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Cabo Delgado: Foreign Military Intervention May Increase Violence, State Counselor Says

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Raul Domingos was appointed state adviser to Mozambique’s President Filipe Nusi in April and was for many years ranked number two in the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), the main opposition party, before being expelled from the organization. after general elections. 1999

In an interview with Lusa, the politician noted that the province of Cabo Delgado has “serious socio-economic problems” that make young people in the region vulnerable to the temptation of extremist groups that have been involved in armed violence for more than three years. …

“The fact that we have young people who are easy to recruit into a rebel group is evidence of serious socio-economic problems,” said Raul Domingos.

Once these problems are resolved, he continued, there will be “half the battle” for a final settlement of the armed violence in Cabo Delgado.

The state adviser argued that a solution based on foreign military intervention could exacerbate the conflict, pointing to the failure of foreign military assistance in the 16-year civil war as an example of the impossibility of external military support.

“Military forces from Zimbabwe or South Africa in an unknown location may have the same end as the Russians in Cabo Delgado, and the same end as the Tanzanians who participated in the 16-year war,” he stressed.

Mozambique, he continued, must learn from past experiences to cope with situations such as what is happening in the north of the country.

Raúl Domingos’s reference to the Russians stems from allegations that members of a Russian security company have been involved in anti-armed groups operating in Cabo Delgado since 2017, as they left the theater of war without being able to halt progress. rebel forces.

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To draw attention to the risk of the presence of foreign troops in the war in Cape Delgado, the state adviser also recalled the failure of the Tanzanian and Zimbabwean troops who aided the government forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) in the war against the Mozambique Liberation Front. the guerrilla movement of the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), which ended only 16 years later with the signing of the General Peace Agreement in 1992.

Raul Domingos said that Mozambique should examine the possibility that organizations linked to groups that control the production of natural gas and oil in the world are behind the war in Cabo Delgado in order to prevent the African country from influencing the energy market once production starts. natural gas in the Rovum basin.

He went on to say that the world’s traditional gas producers may not “welcome” Mozambique’s presence in the market.

In that sense, he defended, it was imperative that the Mozambican authorities identify the leaders of the armed groups operating in Cabo Delgado with a view to examining all solutions, including possible negotiations.

“The rebels are the face of terrorism or war, as we want to call it, in Cabo Delgado, but behind this lies all the logistical and strategic support that drives this war, this is not an accidental attack on Palma. [onde estão os projetos de gás] and the threat of Afunga, ”said Domingos.

The politician said that in the military field, the government should strengthen the training cooperation it conducts with several countries, including the United States and Portugal, in order to equip the Defense and Security Forces (SDF) to fight armed groups without the need for the presence of foreign troops in Mozambique.

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On the other hand, the newly created Agency for the Integrated Development of the North (ADIN) should deliver results quickly, mainly in job creation for young people who have been lured into armed violence by armed groups, Raul Domingos said.

The idea that oil interests in other countries may be behind the armed violence in Cabo Delgado is not new to Mozambique.

Recently, former executive secretary of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and former Mozambican finance minister Tomas Salomau have also supported this theory, pointing out fears by major natural gas producers about Mozambique’s joining the club.

According to the organization’s report, a SADC technical assessment mission that visited Cabo Delgado last month is proposing to send 2,916 military and military personnel to assist the country in countering armed groups that have carried out attacks in Cabo Delgado.

Armed groups have terrorized Cabo Delgado since 2017, with some attacks reported by the Islamic State jihadist group, following a wave of violence that has already resulted in more than 2,500 deaths according to the ACLED conflict registration draft, and 714,000 displaced according to the government of Mozambique. …

The last attack took place on the village of Palma on 24 March, resulting in dozens of deaths and injuries.

The Mozambican authorities regained control of the village, but the attack forced the oil company Total to indefinitely leave the section of the gas project, which is scheduled to begin production in 2024 and on which many of Mozambique’s expectations of economic growth in the next decade are based.

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“Victory will be ours!” Putin assured on Red Square

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“Victory will be ours!” shouted the President of Russia to the applause of a crowd of thousands.

“Welcome home!” – Putin said, addressing the residents of the annexed Ukrainian territories, believing that they “returned to their historical homeland.”

“Russia does not just open the doors of its home to people, it opens its heart,” he said from a stage specially installed on the symbolic square near the Kremlin wall (the residence of the President of Russia).

Many Russian flags fluttered among the crowd in attendance, and some people also wore black and orange striped St. George ribbons, an old tsarist military award that became a symbol of the Red Army’s victory over Nazi Germany.

Several giant screens and a powerful sound system were also installed so that people could follow the speech of the President of Russia and the performance of various Russian pop stars who performed on stage.

The Russian head of state, in power for 22 years, referred to a “special, historic day of truth and justice” at a time when Russian soldiers are “heroically defending the people’s choice” in Ukraine, he said.

“We will do everything to support our brothers and sisters in Zaporozhye, Kherson, Luhansk and Donetsk, improve their security, restart the economy, restore,” he also said, hours after signing the annexation of these four Ukrainian regions, in a ceremony in the Kremlin.

After this symbolic act in the Kremlin, which was a new step in his war against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of a neighboring country, Putin defended his mantra with a raised microphone that Russia created modern Ukraine.

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“I can’t help but remember how the Soviet Union was formed. It was Russia that created modern Ukraine, transferring significant territories there, the historical territories of Russia itself along with the population,” Putin said.

“We are stronger because we are together. The truth is with us, and there is strength,” Putin said, adding once again: “Then victory will be ours!”

Kyiv and its Western allies have widely condemned such an annexation, with NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a Western defense bloc) classifying it as “illegitimate” and the countries of the European Union (EU) and the G7 (a group of the most industrialized countries in the world : Germany, Canada, USA, France, Italy, Japan and the UK) declared that they would “never recognize [tais] alleged annexations.

Putin has no intention of visiting the four Ukrainian regions now annexed by Moscow in the midst of a military conflict with Kyiv, a Kremlin spokesman said.

“Not yet, because at the moment there is a lot of work ahead, but this will definitely happen after some time,” said Dmitry Peskov, who was quoted by Russian news agencies and asked about the possibility of such a visit.

The four occupied regions of Ukraine, whose annexation treaties Putin signed today, make up about 15% of Ukraine’s territory – Donetsk and Lugansk (which he had already recognized as independent republics shortly before the invasion of Ukraine), Kherson and Zaporozhye (which hosts the largest nuclear power plant in Europe). ).

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine has already caused the flight of more than 13 million people – more than six million internally displaced people and more than 7.5 million to European countries – according to the latest UN figures, which rank this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945).

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The Russian invasion, justified by Putin as the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community as a whole, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions against Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed since the beginning of the war, which entered its 219th day today, 5,996 civilians killed and 8,848 wounded, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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EU Agreement on Excess Profit Tax and Energy Savings

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This Friday in Brussels, European Union energy ministers reached an agreement on emergency intervention in the face of rising energy prices, which includes a solidarity contribution to the exceptional profits of companies in the energy sector.

The regulation, proposed this month by the Commission and given political approval this Friday 27, provides for a 33 percent tax on excessive profits from fossil fuel companies, to be converted into a “solidarity contribution” to be redistributed to the most vulnerable, a profit ceiling companies producing low-cost (renewable) electricity, and plans to reduce electricity consumption, voluntary (10% for total demand) and mandatory (5% during “peak hours”).

“Agreement! The ministers reached a political agreement on measures to reduce high electricity prices: a mandatory reduction in electricity demand, limiting the market revenues of over-marginal electricity producers and solidarity contributions from fossil fuel producers,” announced the current Czech Presidency of the Council. EU.

At the meeting, represented by Portugal’s Environment and Climate Change Minister Duarte Cordeiro, 27 countries will discuss policy options to reduce high gas prices, but no decision is expected today despite a large group of 15 member states. , including Portugal, demanded a “ceiling” on gas prices.

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Milhazes commented on Putin’s decision: “For one night Kherson and Zaporozhye will become independent”

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President Vladimir Putin signed a decree recognizing the independence of the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine, which are under Russian rule. This decision is made the day before the celebration of joining the territory of Russia. José Milhazes, SIC commentator, explains why.

“Why is it being done today [quinta-feira] in the evening? Because tomorrow [sexta-feira] these republics will ask Russia to integrate them into the Russian Federation. That is, Kherson and Zaporozhye will become independent for one night. They are no longer part of Ukraine, as Donetsk and Luhansk have already done,” the commentator says.

Ukraine’s independence will only last one night, as four regions are already scheduled to join this Friday. Moscow prepares a holiday to welcome these regions to Russia

“We will have an orgy of patriotism in Russia. Putin will insist on the reception of patriotism, will make a solemn speech in the Kremlin, both houses of parliament will immediately support the president. He will make a very patriotic speech about Russia being attacked by the West and NATO,” he says, adding that it is possible that Putin “makes a peace proposal that is a priori known, that Ukraine cannot accept.”

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