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Hiltzik: UC won a huge victory in publishing open access science

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Hiltzik: UC won a huge victory in publishing open access science

The University of California, which has struggled for years against the business model of profit-seeking scientific publishers, has just won a big win: a four-year deal that will make the content of more than 2,700 journals published by Springer Nature available to UC without subscription fees.

In exchange, UC writers will pay fees for Springer Nature after their articles are accepted for publication in these journals. The fee will allow anyone to read and use published papers for free. The contract runs until 2023.

The agreement announced this week unites system of the leading research universities in the country and the second largest scientific and technical publisher in the world. This is a big step forward in the campaign by UC – as well as academic institutions throughout the US and the world – to cancel the business model of existing nonprofit academic publishers.

This is a big agreement. This shows the world that the open access publishing model that we have promoted is appropriate for all sizes of publishers, including large non-profit commercial publishers.

Jeffrey MacKie-Mason, UC university librarian

In this campaign UC uses heavy weaponry, as its source it is estimated that 10% of all studies produced in the U.S. The University accounts for about 2% of all content published by the journal Springer Nature.

But universities have struggled to manage a subscription budget of around $ 50 million per year, according to Ivy Anderson, executive director of the UC California Digital Library.

As subscription fees continue to increase inevitably, squeezing resources for other services, UC, like other institutions, starts looking for ways to get more value from its expenses while expanding the spread of its research.

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Prior to this, UC reached open access agreements with a number of smaller publishers, but none were on the Springer Nature scale.

“This is a big deal,” said University Librarian Jeffrey MacKie-Mason, who is also a Berkeley economics professor. “This shows the world that the open access publishing model that we have promoted is appropriate for all sizes of publishers, including large nonprofit commercial publishers.”

Traditionally, publishers accept papers for publication for free but charge steep subscription fees. The model means, in practice, that academic users incur costs for conducting their research and once again reading their own papers in print or online. This model also builds a financial wall between writers and fellow scientists, who also have to pay to read published papers.

The Springer Nature deal effectively puts the world’s largest scientific and technical publisher, Elsevier, on the sidewalk. UC has struggled since 2018 to change an 11 million dollar subscription contract with Elsevier to an open access model.

Both parties were unable to reach an agreement despite the extended game of brinkmanship. In March 2019, after failing to reach an agreement on open access, UC ended its subscription to 2,500 Elsevier academic journals, including some of the most important publications in the world such as Lancet and Cell.

Elsevier allowed the faculty, students, and UC staff to continue to access the journal until mid-July, when it finally cut off their access to most new material. (Content from 2018 and earlier remains available.)

The conflict reflects Elsevier’s generally harsh approach to the demand for open access, which has spread throughout the world; users in Germany have been disconnected the publisher has reached an agreement with users in the Netherlands, Sweden and several research universities restoring access that was terminated while allowing several open access rights.

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An Elsevier spokesman called the Springer Nature agreement “good news for researchers and the shared goals of open access are progressing.”

He said the agreement “shows what is possible with the UC system as we continue our dialogue … towards a sustainable solution.” UC said it was not currently negotiating a new contract with Elsevier, even though the two sides had continued “the conversation.”

“We have been looking for some common ground so we can negotiate,” MacKie-Mason said.

Unlike Elsevier, Springer Nature proactively adheres to the open access model. It largely recognizes the model as the future of academic publishing in a world where financial constraints increasingly afflict academic institutions of all sizes.

“Open access is at the core of our strategy,” Carrie Webster, vice president of open access at the publisher, told me. “We have long believed that it is in the best interest of research. The open access business model is an important step towards achieving the future of open science.”

UC, for its part, is committed to opening access in 2013, in recognition that it is the best way to “disseminate research and scholarships as widely as possible.”

According to Memorandum of Understanding released this week, UC authors will be able to publish their articles open-access in most Springer Nature journals.

This arrangement does not include the journals Nature and Nature-branded, which was obtained by Springer in Berlin in 2015 and which is ranked among the most prestigious scientific journals in the world. But the contract anticipates that the journals will be included in the regulation in 2022.

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Meanwhile, UC will have permanent access to more than 2,200 journals published under the print of Springer, Palgrave, Adis and Macmillan.

According to the arrangement, UC is expected to cover the first $ 1,000 of the cost of publishing Springer articles per paper, with researchers contributing the excess from foundation grants or other sources. The university will bear the excess for researchers without adequate facilities.

Researchers who prefer to publish under the traditional subscription model will be able to opt out of the open access arrangement if they publish in the journal Springer Nature which is “hybrid” – that is, accept papers on both models.

Overall, UC is expected to pay at least 5% less for Springer Nature than under the previous contract. Anderson and MacKie-Mason refused to say how much the university had paid before, but said that it was less than the $ 11 million spent on subscription and Elsevier’s fees.

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Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.

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Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.

Method Media Bermuda will present the documentary FABRIC: Portuguese History in Bermuda on Thursday, December 29 at the Underwater Research Institute of Bermuda.

A spokesperson said: “Method Media is proud to bring Bermuda Fabric: Portugal History to Bermuda for its 5th and 6th showing at the Bermuda Underwater Observatory. In November and December 2019, Cloth: A Portuguese Story in Bermuda had four sold-out screenings. Now that Bermuda has reopened after the pandemic, it’s time to bring the film back for at least two screenings.

“There are tickets Ptix.bm For $ 20 – sessions at 15:30 and 18:00. Both screenings will be followed by a short Q&A session.

Director and producer Milton Raboso says, “FABRIC is a definitive account of the Portuguese community in Bermuda and its 151 years of history, but it also places Bermuda, Acors and Portugal in the world history and the events that have fueled those 151 years.

“It took more than 10 years to implement FABRIC. The film was supported by the Minister of Culture, the Government of the Azores and private donors.

Bermuda Media Method [MMB] Created in 2011 by producer Milton Raposo. MMB has created content for a wide range of clients: Bermuda’s new hospital renovation, reinsurance, travel campaigns, international sports and more. MMB pays special attention to artistic, cultural and historical content.

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CRISTANO RONALDO CAN MAKE UP A GIANT IN CARIOCA AND PORTUGUESE TECHNICIAN SAYS ‘There will be room’

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CRISTANO RONALDO CAN MAKE UP A GIANT IN CARIOCA AND PORTUGUESE TECHNICIAN SAYS 'There will be room'

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Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.

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Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.

Maestro Filipe Cunha, Artistic Director of the Philharmonic Orchestra of Braga, has been invited to conduct the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra, as announced today.

According to a statement sent by O MINHO, “he will be the first Portuguese conductor to conduct this orchestra in its entire history.”

In addition to this orchestra, the maestro will also work with the Lyceo Mozarteum de la Habana Symphony Orchestra.

The concerts will take place on 4 and 12 March 2023 at the National Theater of Cuba in Havana.

In the words of the maestro, quoted in the statement, “these will be very beautiful concerts with difficult but very complex pieces” and therefore he feels “very motivated”.

From the very beginning, Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 2 will be performed by an Italian pianist (Luigi Borzillo), whom the maestro wants to bring to Portugal later this year. In the same concert, Mendelshon’s First Symphony will be performed.

Then, at the second concert, in the company of the Mexican clarinetist Angel Zedillo, he will perform the Louis Sfora Concerto No. 2. In this concert, the maestro also conducts Tchaikovsky’s Fifth Symphony.

“This is an international recognition of my work. An invitation that I accept with humility and great responsibility. I was surprised to learn that I would be the first Portuguese member of the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra. This is a very great honor,” the maestro said in a statement.

“I take with me the name of the city of Braga and Portugal with all the responsibility that goes with it, and I hope to do a good job there, leaving a good image and putting on great concerts. These will be very special concerts because, in addition to performing pieces that I love, especially Rachmaninov and Tchaikovsky, I will be directing two wonderful soloists who are also my friends. It will be very beautiful,” concludes Filipe Cunha.

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