If you are looking for areas where the United States cannot be denied as a globally prominent place, here it is: paid sick leave.
Unfortunately, not in a good way. Of the UN member states, 181 provide paid leave in several forms. Eleven no, including U.S.
That places America in an elite group that includes Pacific Island nations in Tonga, Tuvalu, and Nauru, along with Somalia (which barely functions at all).
When you exclude big companies and small companies, you lose a large part of the country. Why might we do that during a pandemic?
Jody Heymann, UCLA
One developed country, South Korea, does not provide paid sick leave as such, but gives all workers three weeks’ paid leave that can be used as sick leave.
“We are very isolated,” said Jody Heymann, director of the Center for World Policy Analysis at UCLA and lead author of the new study published by the center sick leave policy in 192 of 193 UN countries. (This study does not cover North Korea, where policy cannot be determined.)
The Center determines that the US lags much in the world in almost every measure of sick leave design.
Although the initial step in providing coronavirus assistance was passed by Congress – the First Family Coronavirus Response Act, which took effect in mid-March – stipulates two weeks of emergency medical leave paid by employers, it frees businesses with 500 or more employees and allows small businesses with less than 50 workers to claim exception to difficulties.
That makes the US the only country in the world to base its paid leave rules on the size of an employer, Heymann told me.
“The big story is that when you free large companies and small companies, you lose a large portion of the country,” Heymann said – an estimated 100 million workers. “Why can we do that during a pandemic?”
The lack of paid sick leave required nationally is both stupid and even stupid under normal circumstances, Heymann said. “Sick leave is paid for itself in increasing productivity and fewer work hours lost due to illness,” he said.
In a regular non-pandemic year, influenza costs US $ 11 billion in economy, and other foodborne illnesses $ 15 billion, including what is spread by food workers who report their work when sick. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported in 2016 that one in five food service workers have worked at least one shift during vomiting or diarrhea in the previous year.
During a pandemic such as the current coronavirus crisis, inadequate sick leave is almost certainly contributing to poor results. Countries that have not offered paid sick leave since the first day of illness include some of the “hardest hit since the start of the global pandemic and have faced an overflowing health care system and loss of many lives,” including Italy, Iran and the US, which the UCLA Study observed .
The US is not the only country, rich or poor, without the right to sick leave that covers everything. But it is resolute among countries that do not yet have the most important features. About three-quarters of all countries guarantee sick leave is paid from the first day of an illness and 76% provide at least six weeks of coverage. Among high-income countries, about two-thirds include self-employed.
About half the countries in the UCLA database guarantee workers at least 80% of their wages if they have worked for at least six months.
As we have reported before, the thin safety net for American workers is an artifact of the country’s choice to place policies in the workplace almost entirely under the control of employers. The harvest is not only the right to mottled sick leave, but the lack of universal health coverage, both of which have been a factor in our inability to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, about a quarter of all American workers do not have the right to sick leave at all; about 91% of state and local government workers are eligible for paid sick leave, but only 73% of private workers.
In the private sector, moreover, paid sick leave is a privilege that is provided mostly to professionals, managers, and those who are better paid. This is available only for around 58% of service workers – who are most likely to be in contact with the public – less than half of those in the lowest 25% of the income range, and only three out of 10 who are in the lowest 10%. wage earner.
In the absence of a federal mandate for paid sick leave, states and regions have taken up the slack. Fourteen states (including California) and the District of Columbia have enacted paid sick leave laws, as do 20 cities (seven in California) and three counties.
Normally, this law requires sick leave to be paid up to five working days, increased when workers collect working hours, and limits the ability to bring sick days to the following year. California law, which took effect in 2015, allows employees, including part-time and temporary employees, to get one hour of paid leave for every 30 hours worked. Employers can limit accruals to 48 hours, or about six conventional work days.
Without national paid sick leave, the task of looking after people at home to suppress coronavirus is clearly much more difficult. “Paid sick days do a number of things,” Heymann said.
“When people leave because they are so sick that they will never go to work, they make sure they have an economic safety net. That’s obviously very important. But it also means that people who have mild symptoms of infectious disease, but can easily pass it on to others who may be seriously ill, will stay at home. “
In addition, “people’s willingness to be tested when they cough lightly and see if they need to be out of work for two weeks,” Heymann said, “it really depends on the day of illness paid.”
In fiscal terms, there is no reason why the United States cannot join other developed countries in offering workers appropriate comprehensive sick leave. About a quarter of all countries finance their programs from government funds, and another fifth share responsibilities between employers and the government. Low-income countries tend to burden entrepreneurs solely.
Among high-income countries, two-thirds provide sick leave for entrepreneurs and 42% include part-time workers.
The consequences of leaving workers without a financial safety net during the health crisis have been clear in the US since the 2009 H1N1 flu epidemic. An estimated 26 million people were infected from September to November that year, the peak months of the pandemic. But an estimated 8 million continue to work.
The following February, the public health authority estimated that the carrier had infected around 7 million coworkers. “Presenteeism – attending work when sick – among private sector employees without paid sick days may have extended the duration of the outbreak,” a study by Pennsylvania State University concluded.
COVID lessons must last into the future. This disease will not only afflict us at least for 2021, but also reminds the public’s vulnerability to the next pandemic.
In the past two decades, we have had four major respiratory infections that spread globally – SARS in 2002, H1N1 in 2009, MERS in 2012, and now COVID-19, Heymann said. “This is not a problem that just disappears. We need to be prepared for the next one, because we cannot continue to shut down our economy like this. “
Banco Português de Fomento started a public consultation this Friday aiming to receive contributions to launch new instruments under the Recovery and Resilience Plan (PRR) which still has 475 million euros.
In a statement, the organization stressed that it intends to invite companies and all stakeholders to participate in public consultations on “future capital and quasi-capital decisions.”
According to PRR, Banco Português de Fomento (BPF) has been cast in “structuring and distribution of capital decisions and quasi-equity capital of a total of €1,425 million under the Capitalization and Business Innovation component of the PRR.
The Belarusian Popular Front still has 475 million euros to launch new programs, the organization’s press release emphasizes.
The public consultation is aimed at soliciting contributions under “the terms of two pre-structured financial instruments designed to encourage company formation and/or capitalization of businesses, primarily in the start-up phases”, “Venture Capital Program” (an instrument that assumes a fund structure of funds)” and “The Deal Co-investment Program (an instrument that takes the form of direct investment in companies, always in co-investment with private investors)”.
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“These tool proposals are aimed at facilitating market entry and growth/expansion of viable companies through the development new products/services or markets and strengthening and professionalization of personnel, including the management team,” the BNF press release further emphasizes.
The public consultation is also aimed at obtaining “other proposals for new capital and quasi-capital solutions in accordance with the terms of the aforementioned capitalization funds, which are considered relevant and necessary because they are considered unavailable at the time, or existing conditions that prevent access and use.”
Ana Carvalho, CEO of BPF, emphasized that these public consultations “are aimed at building an open dialogue with all actors of the business ecosystem, with to improve workflows and identify market failuresand the most appropriate solutions to overcome them.”
“Although we are actively in contact with various associations and institutions, this public comment allows all interested parties to participate, especially potential beneficiaries and partners involved in these measures,” he added, quoted in a press release.
Suggestions or offers must be submitted online for a thorough assessment by the Belarusian Popular Front until 18:00 on December 19, this body further explained.
The mission of Banco Português de Fomento is to support the economic and social development of Portugal by creating and providing innovative, competitive and appropriate solutions to the needs and challenges of the business ecosystem, enhancing entrepreneurial potential, investment and job creation, and promoting sustainability and economic, social and territorial cohesion of the country.
For the 13th edition, FESTin’s mission remains the same: “Bring cinema in Portuguese to the whole world.” So says co-director Adriana Niemeyer by phone with PÚBLICO on the eve of the start of the film festival, which starts this Friday and runs until next week, ending on Wednesday the 14th at LX Factory at 7:00 pm, in Espaço Talante, inside the bookstore Ler Devagar , with a screening of four Brazilian short films chosen by Antonio Grassi, the actor in charge of the space, followed by a toast.
Niemeyer hopes that this publication “continues the work done, which should enable many people who do not have the opportunity to enter the commercial network.” This time around 40 Portuguese, Brazilian, Santoméan and Angolan films will be shown. Guests include Sandra Pimenta, Alexandra Lencastre, Halder Gomes, Maria Fernanda Candido or Chico Diaz.
On Saturday, the festival moves to Cinema São Jorge, among other spaces. It is on Avenida de Liberdade that day there is a session of short films, which includes Bye Byefrom Portuguese-French Christel Alves Meiraor HowAngolan Edgar Claudio, premiere I don’t know anything anymore, the Portuguese Luis Diogo, and the discovery itself. It will be a dedication to José Saramago presented by Sandra Pimenta and Alexandra Lencastre who will read poetry. “Unfortunately we did not receive our dates within Centenary of Saramago“, admits the director, who even so wanted to point it out.
A documentary film will also be screened at the opening. Through your eyes, Swiss-Brazilian descent Sonia Guggisberg. “This is the story of one Brazilian evangelist from the outskirts of Brasilia, who knows an Iraqi via the Internet. They spend two years talking day and night, in touch 24 hours a day, and decide to get to know each other,” says the festival director, explaining that the story takes incredible turns as it passes through the refugee camp in Lesvos🇧🇷 “Usually we don’t start with documentaries, it only happened once. [antes]”, – he adds. Then follows cocktail discoveries. The opening film will also be screened on Monday at Camões Auditorium in Liceu Camões.
There are several Brazilian films on Sunday, such as Second personThiago Luciano Solfrom Lo Politi, Monet RedHalder Gomes, or About the debate, Cayo Bluth. There will also be a documentary Belchior – Just a wild heartNatalia Diaz and Camilo Cavalcanti, director from Covilhã who is also the author History of eternity, a book that will be released during the screening of this documentary. We are talking about her feature film in 2015, which once won FESTin “and several other festivals,” says the director.
This launch is part of the program of the Conexões Festival, which also includes Tuesday at the Communications Museum, where the festival will take place this year from Monday to Wednesday, with sessions for children every morning at 10:30, a documentary look at them, about the female population of Brazilian prisons, followed by a discussion moderated by ISCSP Professor Dalia Costa and a remote presentation by directors Tatiana Sager and Renato Dornelles. Or on Wednesday there is a Portuguese-Brazilian short film, Independence begins in our languageFernando Galrito, and the Portuguese heritage debate in everyday life in Brazil after bicentenary of independence country, which is coordinated by Renato Faria, diplomat and professor of history, protocol specialist Joao Mikael and Réjan Lima, who works with immigrant associations.
There will be no formal closing, no party, all because of FIFA World Cup in Qatar🇧🇷 Among the films of the competition there will be winners, but the announcement of these names will take place online, on Thursday, with the publication of the results at 19:00. Parallel to the Lisbon Festival, the festival will also take place from Monday to Wednesday in Porto, at the Casa Comum, at the University of Porto, with focus on amazonshowing documentaries I am modern, I am IndianCarlos Eduardo Magalhaes, I’m nativeUlisses Rocha and Women, Ingrid Fadnes and Fabio Nascimento. “FESTin starts in Lisbon, but you don’t know where it ends. It takes place all over the world,” shares Adriana Niemeyer, who recalls that the festival has already passed through Timor, Sao Tome or Cape Verde.
Little phrases with big meaning sometimes fit into T-shirtright now in bag da Ivory, a project that began in the year of the pandemic and has been interventionally warning about mental health issues ever since.
Francisco Soares Ganzo, the founder, first suffered a panic attack when he was in 10th grade, but ended up not paying much attention to signs that something was wrong. Then the mental health problem reappeared later, at a different stage in life and with different symptoms.
“Four years ago, I started experiencing constant anxiety, to the point that I couldn’t sleep,” says 25-year-old Francisco Versa. “Basically, I put a lot of pressure on myself from the women with whom I had relationships. It was Wednesday masculinity, competition,” he continues.
Early adulthood began with this “almost obsession to be with women” and get the best. performanceto the point where he became very anxious whenever he had sexual relations with a woman.
“The peak was when I couldn’t sleep. My brain was always on and I started taking pills to help me sleep,” says Francisco.
In 2019, he decided to see a therapist rather than a psychologist because he thought it was only “for wimps”, but it wasn’t, and Francisco later figured it out.
Today, he wants to convey the same message, and to do so, he created the Ivory project in 2020, consisting of clothes and accessories with special messages that form a bridge to the necessary incentive for those in need of help.
“When I finally worked up the courage to ask for help, I was like, ‘Wow, I wish I had started sooner. That’s why I started this project. I lacked something that would motivate me to go to therapy earlier. clothes are meant to spread information,” he says.
But Ivory goes far beyond what is written in sweatshirts and accessories.
“Everyone you know is fighting a battle you know nothing about.”
This is one of the messages recorded in t-shirts e sweats from ivory. It’s simple and affects everyone in their own way, but the focus of the Ivory team – also with a past or present marked by mental health issues – is not the phrases on the T-shirts, but what follows them.
“To say that mental health is talked about a lot is a lie. What I mean? When I hear the news that companies are very concerned about mental health or that it has become fashionable with COVID-19, it is all a lie. What people say is vague. Nobody tells stories. A person who is really bad, like I was, does not need to hear that he should go to the gym or eat well. He needs to hear a story like this.” .
Ivory’s next step is to create a space for sharing testimonies through Appendixjust to address this shortcoming. Until then, the project intends to function as anxiety And further to support in the field of mental health.
“For every order we have, a person receives Email mail to make an appointment. Because our goal is to really open doors, to do something that I didn’t have, ”says Francisco. “I feel like a lot of people buy ivory because they’re in bad condition, but they don’t want to take the next step to take care of themselves.”
If encouragement is not enough, an ivory sweater will be cozy and Email mail gives you the push you need to make an appointment with one of Ivory’s psychologists. All it takes is an Instagram post or an email.