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Bernhard Ludewig documents the latest German nuclear plant

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Bernhard Ludewig documents the latest German nuclear plant

Written by Oscar Holland, CNN

After the earthquake and tsunami triggered several devastations at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi power plant in 2011, shock waves were felt throughout the world’s nuclear industry. More than 5,000 miles away in Germany, where the use of atomic energy has long been a matter of contention, the incident sounded like a death knell.

Chancellor Angela Merkel soon was announced that he took seven of the country’s oldest nuclear power plants. Soon after, he promised that the remainder would be permanently closed by 2022, with the country’s focus shifting to renewable alternatives.

So when photographer Bernhard Ludewig visited the nuclear plant for the first time in 2012, a year after Fukushima, he not only glanced at an inaccessible world – he documented the closing chapter in German history.

The control rod is depicted in an open reactor at the Emsland Nuclear Power Plant in northwest Germany. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

“We chose the moment when they changed fuel rods,” he recalled this first meeting during a telephone interview. “We talked to the person who operated the loading machine and we were able to ride it right above the reactor, and I got my first photo. I saw some press photos, but it was a different matter when you were there. This is the beginning of the project.”

Ludewig then visited dozens of other sites in the following years. Through a combination of documents, persuasion and trust building, he gained rare access to some of the country’s last remaining nuclear facilities, as well as capturing ongoing demolition.

Inspired by Edward Burtynsky (a Canadian photographer known for depicting mines, oil refineries and other human interventions on natural landscapes), he decided to record a complete picture of the country’s atomic sector – not only power plants, but also research centers, training facilities and repositories for radioactive waste.
Inside the aluminum-paneled control room of the Karlsruhe FR2 research reactor that was not used.

Inside the aluminum-paneled control room of the Karlsruhe FR2 research reactor that was not used. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

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The resulting photos are, sometimes, alluring. Ludewig’s focus on patterns and symmetry revealed the beauty hidden in the complex centrifuges, the retro-style control room and the towering cooling tower which he described as having a religious quality, like a cathedral.

“Sometimes a machine or object like someone – I try to take a picture of it,” he said. “You take photos and don’t think too much about what they are. You have feelings, and you follow them. And it gets smoother every time.”

Stay neutral

Ludewig has now compiled around 300 photos into a new book, “Nuclear Dreams“Set in more than 400 pages, this is a complete survey of nuclear power, complete with diagrams, illustrations and contributing essays on physics and architecture.

The photographer also explored what he called “atomic age aesthetics” through vintage posters and equipment that claimed the benefits of the new technology. This early utopian image, inspired by movements such as modernism and the Bauhaus school, offers a clear alignment with facility images that are often faded at this time.

In the exploration mine that was drilled under the city of Gorleben, where radioactive waste can be stored permanently.

In the exploration mine that was drilled under the city of Gorleben, where radioactive waste can be stored permanently. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

But Ludewig stated that he was not for or against nuclear power, but rather “neutral” who was attracted by technology that once carried promises of the future. The goal, he said, was to capture this lost world for the sake of our children and grandchildren, not to promote or criticize the country’s energy policy.

“That’s really documented,” added Ludewig, who said disagreements about nuclear power were like “civil war” in Germany. “You have two camps. It’s like Trump’s America, you are a Republican or left-wing liberal and they don’t talk to each other. Anyone who says something is considered to be for us or against us.”

While Fukushima served as a catalyst for broad public opposition in Germany, the country’s commitment to stop nuclear plants the 20th year ago. The debate about the perceived danger and lack of atomic energy is still older.

During the 1970s, left-wing protests outside nuclear facilities in the former West Germany were common, and often resulted in clashes with police. Proposals to dump radioactive waste in the salt mine in Gorleben have made the small town a hotspot for demonstrations ever since. (Ludewig’s book includes photographs of exploration mines drilled under Gorleben as part of Germany’s ongoing search for permanent answers to its nuclear waste problem).

The Ludewig project also took him to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant which was abandoned in Ukraine today.

The Ludewig project also took him to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant which was abandoned in Ukraine today. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

But for Ludewig, the real “turning point” is Chernobyl. The 1986 disaster – which sent radioactive falls across Europe, caused a surge in cancer rates and leaving an area of ​​1,000 square miles in Ukraine today which is largely uninhabitable – fundamentally changing the debate in Germany. Soviet-designed facilities in the east of the country, such as the Greifswald Nuclear Power Plant, were deactivated after the country’s reunification. And no new nuclear power facilities have been built in Germany from the 1990s onwards.

So like visiting sites in Finland and Brazil, Ludewig also made a pilgrimage to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone to paint a more complete picture of the industry. The photos he returned, including frightening images from the control room that had long been left behind, helped give objectivity and balance to the project, he said.

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“If you publish hundreds of images of nuclear power that show hidden beauty, and you don’t show havoc, then that won’t be honest.”

Nuclear Dream: A Hidden World of Atomic Energy, “published by DOM, available now.

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Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge

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Thomas Gouveia remains the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge

Writing with Lusa

Tournament of the second European circuit.

Thomas Gouveia solidified his status as the best Portuguese in the Swiss Challenge this Saturday by finishing the penultimate day of the second European round robin in a group of 31st placed golfers.

Thomas Gouveia hit the card with 73 shots, one over par on the course, after two birdies (one under par hole) and three bogeys (one over), after making 71 shots in the previous two days for a total of 215.

Thomas Bessa needed 75 hits, three over par and tied for scarecrows, he finished 48th with 218 total, five short of Vitor Lopez, 60th with 223, after today needs 78, with just one bird . to fit five scarecrows and a double scarecrow.

The Swiss Challenge, which concludes on Sunday in Folgensburg, France, is still led by France’s Chung Veon Ko with a total of 206 shots, one short of Denmark’s Martin Simonsen in second place.

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Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.

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Miguel Oliveira qualified eighth for the Japanese Grand Prix.

Portuguese rider Miguel Oliveira (KTM) qualified this Saturday in eighth position at the Japanese MotoGP Grand Prix, 16th of 20 races of the season, despite a last-minute crash.

The Portuguese from the Austrian brand set his best lap of 1.55.895 minutes, finishing 0.681 seconds behind fastest Spaniard Marc Marquez (Honda). France’s Johann Zarco (Ducati) was second with 0.208 seconds and South African Brad Binder (KTM) was third with 0.323 seconds.

“I had good speed and potential in the second quarter and on this particular lap. [a última], but I was on the floor in the ninth turn. It was a shame, but I have confidence in tomorrow (Sunday),” commented the Portuguese rider in statements released by the KTM team. “It was difficult to prepare for the race, but we’ll see.” [o que vai acontecer]”- concluded Miguel Oliveira.

The Portuguese left the third row of the grid after falling just three minutes before the end of the session, marred by rain that caused a delay of more than an hour and had already forced the cancellation of the third free game. training session, at night. The fall of the Portuguese rider occurred in the third sector of the track, at a time when his results were improving. When 15 minutes of this second qualifying stage (Q2) ended, Oliveira finished in fourth place.

However, several riders were still halfway to the last lap and the Almada rider ended up being overtaken by Spaniards Jorge Martin (Ducati), Brad Binder and Aprilia Spaniards Aleix Espargaro and Maverick Viñales.

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Pole position was won by Marc Marquez 1,071 days after he was the fastest in qualifying for the MotoGP World Championship, namely the 2019 Japanese Grand Prix.

“I am very pleased with the pole position. This morning I felt very strong on the wet track and decided to give it a try. This is very important for us and for the future. Tomorrow, on a dry surface, everything will be different. history,” said the Spanish rider, who has already become world champion eight times.

The rain that hit the Motegi track became a headache for the riders and the organization, which was forced to interrupt the Moto2 qualifying nine minutes before the end and cancel the third free practice in MotoGP.

Traffic on the track only resumed after more than an hour, and the wet track was the cause of several accidents, including that of a Portuguese KTM rider who slid off the pavement without physical consequences.

Johann Zarco’s Ducati was the fastest today, reaching 302 kilometers per hour, while Oliveira’s KTM lost 30 kilometers per hour in a straight line (the maximum speed achieved by the Portuguese was 270 kilometers per hour). Luca Marini’s Ducati was the slowest, reaching 255.9 kilometers per hour, leaving the Italian in 10th place.

Champion and championship leader Fabio Quartararo (Yamaha) of France finished ninth behind Miguel Oliveira, while World Cup runner-up Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati) of Italy finished 12th and last in the second quarter, bringing together the top 10 fastest in free practice and the top two in the first quarter.

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Already the Italian Enea Bastianini (Ducati), the winner of the previous stage in Aragon, remained in Q1, where he fell without physical consequences.

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Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: “You learn and laugh” | alagoas

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Arapiraquense makes humorous videos to give Portuguese advice: "You learn and laugh" |  alagoas

“You learn and you laugh” is how Erivaldo Amancio defines the Portuguese language content he offers online. Born in Arapiraque, Alagoas, he humorously gives advice and answers questions about the Portuguese language.

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Erivaldo has 767k followers on Instagram and over 17.5k followers on YouTube. It all started a year and a half ago when he got scolded in a comment on social media.

Because the swearing contained several grammatical errors, Erivaldo responded by posting a video teaching a “lesson” to the hater.

“It happened more than once. Some of these videos were posted on humorous Instagram profiles. It made me stand out,” he said.

A literature student at the Federal University of Alagoas (Ufal), Erivaldo wants to prepare even more for face-to-face classes when he is near the end of the course. He says the purpose of the profile is to encourage followers to seek out more knowledge.

“Tips on the web are just a seed, the fruit of which can be curiosity about objects,” he explained.

Through social media, Erivaldo responds to his followers’ doubts about the Portuguese language.

Erivaldo’s profile is also in demand by contestants and students preparing for Enem.

“[Os seguidores] it is said to be a very interesting way of learning. Many regret not learning from teachers who use humor in the classroom,” he said.

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