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Honey greater therapy for coughs and colds than antibiotics, research claims | Science

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Honey may possibly be much better than conventional remedies for coughs, blocked noses and sore throats, researchers have mentioned. The compound is affordable, readily offered, and has almost no side-effects.

Medical professionals can endorse it as a ideal choice to antibiotics, which are usually approved for such infections, even though they are not successful, experts from the College of Oxford said.

Upper respiratory tract bacterial infections (URTIs) have an effect on the nose, throat, voice box and the significant air passages (bronchi) that lead from the windpipe to the lungs.

There is proof for honey staying utilised in little ones, and it has long been employed as a residence cure to address coughs and colds. But the proof for its usefulness for a vary of higher respiratory tract symptoms in grown ups has not been systematically reviewed.

To handle this, the scientists appeared at study databases for applicable experiments evaluating honey and preparations that provided it as an ingredient with normal care – mainly antihistamines, expectorants, cough suppressants and painkillers. They found 14 ideal medical trials, involving 1,761 members of various ages.

Facts assessment of the research indicated that honey was extra successful than typical care for enhancing signs, particularly the frequency and severity of coughing. Two of the scientific tests showed that indications lasted one particular to two days a lot less between those people taken care of with honey.

Having said that, the researchers, Hibatullah Abuelgasim, of the Oxford University Professional medical University, and Charlotte Albury and Joseph Lee, of the Nuffield Section of Primary Treatment Overall health Sciences, noted that honey is a advanced substance and not a uniform solution. They also pointed out that only two of the reports included a placebo, declaring far more these kinds of reports have to have to be accomplished ahead of definitive conclusions can be achieved.

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Producing in the journal BMJ Evidence Primarily based Drugs, the authors explained: “Upper respiratory tract infections are the most recurrent reason for antibiotic prescription. Given that the the greater part of URTIs are viral, antibiotic prescription is the two ineffective and inappropriate.”

The researchers recommend honey might thus provide an option when medical practitioners want to prescribe something to securely address upper respiratory tract indications.

They conclude: “Honey is a frequently utilised lay cure that is perfectly known to people. It is also low-priced, easy to obtain, and has confined harms. When clinicians desire to prescribe for URTI, we would suggest honey as an different to antibiotics.

“Honey is additional efficient and significantly less hazardous than regular treatment choices and avoids leading to hurt by antimicrobial resistance.”

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Politics

Senador é alvo de homophobia e nega relação com personal trainer

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Senador é alvo de homophobia e nega relação com personal trainer

O senador Styvenson Valentim (Podemos-RN) se tornou alvo de comentários homofóbicos em suas redes sociais após ter o nome envolvido em rumores de que teria um caso amoroso com um personal trainer, o que teria supostamente resultado no fim do casamento de 13 anos com uma empresaria.

ao UOL, o parlamentar disse a motivação do divórcio e boato. Ele conta que o casamento terminou devido ao desgaste gerado por sua entrada na politica em 2018, quando foi eleito senador por Rio Grande do Norte.

“Minha esposa não suportou, preferiu dar continuidade a vida sozinha, pois as pessoas não respeitam a privacidade dos políticos. Isso afeta a família. Qual a esposa que quer continuar casada? [A falta de privacidade] cansa as pessoas que não pediram para estar aqui e ela casou comigo quando eu era policial militar. Essa mudança de vida, ela não conseguiu acompanhar”, declarou Valentim, que se diz hétero.

Alvo de comentarios homophobicos

Os boatos que ligaram o nome do parlamentar ao suposto caso extraconjugal ganharam repercussão no Twitter, gerando ataques preconceituosos nas publicações do político, com conotação homofóbica. O caso viralizou após participar de um programa de rádio local para desmentir o boato.

“Adora uma espada, né senador? Posando de machão”, escreveu um. “Ele adora levar ferro, gente. Eita senador bom de obra”, postou outro.

ao UOL, Styvenson Valentim disse não se ofender com os ataques e que não pretende processar os internautas. O politico, por outro lado, lamentou o fato de a temática da sexualidade ser tratada em tom de brincadeira.

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“Dentro de quatro paredes é sua vida, sua particularidade. Por que não? Não quer dizer que já tive [relação homoafetiva]mas que respeito. Não sei o dia de amanhã, não procuro em redes sociais, dou entrevista porque o tema e serio, mas as pessoas levaram para a brincadeira. É um tema que envolve minorias, que os brasileiros querem respeito, igualdade.
Styvenson Valentim

“Vi muita gente da esquerda e defensores das minorias fazendo brincadeiras, memes, com postagens sobre a minha masculinidade. Se eu tivesse dado uma resposta diferente, do tipo ‘não toco em homem’, seria tachado de homofóbico. Se eu fosse gay, já teria dito, não teria porquê esconder”, concluiu.

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Guerreiro is the number 1 Facebook politician in San Carlos with over 61,000 followers.

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Guerreiro is the number 1 Facebook politician in San Carlos with over 61,000 followers.
Credit: personal file

Former advisor Leandro Guerreiro passed the 61,000 Facebook followers mark this Thursday (20). Guerreiro remains the number 1 politician in San Carlos in terms of social media resonance.

Guerreiro has been leading the political resonance in the city’s social networks for 7 years, ahead of competitors. One more detail: the content published by the former adviser circulates organically, without any feed.

“I can only thank the public for loving me. I believe that my speech reflects the desire of the population to see someone who truly advocates a better quality of life for the population,” Guerreiro emphasized.

The video of Guerreiro’s speech, whether he was a parliamentarian, a radio host or the director of the Secretariat for Children and Youth, was watched by millions of people scattered throughout Brazil.

Guerreiro was elected councilor in 2016 with 2,869 votes. In 2020, he ran for mayor of San Carlos and received 4,416 votes. In addition, Guerreiro has also received a response on TikTok, where he has already amassed 23,000 followers and millions of views in just a few months of using the platform.

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Cyberattacks are the political weapon of the moment; and now? – 20.01.2022

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Cyberattacks are the political weapon of the moment;  and now?  - 20.01.2022

In the middle heated political debate over mandatory passport vaccines at the end of 2021, the Ministry of Health (MoH) suffered more than one cyberattack that deprived Brazilians of access to proof of immunization. The case has revived the debate about how cybercriminal activities are being amplified as a political weapon.

ConectSUS is up and running again after 13 days of inactivity. Even a month after the attack data released since December 10 is not yet available on platforms in the folderAccording to the Ministry of Health, in a note sent to Incline. The return will be gradual.

The digital security experts heard from the talk are unanimous: in the political game, hacking attacks can increase polarization, breed distrust in service delivery (especially public services), and create a war of narratives, as happens with the phenomenon of fake news on social networks and messaging services (such as like WhatsApp and Telegram).

“The history of cybersecurity is the history of politics, maybe‘ says Joan Varon, Executive Director Coding Rights, which deals with human rights on the web.

“If we look at the chronology of the attacks, then there is a huge list among politicians, among states, such as the United States, Russia, Iran, China, Saudi Arabia. [de dados] which have political goals, the goals of disputes maybe. It’s in the DNA of attacks. Looking at this story, we see that there is a kind of cyber war going on,” he adds. More recently, Ukrainian government websites have been attacked, exacerbating the country’s conflicts with Russia and Belarus.

From January 2021 CSIS recorded more than 100 cyber attacks worldwide (Center for Strategic and International Studies), an organization that studies public policy strategies. The institution has raised attacks on government agencies, defense agencies and technology companies, as well as digital crimes that have resulted in millions of losses for some companies.

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political weapon

Cyber ​​attacks per se are not new, but the digitization of communications and government services is increasing their frequency and impact. As governments become more computerized and many employees work from home, and networks become more vulnerable, risks khaki and the number of intrusions into the system is increasing. Therefore, concern for cybersecurity should be a priority, emphasize the respondents.

“If you want to paralyze the work of medical services, you can deprive people of the opportunity to work or go to hospitals by turning off the information from the air. The impact on the public system is much greater due to the current problems with digital technologies,” says lawyer Christian Perrone, coordinator of ITS Rio (Instituto Tecnologia e Sociedade do Rio de Janeiro).

In Brazil, the debate about cybersecurity – and therefore cyberattacks – is increasingly a political issue, especially in the context of the pandemic, when many government services have gone digital.

“It was the flag of politicians, but there was no such concern from the security side,” Perrone assesses. “When we start discussing technology policy or politics through technology elements, the incident becomes politicized,” he says.

One of the examples cited by the specialist concerns ballot boxes: it is not about elections, but about the technological apparatus and the possibility of ballot box falsification. When the HEC (Supreme Electoral Court) was the victim of a cyberattack ahead of the 2020 municipal elections, the incident raised questions about the security of the electoral process.

In Iran, a hacker attack disrupted the supply of gasoline to the country for five days. Government officials have accused the United States of being responsible for the instability, further fueling tensions between the two countries. In recent years, the country has experienced a number of cyberattacks, some of which were state-sponsored. according to The Washington Post, and other groups who want to expose government abuses.

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“Cyber ​​attacks have become political weapons on the agenda of several groups, especially those that benefit from strategies of fear, uncertainty and doubt,” emphasizes Ronaldo Lemos, director of ITS, in his column in Folha de S.Paulo.

“As the use of online disinformation campaigns has been rendered obsolete by platforms and the Supreme Court, there is a shift towards attacks on government entities as a way to create social consequences,” he writes.

For Lemos, there is a tendency to use cybercrime for political purposes, as it can be used to undermine trust in state institutions or the opposition.

Especially since elections are taking place in Brazil this year, Perrone believes that there may be information security incidents, whether for direct or indirect political reasons.

“These attacks can be accompanied by disinformation campaigns,” says Perrone. “They won’t disappear because we haven’t found a final solution yet, but it could create space for bigger campaigns and more opportunities for disinformation, conspiracy theories to emerge.”

As for Joana Varon, we might see more cyberattacks that could show political battles, as happened with MS and TSE, and disinformation and fake news campaigns will continue.

“We can repeat what happened in the US elections, when far-right groups actively used social networks and various telecommunications infrastructures to spread disinformation,” he says. “This is a tactic that is already established and will be used in the next election.”

The consequences of cyberattacks go further

Major political cyberattacks, like disinformation and fake news campaigns, affect more than just technological systems, says Pano Giannakogeorgos, an associate professor at New York University and director of the Master’s Program in Cybersecurity.

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“These are crimes that affect the human mind, they try to influence people,” he explains. “We will see this more and more. With a society fragmented for socio-economic reasons and more and more people connected to the Internet, there will also be more misinformation, only worse because we have more and more sophisticated technologies such as deepfakes and the use of artificial intelligence,” he says. .

There is a solution?

Experts believe that to mitigate the consequences of cyber attacks and security measures should be the subject of public discussion.

“It should be a broad discussion with attackers who are identifying attack trends, because technology evolves, and with it attacks, vulnerabilities, operating systems need to be updated,” says Varon.

Leticia Piccolotto, public administration specialist and magazine columnist Incline, believes that attacks also need to be dealt with with greater transparency.

“The recent episode that affected the Ministry of Health has not yet been clarified. In other words, we do not know how, why and what were the consequences of the attack. And, more importantly: no plan has yet been presented to ensure that a new event or even more serious – if possible – as this will not happen again anytime soon,” writes Piccolotto.

“The lack of transparency regarding attacks also contributes to a sense of insecurity among the population and the creation of false narratives that cast doubt on the work of various state institutions,” he concludes.

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