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Black folks are a lot more very likely to be arrested, billed and killed by law enforcement in Toronto, new report finds

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Black people are more likely to be arrested, charged and killed by police in Toronto, new report finds

In accordance to the report, Black Canadians represented 32% of all the fees analyzed in between 2013 and 2017, which involved failure to comply, hashish possession, trespassing and some driving offenses — offenses the study group selected to aim on due to the fact they are normally up to an officer’s discretion.

And however they make up significantly less than a tenth of Toronto’s inhabitants, Black persons were almost four situations more probable to be charged than White men and women and 7 moments much more probably than other races.

“The time for debate about whether or not anti-Black bias exists is more than,” stated Ena Chadha, Ontario Human Legal rights Commission interim main commissioner, in a assertion. “It is time to make transformative variations in the establishments and systems of law enforcement that deliver these kinds of disparate outcomes — community believe in and protection, primarily the safety of Black lives, depend on it.”
The Toronto Police Company claimed it considers the conclusions “vitally important” in its endeavours to address anti-Black racism within just the pressure.

Proof of racial profiling

Even though they have been charged much more than other racial or ethnic teams, Black Canadians ended up also far more probable to have their fees withdrawn, and their costs were considerably less probably to outcome in a conviction than those of White men and women, for each the report.

This finding “undermines the recommendation that [Black Canadians] face a lot more charges mainly because they are extra engaged in unlawful carry out,” the fee reported in its report.

But it does advise that Toronto law enforcement may perhaps over-charge Black Canadians or focus on them because of their race.

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Racial profiling by police is possibly most evident, the fee stated, in driving offenses. 1-3rd of all men and women who got a single-demand “out of sight” driving cost — or rates that could only be discovered immediately after the police pull someone above and query them — were being Black. “Out-of-sight” driving costs incorporate driving without having a legitimate license or insurance coverage.

These offenses are the result of “proactive policing,” the commission mentioned, in which an officer checks a license plate or pulls a driver around devoid of knowing regardless of whether that driver has fully commited a crime. That Black folks are a lot more very likely to land these charges indicates that Toronto law enforcement are extra very likely to use that proactive policing tactic with Black Canadians.

Black Canadians more most likely to be shot and killed by law enforcement

Black citizens of Toronto had been overrepresented in a quantity of violent incidents with police.

The report identified that Black Toronto people have been 20 moments more likely than White people to be fatally shot by Toronto police amongst 2013 and 2017.

During that time, Black Canadians also account for nearly 30% of use-of power-instances, 36% of shootings, 61% of use-of-force situations that resulted in civilian fatalities and 70% of police shootings, in accordance to the report.

Why law enforcement arrest and cost Black Canadians extra typically

The scientists did not definitively determine why the disparity existed, but they introduced a handful of choices in their report on use of power: For one particular, a few racist law enforcement officers may use pressure versus Black inhabitants as an abuse of their ability.
In one week there were at least 9 instances of police using excessive force caught on camera

Considering the fact that the time period of time the report coated, the Toronto Police Company has designed an Equity, Inclusion and Human Rights device that “strives for the supply of bias-cost-free solutions,” started anti-Black racism instruction and now collects its own data on racial bias amid Toronto officers, the company stated.

“We have been, and will go on to, pay attention to, and be guided by those people with lived working experience and other folks with suggestions for how to move forward,” the company reported in a assertion in response to the report.
The city, far too, is earning variations. Earlier this week, Toronto Mayor John Tory announced “sweeping reforms” to the Toronto Law enforcement Company, together with producing a group safety agency that is an choice to law enforcement and reallocating funding from the division, CNN affiliate CBC reported.

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Lucas Chazarreta becomes the Portuguese market leader Japan Tobacco International – Marketing Specialist

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Lucas Chazarreta becomes the Portuguese market leader Japan Tobacco International - Marketing Specialist

Lucas Chazarreta has become the new CEO of Japan Tobacco International (JTI) for the Portuguese market. The professional replaced Yannick Giraud as the head of a team of 46 professionals at the Japanese multinational corporation that produces the tobacco brands Winston and Camel.

Lucas Chazarreta, 42, born in Argentina, has been with JTI since 2004. He holds a business administration degree from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro and a degree in marketing from Martin College in Australia, and attended the Swiss School of Rio de Janeiro in January.

Lucas Chanzarreta has over 15 years of experience at JTI, having come to Portugal from Mexico. Previously, he has served as General Manager of the JTI Americas Cluster (Argentina, Bolivia and Peru) and Director of Marketing and Trade Marketing for Brazil, Peru and Argentina.

“My mission is to drive sustainable growth in the organization’s profitability and market share, and to provide professional growth opportunities for my team members. JTI has a very successful track record in Portugal, being the fastest growing company in the sector for several consecutive years. This growth is based on a portfolio of world famous brands and a very well trained and professional team of employees,” Lucas Chazarret said in a statement.

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Portimonense beat Pacos de Ferreira to become Portuguese champion

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This Monday, Portimonense took their first win of the season at Portuguese Championship when visiting Pacos de Ferreira. The guests came out victorious, defeating the hosts with a score of 3:0.

Pacos de Ferreira takes on Estoril in the next round. The match will take place next Friday at 16:15 (Brazil time). With the defeat, the hosts continue without points and occupy the 15th position.

Portimonense finishes the second round of the Portuguese Championship in seventh position with three points. The team’s next match will be against Vitoria de Guimarães on Sunday at 16:30 at the Municipal Stadium of Portimão.

The first goal of the match was scored in the 31st minute. Iago Cariello shot on goal and fired into the right corner. Guests only increased their advantage in the final segment of the match, when in the 35th minute of the second half, Lukinha received at the entrance to the penalty area and hit hard.

The third and final goal of the game was scored four minutes later, in the 39th minute: Everton got a free kick in the penalty area and hit the net.

Check out the results of this Monday in the championship of Portugal:

nautical 1 x 2 Chavez
Aroca 1 x 0 Gil Vicente

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Is there an exam in Brazilian Portuguese?

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if you are studying Brazilian Portuguese more likely than European Portuguese, you might be wondering which exam you can work on. Most people are familiar with the Portuguese CAPLE system, which corresponds to the A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2 format of the European CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) standard.

Although there are many crossovers between European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese and they are essentially the same language, many people choose to focus on Brazilian Portuguese rather than European Portuguese. In most cases, if you’re planning to live in Portugal, you should probably focus on European Portuguese, as that’s what you’ll be in the most contact with. However, there are several reasons why you might decide that Brazilian Portuguese is the right choice for you.

The first and main reason if you are planning to move to Brazil is mainly for work or study. CELPE-Bras is the only language proficiency test recognized by the Brazilian Ministry of Education that may be required for a position or vacancy at a Brazilian university. Another reason could be that you don’t spend much time in Portugal and speak more Brazilians than Portuguese.

CELPE-Bras exam levels: Intermediate, Upper Intermediate, Advanced and Upper Advanced. They roughly correspond to B1, B2, C1 and C2. Once you have decided which level you want to test at (eg B2), the next step is to find a course that will take you to that level. Portuguese Pod101 e Portuguese semantics both offer content at this level, for example.

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It is recommended to sign up for the test in advance or at least set a date for the test. You should also read about what the test includes, which is a 20 minute oral component and a 3 hour written component based on the texts you read and the video and audio you listen to.

Some people are tempted by Brazilian Portuguese as it seems to be easier than European Portuguese, but that is not a good reason to learn it instead of Portuguese Portuguese. In addition, if you plan to apply for citizenship in Portugal – for example, if you qualify after five years of residence in Portugal – you will need to submit Portuguese level A2, which is actually a level below the easiest level you can get through in CELPE-Bras: Intermediate.

If you are interested in Brazilian Portuguese but want to learn Portuguese as a world language, there is a book dedicated to this: Meeting point: Portuguese as a world language. You can also find Brazilian and Portuguese teachers on websites like Italki which can help you practice your conversation and correct it when you confuse the two. However, in general, most courses focus on one or the other, so you need to figure out how to learn and support both.

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