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The artist Christo died at the age of 84

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The artist Christo died at the age of 84

Written by Jacqui Palumbo, CNN

Christo Vladimirov Javacheff, known for his monumental environmental artwork with his late wife, Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon, has died. He is 84 years old.

Together, known only as Christo and Jeanne-Claude, they wrapped iconic landmarks in fabric, such as Pont Neuf in Paris in 1985 and Reichstag in Berlin in 1995; and installed thousands of orange gates in Central Park, fragrant from the sacred Japanese torii gate, in 2005.

Christo died on Sunday 31 May at his home in New York, according to a statement made at Artist’s official Twitter account.

He was abandoned by his son, Cyril Christo, a photographer, filmmaker and animal rights activist. Jeanne-Claude died after a brain aneurysm in 2009.

Christo: ‘I am an artist who is totally irrational’

After his death, Christo dedicated himself to completing their concept. In 2016, he realized their work “The Floating Piers” on Lake Iseo Italy, a project they envisioned in 1970. For 16 days, a golden path appeared on the lake, supported by 220,000 polyethylene cubes. Like many of their works, it was a popular success. About 270,000 people showed up to walk on water during the first five days.

In 2018, Christo launched “The London Mastaba,” a floating installation on Lake Serpentine in London made of more than 7,000 barrels of oil. It was the first major public outdoor work in the UK. His next work is to appear in Paris, in September 2021 – the long-awaited wrapper of one of the most famous war memorials in the world, the Arc de Triomphe. In May 2020, Christo told CNN that he did not believe it really happened. “I never believed that we would get permission -” I was stunned. “

A statement announcing his death also indicated that the Paris project would continue: “Christo and Jeanne-Claude always explained that their ongoing art work continued after their death. L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped (Project for Paris) is still on track for 18 September – October 3, 2021. “

Christo and Jeanne-Claude, 1976 Credit: Wolfgang Volz

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Christo and Jeanne-Claude were born on the same day on June 13, 1935 – Christo in Bulgaria and Jeanne-Claude in Morocco. In 1957, Christo attended a semester at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna before finally landing in Paris, where he met Jeanne-Claude in 1958. He had begun to wrap things, such as furniture and oil drums, and they began to work together in 1961 For decades, the couple only used the name Christo, until 1994 when Jeanne-Claude was added retroactively to many works as collaborators.

Artists insist that their ambitious project is about “excitement and beauty,” as Jeanne-Claude once said in 2002. However, they did not create their works in a political vacuum, and for one of the earliest collaborations they piled barrels of oil to the barricades of a street in Paris in protest at the Berlin Wall.

Facing Christo and Jeanne-Claude temporarily changing the land and the cityscape can be an overwhelming experience, changing perceptions, and they take years – and sometimes decades to do. Outfitting Reichstag takes 24 years from concept to completion; the artists considered the early work as part of their art too, calling it the “software” period while the “hardware” period included the time when physical work was realized.

“Surrounded Islands,” Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980-83 Credit: Wolfgang Volz / Christo and Jeanne-Claude

In 1980, the couple began planning “Surrounded Islands,” renting 11 islands in Biscayne Bay Miami from the city for almost $ 13,000 to surround their perimeter in bright pink polypropylene fabric.

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For three years, they tirelessly worked with their staff – which included lawyers, civil and marine engineers, marine biologists and manatees specialists – to live their vision, face a number of obstacles to obtaining permission and federal. The lawsuit was initiated by wildlife paramedics. “Surrounded Islands,” was finally formalized in 1983, and was considered important for the rejuvenation of Miami in the 1980s as a cultural destination. The couple responded to any criticism of environmental problems for their work, insisting they returned each site to its original state – and in the case of the “Surrounding Islands,” cleared nearly 40 tons of waste land.

Christo launches new work at London’s Hyde Park

Christo ever explained himself as “an educated Bulgarian Marxist who has learned to use capitalism for his art.” They are very independent, avoiding dependence on the world of art to support their work financially. They fund themselves, often selling preparatory drawings to do.

“We pay with our money! Without grants, there is no money from the industry,” he said at the opening of “The London Mastaba” in 2018. “All these projects were initiated by us. Nobody asked us to do it. Nobody asked us to do it. “to wrap up the Reichstag. Nobody asked us to install a floating dock. We decided to do what we wanted to do.”

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Thiago Monteiro in 14th and 15th before the arrival of the WTCR in Portugal – Observer

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Thiago Monteiro in 14th and 15th before the arrival of the WTCR in Portugal - Observer

Portuguese driver Thiago Monteiro (Honda) finished 14th and 15th this Sunday in the two World Touring Car Cup (WTCR) races held in Aragon, Spain, which precede the Vila Real race.

The Portuguese rider always rode in the tail, he was hindered by the fact that Honda had more excess weight than his rivals.

“If they told me that I would be in this position, I would not believe it. But the reality is that we have not been able to withstand a number of adversities. From the moment when the pace is much lower than other rivals, we are prepared in advance. It’s heartbreaking,” the Portuguese rider began his explanation after the fourth round of the championship.

The Portuguese rider struggled to find the best balance in his Civic, as did his teammate, Hungarian Attila Tassi.

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“We still had problems, and we could not reach the full potential of the car. It was very difficult, unpleasant and discouraging, especially since we are going to Vila Real and this scenario does not suit me. But we will have to continue to look for our own path and believe that everything will work out, ”Thiago Monteiro concluded.

Belgian Giles Magnus (Audi) and Spaniard Mikel Ascona (Hyundai) won both races on Sunday.

Ascona leads the league with 129 points, while Thiago Monteiro is 16th with 12 points.

The WTCR competition in Portugal will take place next weekend in Vila Real.

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

This Sunday, Portuguese cyclist João Almeida (UAE-Emirates) became the Portuguese champion in cross-country cycling for the first time, winning the elite national championships held in Mogaduro.

In his first online race since Joao Almeida was forced to pull out of the Vuelta Italia after testing positive for the coronavirus, he won his first national title since becoming time trial champion in 2021.

Almeida crossed the finish line in Mogadora, covering the 167.5 km distance in 4:08.42 hours, 52 seconds behind Thiago Antunes (Efapel) second, Fabio Costa (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) third, and Rui Oliveira (UAE). – Emirates), fourth.

In the end, João Almeida stated that he was “very pleased” with the victory, admitting that the race “went very well” and thanking his teammates.

Former national champion José Neves (W52-FC Porto) did not finish the race, as did Rafael Reis (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) who won the time trial title on Friday.

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Portuguese military admits ‘it will take time’ until territory is taken under control

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Portuguese military admits 'it will take time' until territory is taken under control

The “path” chosen for about a year in the fight against rebel groups in the province of Cabo Delgado in northern Mozambique is “the right one,” Brigadier General Nuno Lemos Pires said in an interview with Lusa.

“Now, while the situation is not fully under control, we all understand that, as in any other counter-terrorism situation in the world, it will take a lot of time,” added the head of the European military training mission, although he acknowledged that this “ does not mean that sometimes there are no fears and failures.

However, “this is part of what constitutes an action taken against terrorists who operate in a very wide area, who in themselves have the initiative and the ability to hide in a very wide area,” he said.

In fact, he stressed, many of the recent attacks that have taken place in the south of Cabo Delgado in recent weeks are due to the fact that Islamist extremist rebels had to “flight from the north” of the province.

“Because this was a consolidated military operation carried out in close cooperation between the Mozambique Defense and Security Forces (FSS), [e com as forças d]Rwanda and SAMIM (Southern African Development Community Mission (SADC) in Mozambique), who were clearing out the intervention areas that existed in the area, the reaction of many terrorists was to flee the area, go further south, where they were not pursued. , and make new attacks,” he explained.

“In such cases, the initiative almost always belongs to the terrorists. There are few of them, they hide among the population, they move over very large territories, with a lot of dense vegetation, it becomes very difficult to find them, but you can easily move,” he continued.

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On the other hand, the Portuguese general emphasized, “it is now difficult for these groups” “to concentrate power and forces for large-scale operations, as was the case three years ago during the conquests, such as Mocimboa da Praia or Palma.” ,” he said.

“They don’t have that ability. Many of these attacks even demonstrate [estratégias] survival [clássicas das guerrilhas]. They’re looking for food, they’re looking for supplies, they’re searching deep down for a place where they can survive, because the area is already under quite a lot of control. [por parte] Mozambique FSS, Rwandan forces and SAMIM,” he explained.

In this context, Nuno Lemos Pires highlighted the “quick response” of the Mozambican authorities to each of these developments, starting with head of state Filipe Nyusi.

“I think it is exemplary that the moment there is a movement or a series of significant attacks in other areas, we immediately see the President of Mozambique heading north, linking up with his Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMGFA). , with the Minister of Defense, with the Minister of the Interior, and outline plans on the ground for a quick change of equipment and the ability to respond to such movements,” he said.

During one such trip to northern Mozambique in mid-June, Mozambican Interior Minister Arsenia Massingue said that Mozambican police were informing the “enemy” – the rebel forces in Cabo Delgado – about the positions of the FDS and allied forces on the ground.

However, Lemos Pires downplayed the situation. “We must be aware that there are infiltrations in any political system. It’s happening everywhere. Ignoring this dimension is tantamount to ignoring what is happening everywhere,” he said.

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“I don’t know of a single case of insurgency, counterinsurgency, terrorist or counter-terrorist combat where these leaks didn’t happen frequently. You need to be careful. .

In addition to the vastness of the territory that has been the scene of conflict and the topography favorable to insurgent guerrilla strategies, the porous borders with Tanzania to the north of Cabo Delgado and Malawi to the northwest also pose a danger. challenges the SDF and allied forces of SAMIM and Rwanda.

Lemos Pires also relativized this question. “We are talking about transnational terrorism, and it is good to understand that the situation in the north of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado, is not limited and is not limited – and has never been limited – exclusively and exclusively to this region. A phenomenon that exists throughout Africa. , namely in Central Africa,” he said.

The UETM commander even took advantage of this circumstance to formulate an “extended response” to “a broad problem, a regional one, and the solution must also be a broad regional one.”

Therefore, “it’s very good what we see here on the ground, in fact, this is the unification of the efforts of regional African forces to try to deal with a problem that really worries everyone,” he concluded.

“What happens in one region can affect another. That is why it is in everyone’s interest that these groups be fought, detained and that the narrative that they are currently spreading can be counteracted – we hope that there are fewer and fewer successes,” the Portuguese general stressed.

NPS // PYAA

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Lusa/The End

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