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Changing of the climate. Hot summer ravages the Mediterranean

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As the Mediterranean Sea faces a scorching heat wave, the death toll from wildfires in Turkey has risen to eight, and in Greece, several people have been hospitalized during the country’s worst heat wave in three decades. In the coastal city of Pescara in eastern Italy, more than 800 residents and holidaymakers had to be evacuated, with fires escalating in several directions, and in neighboring Spain, authorities had to urge the population to stay away from the city. San Juan Reservoir on the Alberche River, about 70 km from the capital, one of Madrid’s favorite bathing spots, which was destroyed by the flames.

The season of fires has just begun, but according to European figures cited by the Guardian, it is already more devastating than usual in the Mediterranean. And the fight against the flames is hampered by high temperatures and strong winds – phenomena the frequency of which scientists associate with global warming.

According to the British newspaper, Turkey was the result of the worst fires in a decade, with nearly 95,000 hectares burnt, compared with an average of 13,516 hectares in the same period from 2008 to 2020. Over a hundred fires have intensified in the past week, and the flames have spread so quickly that they have caught tourists in Bodrum, western Turkey by surprise, trapping them at seaside resorts that have had to be evacuated across the Aegean Sea. According to CBS, authorities have even approached the citizens who own yachts and sailboats with a request for help in the operation so that they can be rescued in time.

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“It’s incredible, just incredible. How the fire broke out in five minutes, ”asked one of 100 Russian tourists evacuated from Bodrum as he filmed the flames reaching the coast aboard a makeshift fleet in a video made by Sputnik this weekend. Others were less fortunate. According to Al Jazeera, at least one of the victims recorded this Monday died in Bodrum.

Meanwhile, European support began to arrive in Turkey: firefighters were sent to help Turkish colleagues, as well as three firefighting planes, one from Croatia and two from Spain. Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government has been criticized for delaying its response to the tragedy, as it admitted it did not buy the plane to fight the fires – which turned into a national scandal as a third of Turkey’s territory is covered with forests.

The lack of resources is such that Turkish firefighters have been forced to use riot police water cannons, which are commonly used to kill protesters, France Press reported.

general panic In Italy, the scenario is no simpler. Over the weekend alone, more than 800 fires have occurred in the country, destroying homes, businesses and putting the tourism industry at greater risk.

“Because of the smoke, we had to evacuate several homes and beach resorts,” Carlo Muski told the Guardian Carlo Muski, mayor of Pescara, a city surrounded by the Pineta Dannunziana Nature Reserve, where even the nuns in the monastery were forced to flee. “The biggest problem is the hot wind. We are doing everything we can to minimize damage. “

In Greece, the fires also cause panic: more than three thousand hectares of olive groves and pines were destroyed in a single fire on the outskirts of Patras, and on the island of Rhodes, the “Valley of the Butterflies” is very popular with tourists.

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In addition, temperatures between 40 and 42 ° C are expected in Greece in the coming days, with a peak on Tuesday. With so many refrigeration appliances available, the grid is supplying them, and the government has called on the Greeks to limit energy consumption in the early morning and night.

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30 km advance in Kherson and “significant victory” in Donbass. How did the last victories of the Ukrainian counter-offensive turn out?

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Follow all the news of the war live on the Observer.

The announcement of Russian partial mobilization, the formalization of the annexation of four Ukrainian territories and the threat of the Poseidon nuclear submarine. All these events of recent days show a stronger reaction from Russia and escalation of tension wars in Ukraine. However, almost nothing has changed on the ground since the beginning of September, and Moscow has failed to break Kyiv’s winning streak. Ukrainian troops keep reaching important successes in the counter-offensive in the south of the country and near Lugansk in the east.

It is increasingly likely that Kherson, one of the first cities captured by Russia at the start of the invasion, will soon be back under Ukrainian control. Moscow should not responsiveness strike back soon as the measures recently announced by Vladimir Putin are not yet in effect take a few months until they bring practical effect. For example, with regard to partial mobilization. Soldiers must be trained before they go to the front lines.

Ukraine wants to take advantage of this fact. To that end, he is following the same communications strategy as last month to catch Russian forces in error. The representative of the Ukrainian military from the southern region, Vladislav Nazaro, called for “silence”. “Don’t even report positive news about the actions of our units. Endurance and strength are the secret of our constant movement to victory”, these person in charge, quoted by El País. Paradoxically, Russia revealed the situation on the ground, namely the withdrawal of its troops and the advance of Ukrainian forces.

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The war in Ukraine has entered a dangerous phase of a terrible scenario at the nuclear level – Obozrevatel

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European Union (EU) diplomacy chief Josep Borrell said on Wednesday that the war in Ukraine caused by the Russian invasion is now “in a dangerous phase” due to a “terrible scenario” regarding Russian nuclear weapons.

The war continues, and the news from the battlefields is favorable for Ukraine. Ukraine is back on the offensive [mas] The war has entered a new phase, a phase that is undoubtedly dangerous because we are facing a frightening scenario that we must not turn a blind eye to,” said the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Speaking in a debate at the plenary session of the European Parliament in the French city of Strasbourg, Josep Borrell spoke of “a scenario of conventional war involving a nuclear power, a nuclear power that is now retreating from the usual scenario and that threatens to use nuclear weapons.”

“This is certainly a worrying scenario in which we must show that our support for Ukraine is unwavering,” he stressed.

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Despite emphasizing that “Ukraine is advancing on three fronts, in the Donbass, […]in the southern center of Zaporizhia, advancing on Mariupol, and finally on Kherson,” the head of public diplomacy pointed out that Russia “still has a superiority in numbers, superiority in firepower,” so caution is needed.

Earlier today, EU member states reached a political agreement on new sanctions against Russia for invading Ukraine, the eighth package, due to come into effect on Thursday as a “strong response” to the annexation of Ukrainian territories.

Proposed by the European Commission last Wednesday, amid Russia’s “new escalation” with “fraudulent referendums”, partial mobilizations and the threat of nuclear weapons, a new package of EU sanctions includes a ceiling on Russian oil prices, new trade restrictions, depriving Russia of about 7 billion euros revenues, a ban on the export of more products to deprive the Kremlin of key technologies for the Russian military machine, and an update to the list of individuals and entities subject to restrictive measures. .

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In particular, the EU added pro-Russian officials in the Russian-occupied Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions to the list of individual sanctions.

In recent days, there have even been Russian attacks on the area of ​​the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine, the largest in Europe, after Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a partial mobilization of 300,000 Russian reservists.

“The position of the Russian army is very bad. Including because the Russian soldiers do not know what the war is for, and those 300,000 who will be taken from their native places to the front will understand even less, so the war can be won on the battlefield, but it must be won. in the realm of ideas. In addition to the war itself, there is another war – the war for the supremacy of values, ”said Josep Borrell.

And at a time when there are fears of interruptions in Russian gas supplies to the EU, the head of EU diplomacy stressed that Russian President Vladimir Putin “waits for cold weather, interruptions in gas supplies, high prices and low temperatures in order to undermine the European will and will continue to support Ukraine”.

“Here we need to ask the Europeans to understand what is at stake, because our support for Ukraine is not just a matter of generosity, our support for Ukraine must be unwavering, because the security of Ukraine is inextricably linked to our own security,” he added.

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Ukraine: war has entered ‘dangerous phase’, head of European diplomat warns

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“The war continues, and the news from the battlefield is favorable for Ukraine. Ukraine is back on the offensive [mas] The war has entered a new phase, a phase that is undoubtedly dangerous because we are facing a frightening scenario that we must not turn a blind eye to,” said the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Speaking in a debate at the plenary session of the European Parliament in the French city of Strasbourg, Josep Borrell spoke of “a scenario of conventional war involving a nuclear power, a nuclear power that is now retreating from the usual scenario and that threatens to use nuclear weapons.”

“This is certainly a worrying scenario in which we must show that our support for Ukraine is unwavering,” he stressed.

Despite emphasizing that “Ukraine is advancing on three fronts, in the Donbass, […]in the southern center of Zaporizhia, advancing on Mariupol, and finally on Kherson,” the head of public diplomacy pointed out that Russia “still has a superiority in numbers, superiority in firepower,” so caution is needed.

Earlier today, EU member states reached a political agreement on new sanctions against Russia for invading Ukraine, the eighth package, due to come into effect on Thursday as a “strong response” to the annexation of Ukrainian territories.

Proposed by the European Commission last Wednesday, amid Russia’s “new escalation” with “fraudulent referendums”, partial mobilizations and the threat of nuclear weapons, a new package of EU sanctions includes a ceiling on Russian oil prices, new trade restrictions, depriving Russia of about 7 billion euros revenues, a ban on the export of more products to deprive the Kremlin of key technologies for the Russian military machine, and an update to the list of individuals and entities subject to restrictive measures. .

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In particular, the EU added to the list of individual sanctions pro-Russian officials in the Russian-occupied Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine.

In recent days, there have even been Russian attacks on the area of ​​the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine, the largest in Europe, after Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a partial mobilization of 300,000 Russian reservists.

“The position of the Russian army is very bad. Including because the Russian soldiers do not know what the war is for, and those 300,000 who will be taken from their native places to the front will understand even less, so the war can be won on the battlefield, but it must be won. in the realm of ideas. In addition to the war itself, there is another war – the war for the supremacy of values, ”said Josep Borrell.

And at a time when there are fears of interruptions in Russian gas supplies to the EU, the head of EU diplomacy stressed that Russian President Vladimir Putin “waits for cold weather, interruptions in gas supplies, high prices and low temperatures in order to undermine the European will and will continue to support Ukraine”.

“Here we need to ask the Europeans to understand what is at stake, because our support for Ukraine is not just a matter of generosity, our support for Ukraine must be unwavering, because the security of Ukraine is inextricably linked to our own security,” he added.

Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24th.

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