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Tiananmen Square Massacre: Hong Kong marks the warning for the last time



Ousted General Secretary of the Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, dies at age 73 on April 15, 1989. The next day, thousands of students gather at Tiananmen Square to mourn him -- Hu had become a symbol of reform for the student movement. A week later thousands more marched to Tiananmen Square -- the start of an occupation that would end in a tragic showdown.

“It was a time of hope,” said Lee Cheuk-yan, a veteran activist and former Hong Kong parliament member. At that time, the city was eight years from being handed over from Britain to Chinese control, and there was a feeling that young demonstrators across the border could change China for the better.

“For many Hong Kong citizens, we feel that 1997 really hung in our heads. But young people in China are demanding democracy, and we think if they succeed, that means Hong Kong doesn’t have to live under an authoritarian regime.”

But that hope became hopeless when the People’s Liberation Army crushed the protest on June 4. No official death toll has ever been released, but human rights groups estimate that hundreds, if not thousands, have been killed. The Tiananmen protest and crackdown were removed from history books in China, censored and controlled, organizers were exiled or arrested, and relatives of those who died were closely monitored.

On Monday, police refused permission for a demonstration this year, citing ongoing restrictions on mass gatherings related to the coronavirus pandemic. For many in the democratic opposition, the justification is hollow: organizers say they will work with authorities to ensure a safe rally and social distance, and meanwhile the city’s shopping districts, subways and public parks have been opened for weeks with few issues .

Speaking to reporters after the ban was announced, Lee said police “pressed our guard under the pretext of executing a ban on assembly.”

The decision by the police carries an extra burden because many have been feared this week might be the last chance to freely mark the anniversary. Last month, China announced it would impose ruthless national security laws in Hong Kong, in response to widespread anti-government unrest which often occurred last year.

The law criminalizes separation, incitement and subversion. It also allows Chinese security services to operate in Hong Kong for the first time – which has raised concerns among many in the city that PLA members could be deployed to the streets if protests continue.

The Hong Kong Alliance in Support of the Patriotic Democratic Movement in China, a group founded by Lee that has been organizing the vigil Tiananmen every year since 1990, has warned that it could be banned under the new law, it points to his previous support for activists convicted under similar national security laws in China and the old opposition to the “one-party dictatorship.”
There is good reason to believe that vigilantism will be banned in the future. Last month, CY Leung, a former chief executive of the city and a high member of the advisory body of the Chinese government, predictable as much, while warning in neighboring Macau – which already has a national security law on books – as well has been blocked by the authorities.

Historic moment

Tiananmen has an indelible effect on Hong Kong politics. Demonstrations were held in solidarity with pro-democracy demonstrators ahead of the massacre, and many activists in the city traveled north to offer help and support.

After the crackdown, “Yellow Bird Operation“Helping to smuggle Beijing and other protest organizers at risk of being captured into the city, it is still British territory. Around 500 people were extracted from China, according to the Hong Kong Alliance, including student protest leaders such as Wu’er Kaixi, famously debated by the Chinese Prime Minister. Li Peng was at the peak of the demonstration.
In the years following the crackdown, growing pressure on Britain to do more to protect Hong Kong under the imminent Chinese government, and in 1994 Governor Chris Patten made elections in a fully democratic city parliament for the first time – a a move that was not approved by London and met with anger in Beijing.
The Legislative Council elected the following year is the first and only when parliament has a pro-democracy majority. It was dissolved and replaced by a body appointed by Beijing as soon as Chinese control of the city came into force.

In the eight years after Tiananmen, hundreds of thousands of Hong Kong residents moved abroad, although many returned soon after surrender after a feared crackdown did not proceed and the city enjoyed an economic boom under the new authorities. However, most of those who returned came with foreign passports in their back pockets, ready to flee again if things turned negative.

A renewed exodus may be on the horizon thanks to the new national security law. After the Chinese announcement, the British moved to expand some rights for British (Overseas) National passport holders, of which there are around 300,000 in Hong Kong and up to 3 million residents born in cities before 1997 who are eligible to register. London said that if the law came into force, BNO holders would be given a 12-month stay in the UK, up from 6 months, giving them a potential path to British citizenship.

What happens next?

In the two decades of Chinese rule, Tiananmen’s warning has always been something that distinguishes Hong Kong, a litmus test of whether freedom and urban autonomy are still protected.

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It also served as a kind of incubator for political talent, often being one of the first demonstrations attended by many Hong Kong residents. Many activists, including former Umbrella Movement leaders Nathan Law and Joshua Wong, have talked about the effects of the June 4 warning on their own political revival.

Last year, the city leader, Carrie Lam, pointed for the annual rally as proof that “Hong Kong is a very free society.”

“If there is a public meeting to express their views and feelings on certain historic incidents, we fully respect that view,” he said.

Asked this week about whether the meeting would be banned under the new national security law, Lam said, “We don’t have a draft law at the moment. We can handle it later.”

Hong Kong officials insist that concerns over the law are excessive, and that new violations of incitement, subversion and secession will only apply to a handful of people, even when they admit that they are also largely in the dark over the Beijing plan.

In a statement on law last week, the Hong Kong Alliance warned that it was “like a knife in the neck of all Hong Kong people.”

“Even if it only cuts a little, it threatens the freedom of all 7 million,” the group said. “This is the implementation of rules with fear in Hong Kong.”

For now, they are still opposed to that fear, even when the coronavirus restrictions have thwarted mass demonstration plans. Small meetings will be held throughout the city, and the Alliance has call all citizens to light candles at 8 p.m., holding them outside their windows to recreate a sea of ​​light that has become a common image of the annual flame at Victoria Park.
“Will Hong Kong citizens be able to hold vigils next year? One year is forever in politics, and predictions are dangerous,” writes Chinese scholar Jerome Cohen this week. “However, unless there is an unexpected change in leadership in Beijing, it seems very likely, especially given the forthcoming (national security law), that Hong Kong can follow Macao in surrendering to amnesia that has long been forced on the mainland …”

CNN’s Chermaine Lee contributed reporting.

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Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge



Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge

Writing with Lusa

Tournament of the second European circuit.

Thomas Gouveia solidified his status as the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge this Saturday by finishing the penultimate day of the second European round robin in a group of 31st placed golfers.

Thomas Gouveia hit the card with 73 shots, one over par on the course, after two birdies (one under par hole) and three bogeys (one over), after making 71 shots in the previous two days for a total of 215.

Thomas Bessa needed 75 hits, three over par and tied for scarecrows, he finished 48th with 218 total, five short of Vitor Lopez, 60th with 223, after today needs 78, with just one bird . to fit five scarecrows and a double scarecrow.

The Swiss Challenge, which concludes on Sunday in Folgensburg, France, is still led by France’s Chung Veon Ko with a total of 206 shots, one short of Denmark’s Martin Simonsen in second place.

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Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.



Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.

Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira (KTM) qualified this Saturday in eighth position at the Japanese MotoGP Grand Prix, 16th of 20 races of the season, despite a last-minute crash.

The Portuguese from the Austrian brand set his best lap of 1.55.895 minutes, finishing 0.681 seconds behind fastest Spaniard Marc Marquez (Honda). France’s Johann Zarco (Ducati) was second with 0.208 seconds and South African Brad Binder (KTM) was third with 0.323 seconds.

“I had good speed and potential in the second quarter and on this particular lap. [a última], but I was on the floor in the ninth turn. It was a shame, but I have confidence in tomorrow (Sunday),” commented the Portuguese rider in statements released by the KTM team. “It was difficult to prepare for the race, but we’ll see.” [o que vai acontecer]”- concluded Miguel Oliveira.

The Portuguese left the third row of the grid after falling just three minutes before the end of the session, marred by rain that caused a delay of more than an hour and had already forced the cancellation of the third free game. training session, at night. The fall of the Portuguese rider occurred in the third sector of the track, at a time when his results were improving. When 15 minutes of this second qualifying stage (Q2) ended, Oliveira finished in fourth place.

However, several riders were still halfway to the last lap and the Almada rider ended up being overtaken by Spaniards Jorge Martin (Ducati), Brad Binder and Aprilia Spaniards Aleix Espargaro and Maverick Viñales.

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Pole position was won by Marc Marquez 1,071 days after he was the fastest in qualifying for the MotoGP World Championship, namely the 2019 Japanese Grand Prix.

“I am very pleased with the pole position. This morning I felt very strong on the wet track and decided to give it a try. This is very important for us and for the future. Tomorrow, on a dry surface, everything will be different. history,” said the Spanish rider, who has already become world champion eight times.

The rain that hit the Motegi track became a headache for the riders and the organization, which was forced to interrupt the Moto2 qualifying nine minutes before the end and cancel the third free practice in MotoGP.

Traffic on the track only resumed after more than an hour, and the wet track was the cause of several accidents, including that of a Portuguese KTM rider who slid off the pavement without physical consequences.

Johann Zarco’s Ducati was the fastest today, reaching 302 kilometers per hour, while Oliveira’s KTM lost 30 kilometers per hour in a straight line (the maximum speed achieved by the Portuguese was 270 kilometers per hour). Luca Marini’s Ducati was the slowest, reaching 255.9 kilometers per hour, leaving the Italian in 10th place.

Champion and championship leader Fabio Quartararo (Yamaha) of France finished ninth behind Miguel Oliveira, while World Cup runner-up Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati) of Italy finished 12th and last in the second quarter, bringing together the top 10 fastest in free practice and the top two in the first quarter.

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Already the Italian Enea Bastianini (Ducati), the winner of the previous stage in Aragon, remained in Q1, where he fell without physical consequences.

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Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: “You learn and laugh” | alagoas



Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: "You learn and laugh" |  alagoas

“You learn and you laugh” is how Erivaldo Amancio defines the Portuguese language content he offers online. Born in Arapiraque, Alagoas, he humorously gives advice and answers questions about the Portuguese language.

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Erivaldo has 767k followers on Instagram and over 17.5k followers on YouTube. It all started a year and a half ago when he got scolded in a comment on social media.

Because the swearing contained several grammatical errors, Erivaldo responded by posting a video teaching a “lesson” to the hater.

“It happened more than once. Some of these videos were posted on humorous Instagram profiles. It made me stand out,” he said.

A literature student at the Federal University of Alagoas (Ufal), Erivaldo wants to prepare even more for face-to-face classes when he is near the end of the course. He says the purpose of the profile is to encourage followers to seek out more knowledge.

“Tips on the web are just a seed, the fruit of which can be curiosity about objects,” he explained.

Through social media, Erivaldo responds to his followers’ doubts about the Portuguese language.

Erivaldo’s profile is also in demand by contestants and students preparing for Enem.

“[Os seguidores] it is said to be a very interesting way of learning. Many regret not learning from teachers who use humor in the classroom,” he said.

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