A decade ago, far-right radical Anders Breivik detonated a bomb outside the Norwegian prime minister’s building yesterday, killing eight people, and then made his way to the small island of Utoya, where he shot another 69 people, mostly teenagers and members of parliament. from the youth wing of the Norwegian Labor Party (center left).
Before this attack, Breivik wrote a 1,500-page document that he called 2083, European Declaration of Independence – where he exposed all his racist and neo-Nazi ideas and feelings. His goal, by writing all these words and then causing a real carnage, was to inspire other radicals (and fanatics) from the far right to follow in his footsteps. According to Breivik, it was necessary to start a new crusade against those who nicknamed “Treacherous Cultural / Multiculturalist Marxists”.
Precisely to prevent Breivik from using his court as a simple media platform with the sole purpose of exposing his views and presenting himself as a martyr (that was his plan), the court decided that his testimony would not be televised.
He was eventually sentenced to 21 years in prison – a criminal offense in Norway – but that country’s law includes precautions to extend this type of punishment for a longer period if the prisoner is deemed too dangerous. be in jail. freedom. In practice, given Breivik’s crimes, his lack of remorse, and the fact that he always stressed that he was mentally sane when he planned and committed murders, this means that you can spend the rest of your life in jail…
What lessons have we learned from this tragedy ten years later, if only to ensure that this form of violence, motivated by racial and ideological hatred, never happens again?
Back this week refer to the news site German German waveNorway’s secret services agency (known by its acronym PST) warned that “the far-right ideas that inspired the attack continue to be the driving force behind the far-right radicals, both inside and outside the country.”
Worse. PST believes that Breivik (who was 32 years old when he committed the crimes) served as an inspiration and model for the terrorist attacks that have taken place in the past decade, namely the massacre of two mosques in the city. Christchurch, New Zealand in March 2019, resulting in 51 deaths by a 28-year-old man.
Norwegian intelligence agencies also cite the case of Philip Manshaus, a Norwegian who shot his Chinese adoptive sister in August of that year and who, after this crime, went to a mosque in Oslo to commit a crime. more kills. Once there, he fired several shots at the door of the mosque, and the scenario was no worse, because a member of the religious community, a 65-year-old man who was at the entrance, was able to forcefully stop the 21-year-old man. an old armed young man preventing him from entering the place of worship.
When it came to court Manshaus stated believe that her half-sister is a danger to the family due to her Asian descent. As for what he wanted to do in the mosque, he himself admitted his intention: “I did everything I could to carry out the attack.” Its purpose was to simulate the Christchurch massacre.
In fact, Manshaus acknowledged the facts and regretted not being able to go further in his intentions, but denied the charges against him. claiming that your act he intended to apply “emergency justice” and also expressed his opposition to the entry of immigrants from non-Western countries into the country.
In court, the young man even turned to the cameras and made one of the identification marks used by extreme right-wing radicals with his hand: the thumb and forefinger joined at the ends, forming a circle, the rest of the fingers were raised up. a gesture that those who do not know the true meaning may be confused with a zero or OK sign.
In 2020, the PST itself admitted that a year before the crime it had received “vague” information about the threat that Manshaus could pose, but decided not to take any action due to the lack of “concrete plans” indicating intent to attack.
After the massacre at Utøyalacked the political courage to cope with extreme right, and eventually won the right to more media spaces in the name of greater freedom of expression, criticizes an author who has studied this phenomenon.
“At the time, I was among those who advocated a national settlement of accounts with the far-right, racist and Islamophobic ideology that drove Breivik. This is because I knew very well that their ideas about Islam, Muslims and the left were far more prevalent among Norwegians than many would like to show. But the Norwegian society did not take this path, ” wrote to the newspaperThe keeper Norwegian social anthropologist Sindre Bangstad, University of Oslo, author of the book Anders Breivik and the rise of Islamophobia (still no Portuguese edition).
According to Bangstad, the survivors of Utoya want to do something about this far-right Islamophobic ideology, but the then government of Norway, despite being led by the Labor Party (in 2013, they lost the legislative elections to the coalition led by the Labor Party ). The Conservative Party (center-right party) is stuck in a “political and moral impasse” over how best to respond to what has happened. Either they adopted “inclusive rhetoric,” in which a terrorist attack would be considered an attack on all Norwegians, or they “accentuate the fact that it was the Norwegian left in particular that was the target” of Breivik. According to Bangstad, the executive branch, led by Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg (the same one who has served as NATO Secretary General since 2014), opted for the first option.
Consequences? “Any talk of an undeniable connection between Breivik’s conspiratorial, anti-Muslim worldview and broad populist law, including the Progress Party, of which Breivik was a member for several years, has become taboo,” he says.
First of all, a little context. In 2009, the Progress Party won about 23% of the vote, leaving it in opposition, but in the 2013 legislative elections, despite dropping to 16%, it managed to integrate the Conservative Party’s coalition government, which it came to. … vacation in 2020. The reason for leaving the coalition was the repatriation to Norway of a citizen who voluntarily entered the Islamic State: in the past, she went to Syria and married a soldier from this jihadist group. The Progress Party uncompromisingly stated that there should be no help in this return to the country. The government stated a humanitarian motivation, as one of her two minor children, also returning to Norway, urgent medical attention needed… In the end, the mother was arrested, barely landed, on charges of belonging to a terrorist organization, but was immediately taken to the hospital, like her children.
Let’s go back to the analysis that the anthropologist Sindre Bangstad did for The keeper. Also, according to this scientist, after the massacre in Utoya and the explosion of a bomb near the headquarters of the government, the media main stream changed their speech, preferring the terms “tragedy” and “catastrophe” to denote what happened instead of the word “terrorism”. Bangstad claims it happened “as soon as it became known that the culprit was a radical right-wing Norwegian and not a radical Muslim.”
“Norwegians also quickly learned that, for predominantly white, middle-class media editors, the notorious response to racist hate speech was ‘more and more freedom of speech.’ In Norway, wider media spaces have been offered to far-right activists in the name of defending ‘freedom of speech’. “
After the 2013 Legislature, the right-wing party in the Norwegian parliament, the Progress Party, came to power for the first time, allied with the center-right party of Prime Minister Erna Solberg (the Conservative Party). Bangstad says the arrival of the Progress Party has opened the door for “feelings” that are radically opposed to Islam and social democracy, a political ideology supported by the youth of the Labor Party gathered on Utoya Island. reached the government “just two years after the massacre.”
“We know from research that Progress Party voters were among those least likely to have participated in memorials following the 2011 attacks. City Council and Local Association Activists [o município onde está situada a ilha de Utøya] they fought with all their might to prevent the construction of a national memorial to the victims of the Utoya massacre. Ten years later, earlier this year, it took a court order to stop them. It is documented that up to 70% of Progress Party respondents believe that the Labor Party “used” July 22, 2011 for political gain. [o estudo, publicado em junho deste ano, pode ser consultado aqui]… “
Despite this current scenario, the University of Oslo academic envisions a future in which ideas associated with extreme right-wing radicalism will no longer have such strong support. What dynamic makes you believe this?
“Tendencies against extreme right and right-wing populists can be found mainly among the many young Norwegians of all stripes and religions, who are growing up in increasingly multicultural areas where daily life has long been a side of their lives. This can also be found in the slow but steady decline in the number of Norwegians who generally have negative attitudes towards immigrants and immigration. Last but not least, she can also be found among the many young activists inspired by Black lives matter and other social movements in recent years have joined the ranks of the Norwegian anti-racist movement, giving it new energy and dynamism. As for the survivors of Utoya, they were and remain an integral part of these opposing trends, vowing to “always remember and never remain silent.”
With disheveled hair, a beard and a hand tied to his chest, visibly tired, but with a slight smile on his face. This is how Mikhail Dianov appeared in a photo taken in May at the Azovstal plant, at that time the last point of Ukrainian resistance in the port city of Mariupol. A picture released on Monday shows another man after several months in Russian captivity.
Dianov, 42, was one of the liberated Ukrainians. exchange of prisoners of war between Ukraine and Russia. After the battle to defend the Azovstal complex, he was one of the soldiers taken prisoner by Russian troops. Images now used by various international media shows one before and one after four months of his detention.
Left: Ukrainian marine Mikhail Dianov at the Azovstal steel plant during the siege of Mariupol in May.
Right: Dianov in a Kyiv hospital after being released from Russian captivity in late September.
In photographs taken after being discharged from a hospital in Chernihiv, Dianov appears rather thin, with scars and bruises, and his right arm is deformed. He has since been transferred to a military hospital in Kyiv, where he long term treatment required.
According to him, the soldier, wounded during the defense of Mariupol, did not receive the necessary medical care while in captivity. Ukrainian Pravda her sister Alena Lavrushko. “He has a problem with his arm, maybe an abscess. He needs to have an operation to insert a plate into the bone, because there is not enough 4 centimeters of bone and all this needs to be corrected, ”he explained.
They removed the object stuck in his hand, without anesthesia, without anything, with rusty pliers, ”he said.
At this point, the soldier still cannot be operated on and needs to put on weight first, losing 30% of his normal weight. “The physical condition is difficult, but mentally Mikhail is very strong. He is very happy to be back,” the sister added.
On Wednesday, Kyiv and Moscow exchanged 271 prisoners of war, including former deputy and Putin ally Viktor Medvedchuk, five Azovstal commanders and 10 foreign soldiers who fought on the side of Ukrainian forces.
Since then, there have been reports of lack of conditions, as well as abuse and torture. Sean Pinner, 48, says he was stabbed, electrocuted and beaten daily. “The man put a gun to the back of my head, loaded it and said: “Now you will die.” I thought I was finished, then he started laughing and said he was joking… Then he started beating me,” said the British soldier. Aiden Aslin, 28, said he was “treated worse than a dog” during his five months in solitary confinement.
A week before the first round of elections in Brazil, federal candidate Dario, who intends to represent the voters of the state of Minas Gerais, posted a video on the social network Tik Tok in which he dances in support of the legalization of cannabis (marijuana). ).
“The bull, the bullet and the Bible, it only embarrasses us, now we want to see a marijuana shop,” says the refrain of a parody in which the candidate of the Party and Socialism and Freedom (Psol) appears dancing with other people, originally published on Tik Tok. but which went viral on other platforms and social networks used in the country.
The success of the candidate’s campaign for the decriminalization of marijuana – in Brazil this drug is completely prohibited – was so great that the comedian, writer and actor Gregorio Duvivier released a video asking him to vote: unity around Darius.
Among the 10,629 federal candidates registered with the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE), the former porn actor known as Kid Bengala, who is running for a Congressional seat from União Brasil to represent the population of the state of São Paulo, has also taken notice.
In his campaign videos, the actor assures that he “can’t take this wrinkled Congress any longer” and that “it’s time to make Brazil grow.”
“I decided to innovate to end this mess. I agree with everything,” Kid Bengala says in a video on his TikTok channel, which has almost two million followers.
An old acquaintance of the Brazilian public, MP and former clown Tiririca is trying to run for a fourth term in Congress from Sao Paulo from the Liberal Party (PL).
Tiririka, who in 2010 became the country’s most popular MP, this time appears dancing in an election video in which he addresses his electorate by saying, “Vote for me, you moron!”
In October, Brazil will elect the next president, 27 state governors, 513 federal deputies, 27 senators and hundreds of parliamentarians who will form part of the state assemblies.
In the presidential elections in Brazil, the first round is scheduled for October 2, and the second, if necessary, for October 30.
Ten candidates are running in the Brazilian presidential election: Jair Bolsonaro, Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, Ciro Gomez, Simone Tebet, Luis Felipe D’Avila, Soraya Tronicke, Eimael, Leonardo Pericle, Sofia Manzano and Vera Lucia.
Exit forecasts in Italy point to a right-wing coalition victory, with Georgia Meloni’s far-right Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy) party winning the most votes.
If the victory is confirmed, it will be the first time that the Italian government has far-right members. In addition, this may be the first time that a woman has headed the Italian government.
Operating Systems first official results legislation should only be known this Monday morning.
[Última atualização às 23:55 de 25-09-2022]
Due to partisan dispersion, no party can get a majority enough to govern alone.
The right has reached a coalition deal that could bring Meloni to power, along with former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi’s conservative Forza Italia party and Matteo Salvini’s Anti-Immigration Liga.
According to the first predictions the second place was taken by the Democratic PartyEnrico Letta, with 17% against 21% of the vote.
Predictions of party results:
Siblings from Italy: 22% to 26%
Democratic Party: 17% to 21%
Five Star Movement: 13.5% to 17.5%
Northern League: from 8.5% to 12.5%
Share – Viva Italy: from 6.5% to 8.5%
Italian Strength: 6% to 8%
Left/Green Alliance: 3% to 5%
+ Europe: 2.5% and 4.5%
Italevit: 0.5% and 2.5%
We Moderates: 0.5% to 2.5%
Democratic Center: 0% to 2%
Others: 4% to 6%
Forecasts of coalition results:
Left Center: 25.5%-29.5%
5 stars Movement: 13.5%-17.5%
Number of abstentions
According to the Ministry of the Interior, at 23:00, when the polls closed in Italy, the turnout was 64%, which means the level about 36% abstained. If these values are confirmed, it will be an increase of nine percentage points compared to 2018.