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Bernhard Ludewig documents the latest German nuclear plant

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Bernhard Ludewig documents the latest German nuclear plant

Written by Oscar Holland, CNN

After the earthquake and tsunami triggered several devastations at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi power plant in 2011, shock waves were felt throughout the world’s nuclear industry. More than 5,000 miles away in Germany, where the use of atomic energy has long been a matter of contention, the incident sounded like a death knell.

Chancellor Angela Merkel soon was announced that he took seven of the country’s oldest nuclear power plants. Soon after, he promised that the remainder would be permanently closed by 2022, with the country’s focus shifting to renewable alternatives.

So when photographer Bernhard Ludewig visited the nuclear plant for the first time in 2012, a year after Fukushima, he not only glanced at an inaccessible world – he documented the closing chapter in German history.

The control rod is depicted in an open reactor at the Emsland Nuclear Power Plant in northwest Germany. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

“We chose the moment when they changed fuel rods,” he recalled this first meeting during a telephone interview. “We talked to the person who operated the loading machine and we were able to ride it right above the reactor, and I got my first photo. I saw some press photos, but it was a different matter when you were there. This is the beginning of the project.”

Ludewig then visited dozens of other sites in the following years. Through a combination of documents, persuasion and trust building, he gained rare access to some of the country’s last remaining nuclear facilities, as well as capturing ongoing demolition.

Inspired by Edward Burtynsky (a Canadian photographer known for depicting mines, oil refineries and other human interventions on natural landscapes), he decided to record a complete picture of the country’s atomic sector – not only power plants, but also research centers, training facilities and repositories for radioactive waste.
Inside the aluminum-paneled control room of the Karlsruhe FR2 research reactor that was not used.

Inside the aluminum-paneled control room of the Karlsruhe FR2 research reactor that was not used. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

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The resulting photos are, sometimes, alluring. Ludewig’s focus on patterns and symmetry revealed the beauty hidden in the complex centrifuges, the retro-style control room and the towering cooling tower which he described as having a religious quality, like a cathedral.

“Sometimes a machine or object like someone – I try to take a picture of it,” he said. “You take photos and don’t think too much about what they are. You have feelings, and you follow them. And it gets smoother every time.”

Stay neutral

Ludewig has now compiled around 300 photos into a new book, “Nuclear Dreams“Set in more than 400 pages, this is a complete survey of nuclear power, complete with diagrams, illustrations and contributing essays on physics and architecture.

The photographer also explored what he called “atomic age aesthetics” through vintage posters and equipment that claimed the benefits of the new technology. This early utopian image, inspired by movements such as modernism and the Bauhaus school, offers a clear alignment with facility images that are often faded at this time.

In the exploration mine that was drilled under the city of Gorleben, where radioactive waste can be stored permanently.

In the exploration mine that was drilled under the city of Gorleben, where radioactive waste can be stored permanently. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

But Ludewig stated that he was not for or against nuclear power, but rather “neutral” who was attracted by technology that once carried promises of the future. The goal, he said, was to capture this lost world for the sake of our children and grandchildren, not to promote or criticize the country’s energy policy.

“That’s really documented,” added Ludewig, who said disagreements about nuclear power were like “civil war” in Germany. “You have two camps. It’s like Trump’s America, you are a Republican or left-wing liberal and they don’t talk to each other. Anyone who says something is considered to be for us or against us.”

While Fukushima served as a catalyst for broad public opposition in Germany, the country’s commitment to stop nuclear plants the 20th year ago. The debate about the perceived danger and lack of atomic energy is still older.

During the 1970s, left-wing protests outside nuclear facilities in the former West Germany were common, and often resulted in clashes with police. Proposals to dump radioactive waste in the salt mine in Gorleben have made the small town a hotspot for demonstrations ever since. (Ludewig’s book includes photographs of exploration mines drilled under Gorleben as part of Germany’s ongoing search for permanent answers to its nuclear waste problem).

The Ludewig project also took him to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant which was abandoned in Ukraine today.

The Ludewig project also took him to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant which was abandoned in Ukraine today. Credit: Bernhard Ludewig

But for Ludewig, the real “turning point” is Chernobyl. The 1986 disaster – which sent radioactive falls across Europe, caused a surge in cancer rates and leaving an area of ​​1,000 square miles in Ukraine today which is largely uninhabitable – fundamentally changing the debate in Germany. Soviet-designed facilities in the east of the country, such as the Greifswald Nuclear Power Plant, were deactivated after the country’s reunification. And no new nuclear power facilities have been built in Germany from the 1990s onwards.

So like visiting sites in Finland and Brazil, Ludewig also made a pilgrimage to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone to paint a more complete picture of the industry. The photos he returned, including frightening images from the control room that had long been left behind, helped give objectivity and balance to the project, he said.

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“If you publish hundreds of images of nuclear power that show hidden beauty, and you don’t show havoc, then that won’t be honest.”

Nuclear Dream: A Hidden World of Atomic Energy, “published by DOM, available now.

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Portuguese military admits ‘it will take time’ until territory is taken under control

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Portuguese military admits 'it will take time' until territory is taken under control

The “path” chosen for about a year in the fight against rebel groups in the province of Cabo Delgado in northern Mozambique is “the right one,” Brigadier General Nuno Lemos Pires said in an interview with Lusa.

“Now, while the situation is not fully under control, we all understand that, as in any other counter-terrorism situation in the world, it will take a lot of time,” added the head of the European military training mission, although he acknowledged that this “ does not mean that sometimes there are no fears and failures.

However, “this is part of what constitutes an action taken against terrorists who operate in a very wide area, who in themselves have the initiative and the ability to hide in a very wide area,” he said.

In fact, he stressed, many of the recent attacks that have taken place in the south of Cabo Delgado in recent weeks are due to the fact that Islamist extremist rebels had to “flight from the north” of the province.

“Because this was a consolidated military operation carried out in close cooperation between the Mozambique Defense and Security Forces (FSS), [e com as forças d]Rwanda and SAMIM (Southern African Development Community Mission (SADC) in Mozambique), who were clearing out the intervention areas that existed in the area, the reaction of many terrorists was to flee the area, go further south, where they were not pursued. , and make new attacks,” he explained.

“In such cases, the initiative almost always belongs to the terrorists. There are few of them, they hide among the population, they move over very large territories, with a lot of dense vegetation, it becomes very difficult to find them, but you can easily move,” he continued.

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On the other hand, the Portuguese general emphasized, “it is now difficult for these groups” “to concentrate power and forces for large-scale operations, as was the case three years ago during the conquests, such as Mocimboa da Praia or Palma.” ,” he said.

“They don’t have that ability. Many of these attacks even demonstrate [estratégias] survival [clássicas das guerrilhas]. They’re looking for food, they’re looking for supplies, they’re searching deep down for a place where they can survive, because the area is already under quite a lot of control. [por parte] Mozambique FSS, Rwandan forces and SAMIM,” he explained.

In this context, Nuno Lemos Pires highlighted the “quick response” of the Mozambican authorities to each of these developments, starting with head of state Filipe Nyusi.

“I think it is exemplary that the moment there is a movement or a series of significant attacks in other areas, we immediately see the President of Mozambique heading north, linking up with his Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMGFA). , with the Minister of Defense, with the Minister of the Interior, and outline plans on the ground for a quick change of equipment and the ability to respond to such movements,” he said.

During one such trip to northern Mozambique in mid-June, Mozambican Interior Minister Arsenia Massingue said that Mozambican police were informing the “enemy” – the rebel forces in Cabo Delgado – about the positions of the FDS and allied forces on the ground.

However, Lemos Pires downplayed the situation. “We must be aware that there are infiltrations in any political system. It’s happening everywhere. Ignoring this dimension is tantamount to ignoring what is happening everywhere,” he said.

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“I don’t know of a single case of insurgency, counterinsurgency, terrorist or counter-terrorist combat where these leaks didn’t happen frequently. You need to be careful. .

In addition to the vastness of the territory that has been the scene of conflict and the topography favorable to insurgent guerrilla strategies, the porous borders with Tanzania to the north of Cabo Delgado and Malawi to the northwest also pose a danger. challenges the SDF and allied forces of SAMIM and Rwanda.

Lemos Pires also relativized this question. “We are talking about transnational terrorism, and it is good to understand that the situation in the north of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado, is not limited and is not limited – and has never been limited – exclusively and exclusively to this region. A phenomenon that exists throughout Africa. , namely in Central Africa,” he said.

The UETM commander even took advantage of this circumstance to formulate an “extended response” to “a broad problem, a regional one, and the solution must also be a broad regional one.”

Therefore, “it’s very good what we see here on the ground, in fact, this is the unification of the efforts of regional African forces to try to deal with a problem that really worries everyone,” he concluded.

“What happens in one region can affect another. That is why it is in everyone’s interest that these groups be fought, detained and that the narrative that they are currently spreading can be counteracted – we hope that there are fewer and fewer successes,” the Portuguese general stressed.

NPS // PYAA

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Lusa/The End

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country – Notícias de Coimbra

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Sporting confirmed the title of champion of Portugal in futsal and became a two-time champion of the country - Notícias de Coimbra

Today, Sporting CP confirmed the title of Portuguese futsal and became the champion of the country, once again beating Benfica 4:3 in the third game of the play-off final at the Pavilão Joao Rocha stadium in Lisbon.

With this triumph, the Lions add their 17th national title, become two-time champions and achieve something unprecedented in the sport in Portugal, reaching the title by winning every play-off game and completing this feat with three wins in the final against rival Lisbon , winning the first two matches 5-4 and 4-3 respectively.


If in the first two matches the “lions” always started on the losing end, this time the team of Nuno Dias reversed the trend and led through Pauleto (05 minutes), making it 2-0 due to Cavinato (13) and Cardinal (18). ) signed a third before the break.


In the second half, André Sousa (26) moved to Benfica, Ziki (33) turned Léonin’s lead into a 4-1 lead, and Artur scored twice for the Eagles (34 and 39).

Sporting seized the initiative from the very beginning, and after Pani Varela threatened to hit the post, Pauleta really opened the scoring for the Lions with the next move, only having managed to pull over to the side of the road with a well-aimed blow. pole, after help from Eric.

Alvalade’s team were encouraged by the goal, and in the following betting twice he cost Benfica André Sousa, who, thanks to two excellent interventions, avoided Sporting’s second goal.

However, even the “elastic” goalkeeper of the “eagles” could not prevent the score from 2:0 in the 13th minute, when Cavinato appeared “in the face” of the goalkeeper to deflect a free kick from Alex Merlin.

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The “party”, which took over the Joao Rocha pavilion due to the Lions’ two-goal advantage, led to an overabundance in the stands: the fans broke the glass next to the “red” bench, due to which the game was interrupted for several minutes.

Three minutes before the end of the first half, Benfica had a great opportunity to close the gap: Sporting punished Sporting with a free kick for the sixth foul: Arthur missed him in a one-on-one match with Goncalo Portuguese, hitting the post.

The “punishment” for the Luz team was even more severe a minute later when the Cardinal made it 3-0 to the national champions. Pauleta, in an individual move, took all the defense of the “Reds” to the “tug” and filed for a support, which, in front of the helpless Andre Souza, chose a side and struck for the score.

In the second half, despite a greater lead in the match when Benfica appeared to be shaken by a big disadvantage, Sporting saw the opposition close in on the score thanks to a 26th-minute André Souza goal. even touched Merlin before entering the gate in Gitta’s defense.

Shortly after that, Benfica could have re-entered the final discussion, but Arthur, after a combination with Carlos Monteiro, hit the post again, missing the opportunity to make the score 3:2.

Benfica failed, while Sporting responded with a fatality, and Ziki stamped his name on the scorecard in the 33rd minute: first Pani Varela hit the iron, and then the green-white center was faster on reload.

After two iron balls, Artur finally “set” his goal and lowered it to 4-2 in the 34th minute. Toward the last minute, the central “incarnate” made the score 4:3 and left the result open until the end, but Sporting even became the national champion for the seventh time during the “reign” of Nuno Diaz as coach of the team from Alvalade. .

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The game was played at the Joao Rocha Pavilion in Lisbon.

Sporting – Benfica, 4-3.

During the break: 3-0.

Labels:

1:0, Pauleta, 05 min.

2:0, Cavinato, 13.

3-0, Cardinal, 18.

3-1, André Sousa, 26.

4-1, Ziki, 33.

4-2, Arthur, 34.

4-3, Arthur, 39 years old.

Teams:

– Sporting: Gitta, Eric Mendonza, Joao Matos, Diego Cavinato and Alex Merlim. Also playing were Tomas Paco, Cardinal, Pauleta, Pani Varela, Esteban Guerrero, Ziki Te and Gonçalo Portugal.

Coach: Nuno Dias.

– Benfica: Andre Souza, Romulo, Robinho, Rocha and Ivan Chishkala. Also played were Afonso Jesus, Artur, Carlos Monteiro, Bruno Sintra, Rafael Henmi, Silvestre Ferreira and Jacaret.

Coach: Pulpis.

Referees: Cristiano Santos (Porto), Ruben Santos (Porto) and Joao Sinval (Braga).

Disciplinary Actions: Yellow card for Robinho (11), Bruno Sintra (12), Cardinal (12), Jacaret (16), Pauleta (29), Romulo (32), Zika (32) and Afonso Jesus (34).

Attendance: about 2000 spectators.

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The Portuguese club became home to former Palmeiras players

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Recently, Pedro Acasio, the jewel of Palmeiras, was announced by the Portuguese club Portimonense. However, the midfielder is not the only player to come through the Palmeiras team and is currently part of the Portuguese national team.

Pedro Acasio arrived at Palmeiras U20 in 2020 on loan from Canaa-BA. In early 2021 (still valid in the 2020 season) it was used by Abel Ferreira in three Brasileirão games against Corinthians, Flamengo and Ceará. He returned to the under-20 team until the middle of the year when his loan contract ended. He was even loaned out to the railroad until he really went to the professionals in Canaan.

It turns out that Portimonense has two players who have already played for Palmeiras: Pedrao and Ivan Angulo. Defender Pedrau, now 25, arrived at the Palmeiras base in 2017. Since 2018, he has been loaned out to other clubs but has never played for professional Palmeiras.

He has played for América, Atlético Madrid, Nacional POR and this season for Portimonense, where he has already made 31 appearances. At the Portuguese club, Pedrau ranks fourth in the SofaScore index, excelling in the use of interceptions, assists and long passes.

Ivan Angulo, now 23, arrived at the base palm trees in 2019 and played only one match as a professional: 0 x 0 in the first leg of the 2020 Paulista final. He was on loan at Cruzeiro and Botafogo and today he is also on loan at Portimonense.

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However, his loan will last until the 30th of this month, and the future of the Colombian, who has 36 games, two goals and an assist for the Portuguese club, is unknown. There are rumors in Abel Ferreira’s country that Portimonense are interested in continuing to work with the striker at a club currently ranked 13th in the Portuguese Liga.

+ Jorginho continues to complain about Palmeiras and goes on a “collision route” with Alviverde fans

+ Endrik from Palmeiras surprises in his speech before the U17 game; Watch

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