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What happened in Xinjiang China, home to 11 million Uyghurs?



CNN captures rare images China doesn't want you to see
According to a quote from the forthcoming book John Bolton published in The Wall Street Journal, Trump told Chinese President Xi Jinping at dinner last year that Xi had to “continue building the camp,” which according to Trump was “the right thing to do.”

Trump’s remarks allegedly contrast with the official position recommended by his government, which has repeatedly challenged Beijing over repressive policies in Xinjiang.

Last July, Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo publicly labeled China’s treatment of the Uyghur as “the stain of the century.”

Here’s what you need to know about Xinjiang and what happened there.

Where is Xinjiang and who lives there?

Xinjiang, officially named the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is a remote area in the western tip of China.

It is home to around 11 million Uyghurs, a Muslim-majority ethnic minority who speak languages ​​that are closely related to Turkey and have their own distinct cultures.

Rich in natural resources, especially oil and natural gas, the region has witnessed a massive surge in the country’s majority population in the past few decades, amidst the concerted efforts of the government to develop the regional economy.

Historically, Uyghurs have been the majority in the region. Today, their number is just under half of Xinjiang’s total population, and many of them live in the rural south.

Xinjiang is also geographically strategic for Beijing. It is China’s gateway to Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, and Mongolia and Russia to the north and Pakistan and India to the south.

What happened there?

The US State Department estimates that more than one million Uyghurs, as well as members of other Muslim minority groups, have been detained in a wide network of internment camps in Xinjiang, where they are reportedly “subjected to torture, cruel and inhuman treatment such as harassment physical and sexual abuse, forced labor, and death. ”

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The former detainee told CNN that they experienced political indoctrination and harassment inside the camp, such as lack of food and sleep and forced injections.

Initially, Beijing firmly denied the existence of the camp. But later claimed that the facility was a voluntary “vocational training center” where people learned work skills, Chinese language, and law. The current government insists that the camps are needed to prevent religious extremism and terrorism.

Chinese government documents leakedHowever, people who are exposed can be sent to detention facilities simply because “wearing a headscarf” or growing a “long beard”.

The documents, together with other first-hand reports, paint a worrying picture of what appears to be a strategic campaign by Beijing to erase Uyghur cultural and religious identity and suppress behaviors deemed not patriotic.

Chinese government has challenge authenticity note leaked.

The oppression of Uyghurs in Xinjiang has also seen an increase in mass surveillance throughout the region.

When CNN traveled through Xinjiang in 2019, there were surveillance cameras every 150 feet, monitoring people’s faces and daily routines. Mobile police checkpoints appear randomly throughout the area, leading to long lines on public roads. At checkpoints, and sometimes randomly on the road, police officers stop people from asking for their ID cards and sometimes ask to insert unknown electronic devices into cell phones to scan them without explanation.

What’s the story?

Beijing’s crackdown on Xinjiang echoes the old paranoia about the border region and the deep suspicion of the non-Han population among Chinese rulers, which historically resulted in oppression and rebellion.

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While the Chinese army raged through what is now Xinjiang and ruled its parts for centuries, the modern administrative unit only originates in the mid-nineteenth century, a fact hinting at its name, which translates as “new frontier” in Chinese.

Paranoia and Chinese oppression in Xinjiang have a long history

In the 1930s and 40s, Xinjiang underwent a brief period of partial independence, when two secessionous Republics of East Turkistan were declared and quickly demoted.

Today, Uyghur activists are pushing Xinjiang to become a separate country that still calls it “East Turkestan.”

Over the past decade, the Chinese government has tightened its grip on the region, following violent incidents of ethnic unrest. The turning point came in 2009, when ethnic riots raged in Urumqi, the regional capital, killing at least 197 people.

Beijing blames Islamist militants and separatists for the violent attack. But Uyghur activists and human rights groups claim that Beijing’s suppression of religious freedom and unfair ethnic policies is at the root of the conflict.

The Uyghurs and other minorities in Xinjiang have long complained of discrimination in employment and education, and corruption is rife in state-controlled industries that continue to dominate the local economy.

In 2014, Ilham Tohti, a Beijing-based economics professor who is considered one of the leading moderate Chinese voices in Xinjiang, was jailed for life for “separatism” and spreading “ethnic hatred.”

Ivan Watson, Matt Rivers and Kevin Liptak from CNN contributed to the reporting.

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Portuguese football player mourns Fernando Chalana | About UEFA



Portuguese football player mourns Fernando Chalana |  About UEFA

Fernando Chalana was one of the most outstanding players in Portuguese football, he represented Benfica for 13 seasons and also played for Bordeaux, Belenenses and Estrela da Amadora. Between 1976 and 1988, he played 27 times for the national team, scoring two goals, saying goodbye to the Quinas shirt in a friendly match between Portugal and Sweden (0-0) on October 12, 1988.

Chalana had an impact on the Portuguese national team that played in the 1984 European Championship final, even finishing in the top 11 of the tournament.

President of the Portuguese Football Federation Fernando Gomes left a message of condolences in connection with the death of Fernando Chalana, which occurred on Wednesday.

“It is with deep sadness that I mourn the death of Fernando Chalana, Portugal player and eternal leader of Benfica.

The “little genius” spread magic and art across the football fields, delighted the fans with his imagination, aroused the admiration of all sports fans and was deservedly elevated to the category of idols.

Chalana was undoubtedly one of the best players in the history of our football and his name made Portugal stand out in the world. I especially remember his performances at the European Championships in 1984. With his disappearance, Portuguese sport and football lost their mythical connection.

Chalana, a respected player on the field and by all football fans, was a man of exceptional qualities.

I leave words of comfort to my family and friends during this difficult time. To Benfica, I express my deepest condolences.”

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Portugal: discrimination against Brazilians is growing – 08/09/2022 – World



Portugal: discrimination against Brazilians is growing - 08/09/2022 - World

“Brazilian citizenship” was the main reason given in discrimination complaints filed in Portugal in 2021, accounting for 26.7% of the total 408 complaints received by the Commission for Equality and Against Racial Discrimination (CICDR).

While overall, the number of complaints of discrimination in the country decreased by 37.7% compared to 2020 (655) and by 6.4% compared to 2019 (436), reports specifically against Brazilians increased. In 2021, 109 complaints were received for this reason, and in 2020 – 96; growth by 13.5%.

The jump is especially pronounced compared to 2017, when there were only 17 registrations. However, in the same year, the total number of discrimination complaints was also much lower, at 179 complaints. The data is part of the country’s latest Annual Report on the State of Racial and Ethnic Equality and Non-Discrimination, released quietly by the Anti-Discrimination Commission on Tuesday (9).

According to the document, the expressions “Gypsy nationality” with 67 complaints (16.4%) and “Black/black/black/black race” with 65 complaints (15.9%) are expressed “with significantly lower values”.

The more general expression “foreigners/foreigners/immigrants in general” comes in fourth place with 18 complaints (4.4% of the total) “corresponding to cases in which the victims felt they were discriminated against for being foreigners, immigrants or non-migrants”. who are Portuguese citizens. , we are not talking about a crime against a specific nationality.

In 2021, legally residing Brazilians made up about 30% of the nearly 700,000 foreigners living in the country, according to data from the SEF (Service for Foreigners and Borders), in 2021 — partial data released by the agency on Tuesday showed that the country’s community continued to grow. .

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In Portugal, depending on the specifics of the case, episodes of ethnic and racial discrimination can be classified as a crime or a so-called misdemeanor, a lesser crime. This is how most registered offenders are classified, resulting in lighter penalties. These episodes are analyzed by the CICDR, which has autonomy and decision-making authority.

“CICDR has the power to make decisions and impose fines [multas] and additional sanctions in the framework of administrative offenses. But such decisions can always be challenged in court. Sometimes yes, sometimes no,” explains Pedro Barosa, Partner at Abreu Advogados. In 2021, the Commission issued only two sentences, one fine and one warning (a kind of public warning).

A survey carried out by the Combat project of the Center for Social Studies (CES) of the University of Coimbra analyzed data on discrimination from 2006 to 2016 and showed that about 80% of cases initiated by the Commission for Equality and Against Racial Discrimination end up being shelved. A guilty verdict was handed down in 7.5% of cases. However, in appeals overturning or contesting these decisions, convictions are reduced to 5.8%.

According to José Falcao, leader of the NGO SOS Racismo, several convictions in Portugal mean that, in practice, crimes of racism in the country go unpunished. “The law does absolutely nothing to combat racial discrimination. This law in its current form is useless,” he says, citing the case of MP Andre Ventura, leader of the far-right Chega party.

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CICDR fined the parliamentarian 3,770 euros (19,700 reais) for comments that were deemed discriminatory against Roma ethnicity on a Facebook page, but Ventura filed an appeal and the court acquitted him.

According to Falcao, the difficulty in exposing cases of discrimination often begins at the police stations, when the police still routinely dissuade complainants.

In an interview with Sheet In July, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ana Catarina Méndez said the Portuguese government was investigating complaints that already pointed to an increase in discrimination, but stressed that the increase was also due to migrants’ greater awareness of the issue. which leads to more complaints.

Psychologist Cynthia de Paula, president of Casa do Brasil in Lisbon, a non-governmental organization that provides assistance to the Brazilian community, also believes that immigrants are becoming more attentive. We have received more messages [de discriminação]but I think a larger denunciation movement has also been created,” he said.

In this sense, in addition to increasing racial debate in some parts, the very characteristics of the new wave of Brazilian migration to Portugal may contribute to a greater willingness to openly discuss complaints of discrimination. This group, which is more active and includes many students, professionals and entrepreneurs, has formed groups and associations and used social media to raise awareness of the issue.

This topic was especially discussed in the country after the great resonance of racist insults made by a Portuguese woman. against the children of Brazilian actors Giovanna Eubank and Bruno Gallasso. The case took place on July 30 in a restaurant in Costa da Caparica, near Lisbon. The woman was arrested but later released by the police.

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The couple’s press service states that the aggressor “asked them to leave the restaurant and return to Africa, among other absurdities pronounced to the children as“ dirty blacks ”. The actors wrote a statement to the police. The Ministry of Industry and Trade confirmed that they had launched an investigation into this case.

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“The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly”



"The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly"

PAulo Fonseca couldn’t have dreamed of a better start to the French Championship, beating Auxerre 4-1.

in an interview provided by the official media of Lillethe Portuguese coach explained what philosophy to apply in the French club this season.

“My philosophy is to have the ball. Dominate games. Make the team play the ball with great dynamics. With a strong reaction when we lose the ball. It’s hard for me when I feel like the team doesn’t have the ball. … be the protagonist of the game and I like to dominate. I have to know what to do with the ball. I have to know how I can find the right moments and spaces to attack,” Paulo Fonseca began.

“Sometimes I pay special attention to central defenders. Not because I was a fantastic player, but because I wasn’t. But I know how they feel at certain moments in the game. Sometimes I pay more attention to some details. went through those moments and those details,” he added.

The coach also named 4-2-3-1 as his preferred tactical system: “It’s a system that we can use against any other system. However, the system is something static only at the beginning of the game. everything is different. It depends on the dynamics of the team. It depends on the movements you want from the team. For me, the initial system is not the most important. More than that, it’s team dynamics.”

When asked what coaches inspired him in his career, Paulo Fonseca pointed to the Portuguese without hesitation.

“Many Portuguese coaches inspire me. I have many names in several fields that inspire me a lot. We have a good coaching school. The federation with this president changed football in Portugal a lot. So many Portuguese coaches around the world. We have the ability to adapt to different countries and different styles of play. I think the Portuguese coach has this ability to quickly adapt to different circumstances,” Paulo Fonseca said, calling Guardiola “an inspiration”. “It’s the best in the world,” he concluded.

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Read also: Lille de Paulo Fonseca starts with everything in the new edition of Ligue 1

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