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South Korea’s unification minister resigns when Korean tensions rise

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South Korea's unification minister resigns when Korean tensions rise

SEOUL, South Korea – South Korean President Moon Jae-in on Friday accepted the resignation of an important person in North Korea, who had asked to stop after North Korea destroyed a liaison office while increasing pressure on Seoul amid a stalled nuclear negotiations with the Trump administration.

Kim Yeon-chul, who was appointed Moon as unification minister in April last year when talks between the Trump and Pyongyang governments began to fall apart, left the job without holding a meeting with North Korea. He said he wanted to resign to take responsibility for the tension between rivals.

North Korea in recent months has completely severed all cooperation with South Korea while expressing frustration at Seoul’s reluctance to break away from Washington’s allies and restart inter-Korean economic projects held by US-led sanctions over its nuclear weapons program .

Kim offered to resign after North Korea in a demonstration made for TV Tuesday using explosives to destroy buildings in the border city of Kaesong. North Korea also said it would cut off all government and military communication channels and abandon the main military agreement reached in 2018 to reduce conventional threats, which experts say increases the risk of small skirmishes in border areas on land and sea.

It was not immediately clear who Moon considered as Kim’s successor. There are calls that Moon must overhaul his foreign policy and national security personnel amid worsening relations with North Korea and Seoul’s fading role as a mediator in nuclear talks between Washington and Pyongyang, which have been shaken by disagreements in the exchange of sanctions and disarmament measures.

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The Moon government has been credited for coordinating diplomatic efforts to defuse the nuclear standoff with North Korea, with its envoys going back and forth between Pyongyang and Washington to help arrange the first meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump in Singapore in June 2018.

But there is criticism that South Korean officials are overly optimistic about the signs they see from Pyongyang and experiencing credibility problems so clearly that Kim has no intention of voluntarily handling nuclear which he might see as a strong guarantee for survival.

While taking provocative steps to South Korea this month, North Korea has also unleashed cruelty to activist-defector who for years flew anti-Pyongyang leaflets across the border condemning Kim’s nuclear ambitions and human rights record.

North Korea, which is sensitive to criticism of its leadership, has mobilized massive demonstrations in recent weeks condemning defectors who have been described by the state media as “human waste.” It has also announced plans to support North Korean civilians from flying anti-South Korean propaganda leaflets in areas near land and sea borders, which experts say could potentially create security problems for South Korea.

Desperate to prevent tensions out of control, South Korea has promised to stop activists and threaten to press charges against two North Korean-born brothers who for years have led campaigns to drop leaflets on the border and float bottles of rice into North Korea. By sea.

But both Park Sang-hak and Park Jong-oh have promised to continue their campaign despite warnings and accuse Seoul of giving up on the North Korean threat.

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“The (South Korean) government will coordinate closely with the police and local authorities to strengthen response and security at the site,” to prevent the border campaign, Unification Ministry spokesman Cho Hye-sil said on Friday.

Although Seoul sometimes sends police officers to block activists from silence during sensitive times, Seoul has previously rejected North Korea’s call to completely ban them, saying that they use free speech.

Experts say North Korea can use the activities of defectors as an excuse to increase pressure to the South because they seek to build internal unity and divert public attention from the bleak diplomatic and economic failures that may worsen under the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Language policy in party election programs

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Language policy in party election programs

Opening the last week of the election campaign and having voted in advance, I decided to share the results of my reading of the electoral programs (or similar) of the main parties in relation to official languages ​​(Portuguese) and with official recognition (Portuguese Sign Language, LGP and Mirandese). I limited the analysis (but not the reading) to the four most voted parties in 2019: PS, PSD, BE, and PCP; I used “língua”, “português”, “gestual portuguesa” (LGP), “mirandês” and their synonyms as search expressions. The goal is to understand the importance that each side attaches to language(s) and language policy.

PCP Presents Electoral Commitmentwhere it shapes the 2022 elections and resumes Election program for 2019, of 114 pages. In this “language” appears five times, twice in support of “learning [gratuito] Portuguese as mother tongue among expatriate communities” and three in “Valuing the Portuguese language and culture”. LGP and Mirandese do not occur. The documents use the spelling standard of 1945 (as well as CDS-PP Electoral Commitment, 14 pages).

Not Election program 2022-2026, from the British Empire, on 203 pages, “language” occurs six times, which is associated with increased teaching and access to LGP, with immigrant communities (Portuguese and native languages, in bilingual education) and once with reference to the free teaching of Portuguese for second generation immigrants.

OUR Electoral program 2022 PSD, 165 pages, never mentioned Mirandese or LGP; the Portuguese language is mentioned seven times, and the document contains a theme called “Language”, which proclaims: “Portuguese is an expression of our collective identity and of Portugal’s presence on a global scale, as well as differences in the use of the Portuguese language. don’t impoverish it (…) The attempt at orthographic standardization offered no advantage in the face of a globalized world, so PSD advocates assessing the real impact of the new [??!!] spelling convention” [sic] (CDS-PP is strongly in favor of abolishing it, and I would like to see some of the studies evaluating its impact.) In another paragraph, starting with the words “Portugal can never neglect lusophony”. [sic], advocates “concrete efforts (…) to raise the status of Portuguese to an official language of the United Nations” (only PSD uses the term “lusophonia”). The remaining references refer to basic education and immigrant communities, as well as to Portuguese-speaking African countries.

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Not PS campaign program, 122 pages of compact text, the search expression “language” occurs 26 times. There is talk of LGP dissemination and interpretation in government services; “Mirandes” is not found. The role of the Portuguese language in establishing Portugal in the world is clearly appreciated through its internationalization in the context of strengthening the CPLP, namely in connection with the International Portuguese Language Institute, relations with UNESCO and OEI. , under the control of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Culture. The teaching of Portuguese as a native and non-native language (for emigrants and immigrants) is carried out at all levels of education. The text contains several concrete proposals for action.

Of course, much more can be said, and reading this text is not intended to devalue (rather, promote) the reading of election programs. The choice is up to everyone. Voting is free and voting is an act of citizenship.

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The Portuguese government plans to double spending on research and development

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The Portuguese government plans to double spending on research and development

The leaders want national R&D spending to be 3% of GDP by 2030.

The Portuguese government has agreed to nearly double the country’s spending on research and development by 2030, the EU’s long-term goal of 3% of GDP.

The December 29 resolution called for government spending on R&D to reach 1% of GDP by 2030, with the remaining 2% added to private spending.

In 2020, public and private spending on R&D was 0.66% and 0.96% of GDP, respectively, which means that public spending will more than halve and private spending will double.

With rising costs, the government has promised reforms and modernization of the R&D sector in Portugal. He said the resolution would support the promotion of a culture of innovation and science and help stimulate the restructuring of the knowledge-based economy.

Last year, Government says Portugal’s spending on research and development has increased five years in a row, reaching a record 3.3.2 billion by 2020. He said the growth was mainly driven by the business sector.

The EU as a whole has set a goal of spending 3% of its GDP on research and development, but for decades it has struggled for more than 2% to cover real costs. By 2020, R&D spending has decreased by $1 billion., but it increased to 2.3% of GDP as the economy contracted due to the government-19 epidemic.

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Former Portugal international Lima Pereira dies at 69

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Former Portugal international Lima Pereira dies at 69

Lima Pereira, the Portuguese international who distinguished himself in the 1980s with Porto, died this Saturday at the age of 69 after a long illness.

At one time he was one of the best Portuguese players in the central defender position. António José Lima Pereira was born in Povoa de Varzim on February 1, 1952. He graduated from Varzim and played there in the early years of his senior career. In 1978 he moved to Porto and his journey was very successful. His name is associated with some of the most brilliant moments in the history of the dragon emblem, such as winning the European Cup and Intercontinental Cup in 1987 and the European Super Cup in 1988. In 11 seasons (265 games), he also won 4 championships. , three national Supercups and 2 Portuguese Cups. He ended his career with Maya in 1991. “I knew how to exemplify the values ​​of Porto,” Pinto da Costa wrote in a social media post.

Lima Pereira, who represented the national team 20 times, suffered a stroke in 2006.

testimony
Jorge Amaral, former Porto player
“He personified the spirit of Porto and the North. He was a friend of his friends and had an enviable sense of humor. A loss he regrets.”

Octavio Machado, former player and coach of FC Porto
“A champion who celebrated all who had the honor of living with him. We already miss him.”

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