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Cabo Delgado: Foreign Military Intervention May Increase Violence, State Counselor Says



Raul Domingos was appointed state adviser to Mozambique’s President Filipe Nusi in April and was for many years ranked number two in the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), the main opposition party, before being expelled from the organization. after general elections. 1999

In an interview with Lusa, the politician noted that the province of Cabo Delgado has “serious socio-economic problems” that make young people in the region vulnerable to the temptation of extremist groups that have been involved in armed violence for more than three years. …

“The fact that we have young people who are easy to recruit into a rebel group is evidence of serious socio-economic problems,” said Raul Domingos.

Once these problems are resolved, he continued, there will be “half the battle” for a final settlement of the armed violence in Cabo Delgado.

The state adviser argued that a solution based on foreign military intervention could exacerbate the conflict, pointing to the failure of foreign military assistance in the 16-year civil war as an example of the impossibility of external military support.

“Military forces from Zimbabwe or South Africa in an unknown location may have the same end as the Russians in Cabo Delgado, and the same end as the Tanzanians who participated in the 16-year war,” he stressed.

Mozambique, he continued, must learn from past experiences to cope with situations such as what is happening in the north of the country.

Raúl Domingos’s reference to the Russians stems from allegations that members of a Russian security company have been involved in anti-armed groups operating in Cabo Delgado since 2017, as they left the theater of war without being able to halt progress. rebel forces.

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To draw attention to the risk of the presence of foreign troops in the war in Cape Delgado, the state adviser also recalled the failure of the Tanzanian and Zimbabwean troops who aided the government forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) in the war against the Mozambique Liberation Front. the guerrilla movement of the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), which ended only 16 years later with the signing of the General Peace Agreement in 1992.

Raul Domingos said that Mozambique should examine the possibility that organizations linked to groups that control the production of natural gas and oil in the world are behind the war in Cabo Delgado in order to prevent the African country from influencing the energy market once production starts. natural gas in the Rovum basin.

He went on to say that the world’s traditional gas producers may not “welcome” Mozambique’s presence in the market.

In that sense, he defended, it was imperative that the Mozambican authorities identify the leaders of the armed groups operating in Cabo Delgado with a view to examining all solutions, including possible negotiations.

“The rebels are the face of terrorism or war, as we want to call it, in Cabo Delgado, but behind this lies all the logistical and strategic support that drives this war, this is not an accidental attack on Palma. [onde estão os projetos de gás] and the threat of Afunga, ”said Domingos.

The politician said that in the military field, the government should strengthen the training cooperation it conducts with several countries, including the United States and Portugal, in order to equip the Defense and Security Forces (SDF) to fight armed groups without the need for the presence of foreign troops in Mozambique.

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On the other hand, the newly created Agency for the Integrated Development of the North (ADIN) should deliver results quickly, mainly in job creation for young people who have been lured into armed violence by armed groups, Raul Domingos said.

The idea that oil interests in other countries may be behind the armed violence in Cabo Delgado is not new to Mozambique.

Recently, former executive secretary of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and former Mozambican finance minister Tomas Salomau have also supported this theory, pointing out fears by major natural gas producers about Mozambique’s joining the club.

According to the organization’s report, a SADC technical assessment mission that visited Cabo Delgado last month is proposing to send 2,916 military and military personnel to assist the country in countering armed groups that have carried out attacks in Cabo Delgado.

Armed groups have terrorized Cabo Delgado since 2017, with some attacks reported by the Islamic State jihadist group, following a wave of violence that has already resulted in more than 2,500 deaths according to the ACLED conflict registration draft, and 714,000 displaced according to the government of Mozambique. …

The last attack took place on the village of Palma on 24 March, resulting in dozens of deaths and injuries.

The Mozambican authorities regained control of the village, but the attack forced the oil company Total to indefinitely leave the section of the gas project, which is scheduled to begin production in 2024 and on which many of Mozambique’s expectations of economic growth in the next decade are based.

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Vladimir Putin has delayed the invasion of Ukraine at least three times.



Putin has repeatedly consulted with Russian Chief of the General Staff Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the invasion, Europa Press told Ukraine’s chief intelligence director Vadim Skibitsky.

According to Skibitsky, it was the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), which is responsible for counterintelligence and espionage work, that put pressure on Gerasimov and other military agencies to agree to launch an offensive. .

However, according to the Ukrainian intelligence services, the FSB considered that by the end of February sufficient preparations had already been made to guarantee the success of the Russian Armed Forces in a lightning invasion.

However, according to Kyiv, the Russian General Staff provided the Russian troops with supplies and ammunition for only three days, hoping that the offensive would be swift and immediately successful.

The head of Ukrainian intelligence also emphasized the cooperation of local residents, who always provided the Ukrainian authorities with up-to-date information about the Russian army, such as the number of soldiers or the exact location of troops.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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Life sentence for former Swedish official for spying for Russia



A Stockholm court on Monday sentenced a former Swedish intelligence officer to life in prison for spying for Russia, and his brother to at least 12 years in prison. In what is considered one of the most serious cases in Swedish counterintelligence history, much of the trial took place behind closed doors in the name of national security.

According to the prosecution, it was Russian military intelligence, the GRU, who took advantage of the information provided by the two brothers between 2011 and their arrest at the end of 2021.

Peyman Kia, 42, has held many senior positions in the Swedish security apparatus, including the army and his country’s intelligence services (Säpo). His younger brother, Payam, 35, is accused of “participating in the planning” of the plot and of “managing contacts with Russia and the GRU, including passing on information and receiving financial rewards.”

Both men deny the charges, and their lawyers have demanded an acquittal on charges of “aggravated espionage,” according to the Swedish news agency TT.

The trial coincides with another case of alleged Russian espionage, with the arrest of the Russian-born couple in late November in a suburb of Stockholm by a police team arriving at dawn in a Blackhawk helicopter.

Research website Bellingcat identified them as Sergei Skvortsov and Elena Kulkova. The couple allegedly acted as sleeper agents for Moscow, having moved to Sweden in the late 1990s.

According to Swedish press reports, the couple ran companies specializing in the import and export of electronic components and industrial technology.

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The man was again detained at the end of November for “illegal intelligence activities.” His partner, suspected of being an accomplice, has been released but remains under investigation.

According to Swedish authorities, the arrests are not related to the trial of the Kia brothers.

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Ukraine admitted that Russia may announce a general mobilization



“They can strengthen their positions. We understand that this can happen. At the same time, we do not rule out that they will announce a general mobilization,” Danilov said in an interview with the Ukrainska Pravda online publication.

Danilov believed that this mobilization would also be convened “to exterminate as many as possible” of Russian citizens, so that “they would no longer have any problems on their territory.”

In this sense, Danilov also reminded that Russia has not given up on securing control over Kyiv or the idea of ​​the complete “destruction” of Ukraine. “We have to be ready for anything,” he said.

“I want everyone to understand that [os russos] they have not given up on the idea of ​​destroying our nation. If they don’t have Kyiv in their hands, they won’t have anything in their hands, we must understand this,” continued Danilov, who also did not rule out that a new Russian offensive would come from “Belarus and other territories.” .

As such, Danilov praised the decision of many of its residents who chose to stay in the Ukrainian capital when the war broke out in order to defend the city.

“They expected that there would be panic, that people would run, that there would be nothing to protect Kyiv,” he added, referring to President Volodymyr Zelensky.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

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At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions on Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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