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Miami broke the all-time heat record for June, but no warning was issued. This is why



Miami broke the all-time heat record for June, but no warning was issued. This is why

On the same day, 91-degree high temperatures were recorded in Topeka, Kansas, and the heat advisory past rumored.

Yes, but each National Weather Service (NWS) office has different criteria for heat warnings and excessive heat warnings that take into account the topography, climatology, and potential effects of urban heat islands.

For example, Miami is really hot on Tuesday but doesn’t meet the technical requirements for hot advisors or warnings.

To receive heat advisory, Miami must have a heat index value of 108 degrees or higher for at least two hours. For excessive heat warnings, the heat index must reach 113 degrees or higher for at least two hours.

National Weather Service the word heat adviser means people can get heat if they don’t take precautions. An excessive heat warning means that people can be “seriously” affected
The heat index is a measure of how hot it feels to your body when you take into account the relative humidity and actual air temperature. One limiting factor, however, is that the heat index is calculated in shady locations, not direct sunlight, which can feel 15 degrees warmer.

Florida breeze

Tyler Mauldin, a CNN meteorologist who has worked in Florida for nearly 10 years, explained that sea winds play an important role in temperature variability throughout the Sunshine State.

“Florida’s weather is very much influenced by the direction of the wind,” he said. “The offshore wind is a very hot wind for Miami, which is exactly the same as ours. It prevents colder air from entering the Atlantic. Add dry air with dewdrops in the 60s, and that’s a recipe for dangerous temperatures. “

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Miami has not only had one hot day this year, but intense hot weeks. In fact, seven of the 10 hottest weeks recorded have happened this year – and Miami’s high temperatures did not peak traditionally until early August.

The criteria for overheating vary

Based on Iowa Environmental Mesonet, which collects environmental data from cooperating members, has been more than two years since Columbia, South Carolina, issued a hot advisor, but Minneapolis has had four in the past week.

Once again, everything boils down to different criteria. In Colombia, the heat index must reach at least 110 degrees to get a heat advisory. In Minneapolis, a heat advisory is issued when the heat index reaches 95 degrees.

Another criterion used by some National Weather Service offices, such as the one in Minneapolis, is a measurement called a world light bulb thermometer.

The military has used this tool for decades. The wet bulb thermometer factors are more detailed such as sun angle, cloud cover and wind speed. It’s very important to know if you are outside doing any type of heavy work, exercising or monitoring teen sporting events.

In Minneapolis, the criteria for heat advisory is a heat index value of 95 degrees or a reading of the world light bulb of 86 degrees.

Criteria for Heat Advisory and Excessive Heat Warnings for the South NWS Region

Philadelphia has its own hot bubbles

Philadelphia has its own guidelines called the Kalkstein Procedure.

Back in 1997, the NWS office in Philadelphia partnered with researcher Dr. Laurence Kalkstein from the University of Miami come up with new criteria to issue hot warnings in this region.

Simply put, their study concluded that the heat and humidity levels below the criteria that triggered the suggestion to cause harmful effects in urban locations due to the presence of widespread asphalt and population density.

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The NWS Philadelphia Office not only uses different criteria for urban and rural locations, but they also break it down separately during the year.

Why? Well, people might not be accustomed to a 90 degree day on April 1 but it might be on July 20.

Potentially deadly weather patterns are occurring throughout the central US

For the urban areas of Philadelphia, Trenton and Wilmington, the following criteria are used:

From May 1 to June 15, a heat index of 96 to 104 degrees is expected.

From June 16 to June 30, a heat index of 98 to 104 degrees is expected.

From July 1 to September 30, a heat index of 100 to 104 degrees is expected.

In the Delmarva and southern New Jersey regions, the threshold is a heat index reading of 105 degrees or higher for at least two hours. Everywhere in the area around Philadelphia, the threshold is 100 degrees or higher for at least two hours.

Dry heat is different

The criteria change again in the southwestern desert.

Because it’s so hot for most of the year in the desert, the NWS office in the Southwest doesn’t issue hot advice, just a warning of excessive heat.

This heat warning has more flexible criteria than in the East, and is in a level based system. Level 1 (yellow) is the lowest, and level 4 (magenta) is the highest. For an area to have excessive heat warnings there must be a widespread level 3 (red), with a little level 4 “sprinkled.”

The Las Vegas NWS office reported weather for the highest and lowest altitude points in the US – Mount Whitney and adjacent Badwater Basin in Death Valley, respectively, said Jenn Varian, meteorologist at the office.

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“Death Valley regularly exceeds 115 degrees in the summer but areas like Mount Whitney don’t,” Varian said. “So altitude, terrain types in the West and even throughout the year play a major role in how we issue this overheating warning.”

Some southwest NWS offices also take into account the number of tourists coming to the city and temporary populations who are not accustomed to extreme desert heat.

Security is key

The point is how best to protect people from various heat-related illnesses, including heat cramps, fatigue and strokes. This advice and warning serve as a guide to reflect the possibility of certain heat-related illnesses and even the possibility of death from heat exhaustion.

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The abolition of fees for teaching Portuguese abroad will not be accepted by parliament, MP says – Observer



The abolition of fees for teaching Portuguese abroad will not be accepted by parliament, MP says - Observer

According to Socialist MP Paulo Pisco, the views of the BE, PCP and PAN on the abolition of fees for teaching Portuguese abroad were voted on Tuesday in a parliamentary committee.

The Committee on Foreign Affairs and Portuguese Communities voted on Tuesday in favor of four projects – from the Left Bloc, the Communist Party of Portugal, “People-Animal-Nature” and “Enough”, which mainly advocate the abolition of fees for teaching Portuguese abroad and free school textbooks.

According to Paulo Pisco, a socialist member of the commission, the opinions of the BE, PKP and PAN were approved, but Chega’s opinion deserved to be abstained from the PS because it contained “xenophobic elements” in its purpose.

The MP had in mind, in particular, the recipients of this teaching, which is currently intended not only for the Portuguese or the descendants of the Portuguese, but also for those who want to learn the Portuguese language, with which Chega allegedly disagrees, according to Paulo Pisco. .


After the approval of these opinions, the abolition of the bribe would be discussed and voted on in the plenary session of the Assembly of the Republic, but Paulo Pisco said that they should not be approved, since the “commitment” of the government is different.

“The government’s obligation is to reduce the burden of the Portuguese” and this will always be determined “in every approved state budget”.

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Portuguese health minister rejects conflict of interest over marriage to president



The health minister said there was no conflict of interest in her marriage to the current chairman of the Order of Dietitians, saying that the trusteeship of that body had been delegated to the Secretary of State for Health Promotion.

Portugal Digital with Lusa

“Honestly, I don’t think it exists. I have no doubt that this Lady Secretary of State will fill this leadership role,” Manuel Pizarro said on Monday (age 26) on the sidelines of the Pharmacist’s Day celebrations in Sintra, in the Lisbon area.

Aware of the possible conflict of interest, Manuel Pizarro explained that he took “the most appropriate measure (…)”, which was to entrust the functions of guardianship of the Order of Nutritionists to Margarida Tavares.”

“(…) Since I took office as a minister, I have been aware that, since professional organizations have an administrative oversight role, (…) there is a risk of conflict of interest, and I have taken the measures that seem to me the most appropriate, which from the very decided at the outset that he would delegate this oversight function over the Order of Nutritionists to the Secretary of State for Health Promotion,” he stressed.

When asked about the reasons why Margarida Tavares’ name still does not appear in the Diário da República, the official said that “it was necessary to wait for the inauguration of the secretaries of state” and then “to organize the whole process of delegation of authority.” .

“It’s even a good chance that there is a Secretary of State for Health Promotion. I think custody of the Order of Dietitians has been well handed over to the Secretary of State for Health Promotion,” he repeated, noting that “he definitely won’t go through the Minister’s order.” [da Saúde]”.

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“If the secretary of state is responsible for this, it should not go through the minister,” he stressed.

Manuel Pizarro’s statements came after news that the government official may have a conflict of interest because he is married to the chairman of the Order of Dietitians, Alexandra Bento.

The Order of Dietitians was created in 2011 with the approval of the current Minister of Health, who at the time served as Secretary of State for Health.

In addition, Alexandra Bento was the only President of the Order of Occupational Health to attend the inauguration of Manuel Pizarro on 10 September.

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Portuguese newspaper criticizes CR7: “Less Ronaldo, more Portugal” | international football



Portuguese newspaper criticizes CR7: "Less Ronaldo, more Portugal" |  international football

The cover of one of the most important sports newspapers in Portugal this Monday drew a critical tone against the greatest player in the history of the country.

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On the eve of the day when the Portuguese national team will play with Spain and draw for reaching the semi-finals of the League of Nations, the daily newspaper “A Bola” printed a photo Cristiano Ronaldo stating that the player had lost influence in the team commanded by Fernando Santos.

“Less Ronaldo, more Portugal,” reads the headline.

The publication reports that the 37-year-old striker could start on the bench and lists some of the positives of his possible absence, such as the buffing of protagonist Bruno Fernandes. See below:

This Tuesday’s cover of A Bola is being printed by Cristiano Ronaldo – Photo: Reproduction

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Cristiano Ronaldo started and assisted in a 4–0 thrashing of the Czech Republic on the last round. He has only scored twice in his last eight caps, both against Switzerland.

Czech Republic 0 x 4 Portugal highlights in UEFA Nations League 2022

For Manchester United in the 2022/23 season, he started in three of the eight games played. In the last of them, against Sheriff from Moldova, in the Europa League, he scored for the first time.

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