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The European Union is still divided over coronavirus assistance. That can separate them

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On Wednesday, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will unveil his proposal to dig Europe out of a historic recession along with the European Union’s long-term budget plan. But deep divisions between member states still need to be bridged, increasing the risk that much needed assistance can be delayed.

This rift complicates efforts to get money quickly to the countries hardest hit by the pandemic, such as Spain and Italy, where anti-EU sentiment is increasing. The leaders warned that the future of the European Union could depend on what happened next.

The uneven recovery “will tear off our single market and establish significant political and financial tensions in the euro area and the European Union,” Mário Centeno, president of the European finance minister’s body, recently warned in an interview with the Greek political newspaper. “We will walk in a financial crisis. There is a lot at stake.”

Grants versus loans

The euro survived the debt crisis between 2010 and 2012, saved by massive EU bailout loans to countries such as Greece, Portugal and Ireland, and pledges by the European Central Bank to do “anything” to defend the currency.

Now, Europe as a whole is facing the worst economic shock since the 1930s, only a few countries will suffer more pain than others. The European Commission estimates that GDP in 19 countries using the euro will contract of 7.75% this year, record. The Italian economy could shrink by more than 9%, making it more difficult to repay debts of € 2.4 trillion ($ 2.6 trillion). The country’s debt to GDP ratio is 135% at the end of 2019.

As EU leaders struggle to provide more aid money, the big question is whether pandemic recovery funds should offer loans or grants to member countries. Using grants will require net contributors to the EU budget, including “Frugal Four,” to pay more. Relying on loans, meanwhile, will mean burdening heavily indebted countries like Italy with more obligations.

The breakthrough came last week when Germany and France propose creation from a € 500 billion ($ 549 billion) recovery fund. Under the proposal, the European Commission will borrow money to improve the economy and distribute grants to the hardest hit regions and sectors through the EU budget. Debts incurred to raise funds must be paid off over time, “but not by beneficiaries,” said French President Emmanuel Macron.

The Pitch marked a major change in Berlin’s position, underlining the severity of the crisis and changing the tenor of the discussion, according to Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, senior colleague at the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

“This is Germany realizing that Italy is not Greece,” Kirkegaard said, referring to the importance of avoiding the debt crisis in the bloc’s third largest economy. “If we have another asymmetrical recovery, then that will be very bad for the European Union and very bad for the German economy itself.”

Trade within the European Union accounts for nearly 60% of German exports.

The proposal still needs to be formalized by the European Commission, and not all 27 member countries. Austria, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark seem united against the Franco-German plan.

But without Germany, their opposition seems thin, said Mujtaba Rahman, managing director for Europe at the Eurasia consultancy group.

“There is a big movement in most European capitals in recognition of the scale of the challenge,” Rahman said. “Obviously that’s what you don’t get from ‘Frugal Four.’ This effectively restated the old position. “

‘Very difficult negotiations’

Negotiations will begin in earnest after the European Commission reveals its framework this week.

Rahman expects the Commission to call for recovery funds worth € 600 billion ($ 654 billion) to € 700 billion ($ 763 billion), although the amount of key information can be reduced during talks. He thinks the proposal will include a mix of cheap loans and direct grants to try to bring more conservative Northern countries.

However, this is not the only problem that needs to be hammered with a budget of around € 1 trillion ($ 1.1 trillion).

Determining the European Union budget, which runs from 2021 to 2027, has been compounded by the fact that Brexit has blown up huge holes in financial block over the next seven years, said Guntram Wolff, director of Bruegel, a think tank based in Brussels. . Britain has become the second largest contributor to the European Union.

Member countries also need to understand how much money they will put in, whether rich countries will still get discounts, and importantly, the types of programs that the bloc will support. The pandemic complicates this issue, which has been debated.

The timeline is tight. Getting aid to Europe in the second half of this year will require agreement between EU leaders in June or July, according to Rahman, followed by a strengthening vote in the European Parliament in early September. The lack of a busy summer tourism season is expected to hit Spain, Italy, Portugal and Greece hard in the coming months.

Centeno, who also serves as Portugal’s finance minister, highlighted the urgency over the weekend.

“It would be better if we found an agreement on the main features of the Recovery Fund before the summer, to provide guarantees to our citizens, companies and markets, and increase the credibility of the EU response,” he tweeted. “That will be a very difficult negotiation.”

Political storm brewing

In recent days, political leaders have not shied away from overcoming the potential consequences of failure.

“We must show that what is not at stake is a national contribution from one or the other for the European budget,” said French Secretary of State for European Affairs Amélie de Montchalin in an interview Monday with Le Point magazine. “This is the vitality of an economic project that makes us prosperous.”

Many Italians feel that they are left alone to face the consequences of the pandemic, reinforcing the hatred that has accumulated after the 2015-16 migrant crisis, Enrico Letta, the former prime minister of Italy, said Friday.

“This is why, I think, it is very important to have a very comprehensive, fast and effective European response,” he told CNN Business, Richard Quest.

People walk through shopping marches in Milan on May 18.

If Italy and other southern countries experience a slower recovery than their northern neighbors, it will feed euroskeptic powers and political instability in the region, Kirkegaard said.

In Germany, troubled companies have received substantial credit guarantees from the state, which means more will survive. In Italy, however, the risk of corporate defaults is increasing – underscoring the need for a more coordinated strategy.

“Unless you get a level playing field here, that will be a real problem,” Kirkegaard said.

And while Germany has come to provide grants, the country has not agreed to include capital guarantees needed to get aid funds before 2021, Rahman said. Such delays can be destructive.

The question of time, he said, was “the single biggest risk.”

– Pierre-Eliott Buet contributed reporting.

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Trump claims U.S. would have 50 % the amount of coronavirus scenarios if it did 50 % the tests

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Trump says U.S. would have half the number of coronavirus cases if it did half the testing

US President Donald Trump provides a press conference in the Rose Back garden of the White Dwelling in Washington, DC, on July 14, 2020.

Jim Watson | AFP | Getty Pictures

President Donald Trump insisted yet again Tuesday that the U.S. would have less coronavirus situations if it carried out less screening — even as outbreaks go on to surge throughout the country and deaths get started to decide up rate. 

“Believe of this, if we failed to do screening, alternatively of tests over 40 million folks, if we did 50 percent the testing we would have 50 percent the conditions,” Trump explained at a push convention at the White Residence. “If we did a different, you reduce that in 50 percent, we would have, still yet again, 50 percent of that. But the headlines are usually screening.” 

Trump claimed that whilst coronavirus testing “is a superior issue,” it has also served as “fodder for the faux news to report conditions.” He reported that if the U.S. failed to take a look at folks for Covid-19, then you wouldn’t have “all the headlines” simply because the nation has one of the most affordable mortality fee. 

“When I flip on the news I see circumstances, conditions, cases,” Trump stated. 

The U.S. has more coronavirus instances than any other state in the entire world with a lot more than 3.4 million out of the roughly 13.3 million world wide situations. When the U.S. has carried out additional tests than any other state, it also has the most fatalities — 136,300 of the world’s close to 576,800 fatalities. Covid-19 fatalities, which experienced been on the decline in The us for almost two months, recently started soaring again, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. 

Typical day by day deaths in the U.S. peaked in mid-April at more than 2,400, centered on a 7-working day shifting regular. Fatalities experienced been on the decline given that then, bottoming out at an regular of just in excess of 500 a day on the Fourth of July, but they’ve been soaring ever because to an ordinary of 700 Covid-19 fatalities on Monday, in accordance to Hopkins information. 

Throughout the nation, more than a third of U.S. states described report highs in everyday new cases, based on a seven-day going ordinary as of Monday, according to a CNBC evaluation of info compiled by Hopkins. Twenty states, which includes Florida and Ga, broke documents on Monday with an average of 10,855 and 3,358 new cases, respectively. 

As scenarios continue to surge, labs throughout the nation are falling guiding in processing and offering test outcomes, in accordance two of the country’s largest lab diagnostics companies. 

“We attribute this demand principally to the quick, continuing spread of COVID-19 bacterial infections across the country but significantly in the South, Southwest and West locations of the nation,” Quest Diagnostics explained in a statement.

Hospitalizations throughout the state, which epidemiologists say could present the most significant outbreaks given that they do not count on testing, go on to strike new file highs indicating common group transmission. On Monday, 14 states broke grim documents in 7-working day normal hospitalization quantities, including Texas, California and Arizona, in accordance to a CNBC analysis of details from the Covid Monitoring Job. 

— CNBC’s Nate Rattner, Jasmine Kim and Will Feuer contributed to this report. 

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Postmaster Standard tells suggests to go away mail guiding if it delays routes

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Postmaster General tells says to leave mail behind if it delays routes
  • The US Postal Service’s new Postmaster Normal has proven new expense-conserving procedures that could gradual down mail company.
  • Mail carriers are getting advised to go away mail at the rear of at distribution facilities alternatively than using late visits, taking extra excursions, or logging additional time, in accordance to memos initially described on by The Washington Submit and subsequently reviewed by Business enterprise Insider. 
  • The Postal Services is on fiscally shaky ground because of to the coronavirus pandemic, with Organization Insider earlier reporting that it may perhaps operate out of funds by the close of September. 
  • Visit Company Insider’s homepage for more stories.

As it struggles to continue to be afloat for the duration of the coronavirus pandemic, the US Postal Assistance has carried out “challenging” value-slicing actions that may sluggish mail supply, The Washington Write-up very first noted. 

The alterations, recognized by the USPS’s new Postmaster Normal, Louis Dejoy, have been disseminated Monday in memos that have been viewed by The Submit, verified by the American Postal Personnel Union, and corroborated to The Publish by 3 men and women with information of the files who spoke less than the condition of anonymity. Business Insider also received and reviewed the memos.

In the paperwork, Dejoy instructed workers to cease logging time beyond regulation and to leave mail at distribution facilities if it would delay their route.

“If the crops operate late, they will retain the mail for the up coming day,” reads a single of the paperwork. “If you get mail late and your carriers are long gone and you can’t get the mail out with out OT, it will remain for the next working day.”

This new directive goes towards the teaching postal staff ordinarily acquire, which claims they should really stay away from leaving letters guiding and need to make positive goods are delivered promptly, even if that means building several trips, The Write-up notes.

“1 facet of these improvements that may be tricky for workers is that — temporarily — we may perhaps see mail left driving or mail on the workroom flooring or docks,” a second memo states, incorporating that “any mail remaining driving will have to be effectively claimed.”

In the similar document, the USPS stated that late excursions and further trips — which it estimates price tag the agency around $200 million in “added fees” — are now prohibited. 

The price tag-cutting procedures arrive as the USPS is scarcely scraping by during the coronavirus pandemic. In spite of a ton of package deal deliveries, overall letter-mail volumes have plummeted due to the fact the pandemic commenced and corporations shuttered. Even with a $10 billion line of credit rating granted by the CARES Act, the Postal Support has found alone in dire straits — as of May perhaps, estimates were being that the agency could run out of money by the end of September. 

While acknowledging the Postal Service’s rocky financial posture, Mark Dimondstein, president of the American Postal Employees Union, sharply criticized the new steps — arguing they hit at the quite core of the agency’s mission, which is to “present prompt, reliable, and productive company.”

“These supplemental moves by the new Postmaster Standard seem to be sending the opposite concept, which is that mail can wait around,” Dimondstein informed Company Insider in a cellphone phone on Tuesday. “It will likely undermine the mission we’re committed to. And in conditions of the folks of the country, it will possible guide to slower, much less prompt, and less dependable, and seriously significantly less successful services.”

When questioned about the memos, a spokesperson for the USPS instructed Business enterprise Insider that the company is “acquiring a enterprise approach” to keep on being economically secure when offering “reliable, affordable, risk-free and protected shipping and delivery of mail, deals and other communications to all Us residents as a critical component of the nation’s vital infrastructure.”

“When the over-all approach is not nonetheless finalized, it will definitely include things like new and innovative techniques for us to satisfy our mission, and we will concentrate right away on effectiveness and items that we can command, which include adherence to the powerful functioning designs that we have produced,” the spokesperson stated. 

This story has been up to date with remark from the US Postal Service.

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Ruth Bader Ginsburg hospitalized for attainable infection

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Ruth Bader Ginsburg hospitalized for possible infection

“Justice Ginsburg was admitted to The Johns Hopkins Clinic in Baltimore, Maryland early this early morning for treatment of a feasible an infection,” spokeswoman Kathleen Arberg mentioned Tuesday.

“She was at first evaluated at Sibley Memorial Medical center in Washington, D.C. very last evening following enduring fever and chills. She underwent an endoscopic procedure at Johns Hopkins this afternoon to cleanse out a bile duct stent that was put final August. The Justice is resting comfortably and will continue to be in the hospital for a handful of times to get intravenous antibiotic remedy.”

It can be the most recent advancement in Ginsburg’s prolonged historical past of medical troubles though serving on the higher court — though she’s proven adept at continuing her career without interruption.

When the justices read oral arguments by telephone in May due to the coronavirus pandemic, Ginsburg participated from her medical center room even though nevertheless recovering from a benign gallbladder issue.

The cell phone relationship was glitchy as Ginsburg commenced her questioning, and her voice sounded weaker than ordinary at times. But she hit her stride afterwards in the argument inquiring concerns that at times ended up far more like reviews.

Ginsburg, 87, missed oral arguments for the 1st time in January 2019, even though recovering from medical procedures after two cancerous nodules had been eradicated from her still left lung the prior thirty day period. At the time, she participated in the conditions by reading transcripts. The liberal justice had currently been given cure in November 2018 for a few ribs she fractured in the course of a tumble in her workplace. And in August 2019, she was addressed for pancreatic cancer.

As a result, her overall health has arrive less than elevated scrutiny as the court grapples with extensive-achieving instances that can transform American regulation. Given that coming to workplace, President Donald Trump has created two appointments, Neil Gorsuch in 2017 and Brett Kavanaugh in 2018, deepening the conservative tilt.

Trump explained to reporters Tuesday that he hopes Ginsburg is feeling improved and praised her for “really supplying me some good rulings.”

“I desire her the best. I hope she’s improved. I did not listen to that, truly. She was just hospitalized? No, that’s also negative,” he reported in the White Household Rose Backyard. “No, I desire her the most effective. She’s in fact supplying me some excellent rulings.”

The liberal icon is ideal recognised for her viewpoints relevant to civil rights problems, which includes the landmark circumstance opening up the Virginia Navy Institute to girls.

Her dissents in current a long time have ongoing to energize Democrats at a time when Republicans control the White Residence and Senate, and the Supreme Court moves rightward.

In 2013, Ginsburg was dubbed the “Infamous RBG,” a enjoy on the name of the late rapper Infamous B.I.G., as a response to a dissent she wrote when the courtroom greater part issued a milestone final decision rolling again voting-rights protections.

That craze continued when she filed a intense dissent previously this month as the court bulk permitted the Trump administration to develop exemptions for employers who have religious or ethical objections to complying with the Inexpensive Treatment Act’s contraceptive mandate.

“Nowadays, for the initial time, the Court casts thoroughly aside countervailing legal rights and passions in its zeal to protected spiritual rights to the nth degree,” she wrote, joined by Justice Sonia Sotomayor.

“This Court docket leaves women of all ages personnel to fend for them selves, to seek out contraceptive protection from sources other than their employer’s insurer, and, absent a different out there supply of funding, to shell out for contraceptive services out of their personal pockets,” she ongoing. She noticed that the administration experienced said the new regulations would lead to hundreds of females — “among 70,500 and 126,400 women of childbearing age,” she wrote — to shed coverage.

This story has been up to date with extra details.

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