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Negative thinking is associated with dementia later in life, the study found

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As research into our mysterious gray matter continues to explode, scientists are getting ever closer to understanding what creates a calm, contented and happy brain. Answer these eight questions to see whether your brain is wired to be happy or if you might need to practice positivity.

A new study found that repeated negative thoughts in life are then associated with cognitive decline and a greater deposit of the two harmful proteins responsible for Alzheimer’s disease.

“We propose that repeated negative thinking can be a new risk factor for dementia,” lead author Dr Natalie Marchant, a psychiatrist and senior researcher in the department of mental health at University College London, said in a statement.

Negative thinking behaviors such as contemplation about the past and concerns about the future are measured in more than 350 people over the age of 55 over a two-year period. About one third of the participants also underwent PET (positron emission tomography) brain scans to measure deposits of tau and beta amyloid, two proteins that cause Alzheimer’s disease, the most common type of dementia.

Scans show that people who spend more time thinking negatively have more accumulation of tau and amyloid beta, worse memory and greater cognitive decline over a four-year period compared to non-pessimistic people.

The study also tested levels of anxiety and depression and found greater cognitive decline in depressed and anxious people, which echoes previous research.

But tau and amyloid deposits do not increase in people who are already depressed and anxious, leading researchers who suspect negative thoughts repeatedly may be the main reason why depression and anxiety contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.

“Taken together with other studies, which link depression and anxiety with the risk of dementia, we hope that long-term chronic negative thinking can increase the risk of dementia,” Marchant said.

“This is the first study to show a biological link between repetitive negative thinking and the pathology of Alzheimer’s, and give doctors more appropriate ways to assess risk and offer more personal interventions,” said neurologist Dr. Richard Isaacson, founder of the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at NYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medical Center, were not involved in this study.

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“Many people at risk are unaware of the specific negative effects of anxiety and direct reflection on the brain,” said Isaacson, who is also a trustee of the McKnight Brain Research Foundation, which funds research to better understand and reduce age-related cognitive decline. .

“This study is important and will change the way I treat my patients who are at risk.”

More study is needed

“It is important to point out that this does not say a short-term negative thinking period will cause Alzheimer’s disease,” said Fiona Carragher, who is chief of policy and research officer at the Alzheimer’s Society in London. “We need further investigation to understand this better.”

“Most people in this study have been identified as having a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, so we need to see whether these results resonate in the general population,” he said, “and if repeated negative thinking increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease itself.”

The researchers suggest that mental training practices such as meditation can help promote positive thinking while reducing negative thoughts, and they plan future studies to be tested their hypothesis.

“Our thoughts can have a biological impact on our physical health, which may be positive or negative,” said co-author Dr. Gael Chételat from Inserm / Université de Caen-Normandie.

“Maintaining your mental health is important, and it must be a major public health priority, because it is not only important for public health and well-being in the short term, but can also have an impact on your risk of dementia,” Chételat said. .

Look on the bright side

Previous research supports their hypothesis. People who view life from a positive perspective have a better chance of avoiding death from any type of cardiovascular risk than a pessimistic person, according to a 2019 study. The fact is, the more positive a person is, the greater the protection from heart attacks, strokes and causes of death .
5 natural ways to improve mental health during times of stress
It’s not only your heart that is protected by positive outlook. Previous research has found a direct relationship between optimism and other positive health attributes, such as healthy diet and exercise behavior, A stronger immune system and better lung function, among others.
That’s probably because optimists tend to have better health habits, said cardiologist Dr. Alan Rozanski, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine on Mount Sinai, who studies the health effects of optimism. They are more likely to exercise, have a better diet and tends to smoke.

“Optimists also tend to have better coping skills and are better problem solvers,” Rozanski told CNN in an earlier interview. “They are better at what we call proactive handling, or anticipating problems and then proactively taking steps to fix them.”

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Practice to be an optimist

You can find out where you stand on a half-full or blank concept glass by answering a series of statementss called “life orientation test.”

Daily meditation can slow down aging in your brain, says the study

This test includes statements such as, “I believe in the idea that ‘every cloud has a silver line,'” and, “If something is wrong for me, it will happen.” You judge statements on a scale from strongly agree to strongly disagree, and the results can be added to determine your level of optimism or pessimism.

Previous research has shown that it is possible to “train the brain” to be more optimistic, such as muscle training. Using a direct measure of brain function and structure, one study found it only took 30 minutes a day of meditation practice for two weeks to produce measurable changes in the brain.
One of the most effective ways to increase optimism, according to a meta-analysis of existing studies, called the “Best Likely Best” method, where you imagine or keep a journal of yourself in the future where you have achieved all your life goals and all your problems have been resolved.

Another technique is to practice gratitude. Just taking a few minutes each day to write down what makes you grateful can improve your outlook on life. And while you’re in it, make a list of the positive experiences you had that day, which can also increase your optimism.

“And finally, we know that cognitive behavioral therapy is a very effective treatment for depression; pessimism is heading toward depression,” Rozanski said.

“You can apply the same principles as we do for depression, like reframe. You teach there are alternative ways to think or reframe negative thoughts, and you can make great progress with such pessimism.”

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

This Sunday, Portuguese cyclist João Almeida (UAE-Emirates) became the Portuguese champion in cross-country cycling for the first time, winning the elite national championships held in Mogaduro.

In his first online race since Joao Almeida was forced to pull out of the Vuelta Italia after testing positive for the coronavirus, he won his first national title since becoming time trial champion in 2021.

Almeida crossed the finish line in Mogadora, covering the 167.5 km distance in 4:08.42 hours, 52 seconds behind Thiago Antunes (Efapel) second, Fabio Costa (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) third, and Rui Oliveira (UAE). – Emirates), fourth.

In the end, João Almeida stated that he was “very pleased” with the victory, admitting that the race “went very well” and thanking his teammates.

Former national champion José Neves (W52-FC Porto) did not finish the race, as did Rafael Reis (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) who won the time trial title on Friday.

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Portuguese military admits ‘it will take time’ until territory is taken under control

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Portuguese military admits 'it will take time' until territory is taken under control

The “path” chosen for about a year in the fight against rebel groups in the province of Cabo Delgado in northern Mozambique is “the right one,” Brigadier General Nuno Lemos Pires said in an interview with Lusa.

“Now, while the situation is not fully under control, we all understand that, as in any other counter-terrorism situation in the world, it will take a lot of time,” added the head of the European military training mission, although he acknowledged that this “ does not mean that sometimes there are no fears and failures.

However, “this is part of what constitutes an action taken against terrorists who operate in a very wide area, who in themselves have the initiative and the ability to hide in a very wide area,” he said.

In fact, he stressed, many of the recent attacks that have taken place in the south of Cabo Delgado in recent weeks are due to the fact that Islamist extremist rebels had to “flight from the north” of the province.

“Because this was a consolidated military operation carried out in close cooperation between the Mozambique Defense and Security Forces (FSS), [e com as forças d]Rwanda and SAMIM (Southern African Development Community Mission (SADC) in Mozambique), who were clearing out the intervention areas that existed in the area, the reaction of many terrorists was to flee the area, go further south, where they were not pursued. , and make new attacks,” he explained.

“In such cases, the initiative almost always belongs to the terrorists. There are few of them, they hide among the population, they move over very large territories, with a lot of dense vegetation, it becomes very difficult to find them, but you can easily move,” he continued.

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On the other hand, the Portuguese general emphasized, “it is now difficult for these groups” “to concentrate power and forces for large-scale operations, as was the case three years ago during the conquests, such as Mocimboa da Praia or Palma.” ,” he said.

“They don’t have that ability. Many of these attacks even demonstrate [estratégias] survival [clássicas das guerrilhas]. They’re looking for food, they’re looking for supplies, they’re searching deep down for a place where they can survive, because the area is already under quite a lot of control. [por parte] Mozambique FSS, Rwandan forces and SAMIM,” he explained.

In this context, Nuno Lemos Pires highlighted the “quick response” of the Mozambican authorities to each of these developments, starting with head of state Filipe Nyusi.

“I think it is exemplary that the moment there is a movement or a series of significant attacks in other areas, we immediately see the President of Mozambique heading north, linking up with his Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMGFA). , with the Minister of Defense, with the Minister of the Interior, and outline plans on the ground for a quick change of equipment and the ability to respond to such movements,” he said.

During one such trip to northern Mozambique in mid-June, Mozambican Interior Minister Arsenia Massingue said that Mozambican police were informing the “enemy” – the rebel forces in Cabo Delgado – about the positions of the FDS and allied forces on the ground.

However, Lemos Pires downplayed the situation. “We must be aware that there are infiltrations in any political system. It’s happening everywhere. Ignoring this dimension is tantamount to ignoring what is happening everywhere,” he said.

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“I don’t know of a single case of insurgency, counterinsurgency, terrorist or counter-terrorist combat where these leaks didn’t happen frequently. You need to be careful. .

In addition to the vastness of the territory that has been the scene of conflict and the topography favorable to insurgent guerrilla strategies, the porous borders with Tanzania to the north of Cabo Delgado and Malawi to the northwest also pose a danger. challenges the SDF and allied forces of SAMIM and Rwanda.

Lemos Pires also relativized this question. “We are talking about transnational terrorism, and it is good to understand that the situation in the north of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado, is not limited and is not limited – and has never been limited – exclusively and exclusively to this region. A phenomenon that exists throughout Africa. , namely in Central Africa,” he said.

The UETM commander even took advantage of this circumstance to formulate an “extended response” to “a broad problem, a regional one, and the solution must also be a broad regional one.”

Therefore, “it’s very good what we see here on the ground, in fact, this is the unification of the efforts of regional African forces to try to deal with a problem that really worries everyone,” he concluded.

“What happens in one region can affect another. That is why it is in everyone’s interest that these groups be fought, detained and that the narrative that they are currently spreading can be counteracted – we hope that there are fewer and fewer successes,” the Portuguese general stressed.

NPS // PYAA

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country – Notícias de Coimbra

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country - Notícias de Coimbra

Today, Sporting CP confirmed the title of Portuguese futsal and became the champion of the country, once again beating Benfica 4:3 in the third game of the play-off final at the Pavilão Joao Rocha stadium in Lisbon.

With this triumph, the Lions add their 17th national title, become two-time champions and achieve something unprecedented in the sport in Portugal, reaching the title by winning every play-off game and completing this feat with three wins in the final against rival Lisbon , winning the first two matches 5-4 and 4-3 respectively.


If in the first two matches the “lions” always started on the losing end, this time the team of Nuno Dias reversed the trend and led through Pauleto (05 minutes), making it 2-0 due to Cavinato (13) and Cardinal (18). ) signed a third before the break.


In the second half, André Sousa (26) moved to Benfica, Ziki (33) turned Léonin’s lead into a 4-1 lead, and Artur scored twice for the Eagles (34 and 39).

Sporting seized the initiative from the very beginning, and after Pani Varela threatened to hit the post, Pauleta really opened the scoring for the Lions with the next move, only having managed to pull over to the side of the road with a well-aimed blow. pole, after help from Eric.

Alvalade’s team were encouraged by the goal, and in the following betting twice he cost Benfica André Sousa, who, thanks to two excellent interventions, avoided Sporting’s second goal.

However, even the “elastic” goalkeeper of the “eagles” could not prevent the score from 2:0 in the 13th minute, when Cavinato appeared “in the face” of the goalkeeper to deflect a free kick from Alex Merlin.

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The “party”, which took over the Joao Rocha pavilion due to the Lions’ two-goal advantage, led to an overabundance in the stands: the fans broke the glass next to the “red” bench, due to which the game was interrupted for several minutes.

Three minutes before the end of the first half, Benfica had a great opportunity to close the gap: Sporting punished Sporting with a free kick for the sixth foul: Arthur missed him in a one-on-one match with Goncalo Portuguese, hitting the post.

The “punishment” for the Luz team was even more severe a minute later when the Cardinal made it 3-0 to the national champions. Pauleta, in an individual move, took all the defense of the “Reds” to the “tug” and filed for a support, which, in front of the helpless Andre Souza, chose a side and struck for the score.

In the second half, despite a greater lead in the match when Benfica appeared to be shaken by a big disadvantage, Sporting saw the opposition close in on the score thanks to a 26th-minute André Souza goal. even touched Merlin before entering the gate in Gitta’s defense.

Shortly after that, Benfica could have re-entered the final discussion, but Arthur, after a combination with Carlos Monteiro, hit the post again, missing the opportunity to make the score 3:2.

Benfica failed, while Sporting responded with a fatality, and Ziki stamped his name on the scorecard in the 33rd minute: first Pani Varela hit the iron, and then the green-white center was faster on reload.

After two iron balls, Artur finally “set” his goal and lowered it to 4-2 in the 34th minute. Toward the last minute, the central “incarnate” made the score 4:3 and left the result open until the end, but Sporting even became the national champion for the seventh time during the “reign” of Nuno Diaz as coach of the team from Alvalade. .

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The game was played at the Joao Rocha Pavilion in Lisbon.

Sporting – Benfica, 4-3.

During the break: 3-0.

Labels:

1:0, Pauleta, 05 min.

2:0, Cavinato, 13.

3-0, Cardinal, 18.

3-1, André Sousa, 26.

4-1, Ziki, 33.

4-2, Arthur, 34.

4-3, Arthur, 39 years old.

Teams:

– Sporting: Gitta, Eric Mendonza, Joao Matos, Diego Cavinato and Alex Merlim. Also playing were Tomas Paco, Cardinal, Pauleta, Pani Varela, Esteban Guerrero, Ziki Te and Gonçalo Portugal.

Coach: Nuno Dias.

– Benfica: Andre Souza, Romulo, Robinho, Rocha and Ivan Chishkala. Also played were Afonso Jesus, Artur, Carlos Monteiro, Bruno Sintra, Rafael Henmi, Silvestre Ferreira and Jacaret.

Coach: Pulpis.

Referees: Cristiano Santos (Porto), Ruben Santos (Porto) and Joao Sinval (Braga).

Disciplinary Actions: Yellow card for Robinho (11), Bruno Sintra (12), Cardinal (12), Jacaret (16), Pauleta (29), Romulo (32), Zika (32) and Afonso Jesus (34).

Attendance: about 2000 spectators.

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