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Stickers of a heroic prosecutor and villainous politician weaken society, a representative of the prosecutor’s office believes – 05/18/2021 – Vlast

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Stickers of a heroic prosecutor and villainous politician weaken society, a representative of the prosecutor's office believes - 05/18/2021 - Vlast

Pitting the government ministry against the political class, as if the former was the good guy and the latter the villain, was the mistake of Operation Lava Yato and “puts two big labels that prevent you from defining reality,” he says. Regional Attorney of the Republic, Ubiratan Cazetta, who will chair ANPR (National Association of Prosecutors) until 2023.

He defends the results of the operation, such as recovered values, as well as evidence gathered from investigations, but admits there have been problems and points out that now is the time to resume dialogue with civil society, with Congress, and internally.

“At some point you had Lava Yato with a very large size, with a lot of debated facts, but also with easy speech of the good and bad guys. I don’t like the performances of the good and bad guys. Because it prevents the maturation of society,” says 52-year-old Cazetta in an interview sheet

In his opinion, the sequence of major operations has made politicians more reactive, which could lead to what he sees as negative guidelines for the work of the prosecutor’s office, such as the current draft of the new Criminal Procedure Code, as well as changes in the composition of the CNMP (National Council of Prosecutors).

Cazetta also defends the discussion and submission of the category triple list to President Jair Bolsonar for the election of the Attorney General of the Republic, although the current incumbent Augusto Aras has not left this relationship and may be reappointed.

What is the priority of this control in ANPR? It is a reconstruction of connections, both internal and external. We have to remake the dialogue with civil society, with the National Congress, and also with the internal dialogue because of polarization.

Congress addresses many issues of interest to members of the Federal Attorney’s Office. Why did this atmosphere of hostility arise? Our function is ungrateful, it is always the function of those who charge fees, and those who charge fees obviously create uncomfortable situations. With both the polarization of society and the sequence of major processes such as monthly payments and Lava Jato, it is natural that this thought arises, and this is the life of a government ministry, we must live with the knowledge that we are facing opposition.

[Mas] what is happening now is a collection of facts that underscore this. Our role is to separate our messages from any mistakes and to prevent reciprocal adoption of legislation. This is a serious problem: the reduction of responsive legislation and the struggle for changes that look to the future, but with a balance.

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What is a confluence of facts? It cannot be denied that the polarization of the debate after Dilma’s re-election [Rousseff] this caused a lot of discussion in the society. Secondly, the whole discussion around Lava Jato, both her successes and criticism, sparked a situation to which you have a reaction.

When you are dealing with a process in which a serious corruption situation in the state is discussed, including all sorts of accusations, it is natural that there will be a return. At one point, you had a Lava Jato with a very large size, with a lot of talked about facts, but also with the easy talk of the good guys and villains. I do not like the speech of the good and bad guys, because they prevent society from growing up.

What was Lava Jato’s biggest hit and what was its biggest mistake? The main success was the construction of the investigation to combine the facts. I’m not just talking about Lava Jato de Curitiba, but about the investigation as a whole. There is no way to deny the amount of resources recovered. It is impossible to deny the amount of evidence that was correctly collected in the course of the investigation. This is a big deal, you have brought out a fact that exists.

What is the main mistake? This is due to the logic of this communication policy, which at the moment opposed the public ministry as a hero to the political class as villainy. It weakens society because you put two big labels that prevent you from defining reality. There are no heroes, villains or prosecutors against politicians. The role of the prosecutor is to protect society, just as the role of politics is to protect society.

Interaction with other peopleMr. he said he sees a threat to prosecutors’ actions in the proposal for a new Code of Criminal Procedure, which is being considered in Congress. As? First, the revival of the thesis of PEC 37 on the prohibition of the prosecutor’s office from investigations. This is most obvious: the Supreme Court itself already has a consolidated position, and an attempt is being made to reopen the 2013 debate, which seemed unsuccessful. The problem of bureaucratization of research is also important, because instead of modernizing the investigation process, a number of tools are created that bureaucratize.

The code is not upgraded, does not address the central issues of our system, and does not change the fact that only 8% of murders in all of Brazil are investigated. If we want to reform something, we have to reform it in order to improve.

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What about MP Paulo Teixeira (PT-SP) who is restructuring the CNMP and giving more room to the Legislature? The CNMP is an external supervisory body for the administration and verification that the MPs themselves [Ministérios Públicos] regardless of whether they are applying their own corrective actions. There is no such body, I will get CNJ [Conselho Nacional de Justiça] who was born together, what do you think that your corregidor is not from the institution itself. Nobody is considering the issue of depriving the UST Minister of the status of a national corrector of justice. What could justify this in relation to the prosecutor’s office, other than the inconvenience caused by us? It’s not the reason. You must strengthen the institution.

For the first time in nearly 20 years, ANPR has almost no chance of making it into the triple-list like PGR. How mr. Do you think this will affect the way the elections are conducted on the list? Hopefully we can discuss what this list is for. Make it clear to the public that listing is a democratic process, it is a process of transparency, and that it matters in a situation like ours. The fact that at the moment there is no forecast for keeping the list does not mean that it should not be done, on the contrary.

Only in the federal prosecutor’s office, unlike the other 30 ministries, there is no this process of debugging names and proposals to those who choose from among candidates who somehow represent ideal for the first class. This is the time for me to test the thesis and prove to the society that this is a democratic process, transparency, and this is not for the prosecutor’s office, but for everyone.

How does ANPR position itself in relation to the leadership of Augusto Aras? Today ANPR always takes a position of frank debate and criticism. The fact that we understand that the prosecutor’s office is not fulfilling its functions, we must warn, but we must comply with the limit of conviction of the Attorney General. We cannot forget that this is opaque. I may disagree with this opinion, I might think I would have acted differently, but if it is done and if it is made public for the control of the Federal Supreme Court, the National Congress, the function will be fulfilled.

Interaction with other peopleThe suspension of the request made by STJ President Umberto Martins to investigate the Lava Jato lawyers is to be referred to the STF First Commission. How mr. to evaluate this case? The format of this investigation was completely wrong. You are not forcing a court that claims to be a victim to investigate. There is a latent conflict of interest. In the specific case with the Ministry of State, if we are discussing the investigation of members, we have a rule in the supplementary law: whoever conducts the investigation is the Attorney General of the Republic or whoever is appointed. Today we have the Deputy Attorney General in charge of this investigation, he is investigating the facts and will present to the public what he investigated.

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Spoofing proofs are discussed. [operação que investigou o hackeamento de mensagens de integrantes da Lava Jato]… Regardless of whether it affects members of the prosecutor’s office today or not, there is a concept from which we cannot separate: illegal evidence is illegal evidence. It may even serve to defend someone to avoid a conviction, but it has never been discussed in Brazil that it can serve as a punishment.

Folla said the federal police had asked the STF to investigate Minister Diaz Toffoli based on a complaint by Sergio Cabral. How mr. do you see such an opportunity? I think that all of us, regardless of our position, can become the subject of investigation in our own forum. What I need is the suitability of this initial test for investigation. Recognized bargaining is a very important tool, we cannot simplify or sacrifice it.

In this particular case, we must remember that this award was refused. [pelo MPF] because there were no minimal elements in it. This was done directly by the police with the same elements as there. If she has a reasonable basis to investigate, fine. An investigation must be carried out.

If there is no minimal evidence, if it is very insignificant, then you should see the obvious: what am I going to investigate? If I have nothing to investigate, whether against a minister or against a homeless citizen, is it illegal government action?

X-ray

Cleaned up Casetta, 52
A member of the Regional Attorney’s Office of the Republic of the 1st Region located in the Federal District, he holds a Law degree from the USP and a Master’s degree in Human Rights from UFPA (Federal University of Para). He joined the government ministry in 1996 and has worked primarily on environmental and human rights issues in the Amazon region.

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Is the device being revived?

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Is the device being revived?

The absolute majority dreamed of by António Costa and (I suspect) Marcelo Rebelo de Souza sold as an achievable dream does not exist and never has. The contraption, as a formula of power, has never ceased to be the most viable solution for António Costa. Well, the country could wake up next week with the feeling that nothing has changed, even if the winner of the election changes. The political crisis resulting from the collapse of the budget, the fate of which can be traced from the moment when the President of the Republic decided that it is necessary to “reset” political chess, will not add stability to the Parliament. Judging by all the polls, in none of the possible scenarios will the situation be better than it was, and this is only the first of Marcelo’s problems.

With the majority remaining on the left and António Costa’s demonization of the PSD, in an attempt to win the center and a useful vote from the left, the PS abandoned the demand for an absolute majority and fierce criticism. PKP and Blok. Katarina Martins has already begun drawing red lines for future revisions of the budget and government program. PCP is still wasting a few bullets to cancel a useful vote, but she will eventually choose rapprochement. With the victory of the socialists, Costa already realized that there was no other way. The eco-geingonça, a kind of reworked dream, for the majority, formed with PAN and Livre, also seems more impossible, and a reign like Guterres lasts a year.

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If the victory eventually goes to the side of the SDP, but the majority remains on the side of the left, this will mean a departure from António Costa and a more than predictable internal victory for Pedro Nuno Santos, the only socialist able to use the potential of the left parliamentary majority. He will have to make the SDP government viable, approve the budgets for 2022 and 2023, and demand new elections next year. It makes sense that in a scenario that repeats 2015, the socialists with new leadership and the majority left want to govern, but it would be political suicide if the new leader did not submit to the vote of the Portuguese. Pedro Nuno Santos has already made it clear that this is exactly what he will do.

This is also a bad scenario for the President of the Republic, even though the SDP’s victory is held hostage by the right-wing majority and Ventura’s party acts as a third force. If Chega is the main party, the instability will be even greater, Rio cannot agree and is forced to wait for the moment when the president can call elections again. That is why it is important that Rui Rio make it clear without hesitation that he will not accept conversations with Chega, only in this way will it be possible to win a victory that can grow in the next elections.

A useful vote is not just played out left and right, the political field of each of the parties capable of leading a government project is growing towards the center in order to prevent the radicalization of the alternative. The only thing that seems to have killed this campaign is the Central Bloc, stability must be achieved with PS rule on the left or PSD rule on the right.

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Even betting on Pivetta’s return to the political scene, Geller says he doesn’t discuss future opponents.

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Even betting on Pivetta's return to the political scene, Geller says he doesn't discuss future opponents.

(Photo: Playback/Internet)

Although Deputy Governor Otaviano Pivetta (no party) has repeatedly stated that he will not run in this year’s elections and under any electoral scenarios, as he returned to do double duty with Governor Mauro Mendez (DEM) as his deputy or even in speculation about a possible dispute for the Senate of the Republic, some preliminary candidates still include him in this political environment.

As did federal deputy Neri Geller (PP), who commented last Wednesday (19) in an interview with Rádio CBN Cuiabá about this possibility, perhaps pointing to a political turn or, who knows, to a personal request from the governor, Pivetta’s longtime friend. Thus, placing him as a possible opponent in a dispute in the Senate. Theoretically, this could create an “obstacle” to his provisional candidacy as Geller seeks a seat in the upper house of Congress.

Neri, who has already secured MDB’s support in the Senate race, is now looking to merge his name with the Mendez group. According to the progressive federal deputy, opponents or future compositions are not chosen in pre-election disputes, but work is only on fixing the name itself.

“I don’t discuss the possibility of opponents or squad. Today I have good relations with three parties: mine, the PP, as well as the SDP and the MBR. It is clear that Pivetta can reverse his decision not to participate in the elections and run for office in advance. But this does not affect how I act, work – respectfully, even with my opponents. However, it won’t affect me in any way. I am calm and very well positioned from an electoral point of view and, mainly, from the point of view of the support base that I am creating,” the deputy said.

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Neri also claimed that his candidacy was launched in an arc of alliances supported by former governor and former agriculture minister Blairo Maggi (PP), federal deputy Carlos Bezerra (MDB) and senator Carlos Favaro (PSD).

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LGBT phobia in politics may increase in 2022 – DW – 01/23/2022

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LGBT phobia in politics may increase in 2022 - DW - 01/23/2022

An atmosphere of hostility, attacks and threats against openly gay or LGBTQI+ politicians has been evident in several recent episodes within Brazilian political institutions, although for the average voter, a candidate’s sexual preference or gender identity has less and less influence on voting at the ballot box. – at least if we consider the major urban centers of the country.

LGBTQI+ politicians are preferred targets for the far right, and due to the polarized climate of this year’s Brazilian presidential election, many of them already fear that the agenda of customs and gender ideology will be a topic raised in the National Congress by allies of Jair Bolsonaro. , which would serve as a weapon against the centre-left and pollute the pre-election debate.

The biggest rejection of Bolsonaro, according to a Datafolha Institute survey last December, concerns homosexuals and bisexuals: 83% would not vote for the incumbent under any circumstances.

Due to the critical economic situation in the country, Bolsonaro has given way among low-income evangelical voters to former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and must use this conservative debate to try to contain them.

“Bolsonaro is trying to scare this evangelical public with strange things, like saying that “your child can become a woman at the age of 7.” Today there is much more respect for the LGBTQ cause among non-ideological evangelicals, but it is clear that they are resisting this topic,” explains Renato Dorgan, specialist in political-electoral marketing, qualitative and quantitative research and co-owner of the Instituto Travessia-Estratégia e Marketing.

Dorgan believes that homosexuality in politics has gradually ceased to be a big taboo, especially after 2015, 2016, which he observes in a qualitative study he conducts with Brazilian voters. According to recent polls, more than half of the population approves of same-sex unions.

“So much so that now Eduardo Leite (governor of Rio Grande do Sul) has declared himself a homosexual, although he is a preliminary presidential candidate,” the specialist noted. Leyte lost the PSDB primary to Sao Paulo Gov. Joao Doria, but did not hesitate to use the sexual option in mid-2021 when he sought accreditation as a candidate for President of the Republic.

Shortly after the announcement of the governor of Rio Grande do Sul, a poll conducted by the Instituto Paraná Pesquisas in July 2021 showed that 75.9% of Brazilians would not change their vote if the presidential candidate was gay: 13.7% admitted, that willing to vote for a candidate decreases, while up to 5.8% increases. The survey was conducted in the municipalities of 27 subjects of the Federation with an error of 2 percentage points. The poll showed that the greatest resistance to a homosexual candidate comes from men over 60 living in the south of the country.

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Far-right uses homophobia as voting strategy, says Gene Willis

“The current government was elected because of homophobia,” former federal MP Jean Willis, who recently joined PT, told DW Brasil. Gay, Willis had direct clashes with Bolsonaro while both were MPs and came to spit in the face of the incumbent when he praised tormentor Brillante Ustra by voting to impeach Dilma Rousseff in 2016. The journalist and writer gave him a mandate for being subjected to death threats and numerous attacks. Willis advocates that “a section of the far right should use homophobia to advance elections,” a topic he has covered in recent books and articles.

He explains that he relinquished his mandate because he was and remains the target of death threats, including from members of his family, in addition to a “heavy and well-funded campaign of slander and assassination” of his reputation through “dirty lies”.

“It was obvious to me that after the cowardly and cruel murder of Mariel Franco, the threats would not be limited to threats. It was just as clear to me – but not to the left in general, and even more so to my old party, unfortunately, despite the consistent denunciations that I made, that this attack was not only on the person or on the person of Jean Willis. It was a brutal attack on everything I represented and represent,” he says.

The fact that he is an openly gay politician and activist, Willis adds, has made him “an easy catalyst for hatred and resentment in a historically homophobic and racist society” along the same lines as trying to destroy Lula’s image.

“Homophobic hostility was more pronounced on the part of heterosexual parliamentarians, especially neo-Pentecostal evangelicals and/or those associated with the security forces. This does not mean that there were no homophobic sentiments on the part of some left-wing parliamentarians and on the part of women on the right,” he said.

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Despite pre-election marketing polls, Willis insists that Brazilians will not elect a gay president today and that those in power now want to prevent this from happening in the future.

“The current government was elected because of homophobia,” says former federal MP Gene Willis.Photo: DW/C. Neher

For a gay senator, “this confrontation takes guts.”

Some scenes were notable: in the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the Pandemic (CPI da Covid), in the Senate, in which capixaba senator Fabiano Contarato, at the time associated with the Network, spoke about his sexual choices and his family. Married, he and his partner have adopted two children.

“Brazil must begin to reverse centuries of structural politics based on sexism, racism and LGBT phobia. I came into politics believing that it takes courage to stand up to this.”

Contarato, now associated with PT and a possible candidate for the Espirito Santo government acronym, emphasizes that all of the country’s recent gains by the LGBTQIA+ community have been the result of judicial decisions, not political ones.

“The right to adopt is without a doubt one of the most important. It guarantees the basic right of homoaffective families and allows them to form on an equal footing with others. However, the fact that this is not yet a registered right in Brazilian law creates uncertainty about a possible annulment.”

Congress, according to the senator, ignores the debate about the protection and rights of LGBTQI +. “I am the first openly gay senator and I hope to have opened the doors to others in the near future. I humbly hope that our mandate will serve as an inspiration to other gays, lesbians, transgenders and transvestites. …everyone, even if we have to fight a lot harder to get there.”

He cites the adoption of stiffer sentences for those who commit crimes motivated by discrimination or prejudice based on race, color, ethnicity, religion, national origin or sexual orientation as successful benchmarks. “The House also passed Bill 2353/2021 of my own authorship, which prohibits discrimination against blood donors based on sexual orientation.”

Brazil |  Senate investigation into the pandemic
“I am the first openly gay senator and I hope to open the doors to others in the near future,” Contarato says.Photo: Leopoldo Silva/Agência Senado

The resistance is higher in the chamber

Already in the House, says Federal MP David Miranda (Psol-RJ), the deputy who accepted the mandate for Wyllys’ vacancy, LGBTQI+ programs are making little headway, especially due to resistance from the evangelical, armed and conservative wing of agribusiness. . According to him, there are about 40 projects in the Chamber that are of interest to this population, 50% with a more progressive approach and 50% with a biased and derogatory look.

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“This agenda is not moving, and if it is brought to plenary session, it will paralyze Congress. Both progressive and conservative MPs are trying to use these agendas to advance themselves. It will definitely happen this year.” Miranda predicts there will be a big debate around a project defining that public toilets are for men and women, thus avoiding embarrassment for Miranda’s transgender people.

The MP is married to journalist Glenn Greenwald, who posted on The Intercept Brasil website messages from former judge Sergio Moro with prosecutors involved in Operation Lava-Jato. The Jato Vase, as the case became known in Brazil, led to the demoralization of Lava-Jato and culminated in the decision of the Federal Supreme Court on Moro’s suspicion of trying Lulu.

Vase Jato, according to the deputy, has made him a specific target for the extreme right. “We received death threats, me, my husband, my children, my mother. We were attacked at all levels. They made fake news with our names, our lives. a welcoming field with great support,” he said.

David Miranda walks daily accompanied by bodyguards. He says he has not received permission from the President of the Chamber, commanded by Bolsonaro MP Artur Lira (PP-AL), to rely on the security of the Legislative Police. “The Chamber stopped giving me security, although I have a positive opinion from the parliamentary commission in Geneva. I pay with my money, I don’t complain. protection in the state of Rio.

DW Brasil asked the President of the Chamber for information on the number of parliamentarians under the protection of the Legislative Police, as they are threatened, and questioned the Miranda case. “For security reasons, information about the escort of parliamentarians is confidential,” the press service of the chamber said by e-mail.

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