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Borba Gato and other pioneers were turned into “heroes” by the political movement 100 years ago.



Havan sees its IPO cut in half due to political and corporate risks.

You scouts they were transformed into symbols of São Paulo about 100 years ago by an intellectual, cultural and political movement to save what would have been the heroic image of São Paulo as a pioneer country responsible for Brazil’s territorial expansion. The idea was to distinguish the role of the state from others that have more important economic and historical significance in the country, as experts pointed out. state

In the 17th century, the Bandeyrants, who were called Paulists or Sertanists, conducted expeditions funded by large traders and landowners in search of minerals, the indigenous population was enslaved, and the enslaved people fled. Sometimes they even invaded Jesuit missions, looking for indigenous people to kidnap, so much so that they were considered mercenaries and in fear.

(Thanks to bandeirante) It was a way to surpass other capitals. Sao Paulo was poorer, there were no churches, fortresses, but there were these “heroes”, ”explains the historian and professor at the Paulista Museum. Paulo Garces Marins… “It was a kind of response from artists, intellectuals and politicians extolling São Paulo’s colonial past. And it was from this imaginary construction that the pioneer was born, who will take on the image of the hero. “

Professor of the Department of History of Unesp, Paulo Enrique Martinez he explains that although the violence, crime and economic interests of the pioneers were “well known,” these facts were left aside in efforts to preserve the memory of this group. “There is no reason why, on the eve of the centenary of Contemporary Art Week and the bicentennial of independence, this imaginary bandeirism survived and has the social roots that it has to this day, as it induces and legitimizes prohibitive practices, oppression and social violence.”

For nearly 100 years, the names of Fernand Diaz, Anhanguer, Raposo Tavares, Borba Gato and others have been placed on monuments, roads, highways, and even in the palace of the state government. However, such a tribute has been the subject of criticism in recent years, especially in São Paulo.

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One of the main targets of criticism is the statue of Borba Gato in the southern part of the city of São Paulo, which was set on fire on Saturday, 24, and the site of protests on other occasions. It pays homage to Manuel de Borba Gato, a pioneer born in 1674 in the region where the Santo Amaro district is today.

Borba Gato was the son-in-law of another pioneer leader, Fernand Dias, and he died around 1717, when he was an ordinary judge at Vila Real de Sabara. He took part in expeditions inland and even fled after being accused of assassinating the general manager of the mines, D. Rodrigo de Castelo Blanco, between 1682 and 1700, when he received a royal pardon and was appointed. the chief of the guard of the Rio das Velhas district.

In addition, he was the founder of Vila Real de Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Sabarabussu (the current mining municipality of Sabara) in 1711, one of the main producers of gold for the Portuguese crown. He was also one of the leaders of the Emboabas War (1707-1709), in which, together with other immigrants from São Paulo, he demanded exclusive exploration for ore in the Minas Gerais region, lost to the Portuguese.

A statue in his honor in São Paulo was unveiled in January 1963, already amid criticism (mainly aesthetic) during the celebration of the 4th century of Santo Amaro. On this day, people also paraded, dressed as pioneers and indigenous people, with carts drawn by oxen, canoes and other figurative elements.

The work was commissioned about six years earlier by the state government to artist Julio Guerra, who used concrete, tram tracks, and colored basalt and marble stones. It is about 13 meters high and weighs 20 tons and stands on a pedestal covered with rustic granite.

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In addition to a fire last Saturday, the monument was targeted in 2020 for an intervention in which fake skulls were placed in its vicinity. Four years ago, he got inked during an action that also included a flag monument in the vicinity of Ibirapuera Park.

Save. Historian Paulo Garces Marins explains that all the monuments, paintings and the like that helped create the imagination of the Bandeiris were made without any historical references, images or documents indicating the type of clothing and appearance of these figures. Among these elements that have become standard are the wide-brimmed hat, high boots, doublet, beard and European features that are even present in the statue of Borba Gato.

“Museum of Sao Paulo (better known as Ipiranga) it takes place in the consolidation of the image that we recognize as a bandeirante, commissioned by paintings and sculptures made by fez, ”he comments. These orders were mainly made by Affonso Taunay, who had been in charge of the Paulista Museum since 1917 and one of the possible creators of the term “bandeirante”. Among them, for example, “Cyclo da Caça ao Indio” by Enrique Bernardelli, in which Bandeirante appears in an imposing pose in the middle of the forest in front of the indigenous people.

Unesp history professor Paulo Henrique Martinez explains that the most alleged rescue of the pioneers was led by a group that emerged from Contemporary Art Week 22, known as Green and yellow movement or Escola da Anta with nationalist values. It was led by Menotti del Picchia, Cassiano Ricardo, Candido Mota Filho, Alfredo Elis and Pliniu Salgado, the most radical representatives of the group and the creator of the integralist movement of the fascists.

One of the ways to perpetuate the heroic image of the pioneers was precisely the pictorial image in paintings and large statues. “Alfredo Alice believed that the pioneers were giants and, therefore, colonies from São Paulo, and then the entire nation,” comments the professor.

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“This group of” greens and yellows “, despite the fact that they lost the controversy in the aesthetic and artistic field (directed by Mario and Oswald de Andrade)victorious in the historical and interpretive field of history, in the symbolic depiction of the history of São Paulo, created by great conquerors, physical giants, giants of the soul, giants of ambition, ”he comments.

“And we could add: giants of violence, giants of greed …” – concludes the professor. Martinez explains that the construction of the Bandeirante monument has received government support from the 1920s until recently, which explains the alleged presence in the names of public places, monuments and the like.

To a large extent, it strengthened during social and political crises, in response to the strengthening of workers, class and trade union movements, as in the 20s, 50s and 60s of the last century. For example, during the unveiling of the statue of Borba Gato, the country witnessed the strengthening of peasant unions, the growth of student and labor movements, and voting in a plebiscite under the national government system.

Culture houses for honoring Girl Scouts were renamed into SP

At least two of the municipal cultural spaces that make up the City Museum have been renamed, and references to Bandeirantes have been removed over the past two years. Casa Sertanista was renamed Casa Caxingui and Casa Bandeirante is now known as Casa Butantã. At the time, the municipal secretary for culture, Ale Youssef, defended the more modernist and less innovative São Paulo.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

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“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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