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Political reform reporter supports the so-called district in the project | National newspaper



Foto: (Reprodução)

A commission of the Chamber of Deputies has begun discussing a proposed amendment to the Constitution, which concerns electoral reform. The text recommends moving to a model that has been sharply criticized by political scientists.

The proposal of the MP Renata Abreu from Podemos is aimed at reviving the so-called district, which has already been rejected twice by the plenary session of the Chamber, in 2015 and 2017.

Today the system for electing deputies and councilors is proportional. Vacancies are distributed in proportion to the number of votes received by candidates and parties.

The candidates with the most votes are elected in the constituency, and the system does not take into account the votes of the losing candidates and parties. In practice, these votes will be dropped, meaning that the elections to the legislature will become the majority, as is the case with the president, governors, senators and mayors.

“The district is becoming a simpler system because you select the most voted, eliminate those who gain votes, and the criticism that we hear many times, in practice, in my understanding, this is the same thing that already applies to the proportional system”, – says Renata Abreu.

“The constituency is the worst electoral system imaginable, firstly, because it destroys political parties, everything is much more dependent on voting for individuals, and not on voting for parties. It also makes it difficult to debate ideas, ”said political scientist Claudio Coutu of FGV.

Analysts note that the district also ends up wasting voters’ preferences as voting can no longer be used to help elect candidates from other parties.

“Only the vote given to the elected is taken into account, all other votes cast by all other voters for the not elected candidates are discarded. This is a big problem. He will leave a huge section of society without any representation, since even one vote given to someone from this party, at least, will not help elect someone with a similar idea who is part of the same group. This voice is simply lost, ”explains Claudio Cootu.

Renata Abreu’s proposal also stipulates that the constituency will be valid only for the 2022 elections, this will be a transition to the so-called mixed constituency, which will be adopted in the next elections.

In a mixed constituency, the voter would vote twice. For a candidate registered in his constituency, which constituency will be determined by the Supreme Electoral Court one year before the election. The second vote will be for a candidate from the list drawn up by the parties. Half of the vacancies will be filled among the most voted in the constituency, and the other half will follow the open-list proportional system, as is the case today.

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A mixed district system will be adopted for the Chamber of Deputies, Legislatures and Municipal Chambers with over 100,000 voters. In smaller municipalities, the so-called district will continue.

A discussion in a special commission is only the first step. Since the proposal affects the Constitution, it must be voted and approved twice in the Chamber of Deputies and twice in the Senate, as a three-fifths vote, and before early October, otherwise it will not be valid in the Chamber of Deputies. Election 2022.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

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“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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