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Research shows that electric vehicles are less polluting than combustion vehicles

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carros elétricos poluição combustão ICCT

One of the biggest questions about electric vehicles is the level of pollution they generate. If they are naturally less polluting, many argue that this situation only applies when they are used and that electricity generation needs to be considered.

Since several studies have already been done in this area, the arguments were on both sides. New research by the International Council for Clean Transport (ICCT) confirms that electric vehicles are even less polluting than combustion-powered vehicles.


eternal war of numbers

One of the main arguments for the commitment to electric vehicles is their level of pollution. Using only electricity, they do not emit all pollutants into the atmosphere, therefore more environmentally friendly...

The truth is that with these arguments, there are always conflicting arguments suggesting that the production of batteries and electricity will eventually cease. change this script... The use of coal and other fossil fuels makes these electric offerings much more polluting.

electric cars ICCT combustion pollution

Greener electric vehicles

To assess these scenarios, ICCT provided a study that assessed all variableslooking at all the markets for electric vehicles. So, when evaluating the markets of the USA, Europe, China and India, the conclusion is obvious. Electric vehicles are less polluting and less polluting. "all life"...

Naturally, the levels at which they are presented largely depend on the markets in which they are created and sold, always depending on the method of generating electricity. This is the factor that matters the most for the difference in pollution levels between electric vehicles and vehicles with combustion engines.

ICCT research evaluates all aspects

Research figures show that in Europe, the lifetime emissions of an electric vehicle are on average 66-69% lower than that of a gasoline car. In the case of China and India, the difference is smaller - from 37 to 45% and from 19 to 34%, respectively. These markets are losing out due to pollution caused by energy production.

The study went further and provided some predictions for the future, mostly very positive. By 2030, differences in pollution levels are expected to widen to 74–77% in Europe, 62 to 76% in the US, 48 to 64% in China, and 30 to 56% in India.

electric cars ICCT combustion pollution

Are there any more reasons for internal combustion engines?

This new study is important because it takes into account many of the arguments presented by both sides. It covers all processes, not just consumption and daily use. We looked at energy production processes that are often ignored.

This provides new arguments and evidence that electric vehicles are less polluting than vehicles with combustion engines. There is still a lot of work to be done to optimize them, especially in areas that are often not visible and are important in assessing them. The battle between fans of electric vehicles and those who consider them just new is open again, but with new data.

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Economy

Reduced provider discount in December due to falling fuel prices

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Reduced provider discount in December due to falling fuel prices

The Ministry of Finance reported that in December there is a decrease in the ISP discount by 3.9 cents per liter of diesel fuel and 2.4 cents per liter of gasoline, taking into account falling prices.

The guardianship statement states that, as announced, “the mechanism applied in the ISP is equivalent to reducing the VAT rate from 23% to 13%, and the compensation mechanism through the ISP reduces additional VAT income as a result of the changes. in fuel prices remain in effect.

Thus, taking into account the evolution of diesel and gasoline prices, “these temporary measures result in a reduction in the ISP rebate of 3.9 cents per liter of diesel fuel and 2.4 cents per liter of gasoline. a discount of 17.1 cents per liter for diesel ISP and 15.4 cents per liter for gasoline ISP,” the same note reads.

On the other hand, “the carbon tax update will be suspended until the end of the year,” and “taking into account all the measures in place, the reduction in the tax burden is 27.3 cents per liter of diesel fuel and 24.7 cents per liter of gasoline. “.

The government’s rebate mechanism assumes that a decrease in the price of fuel results in an increase in the Tax on Petroleum Products (NPT) due to a drop in VAT revenues.

“Measures to mitigate the increase in fuel prices remain in place in the month of December, while the government continues to support all consumers by reducing fuel taxes,” the ministry reminded.

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The ISP’s rebate, equivalent to a 13 percent VAT rate cut, was due to run until September 4 but was later extended through the end of the year as part of the government’s family relief package due to price hikes.

Average fuel prices have returned this week to below pre-war levels in Ukraine on Feb. 24, with a 5.1% drop for petrol and 4.1% for diesel calculated by ERSE.

According to the “Weekly Report on the Surveillance of Selling Prices for the Public” published on Monday evening by the Entidade Regladora dos Serviços Energéticos (ERSE), “For the week of 28 to 4 December, the effective pre-tax price is 0.860 euro/l. [euros por litro] for straight petrol 95 and 1067 euro/l for direct diesel”, which after tax is 1660 euro/l and 1685 euro/l for straight petrol 95 and straight diesel, respectively.

These figures are comparable to average prices of 1,816 euros/l for 95 straight-through gasoline and 1,660 euros/l for direct diesel filled on February 24 when the Russians invaded Ukraine, according to the Directorate General of Energy and Geology (DGEG). ).

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Economy

The unthinkable happens and the Lufthansa Airbus A380 takes off again two years later.

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The unthinkable happens and the Lufthansa Airbus A380 takes off again two years later.
Image: Lufthansa


This Friday, December 2, 2022, a moment occurred where few expected it to happen again. After repeated claims that the giant Airbus A380 is being retired for good, German airline Lufthansa has come back and decided to put it back into service two years later. As a result, one of the aircraft, registration D-AIMK, parked in Teruel (Spain), flew to Frankfurt.

According to the German company, the aircraft has been at the Spanish airport since May 2020, and since May of this year, more than 3,000 hours of work have been spent on its re-flight preparation. The same service is being performed on three other A380s that the company intends to restore to its network.


However, more work is needed before the aircraft is ready to fly with passengers again. Although additional landing gear maintenance was still required, today’s flight was to be flown at a much lower speed than usual and was performed with the landing gear down.

At the Lufthansa base in Frankfurt, the aircraft will be put on supports so that the landing gear retraction system can be tested. The aircraft will then fly to Manila in the Philippines, where Lufthansa Technik maintains a maintenance base, to undergo final repairs before release.

The Airbus A380 is scheduled to enter service in the summer of 2023 on high-demand flights from Munich. Videos were taken of the departure of the world’s largest passenger aircraft from Teruel (above and below, awaiting loading). Tracking Radarboxin turn, captured the entire flight.

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Economy

Prices for the next week (from 5 to 11 December)

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Crédito Habitação Activo Bank

Fuel price information is based on calculations that take into account quotations on international markets and other factors taken into account when pricing fuel in Portugal. This is the data that I collect weekly from my sources in the fuel market.

I remind you that despite this price indication, each filling station can set the price it considers appropriate🇧🇷 Only private label gas stations should follow brand guidelines. Dealers and each brand may or may not follow the market leaders. But in my experience they go one after the other. This is the price trend for the coming week.

PORTUGAL continental

🇧🇷 Previous weeks*: (-5)(-10)(-7)(4)(-1)(-0.5)(9.5)(11)(+2)(-7)(+1 )(-7)( 11)(5)(-2)(-9)(-1)(-6)(-7)(-9)(-3)(6)(13)(12)(2 .5 )(-2.5 )(-7)(3)(-10 ISP drop)(6)(1)(-5)(-12.5)(16)(-18)(18)(14 , 5)(2.5)(1)( 0.5)(2))(0.5)(3)(2)(2.5)(3)2022

* Order of changes from newest to oldest.

🇧🇷 Previous weeks*: (-5)(-9)(-4)(2)(-1)(-6)(6)(8)(2)(-0.5)(-0.5) (-7)(0.5 )(-1)(-1)(-9)(0.5)(-5)(-5)(-8)(-1.5)(-1)(- 5) (-3)(14)(1.5) (7)(2)(4.5)(-10 ISP drop)(2)(0.5)(-4)(7)(-13, 5 )(14)(7.5)(2)(1)(2)(2) (1.5)(2)(1.5)(0.5)(4.5)2022

* Order of changes from newest to oldest.

| Previous weeks*: (=)(-1)(=)(=)(-1)(=)(1)(-2)(=)(-1)(+2)(=)(=)(= )(-1)(=)(-1)(=)(=)(=)(1)(=)(-2)(1)(=)(-2)(=)(-4)(= )(=)(=)(-1)(=)(-2)(-6)(-10)(21)(=)(12)(=)(=)(1)(=)(-1 )(=)(=)(2)2022

* Order of changes from newest to oldest.

MADEIRA

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