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NASA spacecraft sends back images of stars from a distance of 4.3 billion miles

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NASA spacecraft sends back images of stars from a distance of 4.3 billion miles

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Have 3D glasses? You can see this stereo image that reveals the distance of the stars from their background. On the left is Proxima Centauri and on the right is Wolf 359.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The newly renamed object Arrokoth, formerly known as Ultima Thule, is very strong, delicate and is covered by organic complex molecules, according to new research.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Another view of Ultima Thule reveals the form of pancakes that many are associated with.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons’ images reveal that the craters on Pluto and Charon were made by small Kuiper Belt objects.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Although this might look more impressive if you wear 3D glasses, this is the first 3D image of the Ultima Thule Kuiper Belt object. New Horizons flies by Ultima Thule on January 1.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This is the first color image of Ultima Thule, taken at a distance of 85,000 miles from the object by the New Horizons spacecraft. “Red Snowman” replaces the initial “bowling pin” shape it considers. This picture reveals that Ultima Thule is actually two objects joined by gravity, making it the first binary contact visited by the spacecraft. The red color is therefore irradiated in the Kuiper Belt.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons gave us our first “close” look at Ultima Thule on January 1. On the left is a combination of two images taken from a distance of half a million miles, which shows the size and shape of the object. The impression of an artist on the right shows that Ultima Thule is shaped like a bowling pin and rotates like a propeller.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

When NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft flew past Pluto in July 2015, it captured images of a large mountain range where it met a vast ice plain called the Sputnik Planitia. The ridge in these photos has now been identified as a dune made of solid methane ice grains.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons photographs what scientists call the “bladed” terrain near the heart-shaped region of the dwarf planet. This 3-D image was created using two pictures taken about 14 minutes apart on July 14. The first picture was taken about 16,000 miles (25,000 kilometers) from Pluto and the second was taken when the spacecraft was 10,000 miles (about 17,000 kilometers) away. . Take out your 3-D glasses for the best look.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The New Horizon team has discovered a chain of exotic mountains covered with methane snow on Pluto. NASA released images of snow-capped mountains stretching across the dark expanse of Cthulhu on March 3.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

NASA released a photo on February 4, 2015, about what allegedly was a picture of a floating hill on the surface of Pluto. The hills are made of water ice and float above the sea of ​​nitrogen.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This image made in infrared light shows abundant water ice on the surface of Pluto. The image was made using two Pluto scans made by the New Horizons spacecraft on July 14, when the satellite was about 67,000 miles (108,000 kilometers) above Pluto.

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New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

These photos show a variety of Pluto’s textures, including what NASA calls “round mountains and strange textures.” The mountains are informally called Tartarus Dorsa. This picture shows about 330 miles (530 kilometers) of Pluto’s terrain. It combines blue, red and infrared images taken by Ralph / Multispectral Visual Imaging Camera. Image taken on July 14, during an inspection flyby. They were released on September 24.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The photos taken by New Horizons just before its closest approach to Pluto on July 14 are the sharpest images to date from Pluto’s various terrains. This high-resolution image reveals details of two icebergs. This picture stretches on the surface of Pluto along 75 miles (120 kilometers).

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Pluto’s surface image was taken only 15 minutes after NASA’s New Horizon spacecraft made the closest approach to the ice planet on July 14. When looking at the Sun, the spacecraft’s camera captures more than a dozen thin layers of fog in Pluto’s atmosphere, at least 60 miles (100 kilometers) above the surface. The photo was downlinked to Earth on September 13.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This cold and Pluto mountain landscape image was taken from a distance of 11,000 miles (17,700 kilometers). “This picture really makes you feel there, in Pluto, surveying your own landscape,” said New Horizons Chief Investigator Alan Stern of the Southwest Research Institute in Colorado.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This image is a synthesis of a new high resolution image that is downlinked from New Horizons. A vast plateau of ice has been dubbed the Sputnik Planum. This picture is from a perspective above the Pluto equatorial region. Astronomers began to link dump data from spacecraft over Labor Day weekend, 5-7 September.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Scientists say that what looks like a mountain can be a large block of frozen water suspended in frozen nitrogen. In the new photos, taken on July 14 and released on September 10, a pixel is 400 meters (440 yards). The closest New Horizons route by Pluto takes it about 50,000 miles from the surface.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The Pluto landscape has many varieties: terrain, mountains, craters, and what look like sand dunes. The smallest detail in a photo is about half a mile wide. Areas with ancient craters, say the scientists. Smooth frozen plane is relatively young.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Just before its closest approach to Pluto on July 14, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft took a photo of Charon, Pluto’s largest moon. The photo was taken at a distance of 290,000 miles away. The North Pole region of Charon is very dark. This photo was released on September 10.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This new picture of Pluto is an amazing planetary scientist. It shows the atmosphere of a small world, illuminated by the sun. NASA said the image revealed a layer of fog that was several times higher than expected. The photo was taken by the New Horizons spacecraft seven hours after its closest approach to Pluto on July 14. New Horizons was around 1.25 million miles from Pluto at the time.

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New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Pictures taken from Pluto’s heart-shaped features, which are unofficially named Tombaugh Regio, reveal “vast plains without craters that appear to be no more than 100 million years old,” NASA said on July 17. The frozen region may still be formed by geology. process. “NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft was launched in 2006 and traveled 3 billion miles to the dwarf planet.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Close-up images of an area near the Pluto equator reveal a big surprise: a series of young mountains. NASA released the picture on July 15.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Extraordinary new details from Pluto’s biggest moon, Charon, were revealed in this picture released on July 15.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The latest spectral analysis of the New Horizons’ Ralph instrument was released on July 15. This analysis reveals a lot of methane ice, but with striking differences from one place to another on the frozen surface of Pluto.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

NASA team members and guests count down to the spacecraft’s approach to Pluto on July 14.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This Pluto image was captured by New Horizons on July 13, about 16 hours before the closest moment. The spacecraft is 476,000 miles from the surface of Pluto.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

The colors in these Pluto and Charon images are exaggerated to make it easy to see its different features. (This is not the true color of Pluto and Charon, and the two objects are not so close in space.) This picture was made on July 13, the day before New Horizons was to make its closest approach to Pluto.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This Pluto image was captured by New Horizons on July 12. The spacecraft was 1.6 million miles from Pluto at the time.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons took this Charon photo on July 12. This revealed a system of gorges larger than the Grand Canyon. The spacecraft was 1.6 million miles away when the photo was taken.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons was about 3.7 million miles from Pluto and Charon when taking this picture on July 8.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Do you see the heart on Pluto? This picture was taken on July 7 by New Horizons when it was about 5 million miles from the planet. Look to the bottom right, and you will see a large bright area – about 1,200 miles across – that resembles a heart.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons took six black and white photographs of Pluto and Charon between June 23 and 29. The images are combined with color data from other instruments on the spacecraft to create the image above. The spacecraft was 15 million miles away when it started the sequence and 11 million miles when the last photo was taken.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Pluto is shown here along with Charon in pictures taken on June 25 and 27. The picture on the right shows a series of dark spots that are spaced equally evenly near the Pluto equator. Scientists hope to solve the puzzle as New Horizons gets closer to Pluto.

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New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons took a series of 13 Charon pictures that surrounded Pluto over a span of 6½ days in April. When the picture was taken, the spacecraft moved from about 69 million miles from Pluto to 64 million miles.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Look carefully at the pictures above: They marked the first time New Horizons photographed the smallest and faintest moons of Pluto, Kerberos and Styx. Pictures taken from April 25 to May 1.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons uses its color imaging to capture these Pluto and Charon images on April 9. This is the first color image taken by a spacecraft approaching Pluto and Charon, according to NASA. The spacecraft was about 71 million miles away from Pluto when the photo was taken.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

In August 2014, New Horizons crossed the orbit of Neptune, the last planet to be traveled on its journey to Pluto. New Horizons took photos of Neptune and Triton on its big moon when it was about 2.45 billion miles from the planet – more than 26 times the distance between Earth and our sun.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons captured images of Jupiter and its Io volcanic moon in early 2007.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

On its way to Pluto, New Horizons took photographs of four large “Galilean” moons in Jupiter. From the left are Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

White arrows point to Pluto in this photo taken in September 2006 from New Horizons. The spacecraft is still around 2.6 billion miles from Pluto.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Pluto was discovered in 1930 but was only a speck of light in the best telescope on Earth until February 2010, when NASA released this photo. It was created by combining several images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope – each only a few pixels wide – through a technique called dithering. NASA said it took four years and 20 computers to operate continuously to create images.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

This is one of the best views we have of Pluto and the month of Charon before the New Horizons mission. The picture was taken by the Faint Object Camera from the European Space Agency at the Hubble Space Telescope on February 21, 1994.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

Image of the Hubble Space Telescope from Pluto and its moons. Charon is the largest month close to Pluto. Four other bright spots are smaller moons found in 2005, 2011 and 2012: Nix, Hydra, Kerberos, and Styx.

New Horizons explores Pluto, Arrokoth

New Horizons was launched from the Florida Kennedy Space Center on January 19, 2006. The investigation, the size of a piano, weighed almost 1,054 pounds at launch. He has seven instruments for taking pictures and tasting the atmosphere of Pluto. After completing a five-month study of Pluto, the spacecraft will continue to go deeper into the Kuiper Belt.

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

This Sunday, Portuguese cyclist João Almeida (UAE-Emirates) became the Portuguese champion in cross-country cycling for the first time, winning the elite national championships held in Mogaduro.

In his first online race since Joao Almeida was forced to pull out of the Vuelta Italia after testing positive for the coronavirus, he won his first national title since becoming time trial champion in 2021.

Almeida crossed the finish line in Mogadora, covering the 167.5 km distance in 4:08.42 hours, 52 seconds behind Thiago Antunes (Efapel) second, Fabio Costa (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) third, and Rui Oliveira (UAE). – Emirates), fourth.

In the end, João Almeida stated that he was “very pleased” with the victory, admitting that the race “went very well” and thanking his teammates.

Former national champion José Neves (W52-FC Porto) did not finish the race, as did Rafael Reis (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) who won the time trial title on Friday.

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Portuguese military admits ‘it will take time’ until territory is taken under control

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Portuguese military admits 'it will take time' until territory is taken under control

The “path” chosen for about a year in the fight against rebel groups in the province of Cabo Delgado in northern Mozambique is “the right one,” Brigadier General Nuno Lemos Pires said in an interview with Lusa.

“Now, while the situation is not fully under control, we all understand that, as in any other counter-terrorism situation in the world, it will take a lot of time,” added the head of the European military training mission, although he acknowledged that this “ does not mean that sometimes there are no fears and failures.

However, “this is part of what constitutes an action taken against terrorists who operate in a very wide area, who in themselves have the initiative and the ability to hide in a very wide area,” he said.

In fact, he stressed, many of the recent attacks that have taken place in the south of Cabo Delgado in recent weeks are due to the fact that Islamist extremist rebels had to “flight from the north” of the province.

“Because this was a consolidated military operation carried out in close cooperation between the Mozambique Defense and Security Forces (FSS), [e com as forças d]Rwanda and SAMIM (Southern African Development Community Mission (SADC) in Mozambique), who were clearing out the intervention areas that existed in the area, the reaction of many terrorists was to flee the area, go further south, where they were not pursued. , and make new attacks,” he explained.

“In such cases, the initiative almost always belongs to the terrorists. There are few of them, they hide among the population, they move over very large territories, with a lot of dense vegetation, it becomes very difficult to find them, but you can easily move,” he continued.

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On the other hand, the Portuguese general emphasized, “it is now difficult for these groups” “to concentrate power and forces for large-scale operations, as was the case three years ago during the conquests, such as Mocimboa da Praia or Palma.” ,” he said.

“They don’t have that ability. Many of these attacks even demonstrate [estratégias] survival [clássicas das guerrilhas]. They’re looking for food, they’re looking for supplies, they’re searching deep down for a place where they can survive, because the area is already under quite a lot of control. [por parte] Mozambique FSS, Rwandan forces and SAMIM,” he explained.

In this context, Nuno Lemos Pires highlighted the “quick response” of the Mozambican authorities to each of these developments, starting with head of state Filipe Nyusi.

“I think it is exemplary that the moment there is a movement or a series of significant attacks in other areas, we immediately see the President of Mozambique heading north, linking up with his Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMGFA). , with the Minister of Defense, with the Minister of the Interior, and outline plans on the ground for a quick change of equipment and the ability to respond to such movements,” he said.

During one such trip to northern Mozambique in mid-June, Mozambican Interior Minister Arsenia Massingue said that Mozambican police were informing the “enemy” – the rebel forces in Cabo Delgado – about the positions of the FDS and allied forces on the ground.

However, Lemos Pires downplayed the situation. “We must be aware that there are infiltrations in any political system. It’s happening everywhere. Ignoring this dimension is tantamount to ignoring what is happening everywhere,” he said.

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“I don’t know of a single case of insurgency, counterinsurgency, terrorist or counter-terrorist combat where these leaks didn’t happen frequently. You need to be careful. .

In addition to the vastness of the territory that has been the scene of conflict and the topography favorable to insurgent guerrilla strategies, the porous borders with Tanzania to the north of Cabo Delgado and Malawi to the northwest also pose a danger. challenges the SDF and allied forces of SAMIM and Rwanda.

Lemos Pires also relativized this question. “We are talking about transnational terrorism, and it is good to understand that the situation in the north of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado, is not limited and is not limited – and has never been limited – exclusively and exclusively to this region. A phenomenon that exists throughout Africa. , namely in Central Africa,” he said.

The UETM commander even took advantage of this circumstance to formulate an “extended response” to “a broad problem, a regional one, and the solution must also be a broad regional one.”

Therefore, “it’s very good what we see here on the ground, in fact, this is the unification of the efforts of regional African forces to try to deal with a problem that really worries everyone,” he concluded.

“What happens in one region can affect another. That is why it is in everyone’s interest that these groups be fought, detained and that the narrative that they are currently spreading can be counteracted – we hope that there are fewer and fewer successes,” the Portuguese general stressed.

NPS // PYAA

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Lusa/The End

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country – Notícias de Coimbra

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country - Notícias de Coimbra

Today, Sporting CP confirmed the title of Portuguese futsal and became the champion of the country, once again beating Benfica 4:3 in the third game of the play-off final at the Pavilão Joao Rocha stadium in Lisbon.

With this triumph, the Lions add their 17th national title, become two-time champions and achieve something unprecedented in the sport in Portugal, reaching the title by winning every play-off game and completing this feat with three wins in the final against rival Lisbon , winning the first two matches 5-4 and 4-3 respectively.


If in the first two matches the “lions” always started on the losing end, this time the team of Nuno Dias reversed the trend and led through Pauleto (05 minutes), making it 2-0 due to Cavinato (13) and Cardinal (18). ) signed a third before the break.


In the second half, André Sousa (26) moved to Benfica, Ziki (33) turned Léonin’s lead into a 4-1 lead, and Artur scored twice for the Eagles (34 and 39).

Sporting seized the initiative from the very beginning, and after Pani Varela threatened to hit the post, Pauleta really opened the scoring for the Lions with the next move, only having managed to pull over to the side of the road with a well-aimed blow. pole, after help from Eric.

Alvalade’s team were encouraged by the goal, and in the following betting twice he cost Benfica André Sousa, who, thanks to two excellent interventions, avoided Sporting’s second goal.

However, even the “elastic” goalkeeper of the “eagles” could not prevent the score from 2:0 in the 13th minute, when Cavinato appeared “in the face” of the goalkeeper to deflect a free kick from Alex Merlin.

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The “party”, which took over the Joao Rocha pavilion due to the Lions’ two-goal advantage, led to an overabundance in the stands: the fans broke the glass next to the “red” bench, due to which the game was interrupted for several minutes.

Three minutes before the end of the first half, Benfica had a great opportunity to close the gap: Sporting punished Sporting with a free kick for the sixth foul: Arthur missed him in a one-on-one match with Goncalo Portuguese, hitting the post.

The “punishment” for the Luz team was even more severe a minute later when the Cardinal made it 3-0 to the national champions. Pauleta, in an individual move, took all the defense of the “Reds” to the “tug” and filed for a support, which, in front of the helpless Andre Souza, chose a side and struck for the score.

In the second half, despite a greater lead in the match when Benfica appeared to be shaken by a big disadvantage, Sporting saw the opposition close in on the score thanks to a 26th-minute André Souza goal. even touched Merlin before entering the gate in Gitta’s defense.

Shortly after that, Benfica could have re-entered the final discussion, but Arthur, after a combination with Carlos Monteiro, hit the post again, missing the opportunity to make the score 3:2.

Benfica failed, while Sporting responded with a fatality, and Ziki stamped his name on the scorecard in the 33rd minute: first Pani Varela hit the iron, and then the green-white center was faster on reload.

After two iron balls, Artur finally “set” his goal and lowered it to 4-2 in the 34th minute. Toward the last minute, the central “incarnate” made the score 4:3 and left the result open until the end, but Sporting even became the national champion for the seventh time during the “reign” of Nuno Diaz as coach of the team from Alvalade. .

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The game was played at the Joao Rocha Pavilion in Lisbon.

Sporting – Benfica, 4-3.

During the break: 3-0.

Labels:

1:0, Pauleta, 05 min.

2:0, Cavinato, 13.

3-0, Cardinal, 18.

3-1, André Sousa, 26.

4-1, Ziki, 33.

4-2, Arthur, 34.

4-3, Arthur, 39 years old.

Teams:

– Sporting: Gitta, Eric Mendonza, Joao Matos, Diego Cavinato and Alex Merlim. Also playing were Tomas Paco, Cardinal, Pauleta, Pani Varela, Esteban Guerrero, Ziki Te and Gonçalo Portugal.

Coach: Nuno Dias.

– Benfica: Andre Souza, Romulo, Robinho, Rocha and Ivan Chishkala. Also played were Afonso Jesus, Artur, Carlos Monteiro, Bruno Sintra, Rafael Henmi, Silvestre Ferreira and Jacaret.

Coach: Pulpis.

Referees: Cristiano Santos (Porto), Ruben Santos (Porto) and Joao Sinval (Braga).

Disciplinary Actions: Yellow card for Robinho (11), Bruno Sintra (12), Cardinal (12), Jacaret (16), Pauleta (29), Romulo (32), Zika (32) and Afonso Jesus (34).

Attendance: about 2000 spectators.

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