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Cost of plastic carrier baggage to double to 10p next 12 months

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Price of plastic carrier bags to double to 10p next year

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The cost for plastic purchasing luggage in England will be doubled to 10p and extended to all shops from April 2021.

Small vendors – people employing 250 people or much less – will no longer be exempt, the Division for Environment, Foodstuff and Rural Affairs (Defra) mentioned.

Natural environment Secretary George Eustice described the United kingdom as “a entire world-leader in this world wide energy”.

“But we want to go more… so we can keep on to cut unneeded waste and make back again greener,” he included.

“Our carrier bag charge has been hugely prosperous in having billions of dangerous plastic bags out of circulation,” mentioned Mr Eustice.

“I hope our groundbreaking monitor file on one-use plastics will inspire lots of much more nations to stick to go well with, so we can get on plastic waste jointly and put into practice lasting change.”

In Scotland, Wales and Northern Eire, all retailers – such as lesser retailers – now charge a minimal of 5p for plastic bags.

It was released initial in Wales in 2011, then in Northern Eire in 2013, ahead of Scotland launched the cost for all provider baggage in 2014, and England rolled out its plastic bag demand on 5 Oct 2015.

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Media caption5 approaches to break up with plastic

A public consultation in England very last calendar year noticed the “extensive bulk” of people back government strategies to increase the cost, in a bid to further more minimize the plastic utilized by consumers.

Since the charge was launched in England, an believed 15 billion bags have been taken out of circulation, with scientific studies demonstrating the levy has experienced an influence on lessening plastic squander on shorelines and in the sea.

In 2014, 7.6 billion baggage had been provided away to buyers at England’s 7 most significant supermarkets, the equivalent of 140 for every member of the population.

Among 2017 and 2018 just about a billion baggage had been marketed at main supermarkets across the Uk

Smaller sized suppliers in England provide about 3.6 billion solitary-use luggage yearly.

Previous December, the Affiliation of Benefit Merchants estimated about 50 percent of the small shops it represents in England are presently charging for plastic baggage.

The authorities “expects” shops to donate proceeds from plastic bag profits to good triggers – but it truly is not compulsory. In accordance to Defra, an approximated £51m was donated in 2017-18.

But whilst the broad the vast majority of vendors selected to donate their plastic bag earnings – in line with governing administration expectations – some selected to retain the money in its place.

Greenpeace welcomed the fee enhance, but claimed plastic carriers baggage were only “1 aspect of the trouble” and the federal government ought to be thinking about getting action on plastic luggage-for-life.

Greenpeace’s Sam Chetan-Welsh mentioned: “By raising the cost of plastic baggage once again the federal government is getting a little move in the suitable route, but by now they ought to be getting wonderful strides.”

He extra there ended up “so many ways ministers know they could be driving quick and considerable reductions on plastic pollution”.

“If they’re growing expenditures for buyers, ministers truly have no justification not to boost prices for the organizations that are liable for the escalating volumes of single-use plastic packaging in the very first spot.”

Earlier this month, grocery store Morrisons initiated a trial providing paper bags as a substitute of reusable plastic types, with the aim of ditching all plastic bags from its shops.

Responding to the forthcoming cost hike, CPRE – the countryside charity – mentioned it was time to “stage up and experience the war on plastic”.

“Government should really bring in prices on all single-use, throwaway objects – from takeaway cups to wood forks,” reported Tom Fyans, deputy chief government.

“Incentivising re-use devices and ultimately committing to an all-in Deposit Return Scheme for beverages containers are the only strategies the governing administration can obtain a litter-absolutely free countryside and get the war on squander.”

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Politics

Woman in political exercise as a RIG professional

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Women in institutional and government response

Women working in political, business and public environments are perceived as professionals in institutional and government relations (RIG), or lobby/advocacymore and more accepted and recognized.

The professional woman in RIG stands out for her knowledge of the legislative process and, above all, her ability to argue and defend positions, as well as to build narratives that convince political actors to defend certain projects, influence and set agendas for committee meetings and plenary sessions. meetings in the Legislative Chambers.

Thus, the power of the RelGovers women, or women in RIG, is not small. This, too, is deserving of contempt and restraint, which often comes from practices that threaten their body, voice, and perspective because they are women.

Historical aspects and how we are now

It is known that the construction of female and male identities and the formation of male superiority and dominance were determined by the biological and historically constructed fate of generations. The woman will have to procreate and take care of the family structure, while the man will be responsible for material diligence about livelihood and external contacts with the surrounding society.

In this context, the advancement of women in the socio-economic and political environment was perceived as opposing male domination, which consequently led to the development of forms of violence against women and the understanding of such violence.

However, there is a concern that increases with each generation and is accompanied by new ways of perceiving women in society and their social functions. The problems of the political rise of minority groups and insecure access to fundamental rights were overcome by creating state structures and laws that allowed social and political development based on access to rights. Two important political and legal advances have been made in advancing the figure and body of women beyond niches: access to specific public rights and policies and their economic empowerment.

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At present, the premises of the Legislative Chambers and state bodies are occupied by more and more women, who differ from men in figures, as a rule, white and middle-aged. However, the data also show that access to jobs, especially leadership positions, is dominated by men.

Understanding the problems associated with the increasing role of women in public and political life is largely related to understanding the forms of violence against women that are committed daily in these conditions. After all, it is through violence that we see resistance to the empowerment and social, economic and political ascent of women in society. When women occupy predominantly male positions, such as the legislative chamber, the judiciary, and the executive, the complexity of apparently patriarchal structures is called into question.

Violence Against Women RelGovers

How do we women of RelGovers feel and be victims of violence at different times in a professional context? Violence is felt, for example, when a woman is suddenly interrupted by a man in a meeting. This phenomenon is now known as interrupt and formally considered psychological abuse.

There are also situations in which a woman, realizing her expertise and positions, explains something important from a technical point of view, and then watches how a person internalizes his explanation and idea. This phenomenon is also recognized as psychological violence, the so-called. bropriation.

When more attention is paid to male figures, which happens when formal positions are declared in masculine rather than feminine, there is symbolic abuse due to the misuse of the masculine term when a woman holds office. and function.

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Women in politics in numbers

Studies such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the World Economic Forum, an organization that promotes reflection on the parliamentary context of several countries, condemn this Brazil ranks 142nd in ranging with 192 countries, in terms of women’s participation in politics. Also, according to the World Economic Forum, Brazil ranked 93rd out of 156 countries in 2021 for the presence of women in formal political power.

The decline in the presence of women in politics is so strong on a global scale that it deserves a separate term to explain this phenomenon. secessiontranslates as feminine recession. Studies show that under the current scenario, it will take 135.6 years to achieve full equality between women and men..

In addition, the IBGE gender indicators condemn various aspects of inequality. Women have the best educational records, have the best school attendance rates, and make up the majority of the population with tertiary education in Brazil. However, only 39.1% of leadership positions are held by women and Men’s earnings are on average 20.5% higher than women’s.

women in congress

It is important to note that in the Legislature from 2018 to 2022 in the Chamber of Deputies there are 77 deputies out of a total of 513. On the other hand, in the Federal Senate there are 16 senators out of a total of 81.

In the RIG environment, men make up the majority in career and leadership positions, making up 60% of coordinators and 70% of directors. Only assistant and analyst positions are dominated by women, accounting for 60% and 58% of positions, respectively.

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look into the future

The statistics give us a difficult scenario for women as they show the persistence of inequalities between women and men. Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, offers us the continuity of efforts and the importance of women occupying formal spaces of power: “When a woman enters politics, a woman changes. When many women enter politics, politics changes.”

Thus, advocacy before parliaments, which comes with the proposition of guidelines and legislative proposals and with the construction of qualified information – reports, policy analyzes and technical notes, demonstrates how the implementation of institutional and governmental relations expands the debate about public life. politics and law, and the promotion of different points of view and interests that deserve to be represented.

A gradual change in scenario with more women in RIG careers, in addition to advances in research and legislation to protect women and empower them socioeconomically, presents a promising picture. Overcoming the structures of patriarchal domination and inequality between women and men is slow, but gradually, women began to be perceived, heard and respected. This is what we are looking for more and more.

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At Roda Viva, Enrique Meirelles answers questions about the future in politics

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At Roda Viva, Enrique Meirelles answers questions about the future in politics

Interview with Roda Viva this Monday (26) Enrique Meirelles, former President of the Central Bank in the two governments of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT).

Former finance minister under Michel Temer and most recently financial secretary to former governor Joao Doria, he was also international president of BankBoston between 1996 and 1999 and candidate for President of the Republic in the 2018 elections for the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB). .

As finance minister, he approved labor reform and PEC 95, known as PEC do Seto dos Gastos Publicos. In this final stretch of the election campaign, he declared his support for the PT. He does not rule out talks about participating in a possible Lula government, but has already said that the budget ceiling must be maintained and respected.

In the program, he answers whether he will try to enter political life again or not. In 2018, he was MDB’s presidential candidate. He finished in seventh place with 1.2% of the valid votes.

“I am not a career politician, I applied in 2002 and was elected, and then went to the Central Bank, so I did not make a political career. After running for president in 2018, I thought I should make a proposal to the country. I did it and I think I did well. But I am not a professional politician. I was invited to be a candidate for senators, I analyzed it well and came to the conclusion that this is not what I want. I understand that this is not the time to start [a ser político]” replies.

Alex Ribeiro, Special Reporter for Valor Econômico, Alvaro Gribel, Columnist for O Globo, Economic Columnist for TV Gazeta Denise Campos de Toledo, Special Reporter for Folha de S. Paulo Julio Wiziack, and Tais Carranza, Reporter for BBC News, Brazil.

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See the full program:

With the presentation of Vera Magalhaes, the program will be broadcast live at 22:00 on the Kultura TV channel. broadcaster websitechannel do YouTube, Dailymotionand on social networks Twitter e facebook.

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Elenildo’s political legacy in Alagoas politics can be traced back to her sister-in-law, Correio dos Municipios

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Mozabel intends to salvage his late father-in-law’s seat in the Federal Chamber. She’s the favorite at your party

In 1999 and 2006, Palmeira dos Indios figured prominently in state and even national politics, holding representation in the National Congress. At that time, Elenildo Ribeiro was elected federal deputy for two terms, and the municipality became one of the most important positions in Brasilia. Now, 16 years later, Palmeira will again be able to occupy one of the nine Alagoas seats in the Federal Chamber. . Mozabel Ribeiro, Elenildo’s nurse and daughter-in-law, put her name up for discussion with a clear goal: to represent the city and work to find resources that will improve the quality of life of the population.

With a door-to-door and face-to-face campaign, as the candidate herself likes to say, Mozabel won more and more supporters and sympathizers, the possibility that Palmeira would get a woman as a federal candidate for the first time in her history took several days to form. back. I have my own political projects, my own ideas to help Palmeira and the entire state. As a federal deputy, I am sure that I will work hard for this people, whom I love so much and who need someone to fight for them, ”said Mozabel. As a deputy, Elenildo guaranteed the treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease requiring hemodialysis. He was responsible for the construction of the Kakamba Dam, helping to solve the severe water shortage problem at the time. Neo ICU was also the work of the Palmeirense parliamentarian, as was the construction of the Uneal campus: “I want to take the place that once belonged to my father-in-law, the late Elenildo. Because he left a great legacy to our city when he was a deputy. I was in Brazil next to you and saw up close all the resources sent and all the work thought out by the people of Palmeyra,” he commented. Mozabel is running for the Republican Party. The abbreviation can be made by two federal deputies. Nivaldo Albuquerque is running for re-election and has a good chance of winning. The second vacancy will be open and the main name is palmeirense.

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“I want to take the place that once belonged to my father-in-law, the late Elenildo. Because he left a great legacy for our city when he was an MP,” says Mozabel Ribeiro, who is warmly welcomed by the Palmeirense electorate.

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