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Tiananmen Square Massacre: Hong Kong marks the warning for the last time

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Ousted General Secretary of the Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, dies at age 73 on April 15, 1989. The next day, thousands of students gather at Tiananmen Square to mourn him -- Hu had become a symbol of reform for the student movement. A week later thousands more marched to Tiananmen Square -- the start of an occupation that would end in a tragic showdown.

“It was a time of hope,” said Lee Cheuk-yan, a veteran activist and former Hong Kong parliament member. At that time, the city was eight years from being handed over from Britain to Chinese control, and there was a feeling that young demonstrators across the border could change China for the better.

“For many Hong Kong citizens, we feel that 1997 really hung in our heads. But young people in China are demanding democracy, and we think if they succeed, that means Hong Kong doesn’t have to live under an authoritarian regime.”

But that hope became hopeless when the People’s Liberation Army crushed the protest on June 4. No official death toll has ever been released, but human rights groups estimate that hundreds, if not thousands, have been killed. The Tiananmen protest and crackdown were removed from history books in China, censored and controlled, organizers were exiled or arrested, and relatives of those who died were closely monitored.

On Monday, police refused permission for a demonstration this year, citing ongoing restrictions on mass gatherings related to the coronavirus pandemic. For many in the democratic opposition, the justification is hollow: organizers say they will work with authorities to ensure a safe rally and social distance, and meanwhile the city’s shopping districts, subways and public parks have been opened for weeks with few issues .

Speaking to reporters after the ban was announced, Lee said police “pressed our guard under the pretext of executing a ban on assembly.”

The decision by the police carries an extra burden because many have been feared this week might be the last chance to freely mark the anniversary. Last month, China announced it would impose ruthless national security laws in Hong Kong, in response to widespread anti-government unrest which often occurred last year.

The law criminalizes separation, incitement and subversion. It also allows Chinese security services to operate in Hong Kong for the first time – which has raised concerns among many in the city that PLA members could be deployed to the streets if protests continue.

The Hong Kong Alliance in Support of the Patriotic Democratic Movement in China, a group founded by Lee that has been organizing the vigil Tiananmen every year since 1990, has warned that it could be banned under the new law, it points to his previous support for activists convicted under similar national security laws in China and the old opposition to the “one-party dictatorship.”
There is good reason to believe that vigilantism will be banned in the future. Last month, CY Leung, a former chief executive of the city and a high member of the advisory body of the Chinese government, predictable as much, while warning in neighboring Macau – which already has a national security law on books – as well has been blocked by the authorities.

Historic moment

Tiananmen has an indelible effect on Hong Kong politics. Demonstrations were held in solidarity with pro-democracy demonstrators ahead of the massacre, and many activists in the city traveled north to offer help and support.

After the crackdown, “Yellow Bird Operation“Helping to smuggle Beijing and other protest organizers at risk of being captured into the city, it is still British territory. Around 500 people were extracted from China, according to the Hong Kong Alliance, including student protest leaders such as Wu’er Kaixi, famously debated by the Chinese Prime Minister. Li Peng was at the peak of the demonstration.
In the years following the crackdown, growing pressure on Britain to do more to protect Hong Kong under the imminent Chinese government, and in 1994 Governor Chris Patten made elections in a fully democratic city parliament for the first time – a a move that was not approved by London and met with anger in Beijing.
The Legislative Council elected the following year is the first and only when parliament has a pro-democracy majority. It was dissolved and replaced by a body appointed by Beijing as soon as Chinese control of the city came into force.

In the eight years after Tiananmen, hundreds of thousands of Hong Kong residents moved abroad, although many returned soon after surrender after a feared crackdown did not proceed and the city enjoyed an economic boom under the new authorities. However, most of those who returned came with foreign passports in their back pockets, ready to flee again if things turned negative.

A renewed exodus may be on the horizon thanks to the new national security law. After the Chinese announcement, the British moved to expand some rights for British (Overseas) National passport holders, of which there are around 300,000 in Hong Kong and up to 3 million residents born in cities before 1997 who are eligible to register. London said that if the law came into force, BNO holders would be given a 12-month stay in the UK, up from 6 months, giving them a potential path to British citizenship.

What happens next?

In the two decades of Chinese rule, Tiananmen’s warning has always been something that distinguishes Hong Kong, a litmus test of whether freedom and urban autonomy are still protected.

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It also served as a kind of incubator for political talent, often being one of the first demonstrations attended by many Hong Kong residents. Many activists, including former Umbrella Movement leaders Nathan Law and Joshua Wong, have talked about the effects of the June 4 warning on their own political revival.

Last year, the city leader, Carrie Lam, pointed for the annual rally as proof that “Hong Kong is a very free society.”

“If there is a public meeting to express their views and feelings on certain historic incidents, we fully respect that view,” he said.

Asked this week about whether the meeting would be banned under the new national security law, Lam said, “We don’t have a draft law at the moment. We can handle it later.”

Hong Kong officials insist that concerns over the law are excessive, and that new violations of incitement, subversion and secession will only apply to a handful of people, even when they admit that they are also largely in the dark over the Beijing plan.

In a statement on law last week, the Hong Kong Alliance warned that it was “like a knife in the neck of all Hong Kong people.”

“Even if it only cuts a little, it threatens the freedom of all 7 million,” the group said. “This is the implementation of rules with fear in Hong Kong.”

For now, they are still opposed to that fear, even when the coronavirus restrictions have thwarted mass demonstration plans. Small meetings will be held throughout the city, and the Alliance has call all citizens to light candles at 8 p.m., holding them outside their windows to recreate a sea of ​​light that has become a common image of the annual flame at Victoria Park.
“Will Hong Kong citizens be able to hold vigils next year? One year is forever in politics, and predictions are dangerous,” writes Chinese scholar Jerome Cohen this week. “However, unless there is an unexpected change in leadership in Beijing, it seems very likely, especially given the forthcoming (national security law), that Hong Kong can follow Macao in surrendering to amnesia that has long been forced on the mainland …”

CNN’s Chermaine Lee contributed reporting.

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Portuguese TV project ‘O Último Lobo’ wins 2 awards in Spain

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Portuguese TV project 'O Último Lobo' wins 2 awards in Spain

“BUT SPi introduced [na Conecta, que decorreu entre terça-feira e hoje em Toledo,] two of his upcoming art projects, “Code 632” and “O Último Lobo”, the latter of which is one of the finalists of the “pitching” session and received the RTVE award, the event’s highest award, which means an agreement between the Spanish public broadcaster RTVE and the ACORDE award” , the Portuguese producer said in a statement released today.

The Last Lobo, an eight-episode co-production between SPi and Caracol Studios and written by Bruno Gascon, is “a crime drama that tells the story of Lobo, one of Europe’s biggest drug dealers.”

“Code 632”, a co-production of RTP and Globoplay, is a six-episode series based on the book “O Code 632” by José Rodrigues dos Santos.

Recording for this series will begin in July and will be split between Lisbon and Rio de Janeiro. According to RTP, in a statement released this week, the book adaptation for the series is being handled by Pedro López and directed by Sergio Graciano.

“Based on authentic historical documents, Codex 632 focuses on a cryptic message found among the papers the old historian left behind in Rio de Janeiro before he died,” recalls RTP.

The cast included Portuguese and Brazilian actors and starred Paulo Pires and Deborah Secco.

SPi, part of the SP Televisão group, produced the Netflix series Gloria and co-produced Auga Seca for HBO Portugal, among others.

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Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira in 16th place after the first free practice in Assen – DNOTICIAS.PT

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Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira in 16th place after the first free practice in Assen – DNOTICIAS.PT

Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira (KTM) finished the first two free practices of the MotoGP Grand Prix in Assen in 16th place.

Oliveira finished the day with a time of 1.34.676 minutes, 1.402 seconds behind the best rider of the day, Italy’s Francesco Banagia (Ducati). Spaniard Aleix Espargaro (April) was second with 0.178 seconds and French champion Fabio Quartararo (Yamaha) was third with 0.305 seconds.

After the first session in the rain, in which the rider from Almada was sixth fastest, the rain stopped before the start of the second session.

The riders started with intermediate tires, but as the track in Assen in the Netherlands, considered the “cathedral” of motorsport, dried up, they installed dry tires (slicks).

Under these conditions, Miguel Oliveira was losing ground in the table, ending the day in 16th place, despite an improvement of about nine seconds from the morning’s record, in rain, in which Australian Jack Miller (Ducati) was the fastest. , fifth in the afternoon.

On Saturday there will be two more free practices and qualifications.

The 10 fastest in the set of the first three sessions go directly to the second stage of qualification (Q2), and the remaining 14 “brawl” in Q1, resulting in the two fastest qualifying to the next stage.

Fabio Quartararo enters this 11th round of the season leading the championship with 172 points, while Miguel Oliveira is in 10th place with 64 points.

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Portuguese MNEs defend that Mercosur is a “natural partner” of the European Union at the moment – Observer

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Portuguese MNEs defend that Mercosur is a "natural partner" of the European Union at the moment - Observer

This Thursday, Portugal’s foreign minister said that at a time when the European Union (EU) seeks to diversify suppliers and markets, MERCOSUR is a natural partner whose importance cannot be “underestimated”.

For Portugal, “the current delicate context makes us appreciate even more the mutual advantages of the Agreement between the EU and MERCOSUR,” João Gomes Cravinho said, without directly referring to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

“At a time when the EU is seeking to diversify suppliers and markets in order to ensure greater strategic autonomy, MERCOSUR is a natural partner, whose importance we cannot underestimate“, the minister added at a conference entitled “Brazil and Portugal: perspectives for the future”, which takes place from Thursday to Friday at the Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon.

The Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) is a South American economic bloc created in 1991, whose founding members are Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.

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But still, within the framework of the European Union, Joao Gomes Cravinho believed that EU strategic partnership with Brazil left ‘untapped’.

The Minister stressed that in the context of the EU, Portugal “always knew how to use its position in favor of strengthening relations with Brazil.”

Therefore, it was during the Portuguese presidency, in 2007, that a “strategic partnership with Brazil” was established, he stressed.

However, according to the head of Portuguese diplomacy, this is “a partnership that has clearly not been used for a variety of reasons and which still retains the ability to position Brazil as Europe’s great interlocutor for South America.”

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With regard to bilateral relations between the two countries, the minister emphasized that “in this context of global turmoil, the wisdom of the central characteristic common to the foreign policy of Brazil and Portugal, which is active participation in many multilateral structures, in recognition of the indispensability of multilateralism, international cooperation and global rules based order.

Portugal meets with Brazil in all areas of Portuguese foreign policy. We are Atlantic, we are Ibero-American and Portuguese-speaking,” he said.

In the Atlantic dimension, “Portugal and Brazil are united by an ocean, which we recognize as growing in importance in the context of new, complex and truly existential issues,” he said.

According to João Gomes Cravinho, “Some of these problems can be answered in the Atlantic Center, co-founded by Portugal and Brazil”, and “the other part of the huge ocean problems will be addressed in detail at the great Summit.” Oceans”, which will be held in Lisbon next week.

“In any of the areas, new prospects are opening up for Portuguese-Brazilian relations,” he stressed.

With regard to Ibero-America, the minister believes that Portugal and Brazil share “an enormous strategic space with the Castilian-speaking countries, where a joint Portuguese-Brazilian reflection is undoubtedly recommended on the potential to exploit opportunities and create synergies”.

“Value of CPLP [Comunidade de Países de Língua Portuguesa] is gaining more and more recognition at the international level – and the evidence of this is the growing number of states that become associate observers” of the organization, he believes.

“Because they want to engage with us and reinforce the value of the linguistic, cultural and historical ties that unify lusophony and create a unique dynamic for relationships with third parties,” he stressed.

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But even at this level, he argued that there was an urgent need to find a “convergence of visions and desires” that “allows us to enhance” our “separate realities.”

The minister also mentioned that “despite the break caused by the pandemic”, Portugal has a “real air bridge” with Brazil, consisting of more than 74 weekly TAP flights, which is a cause and effect of “a dynamic that is being updated and reinvented”. relations between the two countries.

This dynamic, according to Gomes Cravinho, is also reflected in economic and commercial relations.

Thus, “Brazil is the first Latin American export market for Portuguese merchandise and is already the fourth largest merchandise export destination (outside the EU).

“However, the conviction remains that the potential is far from being realized, and that nostalgia for the future entails a vision of a different profile of our exchanges, a technological, creative profile that corresponds to global geo-economic transformations,” he defended. .

At this stage, João Gomes Cravinho also underlined the potential of the port of Sines, “whose strategic importance, which has long been noted, takes on new importance in the troubled times that we are going through.”

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