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Encounter masks: Countries are strengthening their policies. Shortly you could possibly have to don one outside

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Face masks: Countries are strengthening their rules. Soon you might have to wear one outdoors

In new days, masks have grow to be obligatory in all public spaces — indoors or outside — in Madrid, Greece, Portugal’s Madeira Islands and Hong Kong.

Those people moves seemingly contradict the extended-held knowledge that Covid-19 is far more dangerous indoors. The British government, amid others, used its 1st actions out of lockdown to stimulate men and women to meet up with outside parks, beaches and nature places all-around the entire world have been inundated by visitors all through the pandemic.

But the reasoning behind the choices is easier than that: just after months of mixed messaging from well being authorities on confront coverings, governments are opting for blanket policies to assist make mask-putting on a cultural norm.

“You can find been a large amount of confusion about where by men and women ought to wear masks, and exactly where there is certainly confusion, men and women just disengage and will not wear them,” Melinda Mills, director of Oxford University’s Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, instructed CNN. “That’s why (some nations) are relocating to a wide, blanket coverage.

“I’m for clarity in public messaging, and in several nations around the world, I think it truly is been a mess,” she included.

What we know now about masks

The science guiding airborne transmission of Covid-19 is escalating, but industry experts nonetheless concur the danger is usually bigger indoors.

Earlier this thirty day period a group of 239 experts wrote an open up letter to the Environment Health Firm, captivating for better recognition of the probable airborne transmission of coronavirus. “A good deal of men and women crowded close collectively indoors where it is poorly ventilated — that is what drives the pandemic,” a co-organizer of the letter and a professor of environmental wellbeing, advised CNN at the time.

But the outdoor is not Covid-no cost, and universal mandates on mask-carrying are probably to reduce the distribute in lots of forms of options.

Scientists described Monday that communities that mandated the use of encounter masks in public saw an ongoing decrease in the spread of the coronavirus, but it can take some time.

The moment mandates experienced been in place for about three weeks, the every day growth amount slowed by about 2% on common, researchers reported in the journal Health and fitness Affairs.

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Their estimates propose that these share decreases could insert up. They determine that involving 230,000 and 450,000 Covid-19 circumstances could have been averted by May well 22 by mask mandates.

Other scientists concur that there can be a considerable possibility of out of doors transmission.

“There is open up air, so usually the danger is slightly reduced, but it is spreading outdoor far too,” claimed Abrar Chughtai, an epidemiologist at the University of New South Wales. “Each time you are not able to keep social distancing, you need to don a mask.”

“It is really really reduced possibility in a environment like a park, or a big open space in which there aren’t several individuals,” additional Richard Stutt of the University of Cambridge in England, who modeled the effect of mask-carrying in curbing Covid-19 transmission.

“But if you’re going for walks down a busy large avenue, you can find rather a big prospective for spread there — and defining particularly what constitutes a significant-threat outdoors room vs . a low-threat outdoor place would be really tricky to do.

“You will find furthermore the complication that if people are consistently getting their mask off and placing it again on, then they run the possibility of contaminating their hands and passing it on to other individuals,” he mentioned.

New WHO report says airborne coronavirus transmission 'cannot be ruled out' in outbreaks in some indoor settings

That scientific information is one particular variable driving stricter mask mandates, which are starting to seem in nations around the world like the United kingdom too.

But there is certainly a sociological component at enjoy as properly, and it is a straightforward 1: mask guidelines are operating, and so governments are likely even more than they could have anticipated to.

“There were being a several countries keeping out, wondering the public would revolt (to mask orders), but the community just isn’t going to want to be in quarantine anymore,” reported Mills. “Governments will be emboldened a minimal little bit in expanding their procedures if they imagine these items are productive.”

Quite a few researchers are astonished at just how powerful they’ve been. In April, an alarmingly lower proportion of British persons ended up carrying masks — just 19%, in accordance to a Kings Higher education research printed on Thursday. But 70% of Brits now say they have worn a single in the previous couple of weeks, the identical review identified.

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“Folks have quite swiftly grow to be certain that they do assistance,” Bobby Duffy, the director of King’s Policy Institute and the leader of the review, instructed CNN. “There’s incredibly, very high level of perception in their efficacy, which in alone is pretty extraordinary given how rapidly the tips has shifted.”

That change is particularly visible in a region exactly where the government’s attempts to relieve constraints have been criticized as imprecise and muddled. A research by College College London past week discovered that just 45% of British individuals come to feel they comprehend the government’s latest policies.

The same has been true somewhere else in Europe really hard-strike places like Italy and Spain saw mask use become a cultural norm just about immediately, and studies show that even in the United States — where a lifestyle war has erupted over the use of encounter coverings — adherence is normally incredibly higher.

“You can carry in these procedures and persons will observe them,” Duffy claimed. “It truly is amazing how speedily people get applied to matters. You can see that in the lockdown actions, as well there was outstanding assist for likely into lockdown, even when a couple of months (prior) that would have appeared unthinkable.”

Are classes at last remaining discovered?

The gains of expanded mandates are myriad, but the most substantial is that it lets governments to firm up their messaging by placing a strict but easy rule: if you’re in community, you have to wear a mask.

“A blanket rule is substantially much easier to adhere to, and also to enforce,” Stutt explained.

But many authorities are vexed that it really is taken so extensive to get listed here — and are imploring other countries to follow suit and make their mask guidelines black and white.

Two women wear face masks in Seoul. Countries in which covering one's face is a social norm have generally fared better during the pandemic.

Mills claimed she was “really stunned and stunned” by the conflicting guidance of the Earth Health Corporation and several governments, which mentioned early in the pandemic that mask use wasn’t necessary in curbing distribute.

WHO Director-Standard Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus claimed very last month that the business switched gears and encouraged mask use right after numerous weeks since proof experienced progressed. “Our updated guidance contains new details on the composition of material masks, based on academic investigation asked for by WHO,” Tedros stated final thirty day period.

“It was in truth pretty disheartening as a scientist, (due to the fact) there have been a ton of material scientific studies that demonstrate these excellent, large excellent masks can seriously prevent filtration,” Mills explained.

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By distinction, a number of Asian nations around the world — many of which experienced the worst of the SARS epidemic — rapidly inspired citizens to wear masks.

“Assume about Japan: they have been seriously efficient and obvious, they experienced the 3 Cs,” Mills claimed, referring to a governing administration slogan ordering masks in closed areas, crowded sites, and near-call settings.

“They just maintain repeating it and repeating it, and they’ve experienced about 1,000 fatalities in a populace of 126 million,” she extra, noting that Japan’s relative achievements depended on numerous other aspects.

Refusing to wear face masks should be as taboo as drunk driving, science chief says

“It can be not pretty as easy as this, but those people areas that did wear masks from the start off have had vastly decreased loss of life premiums,” included Stutt.

The cease-get started uptake in a lot of the West stood in stark distinction to those people nations around the world. But now that governments are experience self-confident more than enough to established stricter principles, gurus can envisage mask-sporting to become standard in each individual community position shortly.

“A strong information from governments and businesses like the WHO does have a significant effect on individuals, and helps make it a great deal far more socially acceptable to use a mask and enhance adoption fees,” claimed Stutt.

“That required use of masks is not likely to end result in substantial rebel from the the vast majority of the populace,” extra Duffy, citing his exploration that confirmed a rapid uptake in the United kingdom.

“There will be fractions who do object actually strongly to it — that will get a bit larger and a lot more vociferous, and our attention will be drawn to all those individuals,” he explained. “But the actuality will be that the greater part of the population will adapt and accept it.”

CNN Health’s Naomi Thomas contributed to this report.

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Portugal: discrimination against Brazilians is growing – 08/09/2022 – World

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Portugal: discrimination against Brazilians is growing - 08/09/2022 - World

“Brazilian citizenship” was the main reason given in discrimination complaints filed in Portugal in 2021, accounting for 26.7% of the total 408 complaints received by the Commission for Equality and Against Racial Discrimination (CICDR).

While overall, the number of complaints of discrimination in the country decreased by 37.7% compared to 2020 (655) and by 6.4% compared to 2019 (436), reports specifically against Brazilians increased. In 2021, 109 complaints were received for this reason, and in 2020 – 96; growth by 13.5%.

The jump is especially pronounced compared to 2017, when there were only 17 registrations. However, in the same year, the total number of discrimination complaints was also much lower, at 179 complaints. The data is part of the country’s latest Annual Report on the State of Racial and Ethnic Equality and Non-Discrimination, released quietly by the Anti-Discrimination Commission on Tuesday (9).

According to the document, the expressions “Gypsy nationality” with 67 complaints (16.4%) and “Black/black/black/black race” with 65 complaints (15.9%) are expressed “with significantly lower values”.

The more general expression “foreigners/foreigners/immigrants in general” comes in fourth place with 18 complaints (4.4% of the total) “corresponding to cases in which the victims felt they were discriminated against for being foreigners, immigrants or non-migrants”. who are Portuguese citizens. , we are not talking about a crime against a specific nationality.

In 2021, legally residing Brazilians made up about 30% of the nearly 700,000 foreigners living in the country, according to data from the SEF (Service for Foreigners and Borders), in 2021 — partial data released by the agency on Tuesday showed that the country’s community continued to grow. .

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In Portugal, depending on the specifics of the case, episodes of ethnic and racial discrimination can be classified as a crime or a so-called misdemeanor, a lesser crime. This is how most registered offenders are classified, resulting in lighter penalties. These episodes are analyzed by the CICDR, which has autonomy and decision-making authority.

“CICDR has the power to make decisions and impose fines [multas] and additional sanctions in the framework of administrative offenses. But such decisions can always be challenged in court. Sometimes yes, sometimes no,” explains Pedro Barosa, Partner at Abreu Advogados. In 2021, the Commission issued only two sentences, one fine and one warning (a kind of public warning).

A survey carried out by the Combat project of the Center for Social Studies (CES) of the University of Coimbra analyzed data on discrimination from 2006 to 2016 and showed that about 80% of cases initiated by the Commission for Equality and Against Racial Discrimination end up being shelved. A guilty verdict was handed down in 7.5% of cases. However, in appeals overturning or contesting these decisions, convictions are reduced to 5.8%.

According to José Falcao, leader of the NGO SOS Racismo, several convictions in Portugal mean that, in practice, crimes of racism in the country go unpunished. “The law does absolutely nothing to combat racial discrimination. This law in its current form is useless,” he says, citing the case of MP Andre Ventura, leader of the far-right Chega party.

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CICDR fined the parliamentarian 3,770 euros (19,700 reais) for comments that were deemed discriminatory against Roma ethnicity on a Facebook page, but Ventura filed an appeal and the court acquitted him.

According to Falcao, the difficulty in exposing cases of discrimination often begins at the police stations, when the police still routinely dissuade complainants.

In an interview with Sheet In July, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ana Catarina Méndez said the Portuguese government was investigating complaints that already pointed to an increase in discrimination, but stressed that the increase was also due to migrants’ greater awareness of the issue. which leads to more complaints.

Psychologist Cynthia de Paula, president of Casa do Brasil in Lisbon, a non-governmental organization that provides assistance to the Brazilian community, also believes that immigrants are becoming more attentive. We have received more messages [de discriminação]but I think a larger denunciation movement has also been created,” he said.

In this sense, in addition to increasing racial debate in some parts, the very characteristics of the new wave of Brazilian migration to Portugal may contribute to a greater willingness to openly discuss complaints of discrimination. This group, which is more active and includes many students, professionals and entrepreneurs, has formed groups and associations and used social media to raise awareness of the issue.

This topic was especially discussed in the country after the great resonance of racist insults made by a Portuguese woman. against the children of Brazilian actors Giovanna Eubank and Bruno Gallasso. The case took place on July 30 in a restaurant in Costa da Caparica, near Lisbon. The woman was arrested but later released by the police.

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The couple’s press service states that the aggressor “asked them to leave the restaurant and return to Africa, among other absurdities pronounced to the children as“ dirty blacks ”. The actors wrote a statement to the police. The Ministry of Industry and Trade confirmed that they had launched an investigation into this case.

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“The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly”

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"The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly"

PAulo Fonseca couldn’t have dreamed of a better start to the French Championship, beating Auxerre 4-1.

in an interview provided by the official media of Lillethe Portuguese coach explained what philosophy to apply in the French club this season.

“My philosophy is to have the ball. Dominate games. Make the team play the ball with great dynamics. With a strong reaction when we lose the ball. It’s hard for me when I feel like the team doesn’t have the ball. … be the protagonist of the game and I like to dominate. I have to know what to do with the ball. I have to know how I can find the right moments and spaces to attack,” Paulo Fonseca began.

“Sometimes I pay special attention to central defenders. Not because I was a fantastic player, but because I wasn’t. But I know how they feel at certain moments in the game. Sometimes I pay more attention to some details. went through those moments and those details,” he added.

The coach also named 4-2-3-1 as his preferred tactical system: “It’s a system that we can use against any other system. However, the system is something static only at the beginning of the game. everything is different. It depends on the dynamics of the team. It depends on the movements you want from the team. For me, the initial system is not the most important. More than that, it’s team dynamics.”

When asked what coaches inspired him in his career, Paulo Fonseca pointed to the Portuguese without hesitation.

“Many Portuguese coaches inspire me. I have many names in several fields that inspire me a lot. We have a good coaching school. The federation with this president changed football in Portugal a lot. So many Portuguese coaches around the world. We have the ability to adapt to different countries and different styles of play. I think the Portuguese coach has this ability to quickly adapt to different circumstances,” Paulo Fonseca said, calling Guardiola “an inspiration”. “It’s the best in the world,” he concluded.

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Read also: Lille de Paulo Fonseca starts with everything in the new edition of Ligue 1

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Fernando Pimenta leads a delegation of 23 kayakers at the European Championships in Munich.

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Fernando Pimenta leads a delegation of 23 kayakers at the European Championships in Munich.

Limiano will compete in the K1 500, 1000 and 5000, as well as the K2 1000 with Joao Duarte, with whom he won gold in the World Cup.

The Portuguese canoeing team, which won four medals at the World Championships in Canada, three of them with the participation of Fernando Pimenta, will compete at the European Championships in Munich from 18 to 21 August with 23 athletes.

“If in the most important event of the year we managed to get this amount, we believe that in Europe the canoeing team will continue to delight the Portuguese, like us, in several crews, clear contenders for the podium”, said Lusa, the president of the federation, Vítor Felix .

The nine present in Halifax – seven from the Olympic team and two from the Paralympic team – will be boosted to include the rest of the women’s team, joined by Teresa Portela, as well as the canoe team, for a total of five elements. that Halifax failed.

Paracanoe, who had Norberto Murao’s bronze in VL2, also doubles, competing in Germany with four elements.

Fernando Pimenta is returning to compete in several 500m, 1000m and 5000m events and will be redoubled in his desire to win the gold he failed in Canada.

The Portuguese’s disappointment ran to five hundredths of a second in the K1 1000 and 300 thousandths in the K2 500 mixed in with Teresa Portela, and in the K1 5000 he was forced to give up with a broken rudder while leading the race.

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Limiano will compete in the K1 500, 1000 and 5000, as well as the K2 1000 with Joao Duarte, with whom he won gold in the World Cup.

Also of note is the K2 500 of Joao Ribeiro and Messias Baptista, fifth in the World Championships after gold and bronze in the World Cups, who later joined Emanuel Silva and David Varela in the reorganized K4 500 which was seventh. In Canada.

Teresa Portela will run the K1 200m and 500m finishes sixth and 10th in Halifax, on a team that in Germany will have the experience of fellow Olympians Francisca Laya, Joana Vasconcelos and Hélder Silva.

European canoeing is part of a multi-sport event that brings together nine modalities.

Entry and competition from Portugal to the European Championship in Munich

– 200 meters:

K1 Teresa Portela.

K1 Kevin Santos.

C1 Helder Silva.

C1 Ines Penetra.

– 500 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

K1 Teresa Portela.

K2 Joao Ribeiro/Messias Baptista.

K2 Francisca Laia/Joana Vasconcelos.

K4 Joao Ribeiro/Messias Baptista/Emanuel Silva/David Varela.

K4 Francisca Carvalho/Francisca Laya/Ana Brito/Maria Rey.

C1 Helder Silva.

C2 Marco Apura/Bruno Afonso.

C2 Ines Penetra/Beatrice Lamas.

– 1000 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

K2 Fernando Pimenta/Joao Duarte.

– 5000 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

C1 Beatrice Lamas.

Paracanoe:

VL2 Norberto Murao.

KL1 Alex Santos.

KL1 Floriano Jesus.

KL2 Hugo Costa.

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