For Lupe Martinez, who washes clothes in Riverside nursing homes, presents a torturous choice every day: Go to work and risk getting a new corona virus or losing the $ 13.58 hourly salary that his family relies on.
Martinez starts working.
Even after the mask starts to thin out. In fact, he said, after a patient whose room he entered without protective equipment fell ill and was put in isolation.
Martinez, 62, tested positive for COVID-19 last month, followed by her 60-year-old husband, who had to stop working after suffering a heart attack last year. His adult sons and daughters, who lived with them, were also stated positive.
“There are many times I don’t want to go to work,” Martinez said, coughing heavily as he spoke. “I don’t want to be sick. My husband said, “Don’t.” I said we can’t live. We have this bill. … I had to push myself to leave. I have a commitment to my family. ”
For low-paid employees whose jobs are rarely glorified – people who clean floors, wash, serve fast food, harvest crops, work in a meat factory – have jobs that keep America going with heavy work. price. By the strange calculus caused by a virus outbreak, they have been considered “important.” And that means being a target.
Along with black people, Latinoshave borne the burden of the COVID-19 pandemic in California and other parts of the United States, becoming infected and dying at a relatively high disproportionate rate compared to their share in the population. Health experts say one of the main reasons Latinos are very vulnerable to COVID-19 is because many jobs in low-paying jobs require them to leave home and interact with the public.
Latinos comprise about 40% of California’s population but 53% of positive cases, according to country data. In San Francisco, Latinos comprise 15% of the population but constitute 25% of COVID-19 confirmed cases.
UC San Francisco researchers test thousands of people in the city’s Mission District for COVID-19. While Latinos comprise 44% of people tested, they account for more than 95% of positive cases. About 90% of those who test positive say they cannot work from home.
Analysis of Los Angeles Times data last month also found that younger Latinos and blacks were dying at a disproportionate rate, believing in the conventional wisdom that old age is a major risk factor for death.
Latinos in California are far less likely than whites, Asians and black people to say that working from home in the middle of a pandemic is a choice, according to a new poll California voter from UC Berkeley Institute of Governmental Studies.
About 42% of Latinos surveyed said they could work from home, compared to 53% of blacks, 59% of Asians and 61% of whites. The poll also shows that Latinos are almost three times more likely to worry than white jobs than putting them near other people. This was a particular problem in the first weeks of the pandemic, when masks and other protective equipment were in short supply and many businesses were still trying to implement social distance policies.
“They feel important; they are trying to do their part to get us out of this crisis, “said Jose Lopez, spokeswoman for the Food Chain Workers Alliance based in Los Angeles.” But we cannot provide face masks. We cannot give them space to give them six feet distance among their coworkers. ”
Times analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data shows that Latinos make up less than 40% of the workforce in all industrial sectors that are considered important by the California state government, consistent with their share of the statewide population. But in some sectors, they are highly represented.
In essential agricultural work, the workforce is more than 80% of Latinos. They also have more than half of the important food work and nearly 60% of construction work is considered important. At the same time, Latinos in the US are more likely than the entire population to say that they or someone in their household have experienced salary cuts or lost their jobs amid a pandemic, according to the Pew Research Center. survey in April.
For weeks, Dr. Marlene Martín, assistant clinical professor at UC San Francisco and a doctor at San Francisco’s Zuckerberg General Hospital, has watched Latino patients with COVID-19 flow into the emergency room. More than 80% of coronavirus patients treated at hospitals at the facility were Latino last month.
They are roofers, cooks, janitors, dishwashers, and delivery drivers. Many of them are under 50 years old. They live in households where social distance is difficult, sometimes with two or three other families. For Martín, a 36-year-old Latina, entering the intensive care unit sometimes feels like being confronted with an annoying mirror.
“It’s full of people who look like me,” he said, “who share the same language and cultural background.”
“You see the extreme of what happens when someone can take shelter or someone can’t. It’s not that people don’t want to stay at home. It’s not that they don’t listen. It’s not that they’re not educated. It’s because they have no choice.”
Victims of many viruses in Latin raise questions about whether employers throughout the US and the government are doing enough to protect these workers.
In Iowa, Latinos constitute about 6% of the population but account for a quarter of all positive cases country calculation. In the state of Washington, Latin represented 35% of all cases are positive, even though only 13% of the population.
The balance between keeping important Latin workers safe and dependent on their workforce is being tested in the city of Hanford, where a coronavirus outbreak in a meatpacking plant now accounts for half of confirmed cases in Kings County.
Around 180 employees at Central Valley Meat Co. was declared positive on Tuesday, according to County Superintendent Doug Verboon. Most employees at the facility – who work close in the middle of “damp and wet working conditions” – are Latinos, he said. Central Valley Meat does not respond to calls or emails from The Times.
Verboon said the area depended on more Latin workers during the current cherry picking season, which lasts until mid-June. He said a Hanford fruit packing company that employs 800 workers to pick cherries told him that an outbreak similar to the one in Central Valley Meat Co. will be a “big disaster.”
“We cannot make people sick because we have a short working window,” Verboon said.
Lupe Martinez started at the Alta Vista Health & Fitness Center in Riverside last July after her husband, a sheet metal worker and family breadwinner, had a heart attack and had to stop working.
In the laundry room, Martinez – a member of the 2015 Local International Services Workers Union, which represents about 400,000 nursing home workers and nursing homes in California – is surrounded by mostly Latinos and Filipinos. Many of his colleagues do two jobs or do double shifts, wash blankets and blankets, clean shower curtains, handle patient linen.
Martinez’s family asked him not to go when the virus began to spread in California.
“I told them,” I will trust God. I will not get it, ” he said. “I will go to work. I am worried. “
A few weeks ago, Martinez said, he walked into an old woman’s room to bring his clean clothes. Usually, there is a notification on the door if a patient has an illness that requires staff to wear gloves, masks or other equipment, he said. Nothing was posted, Martinez said, so he entered without a front.
Martinez said the woman told him she felt sick. A few days later, a sign on the door said he was in isolation.
Alta Vista Healthcare & Wellness Center does not reply to calls or emails asking for comments.
On April 13, Martinez returned home with a sore throat, dry cough, and a sore body. He could not taste the tea his son had brought. He struggled to breathe. He went to the hospital before and after a positive COVID-19 test and was sent home, told to try and isolate himself.
When her husband, son and daughter who lived in the house tested positive, she lay in bed, crying to God.
Another son and his wife live in the back house on the property. She’s a barber. He is a dental health expert. They are currently not leaving home to work. They haven’t gotten COVID-19.
Because he hasn’t worked in a nursing home for a year, Martinez said, he doesn’t qualify for sick pay. He has applied for state disability but has not heard from him. Martinez said he felt he had to go back to work.
“My children don’t want me to come back,” Martinez said. “But I have a bill. I know this is my life, but – I don’t know.”
Rosa Arenas, another union member and certified nursing assistant at Orange Nursing Home, said she was tested after finding out a patient tested positive for COVID-19 last month. On May 2, Arena was stated positive.
Now, she is isolated in one of her family’s apartment rooms, far from her husband and two children, ages 12 and 6, who are declared negative. She spent Mother’s Day reading the Bible alone and video chatting with her children and husband from the other side of the door.
“My children say they are sad they will not give me a Mother’s Day hug,” said Arenas, 32 ,. “It breaks my heart.”
He said there were not enough personal protective equipment at work and colleagues had been infected. Her husband, a landscaper, was recently sent home by his employer to be quarantined and tested, and he had burned all of his paid vacation and sick time while quarantined at home. And he missed work.
When Rafael Saavedra, a 40-year-old truck driver from the Alhambra, came home from work, he undressed in his garage, threw his clothes in the washing machine and rushed to the bathroom, careful not to touch anything inside. His biggest fear is infecting his daughters, ages 16 and 6.
At the San Pedro shipping center, where he and hundreds of other drivers deliver documents and rest, he hardly ever finds soap or hand sanitizers.
Employees who normally work at the center now work remotely, and there is little communication with drivers about how they can stay safe, Saavedra said. The driver was given a single thin mask about a month ago and nothing else, he said.
Saavedra said most of the drivers who worked with him were Latino immigrants who struggled to overcome the pandemic due to language barriers and lack of resources.
“They don’t know their rights. They are afraid to talk. They live in their cocoons,” he said.
Saavedra has carved out a comfortable life for his family. He often travels with his wife and daughter, who attend private Christian schools. But his salary was cut in half due to reduced working hours. He was afraid of losing his house.
His wife, a nurse at the Pasadena homeless shelter, reduced his own time for fear of contracting the virus and infecting their daughters.
Sonia Hernandez, who is raising four children as a single mother, has worked as a cook at McDonald’s in Monterey Park for 18 years and earns more than $ 14 per hour, said her daughter, Jenniffer Barrera Hernandez.
In early April, Hernandez was hospitalized with COVID-19 and was in a coma for weeks.
“They told us that he would not make it through the day and we had to decide whether he wanted to go peacefully or do chest compressions to try and get a pulse,” Barrera Hernandez said. “It’s very difficult to make that decision.”
Miraculously, said Barrera Hernandez, her mother woke up.
After being diagnosed, Hernandez’s coworkers quit their jobs to ask for safety supplies, including masks, gloves, soap and hand sanitizers. Barrera Hernandez said after he called McDonald to notify the company that his mother tested positive, he did not get a call back.
“That’s very sad, because my mother really likes the job. You provide for a company for so long, and in the end you are just a number.”
Hernandez began to recover at his home in South LA. He was very tired and could not walk or even hold the phone for too long, his daughter said. He felt guilty he could not go back to work.
David Tovar, McDonald U.S. vice president of communications, said many of Barrera Hernandez’s statements and several employees were wrong.
He said McDonald’s restaurants, including the one where Hernandez worked, already had sufficient supplies of soap, hand sanitizers and cleaning supplies and closed overnight once a week for deep cleaning. Tovar said the restaurant had been opened only for takeout, with social distance requirements imposed and bathrooms closed.
When McDonald learned of Hernandez’s diagnosis on April 8, the company immediately notified four crew members that he had contact with, he said.
“We respect Ms. Hernandez and all the employees at McDonald’s very much, but it’s not fair to let them try to tell you a story that is not true,” Tovar said. “We are a large company with diverse employees, especially Latinos. We want everyone who comes to work for McDonald’s to have a good experience. “
When Mariana Lui’s mother got a letter from her supervisor in March saying she was an important worker, she announced it with pride.
Ms. Lui, an undocumented immigrant from Mexico who works in the San Fernando food production warehouse that makes food for school, told her daughter that she had never been considered “important”. Now, he said, people need it.
But then his colleagues, many of them undocumented Latinas, began to get sick. They stopped appearing on the assembly line, where, he said, they piled the ingredients on the sandwich while standing shoulder to shoulder.
Ms. Lui spoke to The Times on condition of anonymity because she was afraid of losing her job. Lui, who also spoke with The Times, is a 31-year-old legal administration assistant in Whittier with a different surname than her mother.
Ms. Lui, 50, said that her colleagues took aspirin and continued to work, despite suffering from fever and headaches. Then he began to show symptoms.
“I’m getting tired at work and I’m coughing a little,” he said. “I didn’t think it would be very serious, so I continued to work for three or four days.”
A few days later, he tested positive for COVID-19.
Portugal and Morocco met in the group stage of the 2018 World Cup, and the Europeans won 1-0.
Portugal and Morocco will meet this Saturday (10) in the quarterfinals world Cup from Qatar. The last meeting between the two teams was in 2018, in the group stage of the World Cup held in Russia, and the Portuguese had the star of Cristiano Ronaldo and a brilliant performance by Rui Patricio to win the confrontation 1-0.
After scoring a hat-trick on his debut against Spain in 2018, CR7 went on a good phase and took four minutes to put the Portuguese team ahead against Atlas Lions. Four years later, the script changed for the Portuguese star, who was no longer unanimous in Portugal and lost the title to Gonçal Ramos, who scored a hat-trick against Switzerland.
Another notable figure for Portugal against Morocco in 2018 was goalkeeper Rui Patricio. The Africans dominated the match and had 15 submissions. In the 12th minute of the first half, the goalkeeper saved a header from Belanda in a move similar to Gordon Banks’ “save of the century” against Pelé in the 1970 World Cup.
In Qatar, Rui Patricio came on as a substitute and “passed the baton” to Diogo Costa, the 23-year-old who failed his debut but was an important figure in the Portuguese team’s campaign in the competition.
Frenchman Hervé Renard managed Morocco in Russia, a sensational manager in Qatar who managed to get Saudi Arabia to beat Argentina with one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history.
The winner of Portugal and Morocco will play either France or England in the semi-finals of the World Cup. The Portuguese have not been in the top four teams since the 2006 World Cup in Germany. On the other hand, the Atlas Lions want to be the first African team to reach the semi-finals of the Cup.
The City Council of Santo Tirso today returned to Desportivo das Aves the Portuguese Football Cup trophy won in the 2017/2018 season, which the municipality bought at an auction two months ago for 30,000 euros.
“This was an injustice that our own justice wanted to bring up for discussion, but it needs to be reconsidered. It is disgusting that there are legal aspects that prevent the title from passing into the hands of others when it has been very well won on the field. The city council did only what it was responsible for, which is to keep the heritage of the population, the club and the land in the right place, ”Mayor Alberto Costa repeated to reporters.
The handover of the scepter took place on the full lawn of the CD Aves stadium, in Vila das Aves, between the winning reception of Desportivo das Aves 1930 in favor of Rio de Moinhos (3-1), in the 13th round of the 4th Series of the Football Association Division of Honor Porto.
Conquered on 20 May 2018 by beating Sporting CP in the final of the Queen’s competition (2-1) at the Estadio Nacional in Oeiras, the trophy was laid in the context of northern South Africa’s insolvency, having been put up for public auction from August to October.
A “double” by Alexandre Guedes against a goal from Colombian Fredy Montero “sealed” the unprecedented success of “Avences”, then managed by José Mota, just five days after the invasion of the Accademia de Alcochete, where supporters attacked several “Leonin players”.
“The City Council of Santo Tirso did this out of respect for those who were on the field, after a week when it seemed that Desportivo das Aves did not exist. I returned to what I did in good conscience as mayor. We took care of the formal aspects so that what happened would not happen again, ”admitted Alberto Costa.
The ceremony was attended by the footballers, technicians and other staff involved in winning the Portuguese Cup, whose scepter was carried by the then goalkeeper and “captain” Kim and striker Alexandre Guedes on the pitch to be symbolically handed over by the mayor to the newly appointed sworn-in president of the Vila das Aves club, Pedro Pereira.
“Feeling is what you felt in the stadium. There was gratitude for the most important achievement in our history, which also marked the beginning of the renaissance that we are striving for, in order for the club to return to the heights that it has reached in the past. The Portuguese Cup is well placed. The legal departments have tried to ensure that this is not going anywhere,” said successor António Freitas.
The auction was held by the Judicial Court of Comarca Porto and ended exactly two months ago, setting a minimum threshold of 1360 euros, set at an initial price of 800 euros and a base price of 1600 euros. trophy.
The greatest achievement of Desportivo das Aves was arrested by the SAD in July 2020 when the Chinese-led administration Wei Zhao failed to fulfill the licensing requirements in the professional competition of the 2020/21 season with the Clubs League and rejected an appeal to the Council of the Referee of the Portuguese Football Federation.
The Nordics had already been relegated to the II League, but “fell” by administrative means in the Campeonato de Portugal, then in the third national level due to wage arrears and unilateral layoffs of players, technical staff and employees.
SAD, which also witnessed the confiscation of two Desportivo das Aves buses, decided to withdraw from the Portuguese Championship in September 2020, five months before the Santo Tirso District Judicial Court declared it insolvent.
Almost €37,500 debts from SAD to three foreign clubs resulted in FIFA preventing the club from signing new players since August 2020, but two months later, António Freitas’ management decided to recreate the futsal and football sections that began to represent the new club. called Desportivo das Aves 1930.
Almost 80% of Brazil’s population is already registered this year. From the beginning of work, from August 1 to December 5, 168,018,345 people were registered, in 59,192,875 households, which corresponds to 78.73% of the estimated population of the country. The data is taken from the fourth balance sheet of the 2022 demographic census released this Wednesday (December 7) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGS).
Of the total number of respondents, the majority live in the Southeast region, 39.54%, followed by the Northeast (29.43%), South (14.76%), North (8.79%) and Midwest (7 .44%). So far, 48.4% of the census population was male and 51.6% female.
According to IBGE, the state with the highest proportion of registered people to estimated population is Piauí (96.2%), followed by Sergipe (91.2%) and Rio Grande do Norte (89.8%). The least advanced are Mato Grosso (65.9%), Amapa (66.9%) and Espirito Santo (70.67%).
In the case of Sergipe and Piaui, BIGE has already completed the first phase of data collection, with census takers traveling around the state visiting addresses. The institute will now begin the process of restoring homes that were registered for absent residents and those that people refused to respond to the census.
So far, about 2.59% of households have refused to respond, but IBGE expects to reduce this percentage by the end of the operation after all persistence protocols have been applied.
States that are close to completing collection will also be able to count on Disque-Censo, a free service available from 8:00 am to 9:30 pm. Those who have not been visited by census takers can call the agency at 137 and take part in the survey. At the moment, the service is only available in the states of Sergipe and Piauí.
In this balance sheet, BIGE discloses for the first time general census data in subnormal agglomerations, defined as “irregular occupation of land for residential purposes in urban areas and which are generally characterized by irregular urban structure, lack of basic public services and being in areas with limited access”. Until December 5, 12,337,295 people lived in the country, which is about 7% of the registered population.
In addition, 1,489,003 natives and 1,208,702 quilombolas have already been registered.
The institute is facing difficulties due to a lack of staff to conduct censuses in some locations. Throughout the country, from November 28 to December 4, 60,611 enumerators worked at IBGS, which is 33.1% of the total number of available vacancies.
Census takers will always be in uniform, with an IBGE vest, census cap, ID badge, and a mobile data collection device (DMC). In addition, it is possible to verify the identity of the IBGS agent in website By answering IBGE or calling 0800 721 8181.