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Vietnam: How this country of 95 million has zero coronavirus mortality



Motorbike riders with face masks are stuck in traffic during the morning peak hour on May 19 in Hanoi.

For skeptics, Vietnam’s official figures may seem too good to be true. But Guy Thwaites, an infectious disease doctor who works in one of the main hospitals appointed by the Vietnamese government to treat Covid-19 patients, said the numbers were consistent with the reality on the ground.

“I go to the ward every day, I know the case, I know there are no deaths,” said Thwaites, who also heads the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Ho Chi Minh City.

“If you have an unreported or uncontrolled community transmission, then we will see cases in our hospital, people who come with chest infections may not be diagnosed – it never happened,” he said.

So how does Vietnam seem to counter global trends and largely escape the specter of coronavirus? The answer, according to public health experts, lies in the combination of various factors, ranging from the government’s rapid initial response to preventing its spread, to strict contact tracing and quarantine and effective public communication.

Act early

Vietnam began preparing for a coronavirus outbreak weeks before the first case was detected.

At that time, Chinese authorities and the World Health Organization stated that there was no “clear evidence” for human-to-human transmission. But Vietnam doesn’t take risks.

“We are not just waiting for guidance from WHO. We are using data we have collected from outside and inside (the country to) decide to take action earlier,” said Pham Quang Thai, deputy head of the Department of Infection Control at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi .

In early January, temperature filtering already available for passengers arriving from Wuhan at the Hanoi international airport. Travelers who experience fever are isolated and closely monitored, the nation’s national broadcaster reported at the time.
In mid-January, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam was located Reign government agents to take “drastic steps” to prevent the spread of disease to Vietnam, strengthen medical quarantine at border gates, airports and ports.
On January 23, Vietnam confirmed the first two cases of coronavirus – a Chinese citizen living in Vietnam and his father, who had traveled from Wuhan to visit his son. The following day, the Vietnamese aviation authority canceled all flights to and from Wuhan.
When the country celebrated the Chinese New Year holiday, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc declared war on the corona virus. “Fighting this epidemic is like fighting an enemy,” he said the word at an urgent Communist Party meeting on January 27. Three days later, he formed a national steering committee to control the plague – the same day WHO declared coronavirus public health emergencies of international concern.
On February 1, Vietnam declared national epidemic – with only six confirmed cases recorded throughout the country. All flights between Vietnam and China were stopped, followed by suspension of visas to Chinese citizens the following day.
During this month, travel restrictions, arrival quarantine and visa suspension expanded in scope as coronavirus spread outside China to countries such as South Korea, Iran and Italy. Vietnam finally it depends enter all strangers at the end of March.
Vietnam People's Army officers stand next to a warning sign about the lockout of the Son Loi commune in Vinh Phuc province on February 20.
Vietnam also quickly took proactive locking action. On 12 February, that locked an entire rural community of 10,000 people north of Hanoi for 20 days for seven cases of the corona virus – the first major lockout known outside of China. Schools and universities, which have been scheduled to reopen in February after the Lunar New Year holiday, are ordered to remain closed, and only reopened in May.

Thwaites, an infectious disease expert in Ho Chi Minh City, said the speed of Vietnam’s response was the main reason behind its success.

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“Their actions in late January and early February are far ahead of many other countries. And it is very helpful … for them to be able to maintain control,” he said.

Careful contact tracking

The initial decisive action effectively limited community transmission and kept only 16 confirmed cases in Vietnam on 13 February. For three weeks, there were no new infections – until the second wave struck in March, brought by Vietnamese returning from abroad.

Authorities closely track the confirmed coronavirus patient contacts and place them in mandatory two-week quarantine.

“We have a very strong system: 63 provincial CDCs (disease control centers), more than 700 district level CDCs, and more than 11,000 commune health centers. All of them connect contact tracing,” said Pham doctor with the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology.

A confirmed coronavirus patient must provide a complete list of all the people he meets with health workers in the past 14 days. Announcements were placed in newspapers and broadcast on television to inform the public about where and when a corona virus patient called on people to go to the health authorities to test whether they were there at the same time, Pham said.

A woman stands in a queue to give samples at an emergency testing center near Bach Mai hospital in Hanoi on March 31.

When Bach Mai hospital in Hanoi, one of the largest hospitals in Vietnam, became a coronavirus hotspot with dozens of cases in March, the authorities imposed a lock on the facility and tracked nearly 100,000 people associated with the hospital, including medical officers, patients, visitors and their close contacts, according to Pham.

“Using contact tracing, we found almost everyone, and asked them to stay at home and quarantine themselves, (and that) if they have symptoms, they can visit the health center for free testing,” he said.

Authorities too tested more than 15,000 people are connected to hospitals, including 1,000 health workers.

The search for Vietnamese contacts was so thorough that it not only occurred after direct contact with an infected person, but also indirect contact. “That is one unique part of their response. I don’t think any country has carried out quarantine to that level,” Thwaites said.

All direct contacts are placed in government quarantine in health centers, hotels or military camps. Some indirect contacts were ordered to isolate themselves at home, according to a learn Vietnam’s Covid-19 control measures by about 20 public health experts in the country.
A roadside barber wearing a face mask gives a haircut to customers in Hanoi.

As of May 1, around 70,000 people were quarantined at Vietnamese government facilities, while around 140,000 had been isolated at home or in hotels, the study said.

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The study also found that of the first 270 Covid-19 patients in the country, 43 percent were asymptomatic cases – which he said highlighted the value of strict contact and quarantine tracking. If the authorities do not proactively look for people at risk of infection, the virus can spread silently in the community several days before being detected.

Public communication and propaganda

From the beginning, the Vietnamese government has been communicating clearly with the public about the outbreak.

Specialized websites, telephone hotlines and telephone applications were formed to update the public about the current situation of the plague and medical advice. The Ministry of Health also regularly sends reminders to residents via SMS messages.

Pham said on a busy day, the national hotline alone could receive 20,000 calls, not counting hundreds of provincial and district level hotlines.

A propaganda poster about preventing the spread of the corona virus was seen on the wall when a man smoked along the street in Hanoi.
The country’s huge propaganda apparatus was also mobilized, raise awareness from outbreaks through loudspeakers, street posters, press and social media. In late February, the health ministry released an interesting music video based on Vietnamese pop songs to teach people how to wash their hands properly and other hygiene measures during the outbreak. Known as the “hand washing song,” the song soon became viral, so far it has attracted more than 48 million seen on Youtube.

Thwaites said that Vietnam’s rich experience in dealing with infectious diseases, such as the SARS epidemic from 2002 to 2003 and the subsequent bird flu, has helped the government and society better prepare for the Covid-19 pandemic.

“The population respects infectious diseases far more than many countries that might be more prosperous or countries that do not see many infectious diseases – Europe, Britain and the US for example,” he said.

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“This country understands that these issues need to be taken seriously and in accordance with government guidelines on how to prevent the spread of infection.”

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In the last round of Portugal x Morocco was the decisive Cristiano Ronaldo and the Portuguese a la Gordon Banks.



In the last round of Portugal x Morocco was the decisive Cristiano Ronaldo and the Portuguese a la Gordon Banks.

Portugal and Morocco met in the group stage of the 2018 World Cup, and the Europeans won 1-0.

Portugal and Morocco will meet this Saturday (10) in the quarterfinals world Cup from Qatar. The last meeting between the two teams was in 2018, in the group stage of the World Cup held in Russia, and the Portuguese had the star of Cristiano Ronaldo and a brilliant performance by Rui Patricio to win the confrontation 1-0.

CR7 scored Portugal’s winning goal against Morocco in 2018 (Photo: FADEL SENNA/AFP)

Photo: Lance!

After scoring a hat-trick on his debut against Spain in 2018, CR7 went on a good phase and took four minutes to put the Portuguese team ahead against Atlas Lions. Four years later, the script changed for the Portuguese star, who was no longer unanimous in Portugal and lost the title to Gonçal Ramos, who scored a hat-trick against Switzerland.

Another notable figure for Portugal against Morocco in 2018 was goalkeeper Rui Patricio. The Africans dominated the match and had 15 submissions. In the 12th minute of the first half, the goalkeeper saved a header from Belanda in a move similar to Gordon Banks’ “save of the century” against Pelé in the 1970 World Cup.

In Qatar, Rui Patricio came on as a substitute and “passed the baton” to Diogo Costa, the 23-year-old who failed his debut but was an important figure in the Portuguese team’s campaign in the competition.

Frenchman Hervé Renard managed Morocco in Russia, a sensational manager in Qatar who managed to get Saudi Arabia to beat Argentina with one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history.

The winner of Portugal and Morocco will play either France or England in the semi-finals of the World Cup. The Portuguese have not been in the top four teams since the 2006 World Cup in Germany. On the other hand, the Atlas Lions want to be the first African team to reach the semi-finals of the Cup.

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Portuguese government to allocate 30 million euros to help Ukrainian refugees in Poland – Cidade Hoje



Portuguese government to allocate 30 million euros to help Ukrainian refugees in Poland – Cidade Hoje

The City Council of Santo Tirso today returned to Desportivo das Aves the Portuguese Football Cup trophy won in the 2017/2018 season, which the municipality bought at an auction two months ago for 30,000 euros.

“This was an injustice that our own justice wanted to bring up for discussion, but it needs to be reconsidered. It is disgusting that there are legal aspects that prevent the title from passing into the hands of others when it has been very well won on the field. The city council did only what it was responsible for, which is to keep the heritage of the population, the club and the land in the right place, ”Mayor Alberto Costa repeated to reporters.

The handover of the scepter took place on the full lawn of the CD Aves stadium, in Vila das Aves, between the winning reception of Desportivo das Aves 1930 in favor of Rio de Moinhos (3-1), in the 13th round of the 4th Series of the Football Association Division of Honor Porto.

Conquered on 20 May 2018 by beating Sporting CP in the final of the Queen’s competition (2-1) at the Estadio Nacional in Oeiras, the trophy was laid in the context of northern South Africa’s insolvency, having been put up for public auction from August to October.

A “double” by Alexandre Guedes against a goal from Colombian Fredy Montero “sealed” the unprecedented success of “Avences”, then managed by José Mota, just five days after the invasion of the Accademia de Alcochete, where supporters attacked several “Leonin players”.

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“The City Council of Santo Tirso did this out of respect for those who were on the field, after a week when it seemed that Desportivo das Aves did not exist. I returned to what I did in good conscience as mayor. We took care of the formal aspects so that what happened would not happen again, ”admitted Alberto Costa.

The ceremony was attended by the footballers, technicians and other staff involved in winning the Portuguese Cup, whose scepter was carried by the then goalkeeper and “captain” Kim and striker Alexandre Guedes on the pitch to be symbolically handed over by the mayor to the newly appointed sworn-in president of the Vila das Aves club, Pedro Pereira.

“Feeling is what you felt in the stadium. There was gratitude for the most important achievement in our history, which also marked the beginning of the renaissance that we are striving for, in order for the club to return to the heights that it has reached in the past. The Portuguese Cup is well placed. The legal departments have tried to ensure that this is not going anywhere,” said successor António Freitas.

The auction was held by the Judicial Court of Comarca Porto and ended exactly two months ago, setting a minimum threshold of 1360 euros, set at an initial price of 800 euros and a base price of 1600 euros. trophy.

The greatest achievement of Desportivo das Aves was arrested by the SAD in July 2020 when the Chinese-led administration Wei Zhao failed to fulfill the licensing requirements in the professional competition of the 2020/21 season with the Clubs League and rejected an appeal to the Council of the Referee of the Portuguese Football Federation.

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The Nordics had already been relegated to the II League, but “fell” by administrative means in the Campeonato de Portugal, then in the third national level due to wage arrears and unilateral layoffs of players, technical staff and employees.

SAD, which also witnessed the confiscation of two Desportivo das Aves buses, decided to withdraw from the Portuguese Championship in September 2020, five months before the Santo Tirso District Judicial Court declared it insolvent.

Almost €37,500 debts from SAD to three foreign clubs resulted in FIFA preventing the club from signing new players since August 2020, but two months later, António Freitas’ management decided to recreate the futsal and football sections that began to represent the new club. called Desportivo das Aves 1930.

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IBGE has already conducted a census of almost 80% of the Brazilian population – Português (Brazil)



Mutirão Opens To Negotiation Of Individuals' Overdue Debts - Português (Brazil)

Almost 80% of Brazil’s population is already registered this year. From the beginning of work, from August 1 to December 5, 168,018,345 people were registered, in 59,192,875 households, which corresponds to 78.73% of the estimated population of the country. The data is taken from the fourth balance sheet of the 2022 demographic census released this Wednesday (December 7) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGS).

Of the total number of respondents, the majority live in the Southeast region, 39.54%, followed by the Northeast (29.43%), South (14.76%), North (8.79%) and Midwest (7 .44%). So far, 48.4% of the census population was male and 51.6% female.

According to IBGE, the state with the highest proportion of registered people to estimated population is Piauí (96.2%), followed by Sergipe (91.2%) and Rio Grande do Norte (89.8%). The least advanced are Mato Grosso (65.9%), Amapa (66.9%) and Espirito Santo (70.67%).

In the case of Sergipe and Piaui, BIGE has already completed the first phase of data collection, with census takers traveling around the state visiting addresses. The institute will now begin the process of restoring homes that were registered for absent residents and those that people refused to respond to the census.

So far, about 2.59% of households have refused to respond, but IBGE expects to reduce this percentage by the end of the operation after all persistence protocols have been applied.

States that are close to completing collection will also be able to count on Disque-Censo, a free service available from 8:00 am to 9:30 pm. Those who have not been visited by census takers can call the agency at 137 and take part in the survey. At the moment, the service is only available in the states of Sergipe and Piauí.

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In this balance sheet, BIGE discloses for the first time general census data in subnormal agglomerations, defined as “irregular occupation of land for residential purposes in urban areas and which are generally characterized by irregular urban structure, lack of basic public services and being in areas with limited access”. Until December 5, 12,337,295 people lived in the country, which is about 7% of the registered population.

In addition, 1,489,003 natives and 1,208,702 quilombolas have already been registered.

The institute is facing difficulties due to a lack of staff to conduct censuses in some locations. Throughout the country, from November 28 to December 4, 60,611 enumerators worked at IBGS, which is 33.1% of the total number of available vacancies.

Census takers will always be in uniform, with an IBGE vest, census cap, ID badge, and a mobile data collection device (DMC). In addition, it is possible to verify the identity of the IBGS agent in website By answering IBGE or calling 0800 721 8181.

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