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The Arctic explorer was confined in a small hut on the Norwegian Svalbard islands

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The Arctic explorer was confined in a small hut on the Norwegian Svalbard islands

(CNN) – When Hilde Falun Storm and Sunniva Sorby began a long-planned expedition in the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard last September, their main goal was to encourage conversation about climate change in the polar regions.

After spending nearly nine months collecting data and samples for researchers in a remote area of ​​Basembu, which is located 140 kilometers from the “nearest neighbor,” adventurers are ready to say goodbye to the small wooden shack they have called home since the beginning of their trip.

However, as has happened to many people around the world, their plans were suddenly put on ice because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Now the couple had little choice but to remain separate from civilization with only one another to accompany, along with their dog Ettra and various polar bears, reindeer and geese, until a ship was able to cross to bring them home.

“We are very cold,” Strom told CNN Travel via satellite telephone. “There is no electricity. There is no running water. This is challenging, but this is the most beautiful area you can imagine.”

Strom and Sorby spent two years planning a project known as Heart in ice, Who saw them become the first women in history to overcome winter in the Arctic without a male team member.

During their stay in Basembu, both have collected weather and wildlife data, monitoring clouds, sea ice, and organisms for international institutions such as the Norwegian Polar Institute and NASA.

The two, who have known each other for about six years, also lived in total darkness for three months, which they described as an experience “not for the weakest heart.”

“None of us lives that close, 24/7 in a small space [their cabin was built for whalers in the 1930s] with anyone, “Sorby said.

“So it has learning opportunities and challenges. But there isn’t a single thing that happened here that we don’t know about together.

“Then in March, the earth began to turn its axis, and everything began to change.”

‘We are more useful here’

Hilde Falun Storm and Sunniva Sorby were trapped in remote Bamsebu in the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago.

Courtesy Hearts in the Ice

While they have little access to technology in Basembu, Strom and Sorby, who both work in polar tourism, stay abreast of Covid-19 by their social media team.

But they did not know how serious it was until it became clear their four-day “pick-up trip”, where family, friends, sponsors and science partners would arrive on board to collect them in early May, could not continue.

“There are a lot of tears,” said Sorby, who lives in Canada. “It was very difficult. The same ship that dropped us off in September will come to pick us up.

“We haven’t moved from this location in nearly nine months and some of the same people we stand up and wave to be there.

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“But the whole world has witnessed many tragedies in terms of health and so many other disappointments with all that has been canceled. So, we are all on the same boat to talk.”

Aside from disappointment, partner, who have written books about their experiences, determined to make the best of the situation they are now experiencing, and has chosen to remain in Basembu until September to continue their work.

“We had a goal when we left and we will continue that,” Strom said.

“We feel more useful here than at home. But it is difficult, because we are not with our family and friends.”

Sorby shares this sentiment, showing that they are in a better position in some ways, because they have not been “tainted” by the despair of the coronavirus pandemic that has accumulated in the world over the past few months.

“We will remain in the good news department,” he added. “Leaving this project means sacrificing our goals and what we value and stand for as women.

“So, there is never a choice for us to stop this. Apart from the cost to us emotionally, and financially.

“We honestly have done a lot of soul searching. We are both over 50. And we really care about our values ​​and how we appear in the world.”

Arctic tourism conflict

Pictures of 'Hearts in the Ice,' ilde Falun Strom and Sunniva Sorby's expedition in remote Basembu, on researchers in Svalbard, Norway

Strom and Sorby were the first women in history to “endure winter” in the Arctic without a male team member.

Courtesy Hearts in the Ice

The fact that tour ships cannot travel to Svalbard, is positioned halfway between Norway and the North Pole, because global travel restrictions also mean fewer samples of data are being collected at this time.

“Tour ships provide great value for scientists by collecting saltwater and cloud observations,” Sorby explained.

“The tourists are involved in the citizen science program on the boat. But no one this year.

“Last August we had ships here every day with between 60 and 80 guests. Small ships began to arrive in May and larger ships in June.”

As a result, the two found that they were the only people in their field who were actively collecting sea ice or phytoplankton at this time.

“It makes sense for us to continue so that no data set is lost,” Sorby added. “We feel there is great value in that.”

The Arctic tourist season runs from May to September, which means if restrictions remain, there will be little or no tourism at all in the region this year.

“The entire Svalbard community was devastated by Covid-19 and all travel restrictions,” said Strom, who has lived in Longyearbyen, the main settlement here, for several years. “This is really visible and is a big thing for the tourism industry.

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“But they have started to be open to guests coming from Norway from June, so we have to see how it develops.”

There has been much debate about the environmental risks surrounding Arctic tourism in recent years, largely due to an increase in the number of expedition ships built to sail in Arctic waters and the dangers posed by emissions from ships.

Last year, the Norwegian government issue a press release shows it is considering a ban on heavy fuel oil (HFO) as well as size restrictions on passenger ships on Svalbard in an effort to manage tourism growth and protect local wildlife.

However, as indicated by Strom and Sorby, this area also benefits from tourism.

Hilde Kristin Rosvik, editor of the local newspaper Svalbardposten Recently talked about this conflict, explaining that while local residents appreciate the money and awareness generated by such tourism, the number of people who come can be very large.
“Now coal mining is far less than before, education, research and tourism are important elements of the economy,” Rosvik said Forbes last year

“The problem is that too many tourists arrive at once from a ship. This creates friction in a small community.”

Involving the global community

Pictures of 'Hearts in the Ice,' ilde Falun Strom and Sunniva Sorby's expedition in remote Basembu, on researchers in Svalbard, Norway

The duo has used solar power and windmills for electricity and collected wood for fires during the winter.

Courtesy Hearts in the Ice

Svalbard is also one of the regions on Earth that is most severely affected by climate change.

The annual average temperature here has risen four degrees Celsius since 1970, while winter temperatures have surged more than seven degrees, according to a report released by Norwegian Climate Service Center in 2019.

Strom and Sorby were forced to launch Hearts in the Ice as a result of these events, with the aim “to involve the global community in dialogue around climate change and what we can all do.”

In between data collection, they host live videos “hang out” with students and teachers around the world to spread the word. They also have a blog that provides updates on their progress.

The two women said they found it difficult to understand what was happening outside their very remote locations.

“This is a strange event,” Sorby added. “We can never imagine when we begin this voluntary self-isolation, that the whole world will be in accidental isolation.

“It’s still very difficult to wrap your head.”

The couple, who have used solar power and windmills for electricity, are very aware they will return to the new world once the ship finally arrives, and many of the things they take for granted in the past will have been completely changed.

For example, their work – Strom as a product manager for tour operators Hurtigruten, and Sorby as director of global sales for Polar Latitude — no longer.

“The way we process meaning in our world is through travel and connecting people across countries and cultures and making ambassadors for the environment,” Sorby said.

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“It’s very strange that it stopped and we found ourselves without work, like many people out there.

“We will not return to the same world. We will not return to our work.

“So, we continue to stay here to be relevant to other crises facing our world, namely the climate crisis.”

Spring ‘quiet’

Pictures of 'Hearts in the Ice,' ilde Falun Strom and Sunniva Sorby's expedition in remote Basembu, on researchers in Svalbard, Norway

Both feel they are “more useful” where they are, and have decided to remain in Basembu until September.

Courtesy Hearts in the Ice

However, they hope some goodness can come out of this situation, related to the 1962 book “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson, which tells how bird populations throughout the US are affected by the widespread use of pesticides.

“The world is in a very different ‘silent spring’, where it takes a very big deep breath, and we have to watch and observe,” Sorby said.

“And I think many people are reevaluating how they work, how they live and how they travel.

“That is very interesting for us in the polar tourism industry.

“How do we introduce people to different landscapes, different cultures and specially protected areas?

“How we do it is important. We must try to understand how to redefine it. So, this is an interesting time.”

Strom hopes that sustainable travel, already a hot topic before the pandemic, will become a way of life rather than just a movement.

“We as travelers will have a different view of how we travel [in the future],” she says.

“We will find sustainable operators and other ways to travel to avoid environmental impacts like we did before.

“I think this will be a new direction for us all.”

While the two women hope to finally see their family and friends, and have a hot shower and cappuccino, they are currently at peace with isolation and look forward to a very quiet (though not too quiet) spring.

“There is no traffic,” Sorby said. “There is no static electricity in the air. There are no airplanes. There is no ship traffic. When we go outside, we only hear the sound of ice moving and the wind.

“We find a lot of strength in our goals and vision, but also the nature around us.

“That’s something everyone can relate to. [We can all] go outside and feel the power of nature. Walking, running or cycling. Mother Nature has a lot to offer. “

Strom and Sorby are currently collecting money through a GoFundMe page to help “expand technology, citizen science gathering and education outreach” to schools around the world.

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Portugal’s Lego Tram 28 project could become an official product

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Portugal's Lego Tram 28 project could become an official product

O engineer project Ezequiel Alabasafrom Alenquer, which consists of the Lego construction of Lisbon’s famous tram 28, could become an official product of the brand.

For the Portuguese, the project began during the pandemic, when the alabasas tried to entertain children by building structures out of pieces of a popular Danish toy. Later, he built a tram inspired by the famous 28 that runs through the streets of the capital.

This project consists of two parts: a 28 tram and a Portuguese Lego sidewalk, totaling about 2150 pieces.

Among the dolls that inhabit the building, the engineer added some elements typical of Lisbon transport, such as a pickpocket, a guitarist and a chestnut seller. There are also different passengers and driver (brake).

Tram 28 characters in Lego© DR

After the completion of the project, the Portuguese want this product to become official. voted on lego website. So far, he has won more than half of the required 10,000 votes.

If Ezequiel Alabaza with his Elétrico 28 gets 10,000 votes, the account will be closed and the project will be evaluated by Lego, who will have six months to decide if the idea gets the brand’s official seal.

Read also: First (and gigantic) Lego store to open in Portugal. know where

News by the Minute nominated for Marketeer Awards

O News by the minute is one of the nominees for the 2022 competition. Premium Marketerin category digital media. Voting will last until May 31st.

To help us win, just visit the website of the initiative organized by the magazine. marketerclicking Hereand proceed to filling out the form by selecting News by the minute in category digital media and then formalize the vote. Thanks for your preference!

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Who is Zambrius, the Portuguese hacker who gained access to important government structures?

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Who is Zambrius, the Portuguese hacker who gained access to important government structures?

He entered the system that controls Brazilian elections and was sentenced to six years in 2020 for hacking Benfica and Altis. Portuguese State

“There is always something going on in the suburbs of the Internet,” says the hacker, who at 19 had already hacked into several of the largest companies and public infrastructures in Portugal and Brazil.

Together with a group of hackers led by him Cyberteam, Tomás Pedroso, known in the internet world as Zambrius, gained access to Benfica’s computer systems, obtained some of Altis’s most sensitive data, as well as the network supporting the Brazilian electoral system and the three branches electoral system. General Staff of the Armed Forces. Now, at the age of 21, while awaiting the outcome of an appeal he filed against the six-year prison term to which he was sentenced, the hacker revealed that he gained access to the Garcia de Orta Hospital (at least 16 days before the program ransomware attack), ARS Centro Patient Transport Service, a platform that manages SNS financial resources, and an application that stores national exam data.

READ TOO
Hackers Hack Critical Government Services: Armed Forces, Healthcare and Education Are Vulnerable

However, this young man’s journey into the most hidden corners of the Internet began many years ago. At just 16 years old, he dominated the computer world to such an extent that he had already managed to gain access to some platforms of the highest state structures, such as the Judicial Police or the Prosecutor General’s Office, along with other members of CyberTeam. Eventually, he was caught and detained by the authorities and placed in an educational center for two years.

Attack on the Brazilian elections

Together with other hackers, the young man, who the criminal indictment says will have communication difficulties and attention deficits, took advantage of being under house arrest from May to November to access the Oracle network that was managing the data of the Supreme Electoral Court of Justice of Brazil (TSE) during the first round of municipal elections. In a report by CNN Portugal, the hacker admitted to gaining access to the network, but denied accusations of manipulating information that led to electoral changes.

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“I did not manipulate any information despite having access to computers and databases from Oracle, a multinational corporation in charge of processing the election results,” he wrote to CNN Portugal.

He was arrested by the Judicial Police in November 2020 in a joint operation with the Brazilian authorities that identified and detained three youths “for the ongoing crime of unauthorized access, computer damage and computer sabotage.”

Since then, the Zambrius name has become known for hundreds of DDOS attacks that flood servers and render them inoperable, website corruption that corrupts web pages, and SQL injections where it exploits website vulnerabilities to issue commands.

Tomas Pedroso is currently at large, pending an appeal from a six-year prison sentence with a twice-weekly obligation to appear and a travel ban. He was charged with 28 crimes of aggravated access, misuse of data and damage to computers.

Attack on Benfica and Altis

The court, which now found him guilty of computer crimes, charged the hacker with breaking into the website of telecom operator MEO Altice. The State Department believes that Thomas was able to access the company’s databases and “filter data, including names and addresses, customers contained in sales tables, and employees of the sales department.” In total, Zambrius had access to over 123,325 company data, including name, address, mobile phone number, and the companies they work for.

Another abusive access by a young Portuguese occurred in March 2020 when he managed to log into the MyBenfica portal, which was used as a back office for the Fundação Benfica website, which was used by the site administrators to manage and present content. The hacker then provided the credentials of 114 club employees.

Hacktivism or cybercrime

The Defense Ministry’s criminal case file describes the hacker’s actions as “illegal acts of a cybernetic nature,” which the young man calls hacktivism, “as a form of political protest achieved through cybernetic intrusion and incitement to civil disobedience.” “. Thus, along with “unidentified persons”, the young man explored various public and private systems, “scaling privileges and causing database configuration changes associated with the respective sites or other functions.”

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This was the case in the case of the attack on Jornal da Madeira, when Zambrius caused a change in the image of the newspaper’s website, inserting an image of a man with a covered face, in a hood and working at a computer, accompanied by a message against politician Andre Ventura, president of Chega!: “Cyberteam hacked (… ) Cyberteam was here!#antiventura Andre Ventura who f…! A system that e…! Ps: I ran out of patience to write cute text with fancy words!”

CyberTeam also did not pass by the Portuguese Association of Football Referees (APAF). The hacker successfully altered the image of the website, which now featured a photo of Rui Pinto, with a message in which the group questioned an investigation by the Portuguese authorities that did not take into account information posted on the Football Leaks website. “What is Portugal doing to fight corruption in football?” the group wrote.

Prosecutors say that when the young man successfully attacked the target, he proceeded to copy and “extract the information contained in the databases”, eventually claiming responsibility for the social media attacks.

cyberteam

In the history of attacks carried out by CyberTeam, there are hundreds of large-scale intrusions, including EDP. On April 13, 2020, a Portuguese electricity company was the target of a cyberattack that severely affected customer service systems. The announcement came the next day via Twitter, where the pirates threatened to attack Altice and carry out a large-scale attack on April 25 of that year.

At the time, they stated in a Facebook post that around 80% of Portuguese websites could be changed by the group. The hacker collective also claimed to have “access to several important systems in the private and public sector, including some courts, clubs, private companies” and added that “if necessary” they would hack into the television network.

CNN Portugal, a young man assures that the group of computer pirates he helped found is inactive.

Return

All you need is a smartphone and with time and patience you can find vulnerabilities and exploit them. This is what happened to the shortcomings that he discovered in April of this year when he tweeted a series of appeals to various critical platforms of the Portuguese state, including the García de Orta hospital page, the ARS Centro patient transport platform and the National Examination Jury.

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In a written response to CNN Portugal, which asked him about the motives for what justice has already deemed crimes, the hacker says that these attacks serve “only to notify” the authorities of the weaknesses that exist in the networks, claiming that they are willing to share with the network administrator the vulnerabilities of these systems. The hacker justifies the focus on health care, education, and defense by saying that they serve to demonstrate that these areas, “which hackers usually seek out for profit,” are not safe.

When asked if he is ready to work with the authorities to find and correct flaws in the most important systems of the Portuguese state, Thomas Pedroso answers with the question: “Why not?”.

Another target of the hacker was dozens of servers of the three directorates of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (EMGFA). Two years after he was able to infiltrate these platforms and be convicted for it, the hacker claims he was able to access the same servers again through the same vulnerabilities that were discovered in the past. CNN Portugal, an official source from the EMGFA, told CNN Portugal that the 2020 vulnerabilities “have been analyzed and actions deemed appropriate have been taken.”

“There are many types of attacks on servers. An attacker can steal information from users and use it for sale or own use, such as accessing ATMs or even bank accounts, can use phishing scams, inject ransomware to obtain ransom, use the victim’s server for future attacks, or mine bitcoins, the attacker locks onto the target as if it were the owner; In short, the attacker can completely manipulate the network and do whatever they want with it,” explains the hacker.

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BdP balance is already similar to Portugal’s GDP – Markets

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BdP balance is already similar to Portugal's GDP - Markets

The balance sheet of Banco de Portugal is already equal to the economy of Portugal. The central bank closed last year with assets of 219 billion euros, the highest ever, about 27 billion euros higher than in 2020, largely due to debt purchased under mega-monetary stimulus programs.

“The balance sheet is 219 billion euros, which corresponds to the size of Portugal’s GDP,” said the Governor of Banco de Portugal, Mario Centeno, in the presentation of the Board of Directors’ report for 2021. “We had an increase in balance sheet. sheet is explained by the increase in monetary policy and deposits of credit institutions.

The EUR 27 billion increase in monetary policy assets was driven by a EUR 17.1 billion increase in the monetary policy portfolio as a result of securities purchases under the new Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program ( PEPP) and Public Sector Asset Purchase Program (PSPP) bonds. In addition, refinancing operations increased by 9.6 billion euros. At the end of 2021, lenders’ deposits at the Bank of Portugal reflected an increase of €26.9 million year-over-year “as a result of a significant injection of liquidity as a result of the aforementioned monetary policy measures.”


In 2021, the evolution of Banco de Portugal’s financial statements continued to be influenced by the response to the expansion of the pandemic crisis, as explained in the paper by the central bank led by Mario Centeno.

“Gold has also had a positive impact on the size of the bank’s balance sheet, and these are the main trends,” Centeno emphasized for the precious metal, which increased by 4.3% (equivalent to 808 million euros) for a total of $19.8 billion. Euro. Banco de Portugal has also reorganized its management assets as a result of “taking advantage of the opportunities for profit” offered by the market.

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