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“I’m gay and that’s okay”: a historical phrase 20 years ago | News from politics, economy and society in Germany | DW

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“I'm gay and that's okay”: a historical phrase 20 years ago |  News from politics, economy and society in Germany |  DW

According to the former mayor-governor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, the most important phrase in his life was “I’m gay, and that’s okay!” The nation’s jaw dropped: for the first time, a high-ranking politician openly admitted his homosexuality. Revolution, fanaticism, an epoch-making turn for a conservative and then still largely dusty Germany.

For the co-chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) Norbert Walter-Bordjans, the verdict of his supporter marked a hiatus, “because at that time it was still a huge challenge to put into practice the realization that there are different ways of life.”

Wowereit released the iconic commentary on June 10, 2001 at an extraordinary SPD convention in the German capital. In his speech on the nomination, the future mayor-governor of Berlin (2001-2014) wanted to clarify the situation by informing his comrades about his homosexuality. Thus, he “showed courage” and launched the process “in a positive way,” Walter-Bordjans said in an interview with DW.

End of the phrase “don’t ask, don’t tell”

The second half of the saying, “… and everything is all right,” which became popular in the country, came out by accident, as Wowerright later admitted. But the act of publicly acknowledging his homosexuality was precisely planned. And it is no coincidence that he uttered the phrase in a firm, decisive, defenseless tone.

The politician knew that the brown press intended to publish a story about his sexual orientation, which at the time would have resulted in a scandal. Therefore, he went on the offensive, depriving his opponents of all ammunition.

The majority of public opinion praised the recognition. “Do not ask Do not Tell«: There is no need to talk about sexual orientation, it is better to hide and whisper. In one fell swoop, this behavior became a thing of the past, it became much easier for politicians to assume their own homosexuality.

In an interview with a newspaper Daily mirrorWowereit, who turned his back on politics a few years ago, confirmed that in hindsight, he is also “a little proud to have changed something for others”: only in Berlin and Germany, but around the world. “

innovative initiative

With his revelation, the Social Democrat really raised the wave. In the same year, Ole von Beust of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) was elected mayor of Hamburg, not hiding his homosexuality.

Then it was Guido Westerwelle’s turn: the liberal politician who died in 2016 was the first German foreign minister to be openly homosexual, and often appeared in photographs with his husband.

This option was not always easy for his position, sometimes becoming a risky game from a diplomatic point of view. Like in 2010, when Westerwelle went to Saudi Arabia, a country where homosexuals face the death penalty.

For the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (FDP) Christian Lindner, the example of his predecessor to this day remains a kind of moral duty of the legend. In response to DW’s request, he replied: “Everyone should have the opportunity to realize their life project, regardless of their sexual orientation. […] Also, sexual orientation cannot be a disadvantage to participate in politics. “

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The country opens gradually

In Germany today, gays and lesbians are equated with heterosexual couples or partnerships – at least in theory, but from a legal point of view – almost completely. Until 1969, male homosexuality was generally punishable in Germany under section 175 of the Imperial Penal Code of 1872. This is why gays were generally derogatoryly referred to as “175 people.” It was only in 1994 that the paragraph was finally deleted.

In 2001, the possibility of registered partnerships was created for people of the same sex, which is practically equivalent to a “normal marriage”, except for differences in tax and family laws. The next big step was the historic endorsement by parliament of the idea of ​​”marriage for all” in 2017.

This liberalization has generated a lot of controversy, especially for the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Christian Social Union (CSU). Nevertheless, the law came into force, which means full legal recognition by the state of same-sex partnerships.

More tolerant than accepted?

Opinion polls show that the majority of the population has long imagined that they are ruled by gays or lesbians. This does not mean that there is no homophobia in politics.

Popular Christian Democrat Friedrich Merz cited a recent example: tabloid in September 2020 picture asked him if he, the then preliminary candidate for Chancellor Angela Merkel, had any doubts about the homosexual Federal Chancellor. No, it has nothing to do with society, he said, “as long as it remains within the law and does not affect children, this is an absolute limit for me.”

Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle (1961-2016) (left) and husband Michael Mronz in 2009

According to some critics, Merz approached homosexuality with pedophilia. SPD Vice President Kevin Kuehnert, who is openly gay, tweeted: “These are the roundabouts of a man who cannot hide the fact that normalizing how they deal with homosexuality doesn’t really mean anything to them.”

For his part, Health Minister Jens Spahn, who is openly gay and also from the CDU, like Merz, was only surprised, but not personally offended. However, in a previous interview with the newspaper Time, he said he was still injured due to his sexual orientation.

In September, for example, a COVID-19 pandemic denier insulted him as a “disgusting fagot.” Consequently, in politics, including in Germany, homosexuality is not at all normal. “I feel sad and I want to do my part to change that,” Spahn promised.

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“Poor but sexy”

Consulting DW, Managing Director of the German Lesbian and Gay Association (LSVD) Klaus Yetz condemned the fact that even today the orientation of politicians of both genders continues to be taken into account: “Getting out of the toilet can still be unprofitable for his career. In this respect, for politicians and politicians, he is no different from other employees. “

Social Democratic leader Walter-Bordjans also continues to testify about homophobic tirades against his colleagues: “This is bad, and I’m afraid it won’t end overnight.” His recipe is to appeal to skeptics and “persuade them to admit that we will all benefit if our society becomes freer and more tolerant in this respect.”

In fact, Klaus Wowereit was known for more than just being gay. In November 2003, he commented on his hometown, which he ruled for so many years: “Berlin is poor, but sexy” – a phrase that has become something of an unofficial motto for the German capital. Once again, the politician known as “Wowie” had the courage to say the right things, in the right way, at the right time – like June 10, 2001.

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An open letter to a pastor-politician – Co-authors

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An open letter to a pastor-politician - Co-authors

My dear pastor, I will probably vote for you, and not for your struggle for faith, because I adhere to a different theology, because we respect our unusual beliefs, but I will vote for you, for your social cosmic vision, solidarity and beneficial influence on people who, in my opinion, are inalienable qualities of any politician, and in this we have common interests.

However, I regret that you registered as a “pastor” in the Electoral Justice for your candidacy, because I do not vote for the pastor of the church, I vote for the politics of the society and when you use the name of the profession, nothing depends on faith, it is different from those shepherds who usurp the confessional electorate, in the manner of modern colonels and their bridle oaths.

The current candidates for the pastor of the church often gain votes among their co-religionists and sometimes swearingly promise the blessings of the church and its ministers, and sometimes even call themselves candidates of God, daring to use the name of God. as if God chose him over others, because all his children and he has no formal preferences, he will only prefer those who do good.

Calling him by the name of Peter, John, James in no way detracts from him, on the contrary, his image was built as the cornerstone of the church, which welcomed and helped people of any race, religion, like a Samaritan on the way.

If you were a “political pastor” you would not run for elections because you know that the pastor is also involved in politics to build a more just society, however, since you are a “political pastor” you should refrain from using a religious nickname. aiming at the ballot box, which, by the way, is growing every day according to the Supreme Electoral Court, so as not to confuse the divine service with the ordinary electoral, and there are those who use conscience, who say that they are the mediators of God’s work in politics, but God has not given them power of attorney and does not need representatives for this, he prefers good people in politics, even if they are atheists.

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Rogerio Silva University Professor, Ph.D. in Law and Constitutional Order (UFC). Author of the book Politics and Faith.


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Political party and Supreme play against tax cuts

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Political party and Supreme play against tax cuts

Brazilian industry shook up Minister Alexandre de Moraes. This is due to the fact that a presidential decree was issued to reduce FDI by 25% for a large list of goods. The political party filed a complaint with the Supreme Court, saying it would harm the Manaus Free Trade Zone. The case fell into the hands of Alexandre de Moraes, who issued an injunction suspending the decree.

The President of the Republic and Minister Paulo Guedes then removed products from the industry that were competitors or similar, leaving only those that did not compete with the Manaus Free Trade Zone. The decrease in IPI will be 35%. The same party appealed to the STF again, Alexandre de Moraes issued another injunction and canceled the decree again.

Now the National Confederation of Industry has received the signatures of all the federations of industry in the country, except, of course, the federations of Amazonas, as well as the federations of Amapa. They argue that Moraes’ decision creates uncertainty and impedes lower consumer prices, making it difficult for the economy to recover. The party that went to the STF against the decrees is Solidarity, it’s good that we know this. Solidarity may even defend the free trade zone in Manaus, but it does not advocate lower food prices for the rest of the country.

Alexandre de Moraes takes office as President of TSE

This Tuesday, at 19:00, at the headquarters of the TSE – a wonderful palace, I will show you a photo; it’s too luxurious, too big for something that organizes elections every two years, but still… – Boloznaro, Lula and Alexandre de Moraes are going to meet. And with them Dilma and Temer, since the former presidents were already invited; I assume that Fernando Enrique Cardoso was also invited, but I don’t know if he will come. The Presidents of the House, Senate, Supreme Court and other higher courts will still be present.

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All of them will pass into the possession of Alexandre de Moraes, who will replace Edson Fachin at the head of the electoral justice; Finally, Fashin leaves, and now he is just in the Supreme Court. The ceremony gives a measure of the responsibility of the new TSE President. This is one of the most important elections in the history of this country. And Moraes should know very well what history records and does not forgive. They are all busy making the verification process safer for everyone to understand. Even the Armed Forces are helping – and it must be admitted that this was at the request of the most selective justice system.

Thursday ends deadline for those wishing to vote outside their electoral residence

Speaking of this, we must remember that we must all vote. There is an age when voting becomes optional, from 16 to 18 and then from 70, but we all go to vote. And anyone who is outside their electoral residence can vote too. But you have to ask, register with the electoral court, that you will vote in transit. Deadline expires: You must be on the electoral roll by Thursday 18. When voting en route, anyone in another state votes for President only; anyone in the same state will be able to vote normally, as well as governor, deputies, and senator. But let’s follow the deadline!

Content edited by: Marcio Antonio Campos

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The resolution approves an addition to the political and pedagogical project EJA – Jornal do Oeste

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The resolution approves an addition to the political and pedagogical project EJA - Jornal do Oeste

The Minister of Education published in the Official Gazette last Thursday (11) Resolution Smed no. The document refers to the Municipal Operational Instructions for the EJA in relation to its maintenance.

Article 1 of the document mentions that the Municipal Operational Guidelines for Phase 1 of the EJA should be consistent with the Operational Guidelines for the EJA established by the National Board of Education, in aspects related to their alignment with the National Common Curriculum Base (BNCC), with the National Literacy Program (PNA) , course duration and minimum age for entry.

They must also comply with the course registration form, the minimum age and EJA certification, the proposal with a focus on continuing education and training and the flexibility of the proposal in a way that is compatible with reality and course structure.

The paper explains that Phase 1, corresponding to the early years of primary education, will be offered in person, without matching professional qualifications, including only basic training, with a total workload of 1,500 hours spread over a minimum of two academic years and half organized every six months. duration of 100 days of effective school work.

Phase 1 is organized on a semester basis, in stages, with flexible time to complete the required workload, and for each stage there is a correspondence to the elementary nine-year elementary school years and specific workload. For the primary grades of elementary school, the application specifies that the workload will be at least 150 hours for learning the basic components of literacy and 150 hours for teaching basic math concepts.

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SERVICES – EJA Phase 1 students will be provided with the following services: EJA Directed, EJA Multiphase and EJA Vinculada. The EJA Directed document explains that this is an alternative to serving a working student at any stage of the modality who, for various reasons, has difficulty participating in activities at the beginning or end of the academic shift.

For these students, the system must develop the activities previously planned by the teachers in order to complete the workload provided for the learning component. The feasibility of the activities and the scope of work will be carried out only after the completion of the planned activities.

According to the document, a multi-stage JAO can be organized in cases where the number of students does not correspond to that established by the education system and / or when the physical or specific structure of the service does not support the composition of the classes by steps.

In this case, the municipal education system will be able to organize a multi-stage ERA to increase the attendance of full-time ERA, in situations and low demand that make it impossible to implement a modality change; difficulties with student mobility, for example, when studying rural subjects; street population, specific communities, refugees and migrants from literacy programs in hard-to-reach places, on the periphery, etc.

In turn, the term EJA Linked is equivalent to decentralized EJA, used to refer to EJA Phase 1 course classes that are located in other educational spaces, preferably in their own school units, also called welcome units, located outside of an authorized work school. . . .

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