will see the starting salary of its employees in Portugal at €12,410 per year. Mercadona promises employees a salary increase with an annual increase of 11 percent, which allows them to achieve a monthly salary of 1414 euros gross (including twelfths) for a maximum of 4 years of service. In addition, employees also receive an annual goal-based bonus, which corresponds to an additional salary in the first 4 years and two additional earnings in subsequent years.

“Mercadona continues to focus on job creation and for this reason the new offerings support the drive to build a team focused on excellence and service, highly motivated and aligned with the company’s vision. To this end, in addition to an attractive salary and a permanent contract from day one, Mercadona offers its employees the opportunity to develop within the company.

Mercadona has a differentiated HR policy that focuses on career building, salary growth, equity and internal promotion, “which is one of the main ways to evaluate and create development opportunities.”

Those interested in applying can do so on the Mercadona website under the Jobs section. The company opened its first supermarket on July 2, 2019 in Canidelo, Vila Nova de Gaia and currently has 38 stores in the areas of Porto, Braga, Aveiro, Viana do Castelo, Setubal, Santarem, Viseu and Leiria. In 2021, it achieved sales of 415 million euros and paid 62 million euros in taxes through the Portuguese company Irmãdona Supermercados, based in Vila Nova de Gaia. The year ended with a team of 2,500 employees and an investment in Portugal of 110 million euros. In order to share with the community a part of what it receives, in total Mercadona has already donated 670 tons of basic food in the first half of 2022 through its stores in Portugal.

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“These donations, which are equivalent to more than 11,000 carts, were for more than 30 social canteens, five food banks and other social institutions,” the company explains.

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Another crypto giant falls: BlockFi asks for protection from creditors

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Another crypto giant falls: BlockFi asks for protection from creditors

After FTX, it was the turn of crypto lending platform BlockFi to seek creditor protection under Chapter 11 insolvency law in the United States. The lawsuit was filed in a New Jersey court about a month after FTX collapsed.

The company lists more than 100,000 creditors in the documents that started the lawsuit and are cited by various international press outlets. The table features FTX’s second-largest creditor, with $275 million in debt to the platform, which until recently was led by Sam Bankman-Fried.

The list is topped by Ankura Trust, a creditor representation company, with a $729 million loan. BlockFi has already issued a red alert to the market, freezing the withdrawal of assets from the platform.

In July, FTX signed a $400 million credit line agreement with BlockFi with the option to acquire the FTX platform for up to $240 million in the event of default. This came after the collapse of the crypto market in the first half of the year was exacerbated by the collapse of the Terra USD ecosystem and brought the platform to the ground.

The risk of infection remains

The collapse of FTX is starting to infect other “players” in the market. The crisis of confidence experienced during the “collapse” of the Terra USD ecosystem has returned, and several platforms have already frozen the withdrawal of assets. In addition to BlockFi, Genesis, a platform primarily dedicated to crypto lending, has suspended asset buyback operations, citing an “abnormal number of withdrawal requests” for its decision.

Redemption requests made on the platform’s crypto-deposit arm, Genesis Global Capital, have exceeded the company’s liquidity, so the company, along with a team of advisors, is exploring a range of options to try to get back to normal, according to Acting CEO Dear Islim, Bloomberg was quoted as saying. The Gemini Trust, led by the Winklevoss twins, has also decided to freeze the withdrawal of assets from the Gemini Earn program, designed for deposits that earn interest on the “tokens” held. The company guaranteed that this decision would not affect other products or services.

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In turn, the Hong Kong-based platform AXX suspended the withdrawal of assets for ten days this Monday, reporting a lack of liquidity. “If AAX is unable to obtain funding that will allow us to resume operations, we are committed to initiating legal procedures to ensure asset allocation,” the company said in a statement quoted by Bloomberg.

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The protests in China sent Wall Street into the red. Europe falls after Lagarde speech – Markets in a minute

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European markets are in the red.  Interest on Portugal's debt hits 2.5% - Markets in a minute

Euribor climbs three, six and 12 months to new highs in nearly 14 years.

Euribor rates rose today to new highs since early 2009 in three, six and 12 months.

The six-month Euribor rate, most used in Portugal for home loans and entering positive territory on June 6, rose today to 2.436% plus 0.062 points, a new high since January 2009.

The six-month average Euribor rose from 1.596% in September to 1.997% in October.

The six-month Euribor has been negative for six years and seven months (from November 6, 2015 to June 3, 2022).

The three-month Euribor, which entered positive territory for the first time since April 2015 on July 14, also rose today, setting a new high since February 2009 at 1.954% plus 0.032 points.

The three-month Euribor was negative between 21 April 2015 and 13 July last year (seven years and two months).

The three-month average Euribor rose from 1.011% in September to 1.428% in October.

In the same sense over a 12-month period, Euribor rose today, settling at 2.892%, up 0.032 points from Friday and a new high since January 2009.

After rising to 0.005% on April 12, positive for the first time since February 5, 2016, the 12-month Euribor has been in positive territory since April 21.

The average Euribor rate for 12 months increased from 2.233% in September to 2.629% in October.

Euribor began to rise more significantly from February 4, after the European Central Bank (ECB) acknowledged that it could raise key interest rates this year due to rising inflation in the eurozone, and the trend accelerated with the onset of the Russian crisis. Invasion of Ukraine on February 24th.

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On October 27, to curb inflation, the ECB raised three key interest rates by 75 basis points, the third consecutive increase this year, after raising three interest rates by 50 basis points on July 21. growth after 11 years, and on September 8 by 75 basis points.

Changes in Euribor interest rates are closely linked to increases or decreases in ECB key interest rates.

Three-, six- and 12-month Euribor rates hit record lows respectively: -0.605% on December 14, 2021, -0.554% and -0.518% on December 20, 2021.

Euribor rates are set at the average rate at which a group of 57 eurozone banks are willing to lend money to each other in the interbank market.

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