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Negative thinking is associated with dementia later in life, the study found



As research into our mysterious gray matter continues to explode, scientists are getting ever closer to understanding what creates a calm, contented and happy brain. Answer these eight questions to see whether your brain is wired to be happy or if you might need to practice positivity.

A new study found that repeated negative thoughts in life are then associated with cognitive decline and a greater deposit of the two harmful proteins responsible for Alzheimer’s disease.

“We propose that repeated negative thinking can be a new risk factor for dementia,” lead author Dr Natalie Marchant, a psychiatrist and senior researcher in the department of mental health at University College London, said in a statement.

Negative thinking behaviors such as contemplation about the past and concerns about the future are measured in more than 350 people over the age of 55 over a two-year period. About one third of the participants also underwent PET (positron emission tomography) brain scans to measure deposits of tau and beta amyloid, two proteins that cause Alzheimer’s disease, the most common type of dementia.

Scans show that people who spend more time thinking negatively have more accumulation of tau and amyloid beta, worse memory and greater cognitive decline over a four-year period compared to non-pessimistic people.

The study also tested levels of anxiety and depression and found greater cognitive decline in depressed and anxious people, which echoes previous research.

But tau and amyloid deposits do not increase in people who are already depressed and anxious, leading researchers who suspect negative thoughts repeatedly may be the main reason why depression and anxiety contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.

“Taken together with other studies, which link depression and anxiety with the risk of dementia, we hope that long-term chronic negative thinking can increase the risk of dementia,” Marchant said.

“This is the first study to show a biological link between repetitive negative thinking and the pathology of Alzheimer’s, and give doctors more appropriate ways to assess risk and offer more personal interventions,” said neurologist Dr. Richard Isaacson, founder of the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at NYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medical Center, were not involved in this study.

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“Many people at risk are unaware of the specific negative effects of anxiety and direct reflection on the brain,” said Isaacson, who is also a trustee of the McKnight Brain Research Foundation, which funds research to better understand and reduce age-related cognitive decline. .

“This study is important and will change the way I treat my patients who are at risk.”

More study is needed

“It is important to point out that this does not say a short-term negative thinking period will cause Alzheimer’s disease,” said Fiona Carragher, who is chief of policy and research officer at the Alzheimer’s Society in London. “We need further investigation to understand this better.”

“Most people in this study have been identified as having a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, so we need to see whether these results resonate in the general population,” he said, “and if repeated negative thinking increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease itself.”

The researchers suggest that mental training practices such as meditation can help promote positive thinking while reducing negative thoughts, and they plan future studies to be tested their hypothesis.

“Our thoughts can have a biological impact on our physical health, which may be positive or negative,” said co-author Dr. Gael Chételat from Inserm / Université de Caen-Normandie.

“Maintaining your mental health is important, and it must be a major public health priority, because it is not only important for public health and well-being in the short term, but can also have an impact on your risk of dementia,” Chételat said. .

Look on the bright side

Previous research supports their hypothesis. People who view life from a positive perspective have a better chance of avoiding death from any type of cardiovascular risk than a pessimistic person, according to a 2019 study. The fact is, the more positive a person is, the greater the protection from heart attacks, strokes and causes of death .
5 natural ways to improve mental health during times of stress
It’s not only your heart that is protected by positive outlook. Previous research has found a direct relationship between optimism and other positive health attributes, such as healthy diet and exercise behavior, A stronger immune system and better lung function, among others.
That’s probably because optimists tend to have better health habits, said cardiologist Dr. Alan Rozanski, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine on Mount Sinai, who studies the health effects of optimism. They are more likely to exercise, have a better diet and tends to smoke.

“Optimists also tend to have better coping skills and are better problem solvers,” Rozanski told CNN in an earlier interview. “They are better at what we call proactive handling, or anticipating problems and then proactively taking steps to fix them.”

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Practice to be an optimist

You can find out where you stand on a half-full or blank concept glass by answering a series of statementss called “life orientation test.”

Daily meditation can slow down aging in your brain, says the study

This test includes statements such as, “I believe in the idea that ‘every cloud has a silver line,'” and, “If something is wrong for me, it will happen.” You judge statements on a scale from strongly agree to strongly disagree, and the results can be added to determine your level of optimism or pessimism.

Previous research has shown that it is possible to “train the brain” to be more optimistic, such as muscle training. Using a direct measure of brain function and structure, one study found it only took 30 minutes a day of meditation practice for two weeks to produce measurable changes in the brain.
One of the most effective ways to increase optimism, according to a meta-analysis of existing studies, called the “Best Likely Best” method, where you imagine or keep a journal of yourself in the future where you have achieved all your life goals and all your problems have been resolved.

Another technique is to practice gratitude. Just taking a few minutes each day to write down what makes you grateful can improve your outlook on life. And while you’re in it, make a list of the positive experiences you had that day, which can also increase your optimism.

“And finally, we know that cognitive behavioral therapy is a very effective treatment for depression; pessimism is heading toward depression,” Rozanski said.

“You can apply the same principles as we do for depression, like reframe. You teach there are alternative ways to think or reframe negative thoughts, and you can make great progress with such pessimism.”

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In the last round of Portugal x Morocco was the decisive Cristiano Ronaldo and the Portuguese a la Gordon Banks.



In the last round of Portugal x Morocco was the decisive Cristiano Ronaldo and the Portuguese a la Gordon Banks.

Portugal and Morocco met in the group stage of the 2018 World Cup, and the Europeans won 1-0.

Portugal and Morocco will meet this Saturday (10) in the quarterfinals world Cup from Qatar. The last meeting between the two teams was in 2018, in the group stage of the World Cup held in Russia, and the Portuguese had the star of Cristiano Ronaldo and a brilliant performance by Rui Patricio to win the confrontation 1-0.

CR7 scored Portugal’s winning goal against Morocco in 2018 (Photo: FADEL SENNA/AFP)

Photo: Lance!

After scoring a hat-trick on his debut against Spain in 2018, CR7 went on a good phase and took four minutes to put the Portuguese team ahead against Atlas Lions. Four years later, the script changed for the Portuguese star, who was no longer unanimous in Portugal and lost the title to Gonçal Ramos, who scored a hat-trick against Switzerland.

Another notable figure for Portugal against Morocco in 2018 was goalkeeper Rui Patricio. The Africans dominated the match and had 15 submissions. In the 12th minute of the first half, the goalkeeper saved a header from Belanda in a move similar to Gordon Banks’ “save of the century” against Pelé in the 1970 World Cup.

In Qatar, Rui Patricio came on as a substitute and “passed the baton” to Diogo Costa, the 23-year-old who failed his debut but was an important figure in the Portuguese team’s campaign in the competition.

Frenchman Hervé Renard managed Morocco in Russia, a sensational manager in Qatar who managed to get Saudi Arabia to beat Argentina with one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history.

The winner of Portugal and Morocco will play either France or England in the semi-finals of the World Cup. The Portuguese have not been in the top four teams since the 2006 World Cup in Germany. On the other hand, the Atlas Lions want to be the first African team to reach the semi-finals of the Cup.

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Portuguese government to allocate 30 million euros to help Ukrainian refugees in Poland – Cidade Hoje



Portuguese government to allocate 30 million euros to help Ukrainian refugees in Poland – Cidade Hoje

The City Council of Santo Tirso today returned to Desportivo das Aves the Portuguese Football Cup trophy won in the 2017/2018 season, which the municipality bought at an auction two months ago for 30,000 euros.

“This was an injustice that our own justice wanted to bring up for discussion, but it needs to be reconsidered. It is disgusting that there are legal aspects that prevent the title from passing into the hands of others when it has been very well won on the field. The city council did only what it was responsible for, which is to keep the heritage of the population, the club and the land in the right place, ”Mayor Alberto Costa repeated to reporters.

The handover of the scepter took place on the full lawn of the CD Aves stadium, in Vila das Aves, between the winning reception of Desportivo das Aves 1930 in favor of Rio de Moinhos (3-1), in the 13th round of the 4th Series of the Football Association Division of Honor Porto.

Conquered on 20 May 2018 by beating Sporting CP in the final of the Queen’s competition (2-1) at the Estadio Nacional in Oeiras, the trophy was laid in the context of northern South Africa’s insolvency, having been put up for public auction from August to October.

A “double” by Alexandre Guedes against a goal from Colombian Fredy Montero “sealed” the unprecedented success of “Avences”, then managed by José Mota, just five days after the invasion of the Accademia de Alcochete, where supporters attacked several “Leonin players”.

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“The City Council of Santo Tirso did this out of respect for those who were on the field, after a week when it seemed that Desportivo das Aves did not exist. I returned to what I did in good conscience as mayor. We took care of the formal aspects so that what happened would not happen again, ”admitted Alberto Costa.

The ceremony was attended by the footballers, technicians and other staff involved in winning the Portuguese Cup, whose scepter was carried by the then goalkeeper and “captain” Kim and striker Alexandre Guedes on the pitch to be symbolically handed over by the mayor to the newly appointed sworn-in president of the Vila das Aves club, Pedro Pereira.

“Feeling is what you felt in the stadium. There was gratitude for the most important achievement in our history, which also marked the beginning of the renaissance that we are striving for, in order for the club to return to the heights that it has reached in the past. The Portuguese Cup is well placed. The legal departments have tried to ensure that this is not going anywhere,” said successor António Freitas.

The auction was held by the Judicial Court of Comarca Porto and ended exactly two months ago, setting a minimum threshold of 1360 euros, set at an initial price of 800 euros and a base price of 1600 euros. trophy.

The greatest achievement of Desportivo das Aves was arrested by the SAD in July 2020 when the Chinese-led administration Wei Zhao failed to fulfill the licensing requirements in the professional competition of the 2020/21 season with the Clubs League and rejected an appeal to the Council of the Referee of the Portuguese Football Federation.

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The Nordics had already been relegated to the II League, but “fell” by administrative means in the Campeonato de Portugal, then in the third national level due to wage arrears and unilateral layoffs of players, technical staff and employees.

SAD, which also witnessed the confiscation of two Desportivo das Aves buses, decided to withdraw from the Portuguese Championship in September 2020, five months before the Santo Tirso District Judicial Court declared it insolvent.

Almost €37,500 debts from SAD to three foreign clubs resulted in FIFA preventing the club from signing new players since August 2020, but two months later, António Freitas’ management decided to recreate the futsal and football sections that began to represent the new club. called Desportivo das Aves 1930.

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IBGE has already conducted a census of almost 80% of the Brazilian population – Português (Brazil)



Mutirão Opens To Negotiation Of Individuals' Overdue Debts - Português (Brazil)

Almost 80% of Brazil’s population is already registered this year. From the beginning of work, from August 1 to December 5, 168,018,345 people were registered, in 59,192,875 households, which corresponds to 78.73% of the estimated population of the country. The data is taken from the fourth balance sheet of the 2022 demographic census released this Wednesday (December 7) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGS).

Of the total number of respondents, the majority live in the Southeast region, 39.54%, followed by the Northeast (29.43%), South (14.76%), North (8.79%) and Midwest (7 .44%). So far, 48.4% of the census population was male and 51.6% female.

According to IBGE, the state with the highest proportion of registered people to estimated population is Piauí (96.2%), followed by Sergipe (91.2%) and Rio Grande do Norte (89.8%). The least advanced are Mato Grosso (65.9%), Amapa (66.9%) and Espirito Santo (70.67%).

In the case of Sergipe and Piaui, BIGE has already completed the first phase of data collection, with census takers traveling around the state visiting addresses. The institute will now begin the process of restoring homes that were registered for absent residents and those that people refused to respond to the census.

So far, about 2.59% of households have refused to respond, but IBGE expects to reduce this percentage by the end of the operation after all persistence protocols have been applied.

States that are close to completing collection will also be able to count on Disque-Censo, a free service available from 8:00 am to 9:30 pm. Those who have not been visited by census takers can call the agency at 137 and take part in the survey. At the moment, the service is only available in the states of Sergipe and Piauí.

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In this balance sheet, BIGE discloses for the first time general census data in subnormal agglomerations, defined as “irregular occupation of land for residential purposes in urban areas and which are generally characterized by irregular urban structure, lack of basic public services and being in areas with limited access”. Until December 5, 12,337,295 people lived in the country, which is about 7% of the registered population.

In addition, 1,489,003 natives and 1,208,702 quilombolas have already been registered.

The institute is facing difficulties due to a lack of staff to conduct censuses in some locations. Throughout the country, from November 28 to December 4, 60,611 enumerators worked at IBGS, which is 33.1% of the total number of available vacancies.

Census takers will always be in uniform, with an IBGE vest, census cap, ID badge, and a mobile data collection device (DMC). In addition, it is possible to verify the identity of the IBGS agent in website By answering IBGE or calling 0800 721 8181.

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