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Sweden is still far from ‘herd immunity’, although it is not locked



Deaths soar in country that didn't lock down. Officials identify big reason why

The figure, which was confirmed by the Swedish Public Health Authority to CNN, is roughly the same as other countries that have data and far below the 70-90% needed to create “herd immunity” in a population.

That happened after the country adopted a very different strategy to stop the spread of the corona virus to other countries by only applying very light restrictions on daily life.

Sweden’s chief epidemiologist Anders Tegnell said the number was “slightly lower” than expected “but not too low, maybe one or a few percent.”

“It fits the model we have,” he added, speaking at a press conference in Stockholm.

Research conducted by the Swedish Public Health Agency aims to determine the potential for herd immunity in the population, based on 1,118 tests conducted in one week. It aims to carry out the same number of tests every seven days over an eight week period. Results from other regions will be released later, said a spokesman for the Public Health Authority.

Sweden has adopted a different strategy from other Nordic countries during the pandemic, choosing to avoid closure and keep most schools, restaurants, salons and bars open. However, it asks people to refrain from going on a long journey, emphasizing personal responsibility.

This strategy was criticized by Swedish researchers from the start, who said that efforts to create herd immunity had low support. But authorities deny that achieving group immunity is their goal.

Herd immunity achieved when the majority of certain populations – 70 to 90% – become immune to infectious diseases, either because they have been infected and recovered, or through vaccination. When that happens, the disease tends to spread to people who are not immune, because there aren’t enough carriers of infection to reach them.
No community has yet reached this and vaccines “will make us get immunity faster” than infection, Michael Mina, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology at Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health, said in a recent report Interview with World International Public Radio.
A health worker cleans and disinfects an ambulance after sending a patient to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at Danderyd Hospital near Stockholm on May 13.

The percentage of people with antibodies in Sweden is not much different from other countries that do locking. In Spain, 5% of people have developed coronavirus antibodies on May 14, according to preliminary epidemiological studies by the government.

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According to Martin Cuba, the official territory of Jihocesky in the Czech Republic who spearheaded a randomly selected mass trial for the corona virus among the general public and frontline workers, preliminary results indicate that the proportion of people who have the disease stands at “one digit number” rather than ” percent fraction “.

Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, estimated earlier this month on CNN Tonight with Don Lemon that between 5% and 15% of people in the US had been infected.

He said coronaviruses would circulate and infect at least 60% to 70% of the population before slowing down, but warned that the country had a “long way to go” to reach the group’s immune immunity. A report he wrote with epidemiologists and other historians estimates that this will take 18 to 24 months.

Mike Ryan, executive director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Health Emergency Program, said the concept of herd immunity is “a dangerous calculation.”

Pedestrians and cyclists cross a bridge in the heart of Stockholm on May 11.

When asked if he would feel comfortable with an immune passport based on his company’s tests, Swiss drugmaker CEO Roche Severin Schwan told Julia Chatterley CNN: “I believe that we are in a world with a lot of ambiguity, and we also have to make decisions about information that is incomplete. So, I think that is valuable information, but we shouldn’t depend entirely on it. “

On April 24, chief epidemiologist Tegnell told BBC radio that authorities believed Stockholm had “an immunity level … somewhere between 15 and 20% of the population.”

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He said the strategy had “worked in several aspects … because our health system has been able to overcome it. There is always at least 20% of intensive care places empty and able to treat Covid-19 patients.”

Asked whether the Swedish approach would help him withstand the possibility of a second wave, Tegnell said he was sure it would happen.

“This will definitely affect the rate of reproduction and slow down the spread,” he said, but added that it would not be enough to achieve “herd immunity.”

But Swedish foreign ministers Ann Linde and Peter Lindgren, managing directors at the Swedish Institute for Health Economics (IHE), said last month that they failed to prevent high mortality rates in nursing homes.

Sweden now has 32,172 cases and 3,871 deaths, according to figures from Johns Hopkins University.

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Thiago Monteiro in 14th and 15th before the arrival of the WTCR in Portugal – Observer



Thiago Monteiro in 14th and 15th before the arrival of the WTCR in Portugal - Observer

Portuguese driver Thiago Monteiro (Honda) finished 14th and 15th this Sunday in the two World Touring Car Cup (WTCR) races held in Aragon, Spain, which precede the Vila Real race.

The Portuguese rider always rode in the tail, he was hindered by the fact that Honda had more excess weight than his rivals.

“If they told me that I would be in this position, I would not believe it. But the reality is that we have not been able to withstand a number of adversities. From the moment when the pace is much lower than other rivals, we are prepared in advance. It’s heartbreaking,” the Portuguese rider began his explanation after the fourth round of the championship.

The Portuguese rider struggled to find the best balance in his Civic, as did his teammate, Hungarian Attila Tassi.


“We still had problems, and we could not reach the full potential of the car. It was very difficult, unpleasant and discouraging, especially since we are going to Vila Real and this scenario does not suit me. But we will have to continue to look for our own path and believe that everything will work out, ”Thiago Monteiro concluded.

Belgian Giles Magnus (Audi) and Spaniard Mikel Ascona (Hyundai) won both races on Sunday.

Ascona leads the league with 129 points, while Thiago Monteiro is 16th with 12 points.

The WTCR competition in Portugal will take place next weekend in Vila Real.

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Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling



Joao Almeida became the champion of Portugal in cycling

This Sunday, Portuguese cyclist João Almeida (UAE-Emirates) became the Portuguese champion in cross-country cycling for the first time, winning the elite national championships held in Mogaduro.

In his first online race since Joao Almeida was forced to pull out of the Vuelta Italia after testing positive for the coronavirus, he won his first national title since becoming time trial champion in 2021.

Almeida crossed the finish line in Mogadora, covering the 167.5 km distance in 4:08.42 hours, 52 seconds behind Thiago Antunes (Efapel) second, Fabio Costa (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) third, and Rui Oliveira (UAE). – Emirates), fourth.

In the end, João Almeida stated that he was “very pleased” with the victory, admitting that the race “went very well” and thanking his teammates.

Former national champion José Neves (W52-FC Porto) did not finish the race, as did Rafael Reis (Glassdrive-Q8-Anicolor) who won the time trial title on Friday.

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Portuguese military admits ‘it will take time’ until territory is taken under control



Portuguese military admits 'it will take time' until territory is taken under control

The “path” chosen for about a year in the fight against rebel groups in the province of Cabo Delgado in northern Mozambique is “the right one,” Brigadier General Nuno Lemos Pires said in an interview with Lusa.

“Now, while the situation is not fully under control, we all understand that, as in any other counter-terrorism situation in the world, it will take a lot of time,” added the head of the European military training mission, although he acknowledged that this “ does not mean that sometimes there are no fears and failures.

However, “this is part of what constitutes an action taken against terrorists who operate in a very wide area, who in themselves have the initiative and the ability to hide in a very wide area,” he said.

In fact, he stressed, many of the recent attacks that have taken place in the south of Cabo Delgado in recent weeks are due to the fact that Islamist extremist rebels had to “flight from the north” of the province.

“Because this was a consolidated military operation carried out in close cooperation between the Mozambique Defense and Security Forces (FSS), [e com as forças d]Rwanda and SAMIM (Southern African Development Community Mission (SADC) in Mozambique), who were clearing out the intervention areas that existed in the area, the reaction of many terrorists was to flee the area, go further south, where they were not pursued. , and make new attacks,” he explained.

“In such cases, the initiative almost always belongs to the terrorists. There are few of them, they hide among the population, they move over very large territories, with a lot of dense vegetation, it becomes very difficult to find them, but you can easily move,” he continued.

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On the other hand, the Portuguese general emphasized, “it is now difficult for these groups” “to concentrate power and forces for large-scale operations, as was the case three years ago during the conquests, such as Mocimboa da Praia or Palma.” ,” he said.

“They don’t have that ability. Many of these attacks even demonstrate [estratégias] survival [clássicas das guerrilhas]. They’re looking for food, they’re looking for supplies, they’re searching deep down for a place where they can survive, because the area is already under quite a lot of control. [por parte] Mozambique FSS, Rwandan forces and SAMIM,” he explained.

In this context, Nuno Lemos Pires highlighted the “quick response” of the Mozambican authorities to each of these developments, starting with head of state Filipe Nyusi.

“I think it is exemplary that the moment there is a movement or a series of significant attacks in other areas, we immediately see the President of Mozambique heading north, linking up with his Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMGFA). , with the Minister of Defense, with the Minister of the Interior, and outline plans on the ground for a quick change of equipment and the ability to respond to such movements,” he said.

During one such trip to northern Mozambique in mid-June, Mozambican Interior Minister Arsenia Massingue said that Mozambican police were informing the “enemy” – the rebel forces in Cabo Delgado – about the positions of the FDS and allied forces on the ground.

However, Lemos Pires downplayed the situation. “We must be aware that there are infiltrations in any political system. It’s happening everywhere. Ignoring this dimension is tantamount to ignoring what is happening everywhere,” he said.

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“I don’t know of a single case of insurgency, counterinsurgency, terrorist or counter-terrorist combat where these leaks didn’t happen frequently. You need to be careful. .

In addition to the vastness of the territory that has been the scene of conflict and the topography favorable to insurgent guerrilla strategies, the porous borders with Tanzania to the north of Cabo Delgado and Malawi to the northwest also pose a danger. challenges the SDF and allied forces of SAMIM and Rwanda.

Lemos Pires also relativized this question. “We are talking about transnational terrorism, and it is good to understand that the situation in the north of Mozambique, in Cabo Delgado, is not limited and is not limited – and has never been limited – exclusively and exclusively to this region. A phenomenon that exists throughout Africa. , namely in Central Africa,” he said.

The UETM commander even took advantage of this circumstance to formulate an “extended response” to “a broad problem, a regional one, and the solution must also be a broad regional one.”

Therefore, “it’s very good what we see here on the ground, in fact, this is the unification of the efforts of regional African forces to try to deal with a problem that really worries everyone,” he concluded.

“What happens in one region can affect another. That is why it is in everyone’s interest that these groups be fought, detained and that the narrative that they are currently spreading can be counteracted – we hope that there are fewer and fewer successes,” the Portuguese general stressed.


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Lusa/The End

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