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British imperialist monuments face bitter calculations amid Black Lives Matter protests

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British imperialist monuments face bitter calculations amid Black Lives Matter protests
On Sunday, Black Lives Matter protesters in Bristol, England, knocked down the statue of 17th-century slave trader Edward Colston and rolled it through the streets before throwing it, without further ado, into the Avon River.

Some praised the move, while others condemned what they called the “rule of the masses.”

With colonial history the span of the century – and mania to erect sculptures in the 19th century – towns and cities of England adorned with monuments to figures such as Colston.

For some people, the statues have melted into the background of everyday life, but many people now question whether they should still stand on their pedestal.

On Tuesday, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, announced a commission to examine the future of landmarks around the British capital, including murals, street art, street names and sculpture.

The Commission on Diversity in the Public Sphere aims to increase “diversity across London’s public sphere, to ensure that the capital’s appropriate landmarks reflect London’s achievements and diversity.”

The action against the statue associated with the slave trade and imperialism also gained traction in other parts of Europe, with protesters in Belgium damage to several monuments to King Leopold II in the last few days.
In the US, a series of Confederate statues was removed by authorities after widespread protests over the death of George Floyd.

While these actions have divided public opinion, they are a matter of growing discussion about what must happen to individual statues like Colston, who benefit from the suffering of so many people.

Winston Churchill

A statue of Winston Churchill in London Parliament Square looks damaged with the words “is a racist” written according to his name, after the Black Lives Matter demonstration on 7 June 2020. Credit: Isabel Infantes / AFP / Getty Images

Winston Churchill, Britain’s wartime prime minister, was appointed as an example of inspirational leadership, leading the defeat of Nazism in the country. In 2002, he topped a BBC national poll to find the 100 Greatest Britons, and his portrait currently appears on British £ 5 bills.
However, he is also known to have views relating to social hierarchy which will be regarded as racist today, and also his views the policy has been blamed because it caused the famine of Bengal in 1943, which is estimated to have claimed more than three million lives. In March 2019, a study used soil analysis for the first time to state that starvation was caused by Churchill’s policy and not by serious drought.

In the Black Lives Matter protest on Sunday, a Churchill statue standing in London Parliament Square was daubed with the words “… is a racist.”

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Cecil Rhodes

Oriel College has so far kept this Cecil Rhodes statue despite ongoing campaigns for her appointment.

Oriel College has so far kept this Cecil Rhodes statue despite ongoing campaigns for her appointment. Credit: Carl Court / Getty Images

Cecil Rhodes, who helped build the British empire in southern Africa, is enshrined in a sculpture outside Oriel College, part of Oxford University.

In 2016, universities refused to remove jobs despite joint pressure by Rhodes Must Fall At Oxford campaign group, which continues to try to stop it.
“There is no place for statues that honor vile black anti-racists in South Africa, the United States, Bristol or Oxford,” the group said. tweeted on Sunday, inviting people to attend campus protests on Tuesday.

Neither the Oxford University nor Oriel College responded to CNN’s request for comment.

In 2015, a statue of Rhodes was released from the campus of the University of Cape Town in South Africa.

“He represented the country’s former colonial representative – supremacy, racism, hatred of women,” said Ramabina Mahapa, president of the student group who led the campaign to remove the statue, at the time.

David Hume

A plaque was installed in protest against the statue of the Scottish Enlightenment philosopher David Hume, who condemned his racist views.

A plaque was installed in protest against the statue of the Scottish Enlightenment philosopher David Hume, who condemned his racist views. Credit: jpi media

In Edinburgh, the statue of 18th-century Scottish philosopher David Hume was adorned with a plaque that quoted his view of white superiority.

Hume is considered one of the leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, and his bronze statue is located on the Royal Mile of Edinburgh, the city’s main thoroughfare.

But Hume’s reputation has been tarnished in recent years, with an increased focus on his views on race. The mark left on the statue displays a line from Hume’s essay “National Character” which says that he “tends to suspect Negroes … naturally inferior to whites.”

Nelson's Column, topped by a statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson, the tower above Trafalgar Square in Central London.

Nelson’s Column, topped by a statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson, the tower above Trafalgar Square in Central London. Credit: evenfh / Shutterstock

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Henry Dundas

Statue of Scottish politician Henry Dundas stands on the Melville Monument in the city of Edinburgh.

Dundas, who held a number of government positions, including the Secretary of the Interior, was known for supporting the postponement of the abolition of slavery towards the end of the 18th century.

The monument was made graffitied during Sunday’s protest, and a Online petitions now call for the removal of the Dundas statue, and the streets named in his honor were renamed.

Activists instead recommend that the streets be named after Scottish-Jamaican slaves Joseph Knight, who managed to free himself in court by proving that Scottish law does not recognize slavery.

Different approach

There is also a call to remove the statue that is dedicated to Admiral Horatio Nelson – the famous win over Napoleon and is now enshrined in a column in London’s Trafalgar Square – because oppose the abolition of slavery.
Similar calls have been made about portrayals William Gladstone, the former prime minister who helped his slave owner’s father demand compensation from the British government after the trade was banned.
William Gladstone served as Prime Minister of England four times in the 19th century. His father owned a slave.

William Gladstone served as Prime Minister of England four times in the 19th century. His father owned a slave. Credit: See Universal Pictures / Group Pictures / Getty Images

Tearing down the statues is a time-honored form of protest, from bringing down the statues of Lenin when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1989 to the fall of the Saddam Hussein monument in Baghdad in 2003.

These examples of devastation have received widespread acceptance in the Western world, but recent campaigns to eliminate statues of controversial figures in places such as the US and Britain have divided public opinion.

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An alternative approach was taken in Paraguay, where artist Carlos Colombino was asked to re-arrange the statue of the former dictator General Alfredo Stroessner, who ruled the country from 1954 to 1989. Instead of just destroying the monument, Colombino wrapped some of the most recognizable parts between two beams large cement as a warning to victims of the dictatorship.

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5-star hotels lead the way in the restoration of Portuguese tourist sites

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5-star hotels lead the way in the restoration of Portuguese tourist sites

In October, the number of overnight stays in 5-star hotels increased by 15.9% compared to the same month in 2019, which, according to additional information, namely from the DMC (Tourist Inception Agency), is associated with a strong increase in tourism from the United States. states.

Information published today by INE indicates that in October, compared to the same month before the pandemic, the number of overnight stays in tourist establishments in Portugal increased by 6.2%, with the strongest increase in hotels, at 8.2%. in which, therefore, 62.1% is concentrated. overnight stays.

The information shows that 4-star hotels, where the largest number of beds are concentrated, had 48.9% of overnight stays in October, totaling 2.05 million, which is +7.6% or more than 144.7 thousand than in October 2019.

This was followed by 3-star hotels with 927.3k, but this increase was about half of 5-star hotels, by 7.6% or 65.5k, to 927.3k, and then 5-star hotels with 857. 4 thousand overnight stays, an increase of 15.9%. or 117.6 thousand compared to the same pre-pandemic month.

In contrast to the evolution in these categories, there were 2- and 1-star hotels, in which the number of overnight stays decreased by 2.7%, or ten thousand, to 360.8 thousand.

The cheapest apart-hotels (three and two stars) also saw a decrease in overnight stays, from -20.9% or less than 24.4 thousand, in hotels and farms in Madeira, from -0.4% or less, to about 300, and in tourist settlements, from -7.7. % or less than 17.5 thousand.

At the same time, the number of apart-hotels increased by 1.2%, or 8.5 thousand, to 717.5 million, due to the increase in 5-star hotels by 6.7%, or 6.6 thousand, to 104.9 thousand, and 4-star, by 5.4 thousand% or 26.4 thousand to 519.9 thousand.

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Overnight stays in tourist apartments also increased by 3.2%, or 13.6 thousand, to 437.8 million, local accommodation, by 0.6%, or 5.5 thousand, to 901.2 thousand, and , primarily tourism in rural areas and housing, with an increase of 45.2% or 67.3 thousand to 216.5 thousand people.

The INE data also shows that Portuguese tourist sites were the best in October in terms of overnight stays this year, with peaks achieved by 5-, 4- and 3-star hotels, 5- and 4-star apartment hotels, accommodation . and rural tourism and housing development.

See also:

The US market is already setting new annual records in Portuguese hotels

The Portuguese hospitality industry experienced the best October in terms of number of guests and overnight stays.

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Government approves strategy to combat “Portuguese underrepresentation” in Brussels

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Government approves strategy to combat "Portuguese underrepresentation" in Brussels

This afternoon the Council of Ministers will approve a national strategy to combat what it considers “underrepresentation de Portugal” in European institutions, in particular the European Commission.

“There is a significant shortage of Portuguese, especially those working for the Commission,” explains the Secretary of State for European Affairs in statements to Renaissance🇧🇷 The problem, according to Thiago Antunes, is not limited to middle management: “This is the first time Portugal does not have a CEO in the European Commission”.

The government wants to “correct this imbalance and fight this deficit in order to win.”ability to influence in decisions.” But it is not possible to increase the number of vacancies for the Portuguese, if only because there are no national quotas for employees working in institutions.

To go to Brussels or even work in Portugal on a full-time basis, you need to pass a series of tests prepared by EPSO (European Personnel Selection Office). 🇧🇷These are very difficult competitions.with very concrete evidence,” the official explains.

The strategy will be based on several pillars: training, increasing grants and encouraging the mobility of civil servants. The Portuguese government is going to create a national training center to “better prepare our candidates for competitions”; to bet on “dissemination of opportunities; increase the balls (by quantity and value); and create a statute that allows those who work in the public administration of Portugal to move into the European public administration.

The aim is to achieve “greater representation” in the European Commission in order to have “greater influence” on the decision. Although the strategy is to strengthen the Portuguese presence in Brussels and the employees do not work for Portugal.it doesn’t matter that they are portuguese“, he defends.

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Fruits may not appear early or may not even be measurable. “It will take some time until we see results,” admits the former secretary of state to the prime minister. But the wait does not stop the Portuguese government. “We have to start right now,” Thiago Antunes insists, pointing to the demographic problem among those working in Brussels. “There are a lot of Portuguese who came in at the time of our accession and are now retiring.”

The strategy aims to reverse the cycle of loss of Portuguese representation among the 27. The diploma will be approved this Wednesday in the Council of Ministers.

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“His manager is Portuguese and…”; The agent changes plans, and Luis Castro “arranges” the problem in the protection of “Botafogo”

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"His manager is Portuguese and...";  The agent changes plans, and Luis Castro "arranges" the problem in the protection of "Botafogo"

Botafogo

The defender must return from loan ahead of schedule, and the Glorioso coach will have to make a decision at the beginning of the preseason.

Photo: Jorge Rodriguez/AGIF.  First, Luis Castro does not have Diego Loureiro for 2023.
Photo: Jorge Rodriguez/AGIF. First, Luis Castro does not have Diego Loureiro for 2023.

With the end of the season Botafogo its reformulation is already underway with the participation of Luis Castro. Names like Carlinhos, for example, have already left General Severiano, but there is a tendency for the “purge” to continue a little longer. Especially with the return of borrowed athletes during the year.

goalkeeper case Diego Loureiro, who played on loan at Atlético GO, promoted to Serie B. Curiously, the Botafogo archer has a contract at Goiania until the end of 2023, but Dragao president Adson Batista is pessimistic about the player’s consistency.

“Diego Loureiro is a bit off because he still has a contract with Botafogo, his manager is Portuguese and he has a different vision.” said the director in an interview with radio Sagres from the capital of Goiás.

The goalkeeper played only two games for Atlético-GO, who were betting on Renan in the starting lineup. If he returns to Rio, Loureiro will likely see high competition in the black and white net as Luis Castro now has alternatives to Gatito Fernandes and Lucas Perry.

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