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Brief discussion of the will of the majority in democracies

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Not today a significant directory of comments on social media among other things discussed the foundations of power in democracies. More or less, the question posed raises democracy as a connection between demonstrations and the authorities, in a formula that is reflected in the “simplification of this meeting”, defines the position of the majority as legitimate and democratic. A good generalization of this understanding, which in the romanticism of his argumentation is gaining more and more followers, can be found in the well-known opinion of the journalist Alexander Garcia: “We Brazilians have not lost the habit of discussing the obvious. This is because we are not aware of the obvious. The constitution begins by saying that “all power comes from the people.” If democracy is the will of the majority, then power comes from the majority of people. But the overwhelming majority of so-called intellectuality disputes this evidence. She claims that democracy is not the will of the majority. “ [1]

However, is the question so obvious? Let’s see: if democracies are political regimes that, of course, are guided by the will of the people, but not only, but also are a means of protection against a possible majority, there are some contradictions in this.

Let’s watch in this sense and for example a question posed through the prism of the French political philosopher Pierre Rosanvallon. According to him “Democratic legitimacy” [2], there are new opportunities to legitimize this form of government in addition to holding elections. And in that sense he goes back to a kind political common sense in order to recall already in the introduction to the work the premise that it intends to violate: “The idea that the people are the only legitimate source of power”… what idea as the author calls fiction asserts itself, of course, because it breaks “An ancient world in which minorities dictated their laws”… And, above all, for this reason, it was not even discussed, constituting “Garcia’s evidence.” In the end, he came up with a clear and necessary opposition in the setting and context of an outright break with an authoritarian past: on the one hand, the Church, for example who was in charge say divine right to the throne , contested after the conclusion of two Locke treaties. On the other hand, peopleis now viewed as new star a source legitimacy to govern.

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Faced with this democratic common sense, Rosanvallon believes that the legitimacy of democracy has not been established, however, exclusively from people. In other words, democracy and the functioning of its mechanisms are also legitimate, in addition to the procedures for the selection of government officials, which have so far been sufficient. it is repeated in that fiction undeniable “To shape the rights of the majority against the clearly defined will of despotic or aristocratic regimes” [3]… But, moreover, for Rosanwallon such legitimacy would also be granted impartiality, for closeness and why reflexivity

It is on this last possibility of democratic legitimacy that the interest of this discussion may fall, since constitutional courts are institutions that embody this mode of legitimation. After all, it is from them or remember restrictions on the executive leader or parliament, clarifying: Expressing a majority in a polling station does not imply permission for any form of discretion. Otherwise, in a dimension other than electoral dispute. and the differences that characterize it , these same institutions are located to guarantee a common interest, theoretically limited by political pacts. that is, in constitutions , the space in which the principles that guide the political community that projects them are cataloged.

The dictatorship of the judiciary? Not. Principles of Close Interpretation. And that is precisely why such a premise does not mean the perception of the locus of protection of this constitutional space. which the courts themselves as a kind of Babylon of the senses, in which the voluntarism of the ruler or “majority” is replaced by the decisiveness of judges. In the end, it will remain nothing more than a shift of free will from one power to another.

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The thing is:
Autonomy belongs to the Law, which constitutes a language game and, ideally, is posed as a condition for the ability to project unity onto a democratic way of life. It is not a matter of one force or another, or even some popular abstraction. The historical path is winding, and there is no doubt about it, since the reality of democracy never tires of showing us. In any case, there are no shortcuts: democratic legitimacy does not lie in unrestricted executive action or legislative proposals, even if voice from the streets
ultimately mirror image so ask. In the end, in this way, the manifestation of strength will always be associated with strength. And that, I must say, seems a bit republican. We would replace the glorified and absolutist “I am the state” new and “democratic” “We are the state”… But what if you, the potential reader, are not among the “we”how would it be? This is a fundamental question.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.

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Goal.com

The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022

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Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

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“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

See more news, photos and videos at www.ansabrasil.com.br.

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