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North Korea no longer talks with South Korea. Experts say it can try to make a crisis

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How Kim Jong Un came into power

North Korean state media said several hotlines would be closed, including military-to-military calls and other channels intended to directly connect its leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in on short notice. These lines are considered important because they can help prevent unintentional military confrontations caused by misinterpretations or miscalculating the actions or intentions of others.

Choi Hyun-soo, a spokesman for the South Korean Ministry of Defense, said North Korea did not answer phone calls on military channels Tuesday morning for the first time since it was founded in 2018. Calls to the joint liaison office hotline, which North Korea said were closed Friday, were also not answered.

“The inter-Korean communication channel must be maintained in accordance with the agreement because it is the basic means of communication,” the Unification Ministry, the South Korean government body that handles all matters of North Korea, said in a statement.

“The government will continue to work towards peace and prosperity of the Korean Peninsula while complying with the inter-Korean agreement.”

Pyongyang said it gave Seoul a cold shoulder because North Korean defectors in South Korea flew balloons to their homes carrying leaflets and SD cards, perhaps with information about the outside world. It is illegal for most North Koreans to consume information that is not approved by the country’s powerful propaganda machine, and that can have dire consequences.

Experts believe that the Kim regime used the issue of leaflets to create a crisis – a tactic in the North Korean international relations manual which is often used to create a feeling of urgency in novice negotiations.

Pyongyang claims the balloons, which were sent by private groups, violated the agreement reached at the April 2018 summit, where both parties agreed to stop “all hostile acts and eliminate their means, including broadcasting through loudspeakers and distribution of leaflets” in along the balloon. shared border. Several communication lines that were closed on Tuesday were established or rebuilt as part of the same agreement.

“We will never barter our highest leadership dignity for anything, but defend it at the expense of our lives,” said a statement published Tuesday at the North Korean government-run KCNA news outlet. “There is no need to sit face to face with the South Korean authorities and there is no problem to discuss with them, because they only arouse our disappointment.”

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The statement also said Tuesday’s move was “the first step of determination to completely close all means of contact with South Korea and get rid of unnecessary things.”

Kim Yo Jong, Kim Jong Un’s sister and one of the most powerful officials in the country, seems to have played a major role in North Korea’s decision to cut off communication with South Korea.

He and Kim Yong Chol, who were partners with Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo in talks with the United States, were both named in Tuesday’s announcement. KCNA also brought Kim Yo Jong’s work on Friday which called the defectors “shepherd dogs” and threatened South Korea, suggesting “now is the time to bring the owner to account.”

Fighters for an independent North Korea, a non-governmental organization that claims to send balloons, said they sent 500,000 leaflets, 2,000 $ 1 bills, and 1,000 SD cards across the border. The group did not say what was on the memory card, but in the past they had South and West Korean films and television shows.

The group posted pictures on its website showing several balloons, including those carrying posters bearing caricatures of Kim Jong Un and the words: “While people are starving, what is the use of nuclear rockets, chemical biological weapons and political prison camps? Let’s end it Kim Jong-un’s dictatorship from generation to generation! “

The Chief Warrior for the Free North Korean group, Park Sang-hak, is a well-known defector. In 2012, North Korean agents tried to kill him with a poison needle shaped like a pen.

Political tactics

Kim’s family is treated with almost godlike respect in North Korean state media, and insulting one of them can carry harsh punishments. But the decision to escalate hostilities could be a political tactic intended to start inter-Korean talks, which are basically stuck in neutral conditions for months.

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“Inter-Korean communication is essentially dead and dysfunctional, but Pyongyang is trying to make the broken line into a much bigger deal than it really is,” said Duyeon Kim, senior adviser at the International Crisis Group specializing in Northeast Asian affairs and nuclear policy .

The first inter-Korean hotline was established in 1971, according to the Unification Ministry. Since then North Korea has cut off inter-Korean communication at least five times.

“This situation is not ideal, but the two Koreas are accustomed to the period of the dialogue channel being cut off,” said Duyeon Kim.

Talks to achieve some of the main objectives set at the April 2018 summit, including ending the Korean War and rebuilding inter-Korean economic projects, have so far failed to progress.

An important point that emerged was the sanctions imposed on North Korea by the UN Security Council and the United States. Pyongyang is in dire need of hard currency, but sanctions prohibit the country from selling most valuable items or engaging in profitable joint projects with South Korea.

Andrei Lankov, an expert in North Korean affairs at Kookmin University in Seoul, said Moon could not do anything that violates sanctions for fear of alienating the United States, allies of the South Korean treaty, or President Donald Trump – who made it clear he did not want to pay the alliance old at the same price as its predecessor.

North Korea is now trying to steer South Korea into a corner while maintaining the United States, hoping that a sense of urgency in Seoul will encourage the Moon to work together on Kim Jong Un’s requirements.

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North Korea “does not want the Moon Jae government to feel comfortable. They want to create a measurable crisis, a controlled crisis,” Lankov said. “North Korea needs a crisis in relations with South Korea, but of a kind that will not be directly attractive in the United States.

The problem, however, is that Moon is riding the highest politics after doing better than expected in legislative elections earlier this year. And its constituents don’t really care about the escalation cycle with North Korea – this is something South Koreans are used to doing. Deciding on communication is likely to fail to register as a major problem in South Korea, where the economy and the new coronavirus pandemic are the most pressing problems at the moment.

Lankov said North Korea’s efforts to create a sense of crisis in South Korea were “very unsuccessful.”

“However, that is not necessarily a good sign,” he said. “The lack of response is likely to mean North Korea is starting to increase its volume, increasing the intensity of provocation.”

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Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge

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Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge

Writing with Lusa

Tournament of the second European circuit.

Thomas Gouveia solidified his status as the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge this Saturday by finishing the penultimate day of the second European round robin in a group of 31st placed golfers.

Thomas Gouveia hit the card with 73 shots, one over par on the course, after two birdies (one under par hole) and three bogeys (one over), after making 71 shots in the previous two days for a total of 215.

Thomas Bessa needed 75 hits, three over par and tied for scarecrows, he finished 48th with 218 total, five short of Vitor Lopez, 60th with 223, after today needs 78, with just one bird . to fit five scarecrows and a double scarecrow.

The Swiss Challenge, which concludes on Sunday in Folgensburg, France, is still led by France’s Chung Veon Ko with a total of 206 shots, one short of Denmark’s Martin Simonsen in second place.

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Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.

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Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.

Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira (KTM) qualified this Saturday in eighth position at the Japanese MotoGP Grand Prix, 16th of 20 races of the season, despite a last-minute crash.

The Portuguese from the Austrian brand set his best lap of 1.55.895 minutes, finishing 0.681 seconds behind fastest Spaniard Marc Marquez (Honda). France’s Johann Zarco (Ducati) was second with 0.208 seconds and South African Brad Binder (KTM) was third with 0.323 seconds.

“I had good speed and potential in the second quarter and on this particular lap. [a última], but I was on the floor in the ninth turn. It was a shame, but I have confidence in tomorrow (Sunday),” commented the Portuguese rider in statements released by the KTM team. “It was difficult to prepare for the race, but we’ll see.” [o que vai acontecer]”- concluded Miguel Oliveira.

The Portuguese left the third row of the grid after falling just three minutes before the end of the session, marred by rain that caused a delay of more than an hour and had already forced the cancellation of the third free game. training session, at night. The fall of the Portuguese rider occurred in the third sector of the track, at a time when his results were improving. When 15 minutes of this second qualifying stage (Q2) ended, Oliveira finished in fourth place.

However, several riders were still halfway to the last lap and the Almada rider ended up being overtaken by Spaniards Jorge Martin (Ducati), Brad Binder and Aprilia Spaniards Aleix Espargaro and Maverick Viñales.

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Pole position was won by Marc Marquez 1,071 days after he was the fastest in qualifying for the MotoGP World Championship, namely the 2019 Japanese Grand Prix.

“I am very pleased with the pole position. This morning I felt very strong on the wet track and decided to give it a try. This is very important for us and for the future. Tomorrow, on a dry surface, everything will be different. history,” said the Spanish rider, who has already become world champion eight times.

The rain that hit the Motegi track became a headache for the riders and the organization, which was forced to interrupt the Moto2 qualifying nine minutes before the end and cancel the third free practice in MotoGP.

Traffic on the track only resumed after more than an hour, and the wet track was the cause of several accidents, including that of a Portuguese KTM rider who slid off the pavement without physical consequences.

Johann Zarco’s Ducati was the fastest today, reaching 302 kilometers per hour, while Oliveira’s KTM lost 30 kilometers per hour in a straight line (the maximum speed achieved by the Portuguese was 270 kilometers per hour). Luca Marini’s Ducati was the slowest, reaching 255.9 kilometers per hour, leaving the Italian in 10th place.

Champion and championship leader Fabio Quartararo (Yamaha) of France finished ninth behind Miguel Oliveira, while World Cup runner-up Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati) of Italy finished 12th and last in the second quarter, bringing together the top 10 fastest in free practice and the top two in the first quarter.

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Already the Italian Enea Bastianini (Ducati), the winner of the previous stage in Aragon, remained in Q1, where he fell without physical consequences.

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Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: “You learn and laugh” | alagoas

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Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: "You learn and laugh" |  alagoas

“You learn and you laugh” is how Erivaldo Amancio defines the Portuguese language content he offers online. Born in Arapiraque, Alagoas, he humorously gives advice and answers questions about the Portuguese language.

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Erivaldo has 767k followers on Instagram and over 17.5k followers on YouTube. It all started a year and a half ago when he got scolded in a comment on social media.

Because the swearing contained several grammatical errors, Erivaldo responded by posting a video teaching a “lesson” to the hater.

“It happened more than once. Some of these videos were posted on humorous Instagram profiles. It made me stand out,” he said.

A literature student at the Federal University of Alagoas (Ufal), Erivaldo wants to prepare even more for face-to-face classes when he is near the end of the course. He says the purpose of the profile is to encourage followers to seek out more knowledge.

“Tips on the web are just a seed, the fruit of which can be curiosity about objects,” he explained.

Through social media, Erivaldo responds to his followers’ doubts about the Portuguese language.

Erivaldo’s profile is also in demand by contestants and students preparing for Enem.

“[Os seguidores] it is said to be a very interesting way of learning. Many regret not learning from teachers who use humor in the classroom,” he said.

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