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Social alignment and masks reduce the risk of getting Covid-19, the main review findings

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Are these social distancing methods safe?

“The most comprehensive study to date” found that physical distance and perhaps the use of masks are the two best ways to prevent transmission of the new corona virus.

The new study, published in the Lancet medical journal Monday, found people should stay at least three feet apart and more if possible.

The review of various published studies, paid for by the World Health Organization, has three main findings:

The researchers looked at 172 observational studies in 16 countries and six continents, including studies in health care and community settings. They do not see randomized controlled trials, considered the gold standard but it is almost impossible to apply to study transmission of infections in people.

Researchers at universities around the world analyzed studies of the Covid-19 outbreak, the acute SARS virus and the Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome virus (MERS), which came from the same virus family.

While most countries in the world have instituted simple steps like this to reduce the spread of Covid-19, the scientific evidence behind them is not always clear and, in the case of masks, sometimes contradictory.
However, all experts agree on the importance of washing hands with soap thoroughly and regularly.

‘A big step forward’

The review results support a physical distance policy of at least 1 meter (3.3 feet) and, if feasible, 2 meters (6.6 feet) or more, the researchers said. The information can also be used to inform models that predict the spread of disease and help with contact tracking schemes, the research team, led by Holger Schünemann of McMaster University in Canada, added.

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Trish Greenhalgh, professor of Primary Care Health Services at Oxford University who was not involved in the study, said that while all of these results were subject to uncertainty, the extraordinary message was that physical measures were effective in preventing Covid-19.

How to train yourself not to touch your face

“This is a big step forward in our knowledge, because the previous meta-analysis is mainly based on the prevention of influenza and other diseases, which do not behave the same as the Covid-19 virus,” he told the Science Media Center in London.

“In all three questions, the evidence seems to support the steps. For example, on average, staying 1 meter from someone else seems to reduce your chance of capturing Covid-19 by 80%. Wearing a mask or facepiece seems to reduce your risk by 85%. And wearing glasses or face shields seems to reduce the risk by 78%. “

Current WHO guidelines said that healthy people only need to wear masks if they care for people with Covid-19. In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend face coverings to protect others in places where social distance cannot be maintained but says the general public does not need to wear surgical masks or masks with respirators.
All your questions about how to wear a face mask - are answered

Pull Jašarević, a WHO spokesman, said the international health agency was in the process of updating its advice on wearing masks, with changes likely to be announced this week.

That change “tends to touch the best material that you can make yourself mask, based on the latest data from the US, “he told CNN via email.

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“WHO has maintained its focus on the use of masks where there is evidence that they can limit transmission, such as in health care settings. In fact, new guidelines can expand their use in these settings,” he added.

The next step for government leaders

The key question now is how the government and society should interpret this result, said Linda Bauld, a professor of public health at the University of Edinburgh.

“The first and perhaps most useful finding is the problem of physical distance. There are many complaints that guidance in the UK at 2 meters is excessive because it is more than in other countries,” he told the Science Media Center.

The psychology behind why some people won't wear masks

“But this review supports it. Maintaining this distance is likely to reduce risk compared to 1 meter. Thus, if possible, this is the distance retailers and employers should use because more places and workplaces are reopened in the future.”

Bauld added that while the certainty of evidence was low on face masks, making it more difficult for the government to make this mandatory, reviews added to the evidence that leaders must ask the public to wear face masks on public transportation, in shops and other indoor spaces even when physical distance occurs, he said.

For healthcare workers, this study found that N95 masks and other respirator-type masks might provide greater protection from virus transmission compared with surgical masks or cotton masks or multiple layers of gauze.

However, the review did not see the effect of wearing masks to protect others, said Greenhalgh of Oxford. He said the general public must wear standard cloth masks or surgical masks, leaving respirator masks for health care workers.

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Even when used and combined correctly, long distance, masks and eye protection do not offer complete protection, this research emphasizes, and basic steps such as hand washing are very important to reduce transmission.

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5-star hotels lead the way in the restoration of Portuguese tourist sites

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5-star hotels lead the way in the restoration of Portuguese tourist sites

In October, the number of overnight stays in 5-star hotels increased by 15.9% compared to the same month in 2019, which, according to additional information, namely from the DMC (Tourist Inception Agency), is associated with a strong increase in tourism from the United States. states.

Information published today by INE indicates that in October, compared to the same month before the pandemic, the number of overnight stays in tourist establishments in Portugal increased by 6.2%, with the strongest increase in hotels, at 8.2%. in which, therefore, 62.1% is concentrated. overnight stays.

The information shows that 4-star hotels, where the largest number of beds are concentrated, had 48.9% of overnight stays in October, totaling 2.05 million, which is +7.6% or more than 144.7 thousand than in October 2019.

This was followed by 3-star hotels with 927.3k, but this increase was about half of 5-star hotels, by 7.6% or 65.5k, to 927.3k, and then 5-star hotels with 857. 4 thousand overnight stays, an increase of 15.9%. or 117.6 thousand compared to the same pre-pandemic month.

In contrast to the evolution in these categories, there were 2- and 1-star hotels, in which the number of overnight stays decreased by 2.7%, or ten thousand, to 360.8 thousand.

The cheapest apart-hotels (three and two stars) also saw a decrease in overnight stays, from -20.9% or less than 24.4 thousand, in hotels and farms in Madeira, from -0.4% or less, to about 300, and in tourist settlements, from -7.7. % or less than 17.5 thousand.

At the same time, the number of apart-hotels increased by 1.2%, or 8.5 thousand, to 717.5 million, due to the increase in 5-star hotels by 6.7%, or 6.6 thousand, to 104.9 thousand, and 4-star, by 5.4 thousand% or 26.4 thousand to 519.9 thousand.

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Overnight stays in tourist apartments also increased by 3.2%, or 13.6 thousand, to 437.8 million, local accommodation, by 0.6%, or 5.5 thousand, to 901.2 thousand, and , primarily tourism in rural areas and housing, with an increase of 45.2% or 67.3 thousand to 216.5 thousand people.

The INE data also shows that Portuguese tourist sites were the best in October in terms of overnight stays this year, with peaks achieved by 5-, 4- and 3-star hotels, 5- and 4-star apartment hotels, accommodation . and rural tourism and housing development.

See also:

The US market is already setting new annual records in Portuguese hotels

The Portuguese hospitality industry experienced the best October in terms of number of guests and overnight stays.

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Government approves strategy to combat “Portuguese underrepresentation” in Brussels

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Government approves strategy to combat "Portuguese underrepresentation" in Brussels

This afternoon the Council of Ministers will approve a national strategy to combat what it considers “underrepresentation de Portugal” in European institutions, in particular the European Commission.

“There is a significant shortage of Portuguese, especially those working for the Commission,” explains the Secretary of State for European Affairs in statements to Renaissance🇧🇷 The problem, according to Thiago Antunes, is not limited to middle management: “This is the first time Portugal does not have a CEO in the European Commission”.

The government wants to “correct this imbalance and fight this deficit in order to win.”ability to influence in decisions.” But it is not possible to increase the number of vacancies for the Portuguese, if only because there are no national quotas for employees working in institutions.

To go to Brussels or even work in Portugal on a full-time basis, you need to pass a series of tests prepared by EPSO (European Personnel Selection Office). 🇧🇷These are very difficult competitions.with very concrete evidence,” the official explains.

The strategy will be based on several pillars: training, increasing grants and encouraging the mobility of civil servants. The Portuguese government is going to create a national training center to “better prepare our candidates for competitions”; to bet on “dissemination of opportunities; increase the balls (by quantity and value); and create a statute that allows those who work in the public administration of Portugal to move into the European public administration.

The aim is to achieve “greater representation” in the European Commission in order to have “greater influence” on the decision. Although the strategy is to strengthen the Portuguese presence in Brussels and the employees do not work for Portugal.it doesn’t matter that they are portuguese“, he defends.

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Fruits may not appear early or may not even be measurable. “It will take some time until we see results,” admits the former secretary of state to the prime minister. But the wait does not stop the Portuguese government. “We have to start right now,” Thiago Antunes insists, pointing to the demographic problem among those working in Brussels. “There are a lot of Portuguese who came in at the time of our accession and are now retiring.”

The strategy aims to reverse the cycle of loss of Portuguese representation among the 27. The diploma will be approved this Wednesday in the Council of Ministers.

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“His manager is Portuguese and…”; The agent changes plans, and Luis Castro “arranges” the problem in the protection of “Botafogo”

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"His manager is Portuguese and...";  The agent changes plans, and Luis Castro "arranges" the problem in the protection of "Botafogo"

Botafogo

The defender must return from loan ahead of schedule, and the Glorioso coach will have to make a decision at the beginning of the preseason.

Photo: Jorge Rodriguez/AGIF.  First, Luis Castro does not have Diego Loureiro for 2023.
Photo: Jorge Rodriguez/AGIF. First, Luis Castro does not have Diego Loureiro for 2023.

With the end of the season Botafogo its reformulation is already underway with the participation of Luis Castro. Names like Carlinhos, for example, have already left General Severiano, but there is a tendency for the “purge” to continue a little longer. Especially with the return of borrowed athletes during the year.

goalkeeper case Diego Loureiro, who played on loan at Atlético GO, promoted to Serie B. Curiously, the Botafogo archer has a contract at Goiania until the end of 2023, but Dragao president Adson Batista is pessimistic about the player’s consistency.

“Diego Loureiro is a bit off because he still has a contract with Botafogo, his manager is Portuguese and he has a different vision.” said the director in an interview with radio Sagres from the capital of Goiás.

The goalkeeper played only two games for Atlético-GO, who were betting on Renan in the starting lineup. If he returns to Rio, Loureiro will likely see high competition in the black and white net as Luis Castro now has alternatives to Gatito Fernandes and Lucas Perry.

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